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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 1, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta ..Friday. May I, 1970 THE IETHBRIDGE HfRAlD 13 IETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION Insecticide Pollution STUART WACDONALD Toxlcologist There has been considerable publicity about insecticide pol- lution of our environment. DDT and other related organochlor- Ine insecticides such as aldrin, dieldrin, and heptachlor are the compounds that have caused the most concern as pollutants. These insecticides have been used throughout the world for over 20 years and with proper use have not been shown to have affected human health. They are the cheapest and most effective chemicals yet develop- ed for controlling a wide range of insect pests. However, these insecticides do not break down readily into non-toxic products. They or their toxic breakdown products have been found to persist in our soils and environ- ment for intended periods of time. Their residues are readily stored in animal fat and accum- ulate, through food chains, to reach high1 levels, mainly in predatory wildlife. Continued use of these insecticides could contribute to an undesirable build-up in our environment; thus, restrictions in their use have become necessary. DDT, and probably the other insecticides, will not be avail- able after 1970 for use around the home or garden. If you have supplies of these insecti- cides in the home, DO NOT dispose of them down the sewer or in ordinary garbage facili- ties. This can result in exces- sive concentrations in sewage and garbage disposal areas, thus creating a further source of unwanted ground-and sur- face-water pollution. The Canada Department of Agriculture suggests that the home gardener use any of these materials they have on hand according to label recommenda- tions rather than concentrate them in i m p r o pe r disposal areas. If collection facilities for these insecticides are available in your area, dispose of them according to local instructions. Do not attempt to burn them. DDT for instance, requires ex- tremely high heat in a closed system before it is broken down into non-persistent components. The home gardener will be faced with using other insecti- cides such as malatnion, diazin- on, or Sevin for controlling gar- den pests. These materials, al- though less persistent, are also more selective hi their toxicity to pests. Thus, if garden pests are to be controlled effectively, more care will have to be exer- cised in the selection of the in- secticide to use, the timing, and application of these alter- natives. Bepeated applications may also be necessary. When using any insecticide, follow the label instructions carefully with respect to precaution, rates used, and interval between ap- plication and harvest. SHELTERBELT NEAR tETHBRIDGE Farmers Get Trees Farmers in the counties of Lethbridge and Warner recent- ly received trees, under the provincial tree shelterbelt policy. The seedlings, came from Alberta Gets First Wildlife 'Habitat' Alberta's first wildlife habi- tat development program has been inaugurated by the depart- ment of lands and forests. Located near Mil'.icent, (20 miles north of Brooks) a 750 acre tract of land has been obtained, and will be managed primarily lor upland game birds and waterfowl. Lands and forests biologists at the Brooks research station will plan and oversee the land-use program, which is based on the multiple use concept. Normal farming methods will be used, including cereal crops on 130 acres, 165 acres summerfallow and 350 acres for grazing pur- poses. (Three acres of tte total crop will be left unharvested in swaths as winter feed for bird residents, and farm chem- icals will not be used.) the provincial tree nursery at Oliver, and are available free cf charge to any fanner in Alber- ta who wishes to plant them for shelterbelts or farm beau- tification. The most common varieties planted are: poplar, elm, maple, ash, caragana, honey- suckle, lilac, hedge rose, dog- wood, spruce and pine. Fruit trees are also available in bun- dles of 46 trees, in the follow- ing varieties; current, cherry, Saskatoon, plum, blackberry, chokecherry and apple. Rapeseed Committee Formed A committee to examine rape- seed marketing and seek a sys- tem best suited for expanding Canadian rapesced exports has been established by Otto Lang, Canadian Wheat board minis- ter. Committee members are F. Hetland, Saskatchewan rape- seed growers, Paul B a b e y, president of Unifarm and John McAnsh, executive director of the Rapeseed Association of Canada. 