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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 1, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuesday, May 1, 1973 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID 9 Firing Jias not ceased Fundamental issues of Indochina conflict remain sharp as ever By FLORA LEWIS New York Times Service PARIS Three months after the Vietnam cease-fire, the fundamental issues of the Indo- china conflict remain as sharp as ever and the firing has not have exchanged ceased. The sides charges of widespread viola- tion, for which each blames the other. It is obvious that the fighting is continuing. Hanoi and Washington, Saigon and the Vietcong have marshaled detailed arguments, claiming to have observed the Paris accords while their opponents broke them. Their contradic- tion lies in the contradictory nature of the ceasse-fire itself, a document on which agree- ment was reached only by find- ing words and formulas to paper over continuing deep dis- agreements. TWO LEVELS The dispute persists on two levels. The basic one is who is to control South Vietnam. It is reflected in a series of argu- ments on interpretation of the many carefully ambiguous or artful provisions of the agree- ment. Although no official would say so publicly, for form is held dear by Vietnamese, it is evi- dent that both the Commmun- ists and Saigon consider the war unsettled and are not going to concede any power they did not lose on the battlefield. Many South Vietnamese ex- iles, attached to neither side, have concluded sadly that a more battles provide an unargu- able decision. The one firmly spelled out and easily operable provision of the cease-fire has been im- plemented the end of United States combat activity in Viet- nam, withdrawal of combat troops and release of Ameri- can prisoners. But the Communist aim in the agreement was to achieve at least a big first step toward ending the American role in Indochina, and they point to a number of facts as proof that 'the U.S. has not kept its prom- ise. The bombing of Cambodia, occasional bombing of Laos and reconnaissance over North Viet- nam are activities that Hanoi considers forbidden by the agreement. President Nguyen Van Thieu's trip to the U.S. and the myriad forms of continued American support for the South Vietna- mese leader, especially the heavy flow of military sup- plies, are taken by the Com- munists as signs that the U.S. has not really abandoned its ambition to make sure that the war ultimately comes out the way Washington wanted it to in tie first place. Washington never read the agreement that way. It pre- sumed that Hanoi had read the fine print with full understand- ing, making concessions to get itself out of the war other than just to get the Americans out. So the U.S. now insists that military as we'l as economic and political support for Thieu settlement is not likely until I meets the letter of the agree- This Week at Maranjo's A Special Selection of Ladies' Summer SandaEs Clearing At A Selection of Men's Broken lines and sizes. Clearing Out At 14 PAIR SEE OUR FABULOUS COLLECTION OF 'S SHOES New two tone high fashion shoes and the latest in plat- forms. See them now. Open Thurs. Till 9 p.m. WORLD OF SHOES 317A-6th STREET, DOWNTOWN ment. It promised to dismantle its bases and facilities by March 23, but it had turned them over to Saigon before cease-fire day and so, in Washington's eyes, they are not covered by the pact. The U.S. promised to stop sending military supplies ex- cept to replace existing stocks. But it built up such huge arsen- als in the crash delivery pro- gram late last year that "re- placement" has turned out to mean full provision of every- thing that the Saigon force can use and then some. The essence of the deal made at Paris was that the U.S. could get out of its active Vietnam role with its prisoners and without upsetting the Thieu re- gime. In return, the U.S. aban- doned the effort to get the North Vietnamese south. out of the It was a compromise only in the sense that each side thought it had won a substantial advantage. Apparently, at this point neither side is prepared to make an effective settlement for less than it thought it was getting. The South Vietnamese rivals never really compromised at all, except on language. Both remain committed to their ori- ginal goals for Saigon, re- moving the communist chal- lenge, for the communists, win- ning enough power to provide a chance of dominating Saigon in the longer run. NOW CLEAR Hanoi, it is now clear, did not intend to let the promise of an "end to foreign interference" in Indochina mean that its forces and those it supports could slow- ly be ground down by Amer- ica's allies and associates in Laos and Cambodia, with Am- erican bombs and bullets. The hope of the cease-fire was that the exhausted, tor- tured people of Vietnam would somehow find a way to make sure that the struggle to govern them would be converted from a military to a political fight. That hope has not begun to be realized. Some things have changed since tbe hectic Paris negotia- tions and the euphoria of for- mally pronounced end to for- mal war. The most important change affecting the situation in South Vietnam has been a parallel reassessment of their circumstances by Thieu and the Communists. Thieu was reluctant to