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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 1, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETHBRIDGI HERALD May Small consolation Anti-profiteering bill threatens chaos A collective sigh of relief must be wafting across the country at the settling of the wildcat postal strike and the the anticipation of the normal mail service. the postal strike has left several random thoughts in its wake. It is intrinsically embarrassing to a Canadian to learn via long distance telephone that mail sent to Canada from the U.S. is being returned to the sender temporarily suspended.'' This is an admission of government of inability to supervise one of the most routine parts of the mechanism by which society functions. Suspicions in regard to the servicing of- mail may have circulated domestically for many months. it is embarrassing to have to admit bluntly to a foreigner that they are true. if that foreigner also planned to fly to Canada and had a flight cancelled because of another strike. News of the grievances of striking which has finally sifted through to public also reveals the fact while the strikes were called because of dissatisfaction with automation in the the arguments had nothing to do with the theoretical question of whether automation really improved the point on which much of the general public has had on such matters as the job classification of those who handle the automatic sorters. Anyone who is worried about his job or his salary has a certain amount of natural sympathy in this day of rising inflation and economic uncertainty but there are limits to public patience. It's bad enough that the country has had to undergo a 12-day disruption of service because of wildcat with attendant worries about lost mail and lost business. It is adding insult to injury to realize that during this time there was no discussion of the value of no real critique of mail service in no real insight into the areas of efficiency and those areas of service which need improvement. On the basis of information which came to general those could really testify on these that the postal workers were only worried about their jobs and not about any abstractions concerning postal service. There is no indication that mail when it achieves normality after the huge backlog of mail has been will be any better than it was before the strike. it will at least be better than it was for 12 days. This may be thought of as one of life's smaller consolations. Alberta owned Socred fears that the proposed Alberta Energy Company could fall into the hands of the wealthy are not without foundation. The history of the Alberta pipeline company lends support to the fears. The little man had the opportunity to invest in the too. But in the majority of cases the little man treated his opportunity not as an investment but as a sure-fire gamble. When the money he put into the pipeline quickly doubled he sold his shares and spent the profit made. And the shares passed into the hands of the people who knew their value and were prepared to hold them in true investment fashion. Obviously most people are more interested in a quick profit than a long- term investment. The truth seems to be that much of the talk about resident ownership and national is empty of real feeling and commitment. There is merit then in the suggestion of Leignton Buck well that the government invest its huge expected oil revenues in the Alberta Energy Company on behalf of the people of the province. That would mean that the company would remain Canadian and not become foreign owned through default on the part of short-sighted citizens. Then the eventual profits could be employed by the government in services beneficial to all. Some sort of compromise to this proposal might be worked out to allow direct citizen participation. Sale of shares might be forbidden for a reasonably long time and then only on condition that they pass into the hands of other Albertans. The idea of a citizen owned energy company is exciting but only if the citizens can be protected from their own ignorance and folly that too often leads to surrender of something valuable for a mess of pottage. THE CASSEROLE The promoters of Anti-Litter Week 6 to are attaching special stickers to the outside of their envelopes. litter in it's the stickers say. This is a worthy and one Herald readers should support. A good place to start would be in not littering envelope stickers with unnecessary and improper apostrophes. It was recently announced that when the president of the CNR he was succeeded by two one taking on the job of the other to be chairman of the board. This division of duties brings up the interesting question of how they'll divide his salary. Probably about 90 90. A Calgary mining engineer complained to the Engineering Institute of Canada that the Alberta government is acting like bunch of damned elected by insisting oil companies spend money to reclaim land from which they strip mine oil-bearing sand. He claims the whole Athabasca oil sands area is no good part of not worth a dollar an acre except for the Wonder how he feels about all those worthless mountains around Banff and Waterton. BERRY'S WORLD Nuclear explosions have been proposed as a means of extracting oil from the Athabasca oil sands. Advocates of this approach claim it would be the fastest and cleanest method of unlocking the oil. This brings to mind that quite regularly someone in the U.S.A. proposes that nuclear reactors be used to produce cheaper electrical but no one in America seems to want nuclear gadgetry next door. one do most Albertans. LETTERS By Maurice Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA The anti-profit- eering amendment to the Combines Investigations Act is generally in line with the forecasts and appears tricky enough from the constitutional standpoint to guarantee the attention of cor- poration lawyers and possibly others. There is no either in the Bill or in Herb Gray's helpful background that we are in an emergency situation. the measure appears to be addressed to what might be described as hypothetical product emergencies. As was earlier the Government is striking at profit to quote the background price gouging and profiteering practices which can occur in present inflationary That document Government is carrying out its responsibilities in this area because of that certain enterprises have been taking advantage of current economic conditions to unduly enhance prices. Available evidence does not suggest widespread abuses. the proposed measures will enable the Government to deal with these abuses where found to In other words power is sought not to deal with a par- The price of war and peace By C. L. New York Times commentator Egypt The dazzling success of U.S.- Egyptian policy during the past six months exposes Washington and its new President Anwar El- to popular disillusionment in this part of the world and to Soviet retribution unless diplomatic achievements are rapidly followed up by economic support. Yet there is no guarantee that enough of this will be coming. As has been carefully explained to the United States Congress has entered a period of shrinking interest in all aspects of foreign aid. it is obsessed with the sordid Watergate drama. The mere fact that Sadat takes no pains to hide admiration for President Nixon does not wildly endear him to an American legislative majority. To all this must be added the latter's heritage of sympathy with and support for Israel and the certainty that Congress has no intention of helping Egypt if it is at the cost of commitments to the Jewish state Nor is Sadat well-known in his advertised admiration for Secretary of State Kissinger has not brought him automatic backing. who is due back in Egypt this is keenly aware of these factors and has taken pains never to pledge more to Sadat than he was confident he could deliver. For the where he saw eye-to-eye with he merely promised to try and get congressional endorsement. This makes future realities hard to assess. There is already a food shortage and the economy falters. There is an urgent need for building materials. And Sadat has taken the gamble of publicly promising to reduce military reliance on Soviet weapons. That ultimately means he will have to purchase considerable equipment from the U.S.A. Where will the money come I talked here with Osman ahmed minister of reconstruction. He is in charge of a program he reckons will cost billion over a five-year period to put the ruined canal zone aties and the Sinai Peninsula back on their feet while developing a new agricultural and industrial infrastructure. a man of great energy and doesn't seem phased by this Augean task. He says his program is postulated on the needed financing from three equal friendly Arab and from foreign capital. In the last category he mentioned West Sweden. The minister says foreign groups are clamoring to invest in his projected five consortiums because they know there are large potential profits here based on cheap labor supplies and guaranteed investments. He claims he has already assembled about million to begin the five-year reconstruction. The United as a evidently tbinks on a much smaller le million requested of Velikovsky thesis stimulates intellectuals 1974 by Inc loophole I found in the tax law turned out not to be a loophole after I have not played an active role in the Velikovsky but since Mr. Lilley referred to our department April I would like to reply. The problems Mr. Lilley points out have been known to the University of Lethbridge and Dr. Velikovsky must have heard of them many times before. Velikovsky proposes a new theory because present science does not explain those problems. To argue that Velikovsky disagrees with the other theories today is pointless. Velikovsky's theory may not be right any theory has to be proven by experimental observations and a simple summary of facts is not called a i.e. theory to be a theory has to have the possibility of being proven to be wrong. I hope Mr. Lilley has learned enough physics to know that the Newtonian mechanics are proven to be and that the quantum and relativity theories are incomplete. The present theories in or for that matter human knowledge in general are all tenuous and there are many things not understood by science today. 'I am very sympathetic to young students who must be working hard towards academic degrees with great expectations of glorious truths and perhaps pride in but such a mentality happens to be not quite It is my experience as well as that of other including several Nobel-prize winners I have had discussions with or have worked that the more one learns the more one becomes aware of the defects of established theories and of the mysteries of the universe. Such reflection upon the limitation of human knowledge gives scientists a painful feeling of and many avoid this by believing the authorities and engaging in routine work. as Francis Bacon warned at the beginning of the present scientific belief in authority and routine is rather contrary to the critical nature of science. 1 I am afraid the kind of geophysics Mr. Lilley has learned so far is nothing more than where there is little room for intelligent minds to wonder. The Velikovsky right or did contribute to the community of scientists as well as people on the street by providing intellectual stimulation and encouragement to challenge the unknown. As far as I understand from the physics the university is not giving an honorary degree to Dr. Velikovsky because his theory is but as a token appreciation of his contribution. He is quite capable of standing alone and does not need its for that matter. Things like are for the mediocre who do not think for themselves. Science cannot grow on a the When Mr. Lilley has learned to stand by his own convictions against then perhaps he will appreciate Velikovsky and others. The physics department wishes to foster open and critical thinking. Winning popularity contests or reputation is not its aim. Mr. Lilley seems to miss this point altogether. His questioning of the variety of fields in the list of speakers indicates his shallow understanding of the state of science today. The world today requires unified understanding and unfortunately the urgency of this unified understanding is not recognized by established scientists but nevertheless is here now. The fact that Velikovsky's work attracted many different people is highly significant. Although on numerous points I question Velikovsky's interpretations and on the question of stability of planetary orbits I hope to provide a much better explanation than he has given I must admit that Dr. Velikovsky has done a good job in providing a direction for. unified understanding. S. Associate Department of The University of Lethbridge. Congress by Nixon represents only the urgently needed amount for initial loan and credit pledges to Egypt. But it is is absolutely essential and the words and are underscored. Will Congress pass the necessary enabling In the long of the sum required if Uncle Sam is to help Egypt to its feet is immensely greater than anything the administration is likely even to whisper these days. if the price of diplomatic victory in this area is so is the political and strategic implication of that victory. if we and friends we can rally should in the end fail to produce the the result will be disaster for a probable new Arab- Israeli resurgence of Russian influence in the Arab world with all its and a return of Soviet naval ascendency to the east Mediterranean. How much is it worth to the American people to prevent The question should be presented to them in precisely such terms with no effort to gloss over realities. Boiled to its it can be stated What is the probable cost of peace in this a peace in which our interests incidentally may be expected to And what is the probable cost of 53LV ticular situation but with a situation which may arise. If there is a from the Food Prices Review Board or from other persons appointed pursuant to the Inquiries Act even if there is no the Ministers may issue a declaration stating that there exists or is likely to exist a situation open to exploitation. In that event the proposed new sections of the Act will take in whole or in part. The it is to be will not have general application. Mr. Gray is following an article or class of articles approach. We might have an emergency justifying special orders covering screw drivers but not wire nails. As a result of the amending if there will be two trade exacting a larger than customary profit margin and withholding from sale How notable a departure this is from past practice appears from an interesting change in terminology. the Restrictive Trade Practices which will play a role in is to be known simply as the Trade Practices Commission. Declarations would normally be for periods of one year but could be extended for additional six month periods. The by may issue guidelines on the manner of determining customary profit margins and the Contravention of or non-com- pliance with a Commission or- der will be an offence punish- able on conviction with a fine of up to two years or both. There are the now usual pro- visions concerning interim in- junctions when a superior court can be satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that a person is engaging in or is about to engage in an exceptionable trade practice If the Trade Practices Com- mission finds that a supplier has engaged in an ex- ceptionable practice it may order him to make to roll back his or to pay over his excess revenues to the Government. As was suggested the legislation does appear to raise the old and troublesome questions about the division of powers in our system. The Government is obviously not invoking the sort of emergency which might well be considered justification for a general system of price- wage controls. It is assuming very wide discretionary powers to intervene selectively on a case basis. are relying on the federal power over criminal law but it does not seem that the exceptionable practice is itself the offence. it is increasing a price without disobeying an order of the Commission of of a superior court. Even in this how- the approach is selective. The Cabinet will be able to exempt smaller suppliers or transactions from the price notification provisions. what will be an offence for one will not necessarily be an offence for presum- on an economic judgment. In accordance with the in- timations of last the measure will not apply to pri- mary agricultural producers or to fishermen. the Government is intervening in a very difficult field for profit margins vary greatly from one article to an- other and from time to time. In a period of rising inflation and resultant public it may find itself very quickly drawn into an ever-widening and disorderly involvement in economic regulation. It is also very in view of the character of the to find itself engaged in uncertain but perhaps momentous battle in the high courts. The Lrthbridge Herald 504 7th St S. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. and Puolllhers Second Mall Realisation No. 0012 CLEO Editor and Pubilsner DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. F6NTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;