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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 1, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta WINDY FORECAST HIGH SATURDAY 65 The Uthlnidgc Herald VOL. LXIII No. 118 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, MAY 1, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO PAGES Pollution: No. 5 Population Pollution Vital Issue By Jim Wilson HERALD STAFF WRITER By the end of this century, Man may have dis- tinguished himself by being the only creature ever to voluntarily and knowingly starve himself into extinc- tion. It would take about two trillion pounds of solid food per year to adequately feed the world's current pop- .ulation of 3.5 billion people (about 5.5 billion pounds a World food production is only about 1.4 trillion pounds annually. We have only 70 per cent of the food we nesd, and cculd feed only 2.5 billion people ade- More than two billion people today get less than half enough to eat, and only 10 per cent of the pop- 350 all it needs. Twelve million people starved to death in 1969. In a week they had less to eat than we'll each have for dinner tonight. By the year 2000 the world's population will have doubled to about seven billion; current high esti- mates of total food production for that time are all under 2.5 trillion we'll need four trillion. By 2000 we will have only 60 per cent of the food we -need. More than five billion people will get less than half the food they should and only about seven per cent will get enough to eat, 30 Million Deaths A minimum of 30 million people will die of star- vation that year, which will be equivalent by then to the entire population of Canada. These figures don't take into account the addi- tional trillions of tons of food it takes to feed do- mestic animals which are vitally important to world agriculture and Man's food requirements. Today, 25 per cent of all the human beings who have ever existed are alive. By the year 2000, for ev- ery person who is alive another will have died and by 2030, if the population explosion continues, there will be three living people for every one person who, by then, will Have died in Man's record- ed history. The point of all this is that if other forms 'of pollution don't kill us first, population pollution caused by our reproductive emulation of the rabbit will al- most; certainly starve and overcrowd us to death. Some scientists are predicting food rationing in Nortti America by 1985, and if we're starving here 15j years, the plight of the rest of the world will f be pretty gruesome. More And More The earth is already badly overpopulated in re- lation to the amount of food we can produce, but we continue to have more and more children, in many cases even in Canada, are destined to know lasting and severe hunger. Birth control, abortion, family terms bring mixed emotions to almost every one of. us, but they are the only solution short of war or plague that can keep us from attempting the folly of multi-racial suicide. A number of ecologists and population biologists are suggesting that instead of allowing any population increase at all, we should reduce our numbers by more than one billion peo- ple, so we can feed everyone. Some countries, including Canada, are finally ta- king the first steps toward population control by legalizing distribution of contraceptives and' birth con- trol information. But the countries that need popula- tion planning most, where starvation is the rule rather than the exception, either Iiave legislation making practical family planning impossible, or else they have a literacy problem that makes it extremely difficult. Could Be Halved Population biologists hope that development of one-a-year contraceptive shots for both men and wo- men will help to defuse what has come to be call- ed the population bomb, and with increased use of family planning it is possible the world's population growth rate could be halved, Billions of people would continue to starve, and millions would starve to death, but their numbers would only be half as tragic. Besides the disastrous shortage of foor! caused by our intense desire to over-reproduce ourselves, pop- ulation pollution multiplies all other forms of pollu- tion. Today we produce 800 million tons 'of smoke a year. Double the population in 30 years and we dou- ble that to 1.6 billion tons. Doubling other worldwide pollution production fig- ures only results in numbers that are twice as in- comprehensible (and at least twice as Consider for example the world's outpouring of sew- age by the. year 2000: at least 1.2 quadrillion gallons a year, which is 1.2 million billion gallons (worth as much as 50 cents a thousand gallons to In the final analysis, population pollution may be the winner of the pollution futurity sweepstakes we're .now running to decide how we end our recorded his- tory. May Be Hanged In Future NAIROBI (Reuters) Drun- ken drivers who cause fatal ac- cidents may be hanged in the future, a junior minister in the 'Kenyan warned Thursday. Martin Sliikuku, as- sistant minister for home af- fairs, issued the warning in Par- liament here during a debate on a motion calling for more traf- fic patrols. U.S. Tone Also Critical Nixon's Cambodian Gamble Draws Storm Of Protest (From AP-Heuters) The U.S. decision to send troops into Cambodia drew widespread international criticism today along with cau- tious approval from some of the allies of the United Slates with troops in Vietnam. The French government "deplored" President Nix- on's