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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 1, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta V()Ll]ME XI, -7" LETHBUIDGE. ALE^pUTA. \Vi:i)XKSI)AY, MAY 1, lllin MMIiHK 11!) HUNS SUFFER ASTER ma m ENDED IN GiAT mm Germans Suffer Greatest Dis aster Yet of Their Offensive on Western Front FORCE BELGIANS TO WotiK FOR HUNS USED UP MANY DIVISIONS IN FUTILE ATTEMPT London. Jtuy 1.- (Vlii'lleulers Ottawa Agency)-As the dotafls ot Mondny's flRliting uru rocclvud, conflrmlnE the-fact lliat it was the worst day-.tho enemy lias ex-liei'ioiiced Hinco the ojjeninK of the great ortenHlvo, tlio newspapers, liitlierto retleont in view oC the fluctuations ot the battle, now comment on.thp operations in a tone ot conridcnce, they have not hitlierlo displuyod. As the Times aays: "Of all the , violent comhats witnessed in the past few weeks, wo know of none which "Is a more hopefiil augury for the allies than this 10-mlle CSerman faili'ye." Defensive Victory Tt is pointed out that the public is ai)t to reckon victory in terras of offensive success, but a deten-Bive victory like that on Monday may contribute equally toward the ultimate object of the campaign, viz: Destruction of the enemy's fighting strongtl\. From this, viewpoint, the GermanR. despite their spectacular successe!!, can ' be regarded da liaving had the ' worst of the balance of nearly six wceliB' flgUtirig, for it must not be forgotten that they suffered a .series , ()t , difioatrous losses, of whicli Monday's was the bloodiest of the-past.vlortnlght. Indeed apart from thp capture oi; Kom- ; niel, it has been one complete;-fuilure, including four separate defeats in pitched battles,�vi/.: On the Labassoe Canal, the Belgian front, at ViUors-Bri^tonneux and now on the Ballloul-Ypres front. * The culminatin;^ effect of this has been Immensely to increase the confidence ot the Anglo-French troops, whom the correspondents describe as now feeling that they have got the measure of the new ^neniy divisions. Other strokes undoubtedly will (ome before the German reserves are exhausted, Jiut confidence is "felt that wherever the Germans try they will find the allies ready. The Brillsli alone, between Zille-beko and [..uclytte defeated five German' divisions, hut French valor is also praised in the highest lerms. ^ London, Maiy 1.- (Reuters i Ottawa Agency)-Reuter't learns that 25,000 Belgian men and boys have been compelled to work on military operations, behind the German lines .In the reflion of Valenciennes and Maubeuge alone, under the whip of German sentries. The mortality In the ile-portees camps is terrible. The numbers sent back as unfit, are replaced by fresh recruits. SAYS BLACK SEA FLEET CAPTURED Moscow, April 21.-(Delayed.) -There is a report here that the entire Black Sea fleet has been captured by the Germans. \ EH POSTPONE ra CONSCRIPTION FOR SOME TIME Wish To Introduce and Establish Home Rule Before Compulsion GOVT. HAS NOT CHANGED POLICY IN IRISH MATTERS Will Drive Them Into the Channel-Another Assault E.\-pccted M\mmm ION ACT British Army in Flanders,'May 1.- General Von Arnini rnade no further move along the Flanders battle front last night nor had an attack been expected. The heavy defeat which the Germans suffered on Monday forced them to pause and bring up frqsh troops before continuing their drive for the hill poKitions in the Kemmel region. A few nfore hours, however, will suffice for their veorganiisatlon and nnothfir 'aBgaulf may be expected Im-niediutoly.'