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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 1, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Friday, May 1, 1970-------- Pentagon Stockpiles New War Weapons Worse Than Weapons The appearance of Soviet military personnel in the Middle East is caus- ing great concern to the Israelis. Such personnel is considered to be a worse threat than the weapons that have been poured into the area for a long time. Some of the weapons provided by the U.S.S.R. seemed to be too sophis- ticated for the Arabs. In the Six- Day War and subsequently, military equipment in the possession of the Arabs was either destroyed or fell into the hands of the Israelis with- out being brought into operation. It may not be too surprising that the suppliers of this expensive equip- ment are now sending people who know how to use it. There is not much point in continuously having the weapons destroyed or captured due to lack of competent handlers. The decision to supply the men as well as the weapons is obviously a major turn of events and one that justifies alarm on the part of the Israelis. As a consequence of this development the Israelis may no longer have a superiority. Worry is justified in other parts of the world, too. This is the first time since the end of the Second World War that the Soviets have accepted direct responsibility for the operating of their weapons. Although the North Koreans and the North Vietnamese have had Soviet military supplies they did not receive military personnel. Thus there has been a departure from the old policy. It portends ser- ious trouble for other places in the world as well as for the Middle East. The Pursuit Of Progress The multiplication of administra- tive staffs often in inverse ratio to the growth of personnel being ad- ministered is a common phenom- enon in the modern world. C. North- cote Parkinson called this the pursuit of progress in his famous discussion of Parkinson's Law. He contended that officials make work for each other and having analyzed the growth of the British Admiralty staff con- cluded that once the process of multi- plication was started it have continued increasing if there had been no actual seamen at all. Many teachers in the Lethbridge school system must be thinking rue- fully about Parkinson these days. Teaching personnel is being held vir- tually static but several administra- tive offices previously non-existent are being filled. Thus the ratio of administrators to classroom teach- ers has improved so that the teachers can expect more direct supervision or will it simply mean that the output of paper will increase? Is this progress? Because of the addition of more administrators the number of students per classroom teacher has had to be increased. The teachers may get more individual attention but obviously the students will not. Teaohers may even be kept so busy attending programs arranged by supervisors and filling out reports that they will have less time than now for students. This has happened in some other disciplines. Although this may be an exagger- ated worry, there must be regret that the pyramidal effect is infecting the educational system as it has in so many other areas of society. It could mean that many of the really effective classroom teachers will be taken away from teaching to be administrators. Spending the limited money avail- able for education to top the system may actually be progress but doubts are unavoidable. Indirect benefits to students are always going to be hard- er to measure and value than those that are direct. Musical Misfits Many children have experienced the great disappointment of having their musical aspirations cruelly nip- ped by the choir director who drop- ped them as drones. Their parents doubtless accepted the verdict as being essentially one dictated by nature. Now Mr. John Pauls, an adjudi- cator at the Lethbridge Music Festi- val, has taken issue with such fatal- ism. He insists that there are very few persons who are montones. Many who seem to be such can be trans- formed by special attention. This information comes too late for adults who were sentenced to singing silence when they were chil- dren. It is not too late for those who have not yet been discouraged by being told to mouth the words while the rest of their companions do the actual singing. As a sort of footnote to this mat- ter there is the recent story of the English boy, Jim Graham, who re- fused to be robbed of a musical career. Having been gently bounced from his local school choir for flat- ting his notes he turned to the public library and taught himself to write music by reading books on the sub- ject. Now, at the age of 