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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 31, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta March 171 THE IfTHSKIDGt HEtAlD 5 Anthony Westell A Canadian riches to rags story rkTTAWA The 40 sealed cardboard boxes to be auctioned the next day in caught the curious eye of a holiday George who teaches sociology at the Uni versity of Alberta in Edmon The boxes were of the type used by movers to pack books and china and household and they were being contents to cover unpaid storage What might they contain Professor who enjoys prowling sales rooms as a managed to lift the hd of one and what he saw tuned his curiosity to full Here in this little city deep in the American near Phoenix and not far from the Mexican he had a quick glimpse of a por trait of the a folded British a black cloth and a mass of Kupfer and his wife went to the auction next day and be gan to bid on the mystery box They got a few for S5 but when others at the sale ob served their the bid ding increased and the prices Kupfer stopped buying when he had 15 the price had gone as high as SO a and he really had no idea what he was getting for his But that the Kupfers stayed up until 4 explor ing the contents of the boxes with mounting interest and ex They are but they had lived long enough in Canada to realize hat what they had bought were the very private papers of an intriguing and tragic figure in recent Ca nadian political Eene Beaudoin was Speaker of the House of Commons and a cen tral figure in the sensational pipeline debate in 1956 which began the downfall of Prime Minister Louis Laurent and his Liberal government and the rise to power of John Diefenbaker and the Con His private papers throw new light on that historic de bate and suggest that the counlry may have been mis led about events leading to the climactic day the socalled Black June The Beaudoin papers also provide intensely human in sights into the following years in which he left Canada to ob tain a Reno divorce and marry a prominent young Ottawa and fell from political eminence to serving behind the bar in a roadside tavern in Beaudoin eventually return ed to made an unsuc cessful attempt to resume his political and died of a heart attack in a taxi in Mon treal in February last age with S3 in his Kupfer knew only a little of the Beaudoin story that day he discovered the papers in But recognizing that he was on the trail of somethnig of vital interest and perhaps historic he set out to trace the boxes he had been unable to About a dozen had been un sold and promptly Kupfer found the buyers of another 11 boxes in various parts of Some were disappointed that they had bought nothing except dusty papers and readily handed them A few had found personal trinkets such as cuff links among the Some demanded a 5100 or more to sell back their Kupfer collected 2fi of Ihe boxes and eventually look them back to Edmonton to sort the find out more about and find a buyer to provide a permanent home for the records of his toric value The Public Archives sent an rxpcrf to examine the papers b 111 found them of limited Negotiations have drift ed desultorily with as yet no agreement on price Kupfer is out of spending a sabbatical year in New and the papers arc controlled by Mel prominent Canadian nationalist and Liberal Party The 26 boxes are slacked m the basement of Hurtigs home m where I sampled them serins to been a man who saved every piefe of paper that ever came Inside the boxes are Me folders crammed vuth thousands of papers every thing from prewar hotel hills o Ins private thoughls on Ihe pipeline intensely per fonjl coirespoudcurc with his young second dunning letters from creditors begging the Speaker of the Commons to pay something on and legal documents from Ins days as a lawyer in A series of heavy leather scrapbooks records the high lights of his political beginning in 1933 as a young Liberal in and tracing his climb to Son of a machinist in Mon treal who died while he was a Beaudoin put himself through school and the Univer sity of Montreal law course by working as a laborer and night Preparing for a career in he taught himself to be a fluent orator in English as well as French Elected to the Commons in he soon set off on a na tional speaking tour to pro as he national unity but as it turned to catch the attention of Prime Miniser Mac kenzie A few months on the Prime Minister remembered his disciple and sent a telegram to Beaudoin at his home in appointing him a Canadian delegate to the General As sembly of the United The next big step in the Horatio Alger story of Rene Beaudoin was his appointment as Deputy Speaker in 1952 recognition of the fact that he had been a diligent student of the rules of Parliamentary When he was promoted to Speaker in his nomina tion by Prime Minister Louis Laurent was for the first time in Canadian his by the Leader of the Op George and warmly supported by the lead ers of the other opposition CCF and He it is a well liked and respected member of the House and there were already suggestions that he was to become the first permanent Beaudoin was also a highly social and his scrap books and files of letters de tail the great success he had with his first wife in giving swinging parties for members of They were great days for He was becoming the most honored and popular Speaker the Canadian Parlia ment had ever and he was working hard to research the origin of the rules of pro cedure and to write a new commentary upon By May of there was speculation in the papers that Beaudoin was going to be taken into the But it was in this month of May also that the gathering pipeline stoim finally broke over Parliament in an uproarious month in the Com drowned Beaudoins hopes and for two Trade Minis ter the djTiamic engineerpolitician who had or ganized Canadas postwar had been negotiat ing to climax his career by helping to put in place a bil liondollar pipeline to carry Al bertas natural gas to Toronto and instead of sell ing it into the United He was working with a Canadian