decision and said "experience of recent years has shown that military action leads to an uescapable train of U.S. TROOPS TO CAMBODIA President Nixon.poses in ths White House his announcement last "night that American ground troops have attacked, at his r-der, a Cambodia complex irv-Cambodia. Nixon points to area'of Vietnam'and Cambodia in which the action is taking place. Quebec Iransier Date Announced QUEBEC (CP) Premier- elect Robert Bourassa announ- red today the transfer of power in Quebec from the Union Na- tionals to the Liberals will take place either May 12 or 14. He met with reporters after a 45-minute talk with outgoing Premier Jean-Jacques Bertrand and said the national assembly would likely resume sitting in early June. Before then, Mr. Bourassa must select his cabinet and begin work on the Quebec budget. Hp said he is ready to begin attacking economic priori- ties Immediately. Election results have given the Liberals 72 seats in the 108- seat legislature. The Union Na- tionale has 17, Creditistes 12 and Parti Quebecois seven. Delayed vote-counting in sev- eral ridings changed two elec- tion-night resulti. CREDITISTES DROP ONE In Montmorency Creditiste Gaston Tremblay lost out to Liberal Louis Vezina, lowering the number of Creditiste-held ridings to 12. Tabulation of results in Ber- thier late Thursday gave incum- bent Guy Gauthier, Union Na- tipnale, a winning votes. Liberal Claude Joyal had been leading previously. This change gave the Union Nationale 17 seats. In Montreal Boufassa riding, where a technicality prevented nearly half the result from being made public Wednesday, Liberal incumbent Georges-E. Tremblay was declared the win- ner with votes. Jacques- Yvon Morin of the Parti Quebe- cois was his closest opponent. Mr. Bourassa also fold report- ers he planned to study the question of medical care insur- ance and do everything possible to put it into effect in Quebec by July 1, the date promised by the Union Nationale prior to the election. Meanwhile, Mr. Bertrand refused to comment on reports that some Union Nationale member's may defect to the Parti Quebecois. Talented Hollvivood Star Takes Her Oivii Life HOLLYWOOD (AP) _ Inger Stevens, 36-year-old blonde Swedish-born actress who often complained of loneliness despite a busy career and frequent dat- ing, was found dead Thursday. The talented star, clad in a negligee, was found on the kitchen floor of her ranch-style Hollywood Hills home by her longtime friend and secretary, Lola McNaily. Coroner Thomas Noguchi said death was caused by acute intoxication from bar- Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN gE WILDE RED Anjctte Darrcl trying to figure out which gold sports car was hers when an identical one stopped in toe parking lot right beside hers. She couldn't remember her new licence plate number Judy Gillespie and Carol Park, accountants' office staffers, enjoying the day off after their first taste of in- come tax rush AI Davis getting "mud in his eye" when the dust swirled during a light rain. INGER STEVKNS Lonely Actress biturates, a common ingredient. of sleeping pills. Miss McNally, who lives in the Stevens home but was away for the night, said she toed with the actress by telephone Wednesday night and all seemed well. But upon receiving no answer to a call Thursday morning, she went to the home. Miss Stevens, she said, opened her eyes and tried to speak, but couldn't. She was pronounced dead en route to hospital in an ambul- ance. INSTANT STARDOM Miss Stevens, a native of Stockholm, came to the United States with her parents at the age of 13. She got to Hollywood in 1956 and found almost instant acclaim. Yet in 1959, she tried to take her own life by swallow- ing a poisonous cleaning fluid in a New York apartment. She explained at the time: "Sometimes I get so lonely I could scream." Miss Stevens was the star for three years of the television ser- ies, The Farmer's Daughter. She was divorced from New York theatrical agent Anthony Soglio July 17, 1957, and never remarried., There were no chil- dren. Her movies included The Long Ride Home, Firecreek, .A Guide to the Married Man, House of Cards, Five Card Stud and the recent A Dream at Kings. Canada Regrets Move OTTAWA (CP) The Cana- dian government regrets that the United States found it neces- sary to send troops into Cam- bodia, External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp said today in the Commons. He said the government is "somewhat reassured" by Pres- ident Nixon's statement that the American operation is a limited one. There were murmurs of pro- test among .opposition MPs at this comment. Speaker Lucien Lamoureux later allowed an NDP motion calling for a .special Commons 'debate on Cambodia. The de- bate was set for-3 p.m. EDT. Mr. Sharp said it would be tragic if the U.S. military opera- tion into Cambodia resulted in further escalation of the Indo- china conflict. Mr. Sharp said he. listened to President Nixon with deep anxi- ety. The decisions announced by Mr. Nixon Thursday night in a television speech were hard and momentous. It 'was a difficult time for Canada's sorely-tried neighbor and a dangerous time for the world. MENTIONS ABUSES As a member of the now de- funct control commission in Cambodia, Canada was aware of the abuses of Cambodian ter- ritory'by North Vietnam. events which cannot "be con- trolled." RUSSIA COMMENTS Authorized government sources again called for a re- turn to the Geneva agreements and assured neutrality for Cam- bsdia. Pope Paul also deplored "the recurrence of grand events