1970 Quota List Down The 1969-70 grain quota deli- very lists reflect clearly the ef- fect that Canada's grain glut situation is having on Canadian farmer's. Up to April 23, 19G9, listings show 20 grain elevators still on a two bushel quota, 194 eleva- tors on a three bushel and 289 on a four bushel. For the same period this year, listings show 51 elevators still on a one bush- el, 348 on a two and only 96 on a three. There have been no four bushel quotas yet this year. Quite a lot of barley is ex- pected to enter the market, due i to increased consumer demand, j and the introduction of the six bushel supplementary quota on barley. (The supplementary quota, in past years has been only three Farming Slowed ETZIKOM (HNS) Hain, snow and severe winds have hindered farming operations in this area for the past few weeks. Calving is well under way and at its peak with the usual amount of losses and some trouble with young h e i fer's. Cattle in general are in good condition with an expected good crop. Alberta Farmers Switch To Corn RALPH TRIMMER Regional Supervisor, Plant Industry Division Lethbridge, Alberta. The'past decade has seen a Wow but steady acceleration in the production of field corn in Boulters Alberta. Mainly the increased interest has been in the use of corn as a silage crop, and corn silage that has the right maturity makes excellent forage. The local next step is the pro- duction of field corn as grain, and this is beginning to happen. Quite a few irrigation farmers are trying grain corn as an "al- ternate crop." A major motiva- tion is that earlier, high yield- ing hybrids are becoming avail- able. Prepare you; TRAILER or CAMPER Now for the Holiday Season RREBCO Recreation Vehicles has full facilities to completely service or repair your recreation vehicle. For Expert GAS TESTING APPLIANCE TESTING WHEEL BEARING SERVICE WATER TESTING Contact PrebCo. PrebCo also carries a complete line of trailer parts and accessories plus a free sanitary waste disposal station. Located West of Gas Company 600 4th Ave. N. RECREATION VEHICLES 600 4th Avenue N. lethbridgc A rather extensive com test- ing program is now being car- ried on by the Lethbridge Re- search Station. Hybrids suitable for Alberta are selected and classified from very early to late, allowing the farmer a wide choice depending on his loca- tion, and whether production is for silage or grain. To assist in the possible es- tablishment of a corn industry, the Alberta Corn Committee was organized during the win- ter. TM: committee consists of personnel from the Research Station, Alberta Dept. of Agri- culture, and also has grower representation. The objective of this group is to co-ordinate the testing and recommendation of hybrids. Also to generally con- sider all aspects of corn pro- duction, and encourage and pro- mote the growing of the crop where feasible. The Corn Com- mittee has recently printed a leaflet, showing a "Heat Unit" map for southern Alberta, along with a list of hybrids suitable for the different regions. The term "Heat Units" is an important one when growing corn. Heat units are relation- ships between corn develop- ment and temperature. A meth- od has been developed to calcu- late the total heat units during the growing season for any giv- en area. Hybrids are rated ac- cording to their heat unit re- quirements and consequently can be related to a particular district. It seems apparent that a sub- stantial market for grain corn can be developed in western Canada. The main users of corn are distilleries and the feed in- dustry. These are the most im- mediate markets, but corn is also used for starch, vegetable oil and food products. The culture of corn is no more difficult than other row crops. Early planting is important. A plant population of about 000 plants per acre is desirable. A good soil fertility level should be established. Irrigation is par- ticularly important and often neglected. Soil moisture is es- pecially critical during tassel- ing and silking. .Some spec i a 1 equipment may be required for harvesting and drying. A corn header that attaches to a regu- lar combine is usually needed. At least one major grain firm is contracting for grain corn production this spring. Several are selling hybrid field corn seed and several smaller pri- vate projects will be growing field corn in Southern Alberta for either silage or grain pur- poses. Hog Numbers Down Hogs graded at federally in- spected and approved packing plants during 19S9 totalled 479 head, a reduction of eight per cent from the previous year. 'FOR SALE1 FULL LINE Of VERSATILE EQUIPMENT 1967 D118 VERSATILE TRACTOR 1967 MODEL 420 VERSATILE SP COMBINE 1967 IS FT. VERSATILE SWATHER with pick-up reel 1969 68 FT. VERSATILE SPRAYER 1967 35 FT. VERSATILE AUGER with motor 1967 28 FT. DEEP TILLAGE CULTIVATOR with harrows 1967 F500 FORD TRUCK, 16 ft. hex ond hoist 762 3655 Phone 328-7278 WILL TAKE BARLEY IN TRADE Agro- By Sieve T.TOGS have never had it so good as they do at Lakeside Pork Producers, an swine operation near Brooks. From the time a littering sew is placed in the "maternity rooms" at Lakeside, to the time her offspring are ready for market, only the most up to date and efficient feeding and handling practices are employed. "Sanitation is the most important single factor of pork said Garnet Altwasser, part owner of Lakeside and a tour of the three steel structures showed this aspect was not being neglected. (All visitors must shower and wear spe- cial overalls and boots before entering the At present, Lakeside has 85 Landrace-York-Hampshire sows, all picked for the hardiness and excellent meat quality char- acteristic to this hybrid stock. (Output at Lakeside is expected to be near marketed animals this year, but present expansion plans foresee an annual production figure of hogs within two The complex consists of three separate buildings, each one suited for