Trans Canada Pipelines and he was determined at almost any cost to get the line started in 1956 The tortuous negotiations between the government and the company came to a head finally in when Howe persuaded the cabinet to ap prove a shortterm loan of up to to TransCanada to start construction in the The bill authorizing the loan had to be through Parlia ment by June The Conservative and CCF opposition parties denounced the proposed deal as a dis graceful sellout to American interests and vowed to fight the bill every inch of its way into The Cabinet respond ed with the extraordinary and fateful decision to use the de vice of closure to limit the de bate and force the bill through closure not as a last resort after days of but right from the The House and the country exploded in outrage and alarm at the abuse of William in his book published last says The public life of Canada has never seen any thing quite like The House of Commons was in a con tinual For a whole month the days lasted three and four hours into the follow ing morning and MPs strag gled home by the first crack of light to the northeastern sky In the corridors the divi sion bells rang like fire alarms in the or distress signals on a ship sinking at The man in the hot seat was Speaker striving to keep the tumultuous House in some sort of order and forced to hand down controversial ruling after controversial rul ing as the Opposition exploit ed every clause in the rules of procedure to win the govern ment enforced its closure mo He still stands tall By Don NEA Service C1NCE this is an age de voted to telling it like it and it comes as no sur prise to see George Washing ton cut down to A book published last year called George Washingtons Expense written by George Washington in col laboration with one Marvin suggests that the Father of His Country was not above fudging or pad ding a little when it came to listing the personal expenses he incurred during the Revolu According to one the cherry tree legend has had its revenge in this little hatch el job Washington k e p t a careful and meticulous expense ac which after the war he duly presented to the Continen tal which duly reim bursed hire for every As Kitman points many of the entries are deliberately Others indicate that Waslungton did not exactly suf fer in austerity as he led the as for a pay ment of to one for table bottles and All in says lie expense account leaves the im p r e s s i o n that Washingtons quality of mind compares fa vorably to the average big city banker of Contrast this with a passage from an early Washington Irvings Life of The character of Washing Ion possessed a rarer union of in lues than perhaps ever fell lo Ihe lot of one an overruling an immovable jus courage that never falter patience that never truth that disdained all magnanimity without It seems as U Providence had en d o w e d him in a preeminent degree with the qualities requisite to fit him for the high destiny he was called upon to fulfill The of lies somewhere between these ex somewhere between the clever putJown and the un reserved prob ably nearer the second than the Washington w a s an aristo a gentleman a who exercised as much exactitude in collecting the obligations due him as he did in discharging his own ob whether in private life or in public He was to the manor born and no doubt saw no reason for a war to change his style of which included vintage Maderia for the commander in chiefs Kitman reveals that Washington gained 28 pounds during the despite Valley Forge and all Yet Washington risked a lit tle something for the American He knew as well as did those other rebels vho signed tire Declaration of Indepen dence that defeat by the Brit ish might well cost him his If we really want to know what kind of man Washington we need only consider the esteem in which he was held by h i s both the ordinary Pfc s who followed him in the field the back biting politicians in the Con They would have made him 5 king if hfl had let them Am as for George Washing tons Expense one is reminded of Abraham Lin colns reply when te was told hat Ulysses his fight ingest was a Find out he likes to said and send him a lions to bring in the bill and drive it through second read Next was I h e committee stage in which the bill was to be examined clause by and on May a Thursday the government pressed another closure motion propos ing to cut off not on one clause at a but on all the This procedure rested on what was called the Bennett a device used by Prime Minister Bennett in The opposition parties bit terly opposed this procedure and renewed their fight to de lay proceedings by other They thought they had won on the night of May Beaudoin appeared to ac cept for debate a question of privilege raised by CCF mem ber Colin Tory leader George Drew leapt to open debate on the Cameron motion and the House adjourned that night with the pipeline bill apparent ly The plan was for Drew to speak all through the next on the question of and Tories and CCFers worked through the night to provide him with ma But when the House met at II on Friday the day that became known as Black Friday Beaudoin simply ruled that he made a mistake the previous day and insisted that the House return to the pipeline What had happened It was known that government House leader Walter Harris had visited the Speaker in his chambers on Thursday and thai another government Immigration Minis ter Jack had call ed upon him at his home on Friday The presumption was that they had prevailed upon him to change his mind and his ruling to serve the interest of the government at the expense of his duty to the The House again exploded into with the opposition throwing bitter insults at the whitefaced Beaudoin sitting unmoving in the S p e a k e rs There was little room in those overheated days for rea soned It was Black the Commons had been Beaudoin dis graced and called a rapist of the new Tory leader the following skilfully exploited the issue to convict the Liberals of per verting the procedures of Par liament and it was an impor tant element in his