18, he has amazed music critics by writing a full orchestral symphony. The sym- phony has been chosen by Britain's Royal College of Music for a premier performance in the very town -where Jim Graham failed to make the choir. It is to be hoped the choir director who unwittingly diverted the 'boy from singing to composition will be in the audience at that performance. Jottings From A Tour Of Japan By Beth Gillis, Herald Staff Writer VOUNG Fred Van Mechelen of Edmon- ton, six foot six and the builct to go with it, making a better guide than the small Japanese holding the pennant, ex- cept that Fred was usually bringing up the rear Verna Powell of Calgary, the first to imitate our hosts and wear a mask when she caught a Nie- boer wearing his red hunting cap so that Mama-san (Mrs. N.) could always find Juris going to take a nap when we arrived after our long flight over, wak- ing 16 hours Tanner taking pictures of the tandem front wheels of the fire trucks in Nagasaki and wonder- ing how they got around Yamasaki of Calgary, when it was sug- gested she turn in a false alarm so we could find out, "Remember me, I'm Jap- anese Canadian. Do you" want me to spend the next 15 years of my life in The absence of women drivers in Japan and the dozen or so we saw in the small in a beauty parlor in Kyoto: Menu: Heir Cuting; Heir Shampo; Heir Set. No prices, but it included a massage to about half-way down the pedicure in the same establishment, with a massage to above the knee for 500 yen which sent you out walking on Tanner "We've just taken another lovely picture of a sandwich board in front of the Nagasaki Hotel "Welcome Canada Excite Travel one of our guides, who was always impeccably dress- ed, telling all and sundrv about a ter- rific sale of meu's slacks at a Nagasaki shop. Few, if any, of our men could have been poured into Nickol los- ing his trousers at the cleaners of course and Bonnie Holtsbaum having the time of their lives before being postal to the Northwest S w o e t Home being played on the loudspeaker in the arcade in Nagasaki and the bamboo shutters coming down promptly at 9 p.m. Martin's record, Strangers in the Night, being played in the hotel dining room at breakfasV-Mr. and Mrs. Seichiro Muraki "The Japanese think we're Ha- and Grace Ohama having a wild 12-hour taxi ride to catch up to tour after visting Ralph "Mutt get back into line, I'll lose Heather Dodridge freezing to death after five months in monkeys at Takasakiyama looking at us as though we were the strange ones, which probably we beautiful voice of one of our bus hostesses, a requirement for employ- ment on tour Kohls getting a third cup of tea from my tea bag on the flight home. Yours truly supplying tea bags, when none had been loaded before takeoff. Two for the pilot and one for me. two for the pilot and one for hearing his voice and knowing he had to get us home. The English must have their Nakahama accepting a com- pliment from an American on his perfect English and never batting an A Japanese girl putting on her false eye- lashes inawashroomin Sowchuk and Aiko Tokitsu with no short- age of seven Takcdas on the did get them sorted out, only Mun and many more, whose 'aces are so familiar, but whose names escape guides who were so patient and counted us at least four times before we were finally ready to take off- Streamers flying from our buses after the terrific send-off from the Amakusa Hotel Goudic, who tried to keep us all happy. We were most of the guide Peter, catching us when he asked what YMCA and BOAC meant. In Japan it's "You must come again and Bring Over American Currency." Masami Sugimoto of Osaka Prefecture, consultant for the construction of the Nik- ka Yuko Garden and Minoru Kumakura who was in charge of the carpenters in the b u i 1 d i n g of lire tea house, greeting South Alberta friends and acquaintances in Kyoto. By Flora Lewis, in The Winnipeg Free Press WASHINGTON T H E U.S. Senate and the presiden- tial advisory committee on dis- armament have been locking the door of an empty barn in their effort to halt' further de- ployment of atomic weapons while the U.S. and the Soviet Union talk about the arins race. Meanwhile, huge new weapons projects are, slipping from the drawingboards into the arsenal. Some subtle wording in the defence budget has hidden Pentagon intentions both to go ahead with Iru g e new atomic weapons projects and to count them part of the status quo of any weapons freeze if any could be reached with Rus- sia. Even the most ardent dis- armei's within the administra- tion have given up hope of pre- venting deployment of MIRV and more ABMs. The most op- timistic outlook is for an even- tual agreement with the Rus- sians to limit the