. -The Berlousness of the German intentions: here have .been evinced in numerous ways. On Monday, for example, fIicy puBlied at least one field gun forward to.wkltin seven hundred yai'ds ot the liattio line and other giihfc, rKere btouBh't. close iip. Heavy a)-tlllery; firing continued at iWrloua parts of-Ihe . battle line during thb^Jiht. arid, there Avcro the usual putpost actions. The back areas between Ypres and Uazcbrouclt were heavily shelled by the Germans. An enemy attempt yesterday afternoon to cut the barbed wire* at Wieltje was dispersed by artillery fire. Put British Where they Belong Eraporor William appears to have been" an interesttid and active visitr in the Flanders j-eglon yesterday. Ac-cording to prisonerB, ho-has been making his usual flainboyant speeches to troops and lie stated the other day that the Germans wdR) trying to separate the French and British armies, adding characteristically that the Germans were going to "ptit the British back on the English Channel where they belonged." Artillery Operationt British Headquarters. in Franco, May 1.-(Via Heuters Ottawa Agency) -Activity on the batllefrorit during the past twenty-four hours has been confined to artillery operations. The Franco-British batteries have constantly shelled Mount Kemmel. Unless the enemy can push on beyond this isolated strongliold, the tragic lesson of Majuba may be represented and the iilll top become practically n death trap. The advantage of Kemmel Hill to the enemy is a tactical one. Ho is now committed to trying to push on'and capture the wlioie chain ot hills to Mont Chats. Londpu, May 1.-An order in council has been issued furtlior postponing the operation-of the National Service Act or conscription, as resijccts Ir''-land beyond May 1, to which it had been postponed previously. Some of tile nioriiitig papers say tlic postponement is duo to the govornnicnfs wisli to introduce a Homo liulc bill, imd lo see what inoasurc of success it Kds before proceeding to enforce conscription in Ireland, which, it is said in some quarters is not likely to be iit-tomptfd in the next few weeks. Opinion in the lobbies of puvliament is thiit u Homi; Uule nil! will lie jire-sonted in the house of commons next week. Iiut tlie difficuitios of drafting it have not been overcome entirely. THE GRAVE OF GENERAL MAUDE, whose successes won for Iiiin tin enviable title "Maude, the iOvcr-Victorious.'' and who was preeminently thi. man of Mesopotamia. - - Pope Is Planning Another Effort For World Peace Baby Welf.ire Institute opens for a two-day session in the V.M. C.A. Auditorium Thursday afternoon. This afternoon a big parade of school children Is being held. Programme of tomorrow's proceedings will be found on Mi-ladi jJa^e of this issue. Flench Improve Their Lines and British Repulse Local Attacks Edmonton, May 1.- Premier Stewart annouHced the personnel of ths board to administer th* Worl_i-ess.i_ Pope I I''"^^''' Aiiril 28. said tluit the Pope This is not tlio first report emanating from Germany recoiitly that the Pope is about to make another peace move. The Xouste Xachrichten of would make a peace offer as soon as i the western otfousivo had assumed a I new phase. The Bavarian newspapers declare(L the move would take tlio form'of a "\Vord ot warning addressed to univor.^al- conscience." A dispatch from Stockholm Tuesday reported that a messjige (rom Basel announced that Emperor Charles ot Austria was majting a new peace otter, appealing to'ltaly to consider it in her own interest. That a "jjeace offensive" wduld be made by the Central Powers in the event that the Gorman oftensiJve lit the west appeared abortive has been predicted frequently in allied capitals. Whis may be tlie beginning. U. S. AIRIN IN Slavic Element Anjiipus to Join '�" With Serbia as Independent State - / REFORMS CHANGE PRUSSIAN STATE Amsterdam, May 1.