a particular phase of swine growth. The nucleus of the operation is the breeding and littering barn, the latter consisting of two separate rooms, each con- taining eight littering crates. Here the pregnant sow is confined just prior to littering and until three weeks after in a jail like enclosure three feet wide by seven feet long. On each side of the crate is a margin where the piglets run and sleep, with no fear of being laid on by the sow. Feed is piped to the sow in the form of a nutrient balanced mash, whereby fluids and solids are fed in one well controlled mixture. Sewage is disposed of in all the buildings by means of grates at one end of each pen, through which wastes drop into a organic substance to be broken down and flushed into a sewer lagoon. Proper temperature levels are maintained in the barns by ineans of under-floor hot rater pipes that allow regulated heat control on a closed circuit system. All the buildings are air conditioned, and each possesses stale sir expulsion fans. Barn number two contains the weaner hogs, at about three weeks of age. Each animal is individually scrubbed with anti- septic in the transfer from the littering barn, as well as the pens in both buildings. In the weaner barn, close selection is in an effort to keep animals of the same size and vigor in respec- tive pens. At about sixty pounds, the weaners are transferred to the third and final section of the complex, the "feeder again after individual scrubbing of animals and pens. The feeders will be marketed in Calgary at about six months of age. According to Mr. Altwasser, hogs cannot be considered a one year investment, due to general fluctuations in market prices. (The net return from each hog after feed, medical and handling deductions is about There is also some concern among swine producers of a possible market glut, controllable only through logical produc- tion on the part of farmers and ranchers, but with the explora- tion of foreign domestic markets, quite a drastic hog increase could easily be absorbed. Let's have a hand for science. The men in the white smocks have come up with another idea, feeding plastic to cattle. Apparently small plastic chunks added to (hay or straw) enable cattle to be finished on about one half the feed normally required. The extruded polyethylene bits have corrugated sides and sharp edges, that scratch Hie walls of the animals first stomach, creating the same agitation caused by roughage. The plastic bits have, a low specific gravity and float atop the rumen contents without passing into other organs. Once in the stomach, the bits stay there until the end of the feeding period when a single feeding of hay or silage will flush them out. The producer chalks up two definite advantages: greatly reduced manure in the feedlot; t roughage feed re- duced by half means less feeding time required and less storage space needed. With the grain glut situation on the Prairie's, plus growing anticipation among beef and pork producers, there is still one branch of agricultural production that can be entered without fear of flooding the market, sheep. Although many people term sheep raising a "dying indus- tin's statement is true only in the fact that people have literally stopped raising these animals. (Canada's sheep popula- tion has declined by 45 per cent in the past 10 The actual market potential for mutton and wool in Canada is astronomical, and estimates show that 1 million animals could easily be absorbed into the market. Over the past ten years, Canada has imported nearly 65 million tons of wool, and thousands of tons of lamb and mutton. In addition to a ready market, sheep may have more ad- vantages in that they can utilize poor quality pasture better than any other form of'livestock, and in this element, care and maintenance o! a flock is relatively simple. Getting into the business is cheap, and fast returns on an investment can be appreciated. Calendar Of Farm Events May 1 Brooks Alberta Fresh Vegetable Commission (organization meeting) May 1 Lcthhridge Oldman River Regional Planning Conference May 2 Lacombe Research Station Field Day (Beef New Carcass Evaluation. May 3 Stanford, Montana Performance Index Centre Forum May 4 Stanford, Montana Performance Tested Bull Sale May 5 Lethbridge Weed Control Weed Inspectors and Ditch ridc-rs. May S Miles City, Montana Range Livestock Experiment Station Field Day May 13 Brooks District Cattle Breeders Association Sale May 20 Fort Maclcod 1st Annual Performance Test Bull Sale SPRING FOOD SAVINGS Prices effective until closing' Saturday, May 2 CANADA GRADE "A" TURKEY 6-12 Ibs. Plump and Tender TABLE RITE RED BRAND BONELESS it i No waste, easy to "I Rump Roast carve...........ib. l-uv 2-lb. bag J.O7 tins 4 -1-00 TOP VAUJ CHOICE Tomatoes AUSTRAL SLICED Peaches NABOB DELUXE Tea Bags 79C IGA ASSORTED I JELLY 9-oz. Jars Beauty Soap 3packar 6 for ZEE DELUXE ASSORTED Bathroom Tissue ron 65C TOP VALU PORK 14-oz. Tins IV York Frozen A ft ft- PSiSS 8 varieties 8-oz. J for 07C 1 Afl Fancy........ 14-01. tins Q for j.UU ARIZONA VALENCIA GANGES y Canada I omatoes MexUan Play "Let's Go To The Races" Win Big Cash Prizes Plus Weekly Bonanza Prizes Details at your local IGA Stores -----------WE RESERVt IH6 RIGHT TO LIMIT QUANTITIES ;