number of these related missiles on both sides. Given the current admin- istration position, that is consid- ered wild optimism. ABMs are designed to de- stroy incoming nuclear war- heads before they near the tar- get. MIRVs are clusters of sep- arate warheads on a single mis- sile designed to foil such dc- "Lullaby And Good Night fences. Both have been ex- cluded by official deci- sion from Secretary of; Defence Laird's promise to hold oft on "additional" weapons until the chance can be judged for So- viet-American agreement in the Vienna talks that started this month. More important, however, is the secret ruling which also ex- cludes from the category of an "additional" two .more ad- vanced types of weapons not even ready for testing. These arc ULMS (Undersea L o n g- Range Missile System) and B-l, a new manned bomber. Mr. LaW only asked mil- lion for development of ULIffi in the current budget, so Con- gress isn't arguing about it. But officials say it will be ready for testing in a year to 13 months. He told Congress that "we have made no irrevocable deci- sions with regard to new strate- gic for'ce programs" and that going ahead with ABM (which the Pentagon considers defen- sive) "gives us another year" to talk to Russia "without our- selves exacerbating the arms control environment through ac- tions on offensive systems." Technically that is correct. The new weapons wouldn't be available anyway in this budget year. But the ruling that DLMS and B-l are not to be consider- ed additional means that, for purposes of bargaining with the Eussians, they should be count- ed in the existing arsenal. It also means the Pentagon is de- termined to buy and deploy these weapons as scon as it can. What has happened is that the Senate concentrated on old decisions, already entrenched, and hasn't noticed the new ones taking firm root. Mr. Laird's statement is misleading, since it suggests the administration is holding back to give the talks a chance. The key word is "ir- revocable." Of course, the de- cision to go ahead with ULMS and B-l could be revoked if Congress refuses the money. But the decision has been made. In fact, the Pentagon has come out ahead in the admin- istration internal tug of war over whether to be bold or very cautious in trying to stop arms race. i As things now stand, what the U.S. is least prepared for is a serious brake on the arms escalator. Instructions to the American negotiating. team set a firm limit on what they Can talk about. That too is a Penta- gon victory. The disarmament officials wanted to make some strong proposals, but they lost to a decision that the U.S. dele- gation should only "probe." The Russians could throw the administration into complete confusion if they came up with a proposal. They probably won't, a wry salvation for U.S. negotiators. There is a deeply ironic shift in the way the U.S. is approach- ing the disarmament talks. Mr. Laird subtly revealed it in tell- ing Congress that he wants "to continue emphasis on strategic defensive systems rather than being forced to deploy addi- tional offensive weapons (Mr. Laird's emphasis.) For five years, ex-secretary McNamai'a argued with the Russians that in nuclear stra- tegy the difference between the offensive and defensive is swept away. Both have the same ef- fect of forcing the other side to arm more. Finally, in Helsinki last year, the Russians told the Americans they accepted that idea. They wanted instead to classify weapons as strategic and tactical, claiming that any- thing which could hit the So- viet Union is strategic. The U.S. not only rejects this definition but is trying instead to move the issue back to offen- sive and defensive, the ap- proach wlu'ch Mr. McNamara proved to be an unending spiral. There is more in the defence budget than has met the sena- torial eye. By an overwhelming vote of 72-6, the Senate asked President Nixon to call for an immediate Soviet American moratorium on "further deploy- ment 01 offensive and defensive strategic weapons." It is much too late to have a prayer of in- fluence. It will soon be too late for a chance to freeze the next costly stage if Mr. Laird's ruling and "emphasis" are not challenged. Anthony Westell Canada's Prospects In A Changing World H IGH on a wooded hillside here, in a private estate 3 miles from Manhattan, some of the best minds in the United States have been thinking about Canada. Thinking about Canada's place in a changing world and concluding that in 1980 we shall stand among the 10 richest, most' advanced and therefore most influential countries in the world. Letters To The Editor The forecast is not particular- ly flattering because it rests largely on the belief that Can- ada will be towed