ac- cept the cease-fire. He judged that it would weaken his re- gime, then he decided that time was against him and that [he could hold if he could push 'through elections fairly quickly. Nobody knew what would hap- pen when the Sou'.li Vietna- mese were told that their long ordeai was over. There were fears of rapid crumbling, but nothing much happened. It was atergate bugging scandal mar be Nixon's Waterloo as if the people, so used to war- time life, needed long and grad- ual adjustment to the notion that peace might be different. The Communists were ob- liged to reassess their position by the same light that gave Sai- gon new confidence. They have not been able to emerge as tri- umphantly popular as they thought they would, so they are depending on time and the sense of relaxation that a pro- longed semi-cease-fire might bring to erode Thieu's tight hold. r FOOTNOTES by JOE I'll put c stop to this. You'll enjoy walking when I get you slices from Joe Green's. Summer Sandd For Everyone! LADIES MEN CHILDREN All styles including Platform Soles and Tire Treads. J By JAMES M. NAUGHTON New York Times Service WASHINGTON Key figures in congress are convinced that Watergate will prove to be President Nixon's Waterloo in the struggle for supremacy be- Uveen Republicans in the White House and Democrats on Capi- tol Hill. "I should think the influence of the White House has been diminished, certainly in the short Sen. Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia, the Dem- ocratic whip, declared in an in- terview. Open Thursday till 9 p.m. acme saved J mone Low prices are a habit with us. And that's why we've become a habit with so many customers. Come on down! Watch your savings mount up! acme is for you. acme MERCHANDISE DISTRIBUTORS Year 'round low distributor prices His judgment was shared by a number of Republican leaders and strategists who reassem- bled in the capital after a 10- day congressional holiday. The campaign adviser to a group of Senate Republicans seeking re-election in 1974 said that some of them were likel} to begin demonstrating indepen- dence from the president on major issues spending, for instance, and the bombing in Indochina in an effort to pre- serve their own images with voters back home. A ranking member of the House Republican leadership of- fered the private assessmenl that he would be hard pressed to duplicate the president's ear- lier successes in sustaining ve- toes of spending measures. One staff member works for a Senate Republican leader summed up the situation in blunt terms: "Let's face it. It's every man for himself here and the first objective is going to be to stay in office. After President Nix- on's landslide a lot of members figured, 'what the heck, Nixon must be on the right and they strung along with him. "Now they're bound to sil back and say, 'What kind of crew is that down The attitude of Congressional Republicans is the linchpin in the political machine with which the White house has sought to dominate the Con- gress. The Republicans lack a majority in both the Senate and House, but their numbers are large enough in both chambers to sustain the president when it counts, on the two-thirds vote needed, for example, to over- ride a veto. When the Congress recessed before Easter, Republicans and some Conservative Democrats had been solid in their support of Nixon. But all of that has been al- tered, in the view of individuals interviewed over the last few days, because of the revelations of high-level White House in- volvement in the Watergate con- spiracy or its cover-up. 'I'd hate to see a veto come uo (for an override test! any- time said the veteran political adviser to a senior re- publican in the Senate. "Each one of these guys who has got to run next year is going to have to, in one way or an- other, establish some distance between himself and the presi- the aide continued. "It'll show up in lack of support for his program. This isn't a very Study urged BANFF, Alta. (CP) The Alberta Recreation and Parks Association has recommended a provincial task force be estab- lished to study the relation- ships between provincial and regional parks. The recommendation came during the association's annual meeting here during the week- end, Delegates also agreed to ask the government that member- ship on the proposed task force nclude urban citizens and pro- 'cssionals involved in municipal >arks and recreation systems. AIR POLLUTION DOWN MONTREAL (CP) A reduc- tion in the amount of atmos- pheric sulphur dioxide has been achieved in downtown Montreal since 1969. Jean Marier, direc- tor of the air purification serv- ice, said one of the objectives in 1969 was to achieve a 40 per cent reduction in sulphur diox- ide by the winter of 'We've actually exceeded this goal by a small he said. rational thing for them to do. but scared politicans act rationally." seldom SHOES DOWNTOWN ON SIXTH STREET ENGLISH WOOLLEN'S men s -to-measure HELD BY POPULAR REQUEST :iv. Uti (Reg. up to EXPLOSIVE selection of doth DYNAMIC patterns and colors SUPER looks from season to season Our buyers made a special purchase from the mills and we are offering you their personal favorites. THEIR BUSINESS IS YOUR BUSINESS: A custom suit with perfect cut, fit and finish! ENGLISH SCOTCH WOOLLEN! x Suiting f he man-of-the- world CENTRE VILLAGE MALL Phone 328-8021 ;