election But was that the whole truth What really did hap pen Harris and Pickersgill long denied having any in fluence on Beaudoins decision on Ihe Thursday or even knowledge that he had changed his Beaudoin himself never told his While he was Speak he could not do so and al though he was reelected in and became an Opposi tion he never made a speech defending his actions on Black although he often said that he intended to do But he it draft his explanation in great de and it is now to be found among his papers an un undated but a firstperson account of the Speakers actions which can have been written only by and is surely an im portant footnote to political and Parliamentary The document is in the main a lengthy and scholarly discus sion of the rules of the Com mons in the style lo be ex pected from a former Speaker and acknowledged expert on all directed to show lhat Beaudojn was justified in Ins actions on Black But he puts the whole ques tion in a perspective quite dif ferent from the conventional and what emerges is the picture of a Speaker who was the victim both of gov ernment bungling and of an unscruplous Beaudoin makes no mention of the ministers who railed upon presumably be cause by his account they had no bearing on his Ho does disclose that nn May he invited Stanlcv ihe CCF rules expert and chief opposition tactician duruiR Ihe fight against the pipeline to a private din ner in his rooms behind the chamber of Ihe We exchanged private ly frank opinions of the strat egy and attitudes of the va rious parties in the he They talked also of what would happen as was ru the Government tried to use the Bennett formula for closure to ram through all the clauses of the bill Beaudoin then makes Ihe startling statement that he was convinced the government would be out of order in In ing to use the Bennett and he says he told Knowles that if he had the he would not hesitate to rule agauist S u c h a ruling would have killed the pipeline The difficulty was that under he rules of the Commons in 1936 they are different now the government closure mo tion would be put and ruled upon while the chairman of and not the would be presiding in the The trick would be to try to put the Speaker in a position to overrule the chairman of committees to disallow the closure And Beaudoin says that Knowles told him that Gordon the Tory was working on a way to do So came Thursday May The government put its closure the chairman of committees accepted and Knowles challenged the Speaker Beaudoin was then called to the chair to submit the chairmans ruling and Knowles objection to a vote of the But when Churchill intervened with a point of order says Beaudoin he made the mistake of listening to because he had been forewarned by Knowles that it would be an attempt to put him in a position to rule against the closure Even to listen to Churchill at that says was in flagrant violation of the But given an the Opposition parties took and the Speaker was unable that night to recover control of the Colin Camerons motion of privilege just complicated the procedure says and the government fumbled by allowing the de bate on it to start right instead of assigning it some later he he reconsidered his position and on Friday he consulted the law clerk of the Dr Maurice Olivier and decided there was no breach of priv ilege Going into the House that Friday morning June Black Friday Beaudom first ruled out Camerons killing the timewasting de bate which had been under way the and then declared he had been wrong even to listen to Gor don Churchill the previous eve In he turned the clock of the Commons back to wiping out hours of The House then upheld the government closure mo and the pipeline bill was forced into law by the dead June Is Beaudoins justification of his actions merely an a rationalization thought up long after the events be cause his files at the time are full of letters he wrote in which he stands firmly by his decisions and insists that he acted in the best interest of Parliament and correct pro Beaudoins brilliant career was From now it was downhill His creditors were becoming it and he was preparing to divorce his first wife in In June 1958 in at age he married a 22 year old Ottawa socially prominent and a striking The couple apparently plan ned to practice law m New York but that and Beaudoin took several jobs as an insurance adjuster m Ari zona He was back in Canada by talking about taking up a teaching and he tried and failed to wn the nomina tion for his old seat in Par liament He left behind in it the boxes of private pa pers and hooks he swept out of the Speakers chambers when he left that office Included in Ihe files is a slack of pholoeranhs fjinwinc him in his rohrs nf travelling a h i o a prwtins visiting si high points of his career Stuffed into the back of the picture file is a snapshot of a near Thereaie two men standing drinking and the man behind Ilic bar m is Rene Beaudoin Toronto Slar Syndicate to technology The International Herald Tribune IN ihe tangle of motives that inspired a majority of the Senate to join the House in cutting off money for Ihe super sonic transport and pri orities in allotting government were apparently The was a warning sign for an in dication that its advances will henceforth Iw under close And its values will be debated As it Is a negative mamfestalion of the temper of the conjured to a particular aspect of a particular whatever the merits of this it will cause enough damage to the aero space and those employed in to justify serious consideration of some positive directives for The United at this stage of its in dustrial cannot afford to taka the attitude of the Common Market toward its small farmers merely accentuating conditions that drive them off their land without taking positive measuies to msuie their future The movement toward a technological at least in the quantity of its is necessary if man is to come to terms with his But this cannot be a purely negative with out grave danger to human For the American industrial plant is geared to a certain accelerating