along by the exploding wealth and power of the United States. But it is in- fluential in view of the future that will be taken into account by foreign governments and major corporations as they plan for the decade. For this is Hudson In- stitute, the renowned think-tank CPR Staff Cuts A perfect example of the al- mighty power of big business has recently been exhibited by Canadian Pacific Railways' de- cision to cut clerical staff due to the cheapest reason of all, lack of business. To quote Mr. S. M. Gossage, a vice president for Canadian Pacific, "as a result of in- creased wage rates and a weak- ening in general business, af- fecting C.P. Rail revenue, steps are being taken to reduce ad- ministrative expenses." Little does this man seem to realize or admit that Canadian Pacific Railway wages are well behind the cost of living to- day and that any increase will hardly bring a general clerk's wages in line with the cost of operating a home and feeding a family. For some idiotic rea- son management will not rec- ognize that cutting staff is a backward and cowardly way of reducing expense. I wonder if this company has ever; stumbled across the idea that if they were to increase business by going all out for bet- ter service and diligently back- ing up this service with some honest effort and hard work, that maybe, just maybe, busi- ness would pick up possibly two-fold? After all, what does the CPR have to sell? Nothing but service, and it would ap- pear that they lack any ser- vice whatsoever today. I also wonder if anyone has come up with the suggestion to cut off five or six vice-presi- dents or oilier company offi- cials with this company; this would probably be the equival- ent to the 500 clerical positions, salary wise. No-one ever dares even mention this aspect, it seems unheard of. It is far sim- pler to cut off the livelihood of some poor schnook who only wants to make enough money to pay for a decent life. DISGRUNTLED. Lethbridge. Two Distinct Cultures Canadians have never rea- lized the meaning of Confed- eration. It did not mean ten equally subservient provinces. It meant a promising new coun- try with two distinct cultures joining to share an immeasur- able potential of resources. Quebec is not a province like the rest when will we ever realize that. The Quebec elec- tion with its indication of sup- port for separatism may force the realization. French Canad- ians were guaranteed their cul- ture in 1774 (Quebec Act) be- fore any number of English Canadians were in this coun- try. Throughout the years they were given further guarantees of their culture and identity, eliminating the possibility of sssimiliation. At Confederation, to waver them to the Dominion, we stat- ed French would have equal status in the proposed federal government and in the federal courts. Today, most French Canadians call their country Quebec, we call ours' Canada. Throughout our hundred years we have forced Quebec into alienation. The federal govern- ment has not acted with a reali- zation of a dual culture within our federal system. We alienat- ed Quebec further by staying close to the British Empire. It is about time both cultures got together and did some prac- tical hard bargaining. Today Canadians must claim their identity before they exist no more in unity. Recognize and proclaim our dual culture and we will be an identity. Claim our independence from the United States and we will become unique. Take pride in Canada as it is and you will be a Canadian. CRAIG GILBERTION. Tabcr. which brings together brains and research resources to seek solutions to current policy problems and to 'analyse pros- pects and possibilities for the future. The institute last week held the first of its 1970 seminars on forces for change in this de- cade. Some 30 clear physicists from Califor- nia, military intelligence offi- cers and defence planners from Washington, public affairs an- alysts from industry and others at a cost of each to be _ exposed to the mind- stretching ideas of the in- stitute's experts. The star turn of this seminar, as of every Hudson event, was the institute's director, 47-year- old, bouncing-ball-shaped Her- man Kahn, who made his name as cold war strategist and in- tellectual with such books as Thinking about the Unthink- able' about thermonuclear war. Kahn is at least as good at selling his ideas as he is at formulating them in his mas- sive mind in the first place. He puts over his intellectual argu- ments with a stream of anec- dotes, aphorisms and abrasive criticisms tempered by chor- tb'ng jokes. His personality as much as his brain has built the institute in nine years into a widely-res- pected independent organiza-. tion financed mainly by