-In the discussion of the Prussian reform bill In the Prussian l�wer house Tuesday, Herr Von Hoydebrand, conservative, 'declared ttiat If ei(Ual suffrage, as thQ government proposed, was introduce4''the char-, "aoter of the lower house would be ;changi�d and it wpuld not be possible longer to maintain\the Prussian state as it is. The unrest among the people' oughts not to last'much longer and an agreement was quite possible, he e�id. Herr Porsch, a Centrist, said ^hat a small section of the Centrist party would vote �gainst 'the bjll but the majority would eupport it. London, May 1,-A despatch sent out today by ReuteKs says it has been learned from Serbian sources that unmlstakeabie signs of an approaching revolution In Austria-Hungary, are l^ecomlng. dally more'evident. A plebiscite is'''being held among, the Serbs, Croats and 8lovene|i in fevor of their union.with Serbia and Montenegro In fine national independent' state under the sceptre of King Peter of Serbia, T)ie prince Archbishop of Carnolla is at the head of the movement. ?'i' �>* Winnipeg and thft'MacDjjnAld y 'eaterday and to a crowd of depnti ^. � .> .!> : * > � FIGHT TO FINISH IN VANCOUVER STRIKE \ Vancouver! May 1.-The .city council has notified the striltlhg civic employees that unless they report for duty by Friday niorn-ing their places will be filled..G. W. MacFarlane, business agent of the city emtfloyees union stated that the city council evidently Intended to make it "a fight to a finish" and declared that "there will not be a sina'e man outside of a couple of foremen. In the/ outside service of the city today." Loudon. .May 1.-French troops last nlglit imi)rov(>d their positions in tho noighhorliood of Locre. on tho Flanders front the war office announces. The British rushed German positions in the Metercn sector and took prisoners. � Costly Repulse. Lniulon. May 1.-'I'lie resuU of tlio Gorman attacks soiitluvest of Yiires on Monday witli its immunse losses to, the oneiiiy i." conimentpil oti here In' ii more liopel'iil and mw confident tone wliie.li is iu marked contrast. ~ witli some recent coiument on news-, ot the progress ot the German ad-,_ vanco.toward the channel ports. The consensus ot opinion is that, the enemy on -Monday suffered tho moKt severe and costly repulse t:inc(! ho began Ills otfonsiyu on March 21 and -it is contended that it the terms-of victory and defeat am appliCablo'. to single phases of such a prolonged' battle, then 11)1? allies on Monday .won-, a very substantial victory. � Comparison is made between tlio present operations and the Frencii de-i tense ot Verdun and the opinion is expressed that the German experience on the Verdun front is being repeat-, ed In their effort to capture the group ot hills southwest of Ypres. The en-' emy failure up to this time to achieve, his object and especially his bloody repulse on .Monday are regarded uni-, versally as a hopeful augury tor tho future ot the allied defense. Nevertheless, the commentators warn against optimism. They remark that though tlie enemy has been foiled it does not mean necessarily that the enterprise has been abandoned,' but rather that it has been suspended in favor of an. attack at some point., where a.successful defense seems less, assured. The German attack against the British was further southeast, toward Ridge Wood, between Dlcke Bushlako and Voorniezeole. At Ridge ,Wdod, whore the flghtiiig Was very .bitter.-the Germans at tho outset advanced, with fixeil bayonets, but they were never able to employ their steel. The W^irk ot the British troops all. along the front was magnificent, and esiiecintly 'loteworthy because ot the tact thut some of the men had been fighting steadily since April 9. They still iiad a hold on t!io positions on tho uortlierii ridge ot Voormezoele to-day as tlioy liad at the beginning of yesterday's assault. Their line also "was maintained at itidge Wood. Tho spirit of tlie British troojis is sliown liy an incident tlial occurred Suiulay near Voormezelle. Throe German macliiiu! gun companies which hold posts near tills place wore causing the British much trouble. Three'^ parties of IJritisli, each composed of six Tommie,si, and a Jance-corporal, , were assigiied tlio task of clearing ttf these posts. Tho corporals lal^ their heads together and planned the cam- � jiaign. which tlicy carried out so successfully that tho Germans were svir-roiinded and 58 ot them were captured by 21 men. Tho machifte guu posts wero cleared. "^ tour yours. . - -. � 73 ;