that upset peace." In Moscow, the Soviet Union that further U.S. mili- tary actions in Cambodia would lead to complications ii. the In- dochina and southeast Asia situ- ation. In Paris, the North Vietnam- ese and Viet Cong delegations to the Vietnam peace talks called the move open aggression "on an unprecedented scale." The British government with- held judgment. Foreign Secre- tary Michael Stewart side- stepped questions in Parliament and said he did not think it ap- propriate for Britain to express its TOWS. Stewart said "the real objec- tive of policy must be to secure ths complete neutrality of Cam- bodia in the absence of all for- eign troops from its territory." BACKED BY JAPAN In Asia, reaction generally was unfavorable but Japanese Foreign Minister Kiichi Aichi said Nixon's decision was una- voidable. He said in Tokyo.his government basically was against any 'escalation of the war but that the move probably was> made because Cambodian neutrality had been violated. A' Communist Chinese broad- cast said "the Nixon adminis- tration's criminal scheme" proves that "the U.S. imperial- ists are the most vicious enemy of the Indochinese people" and means that the United States "is expanding its aggressive war in Vietnam and Laos" throughout the Indochinese pen- insula. South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu said the joint U.S.-Eouth Vietnamese action was "an indispensable and effi- cient measure" to save lives. In Canberra, Opposition Labor Leader Gough Whitlam described the move as "not a turning point in the war, but a turning back to disaster." Sena- tor Vincent Gair, leader of the minority right-wing Democratic Labor party, said the move was sound and politically coura- geous. STUDENTS PROTEST In Wellington, 20 New Zealand students staged an all-night sit- in outside the U.S. Embassy as a protest against American in- volvement in Vietnam. Prims Minister Keith Holyoake de- clined to comment on the an- nouncement. In Bangkok, Thai Foreign Minister Thanat Kh'oman hailed the announcement and said "the world will see that President Nixon's decision is right as its purpose is to end the war in Vietoam." In Seoul, South Korea gave full support to the move. South Korea had troops in South Vietnam and Thai land has Alarmed Senators Want To See Nixon WASHINGTON (AP) The Senate foreign relations com- mittee voted unanimously today to request a meeting with Presi- dent Nixon to discuss the impli- cations of his decision to order American combat troops into Cambodia. "We think it Is our constitu- tional responsibility to do said Chairman J. W. Fulbright (Dem. He called the president's action "a substantial expansion of the war in Indo- china." Fulbright's committee made its request in a letter which asked for a conference with the president "at his earliest con- venience." SHOW CONCERN Even the president's sup- porters in Congress indicated concern.about the decision. Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania said "there has never been a time when it is more important to hold one's emotional lite and to trust the president, who alone has all the facts." Although Nixon's speech drew some support, the overwhelm- ing tone Thursday right was at a briefing at which State Undersecretary Elliott Richardson and Deputy Defence Secretary David Pack- ard told senators of Nixon's de- cision. WOULD GO FURTHER However, Senator Barry Gold- water (Rep. who earlier in the day told Seattle Univer- sity students he opposes use of U.S. ground troops in Cam- bodia, said after the speech Nix- on's decision could be "a turn- ing point." But he would have gone "much further than the president did." "I would give them 15 days to make peace or make Haiphong harbor a mud Goldwa- ter said in Lacey, Wash. Liberal senators were ob- viously angry and prepared to oppose tile president every step oj the way. U.S. Troops Begin Setting Up Bases Montana Storm Area Checked HELENA, MOOT. (AP) Governor Forrest Anderson was scheduled Thursday to make a flying inspection of storm-battered central Mon- tana. The governor was to fly.over the Lewistown area, hardest hit during the spring storm. As much as three feet of snow fell on parts of Fergus, Judith Basin and Petroleum counties. An estimated cattle are reported stranded without feed in the area. SAIGON (AP) -About U.S. troops swept into Cam- bodia 70 miles northwest of Sai- gon today and began setting up bases for assaults on the head- quarters zone of the Communist command for South Vietnam op- erations. It marked the first time in the nine-year-long Vietnam war that an American ground force has extended its operations into Cambodia, at least in force. About 55 nu'les to the south- west one of four South Vietnam- ese forces that invaded the Par- rot's Beak area of Cambodia Wednesday linked up with Cam- bodian troops defending the pro- vincial capital of Svay Rieng. This force had thrust 30 miles into Cambodia along Highway 1. Scores of U.S. B-52 bombers and nearly 100 .'rtillery pieces blasted the way for the Ameri- can assault force accompanied by some South Vietnamese troops and hundreds of tanks and armored personnel caf- riers. Resistance was light and scat' tered in the area known to the military as the Fish Hook, and advance units stabbed 20 miles into Cambodia. One U.S. Q-130 cargo plane dropped a 712-ton bomb "four miles inside Cambodia to blast away jungle land for the build- ing of a base called Fire Sup- port Base Centre. The mission to set up bases indicated that the Americans plan to stay a while in Cam- bodia. ;