con- tracts from government and in- dustry to think-out problems and spark ideas. The basis for the institute's seminar on the 70's is Kahn's work, with Anthony J. Wiener and others, on The Year a 400-page framework for enlight- ened speculation about the course of the world during the balance of the century. This long view has been shortened to 1980, for greater certainty, and it is in this con- text that Kahn and his thinkers measure Canada's role. Argu- ing that economic strength is the best measure of potential power and influence, they rank the 10 major powers in 1980: United States, Soviet Union; Japan; West Germany and France; with China, Britain, Italy, India and Canada as the bottom five in the big 10. The most surprising and im- portant part of this analysis is the status awarded Japan. By 1980, says Kahn, Japan's extra- ordinarily rapid economic growth will have made it a su- perpower, surpassing the Soviet Union and rapidly overhauling the United States. While none of the institute's analyses are offered or should be read as precise forecasts they arc important. Persons and organizations plan for the future on the basis that they are close to the truth, and thus help to make them come true. Kahn and his colleagues are not only thinkers but also prop- agandists. They push their ideas in seminars, lectures, books, articles and personal contacts with political and bus- iness leaders in many coun- tries. Kahn has just returned from a six week tour to Europe, Is- rael and Vietnam, and is pub- lishing in the fall a new book on his hero-country, Japan, titled, naturally, 'The Rising Sun'. One of his close associates, engineer and economic devel- opment specialist Robert Pan- .ero, is producing a plan for 'damming the Amazon River in Lathi America and the Congo River in Africa. Some 40 major corporations in the United States and more than 20 from Europe are each paying to work with the institute in studying the place of the modern business corpor- ation in the world of 1975-85. Canada's Maurice Strong, now head of the International De- velopment Agency and expect- ed to head the coming Develop- ment Corporation, has been in- vited by Kahn to play a part in this research. The Steel Company of Can- ada is sending executives to a seminar on the seventies here in the summer. And when Prime Minister Pierre Tru- deau's office wants a perspec- tive on the future, program sec- retary Jim Davey comes to study the institute's ideas. It was from here, in fact, that Trudeau picked up the idea of genetic engineering scienti- fically selecting human genes to produce chosen characteris- tics in the next which got him into hot water when he put it forward at the Harrison Liberal Policy Confer- ence in November as one of the options opening to us. The Hudson Institute, in oth- er words, is proving again the power and reach of ideas, and that a think-tank can be a valu- able national, and international resource. One of the most exciting ideas in Trudeau's first pro- gram, announced to Parliament in 19158, was creation ef a Ca- nadian think-tank. Little has been heard of it since, and presumably it is a victim of the austerity cuts. But surely one of the world's top 10 powers should be able to afford to do its own thinking, and the modest investment re- quired might produce much greater dividends for Canada than many other nationalist projects. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH TIIE HERAM> Day is here and it is still snowing. A storm from the north greeted residents of southern Alberta this morning. It snowed 13 days in April and that, to the superstitious, is proof conclusive that spring is a long way off 7930 Hon. A. C. Dunning brought down his first budget today. Duties against the Uni- ted States have been increased and lowered for Great Britain. War Office in Lon- don announced that British troops withdrew to prepared positions in the Dombas area, 100 miles south of Trondheim, Norway, after stubbornly re- sisting strong German attacks. The Doukhobors are leaving B.C., but the exodus is not exactly what police would like to sec. Within 30 days 18 women will be sent to King- ston penitentiary. They will be part of the 100-odd sect mem- bers arrested last week for pa- rading in the nude. Chessman died in the San Quentin gas chamber, after a 12-year struggle to es- cape execution. Nine times his death was set and eight times he thwarted it. The LetWnridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mat! Registration Number 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM RAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKE1 Advertising Manager Editorial Pan tVUUr "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUW ;