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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 1, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta May 1974 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD-21 White-haired boy ready to offer new federal budget OTTAWA Finance Minister John Turner says he is not superstitious. There will be no special pair of shoes for him on budget night. Don Fleming in Diefenbaker's government always wore a new pair of shoes for luck. Other ministers have worn a special '.'lucky or new A kiss from his wife and best wishes from close after a good dinner and a few drinks and Mr. Turner's on his way to the commons chamber Monday his copy of the budget speech tucked securely under his arm. It's his big night in parliament. What he says on the evening of May 6 shortly after 8 p.m. EOT could make or break the government. The situation is critical because there is a mi- nority government and the New Democratic Party in its caucus recently voted 28 in favour of withdrawing support from the government. Three members abstained. Election If the NDP the budget they could bring on a July election. If they like the election will be postponed. Since the NDP'rs became more in their statement this month and warned that an election was several have been hearing from their constituents. They report that their supporters don't want an election now. While the so-called in the caucus have become more like the hawks have been cooling off. Consequently if the budget has any appeal to the NDP they may argue in caucus in favour of postponing the defeat of the government. What Mr. Turner says in his budget speech could prolong the government's or bring it toppling down within the week. This knowledge adds to the tremendous burden of responsibility that the relatively young finance minister has to carry with him on that appointed evening. He is well cast for the role. Hollywood couldn't have done a better job. He is almost too perfect. He is prematurely hard driving and dynamic. He is today the acknowledged successor to the leadership of the Liberal party when Mr. Trudeau decides to step down. Events could alter his future in politics but as of this writing he is the white-haired boy within the Liberal party. Confident As he approached budget day he was confident. Each finance minister has a different technique for its preparation. By mid-April he had made most of the major decisions. The general thrust of the budget had been determined. Most of the input from the finance department working on the has- been considered and accepted or rejected by the time the minister made an appointment with Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to meet in private session and brief the head of the govern- ment. That briefing took place last week and apparently met with the prime minister's ap- proval. This week the finance minister gave a similar briefing to members of the cabinet. He did not go into but outlined the budget speech in general for his colleagues. Monday night he will rise in his place in the commons and start delivering the most important speech of his parliament career. He has said in advance he intends to foljow a course in this time of severe inflation. expect me to pull any rabbits out of the hat there's nothing magic about a he says. The NDP has set out a long list of that it wants met as the price of the party's continued support of the minority government. Mr. Turner's response to that has been curt and to the point. he has told colleagues when they pressed for his reaction to going along with the NDP requests. No responsible finance minister can allow his policy to be dic- tated by a small minority group in parliament. There may be some sions in the budget that will be to the liking of the NDP. and see what we have in store for says the minister with a twinkle in his eye and a mischievous grin. Mr. Turner can be trusted to devise some measures that will make it difficult for NDP'rs to vote against the budget. He is not above By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau pinching ideas from the opposition and incorporating them into his budget. his use of the Robert Stanfield proposal for indexing income taxes to the cost of living. He has lifted ideas from the PC's and the much to their chagrin. With inflation pressures steadily at work the Bank of Canada was forced to boost the bank rate to a record 8V4 per cent. This puts the finance minister in a bind. He has been cautioned by the bank against any actions that would tend to speed up the inflationary spiral. Cutting government spending would help in the inflation fight. Imposing a new ceiling on the growth of the government service would also help. The prime minister said recently the point is being reached where the federal public service has to be brought under better and stricter control. Indexing government bonds might be another provision in the budget. Mr. Stanfield recently proposed that Canada Savings Bonds should offer a low rate of interest but assure the holder by a re- payment of as much purchasing power as he lent the government when he .bought the bond. The colleagues have been pressuring for an excess profits the removal of the tax on building materials and other such items. The minister has carefully weighed all such requests. He decides for or against them in keeping with the general philosophy and thrust of his budget. Mr. Turner has been de- scribed as having a tendency to introduce into his budgets. He abhors the pedestrian and prefers where possible to come up with a sparkling paragraph. The word headly suits his personality. or that catch the opposition off base and throw consternation into their ranks is what Mr. Turner strives for in the present situation in parliament. Groundwork With the strong possibility of an election hinging on the budget's reception in the house it must be a document which the government can take to the hustings with pride and confidence. Mr. Trudeau has already laid the groundwork in a pre-election forey into Ontario. He described inflation as the most serious problem con- fronting his government. The budget therefore must be aimed at curbing inflationary pressures. Mr. Trudeau this month bragged that his government learned to cope with and reduce the unemployment problem through previous budgetary measures. Now the government is concentrating on fighting inflation. Once before in his first term as prime minister he boasted that inflation was licked. That declaration has returned to haunt him. Mr. Turner and Mr. Trudeau have defended the government's policies for profits and aimed at encouraging businessmen and manufacturers across the country to plow profits back into their enterprises. A booming economy means more jobs and reduced unemployment. It also means increased production and increased supplies of goods to meet demands. In the long run that should help ease the inflationary at least that is the theory. Meantime Mr. Turner has kept mum about his intentions. That is the tradition under the British parliamentary system. He does not go around making announcements ahead of the nor should his cabinet colleagues. It puts him in a very difficult position and also upsets his usually even dis- position. The basic decisions were made by the end of the week ahead of budget day. By then the budget speech had gone through three drafts. As the week neared its close Mr. Turner went over the fourth and final injecting his own words and putting arguments into his own words. The speech as it finally emerges will be very much a Turner document. His predecessor Ben Benson preferred to take the ideas and suggestions pretty much as they were written and submitted by the finance department brain trust preparing the budget. He spent little time altering them or inserting his- own words. Turner is different. He wants the speech to carry his although there are portions which are set and subject to little alteration. Limited Friday night before budget day it is finally to The various copies that are printed are limited in quantity. The preparation has been done in sections with every precaution taken in this day of Xerox and other copying to prevent leaks. A of the contents of a section of the budget la nightmare that haunts finance officials. Ministers in Britain have re- signed because of such pre- mature leaks. One recent Canadian Walter came close to resigning. He presented his resignation to the late Louis St. then the Liberal prime minister. A notorious practical joker in the press gallery had pretended to have obtained a complete copy in advance. His English speak- ing colleagues quickly detected the forgery. But a French speaking gal- lery member believed the joker. He put through a call to a French Canadian friend in the cabinet and complained that the budget had been in English only. The alarm signals were sounded throughout the government. The finance officials believed that what they always feared had an advance copy had somehow found its way into the gallery. Mr. Harris went to the prime minister's office and submitted his resignation. But Mr. St. Laurent urged Mr. Harris to hold off until proper checks had been made of the of the budget. The prime minister called one of his friends in the press gallery and was assured it was a hoax. Mr. St. Laurent and Mr. Harris relaxed ana officials breathed easier. Mr. Turner acknowledges that there is always concern over a possible leak. But it is guarded against as much as possible. He has the weekend to relax in preparation for his big day. Pickering Airport Site Proposed Community Metropolitan Toronto 'Toronto International Airport Mirabel Airport New Montreal International Airport Controversial airports Map shows land expropriated by the federal and Ontario governments for a new airport and adjacent community in the Pickering area northeast of Toronto and land expropriated around Ste. northwest of for the Mirabel Airport. Controversy still swirls around the Montreal which al- ready is under and the Toronto which remains in dis- pute. Frozen bacteria tests offer clue New York Times Service WASHINGTON Bacteria apparently frozen in the Antarctic ice and soil for at least years have grown and reproduced in the scientists reported here this week. The bacteria were found in permanently frozen sediments at depths of several hundred feet below the present surface. About four or five different bacterial types were some of which grew and reproduced when put in nutrient fluids. The leader of the research team said their discovery could have important bearing on the prospects for finding life on such inhospitable planets as Mars. He also said he knows of no previous authenticated discovery of bacteria even approaching the age of the newly- found samples. In recent years many scientists have speculated that Mars may once had had a surface environment much more hospitable to life than the dry and frigid desert believed to exist there now. If scientists have life may have developed on the Martian surface and might still frozen under the surface. The U.S. plans to send an unmanned Viking spacecraft to land on Mars in 1976 in a search for traces of but a key unanswered question has been whether or not any living microbe could survive for eons in a frozen state. The new announced by the National Science offers important evidence that they might. new results could have tremendous relevance for understanding the ability of micro-organisms to remain frozen in a state of suspended animation for hundreds of thousands of said Dr. Roy A. whose research group discovered the ancient Antarctic bacteria a few months ago. He and Frank A. the other senior scientist in the have been doing research in the Antarctic not only by the National Science Foundation but also by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's program on extra-terrestrial life detection. None of the bacteria has yet been identified. Thus it is not known whether any of them are potentially dangerous to man. It is also unknown whether their natural habitat is land or but Cameron said they are unlike anything found on the surface in the Antarctic where they were or in any of the laboratories where they were handled. He is also sure they do not represent contamination of the samples from which they came. The bacteria were found in cores of sediment extracted by drilling downward in the permanently frozen ground of two Antarctic sites about 60 miles apart. The cores were opened under bacteria-free laboratory conditions. The samples put in nutrient broth to see if anything would grow were taken from the undisturbed centers of the cores. They came from sediment taken from depths between about 250 and feet. Geologists estimated that the materials in the cores was on surface of the Antarctic continent from at least years to perhaps as much as a million years ago. This raises the possibility that some of the bacteria may have been frozen for several hundred thousand years. Please Mother On May With a silver charm 3 Days Super Buy on Sterling silver Each 1.88 to 4.69 Rush to Eaton's for sterling silver charms at low prices. A great chance to add to your charm bracelet or start a new one. 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