consump tion of Thus efforts to con serve resources have been directed to ward controlling the energy since power plants of all kinds are obvious on the Control of or clear understanding of JIM what kind of energy do most harm to humans and tha land they live the air they have become secondary considerations Thus there are movements against stnp the of soma kuids of oil resources m certain places voff or in for against atomic dams and coalburning power by UK same there are present or shortages of power and strained relations with tht present suppliers of petroleum products there is agitation against noise and atmospheric pollution of planes and against s and new But alternative mcthodi of ships and are short of economically viable passenger sei and little is done to assist them in the public The SST is apparently for the and in itself will be ra great But the positive programs for sane energy use and for the most effi cient in human and environmental terms employment of technology where are they It stands to reason thai when the exploitation of the earths resources begins to bump against its permissible hard choices must be But this does not mean substituting a facile for the easy yes that has marked mans trail to this A population policy The Wall Street Journal TPHE issues raised bj an expanding American population are being exam ined by a special commission headed by John Rockefeller and its study is ob viously sensitive and badly Yet any such study is bound to have dis turbing dealing as it does with the most private aspects of individual The commissions objectives will be belter we if these overtones are faced squarely rather than Rockefellers the Commission on Population Growth and the American released an interim report to the President and Congress While the United States has just reached a popula tion of 200 it the present age distribution suggests that a population of 300 million is for all practical purposes in And the aggregate of childbear ing decisions over the next decade or two will determine whether that figure will eventually grow to 400 If American families average two chil a population of 300 million will be reached m the year If the families average three the population will by then already exceed 400 Tins dramatic diffeience would mean corres ponding increases in the demand on public the drain on the diffi culties with pollution very ag social The American economy can no doubt feed and clothe 400 million pel but the commission won and we think quite what effect this would have on the quality of American The commission sees the need for a population perhaps expressed in such terms as a desirable level of or a given number of or population stabilization over a given We would agree that far more thought needs to be given to the questions and that some such goal is desirable in But the really difficult question is what measures might be used to achieve the goal once it is There are of course some simple things that can be We would not underesti mate the effect of publicizing the informa tion the commission is Further technical advances in birth control will One siudy found that 19 per cent of all birllis are not planned or wanted by the and that a birthrate reduction of this size would ultimately lead to a near zero population Thus the commis sion can talk of rather ambitious goals at tained merely by enabling individuals to achieve their own Lurking in the background of all is the specter of Birth rates have changed rather sharply of their own accord over after and no one can guarantee that measures that adequate today will prove adequate in the Increasingly we have it drummed into us though thank fully not by Rockefellers in apocalyptic language that controlling population is absolutely If it can not be done by education or marginal in what next A commission member reports that it has not even considered any coercive which strikes us as precisely the We are going to talk about how the quality of life is affecled by pop ulation We ought also to talk about how the quality of life might be af fecled to take the extreme having a computer or bureaucrat decide who is and who is not allowed to have a Or even a tax on birlhs de signed to prove prohibitive to For while there are scary implications to pop ulation there are also scary im plications in government efforts to control it It seems clear to us tbat some measures to limit population will be but it is extremely important to understand that the measures must not themselves under mine society as we know So we think one of the most constructive things Rockefellers commission can do is to spot light not only the dangers of excessive but also the dangers of combating it with an unthinking zeal Little Ctmadicmism The Winnipeg Free Press WiHATEVER action the Canadian gov ernment may be contemplating with rcgaid to the Canadian bookpublishing in it will be much less than the pub lishers if Ottawa follows the advice of the Economic Council of In a report released recently the far from supporting the publishers in their de mands for government sug gested that they make their own efforts to ward a solution to their the report recommends that publishers trim their costs and a distribution network to offset the threat of Ihe which he publisheis claim one of the banes of their Ad U questions the practice which results in foreign books costing as much as 30 per cent more through a Canadian distributor than through direct older The report takes issue with the publish ers contention that there ought to be more protection for Canadian Creative it ought to be good Ca nadian second It adopts the same attitude toward textbooks decisionmaker re sponsible for foisting upon Canadian stu dents a thirdrale textbook simply it is written and produced in Canada should consider himself cncrduc for an in ternet with his conscience and a careful contemplation of the long forward shadow cast by the quality of Lowgrade cultural parochialism docs no service to the cause of a durable and creative Canadian nationalism quite the The councils report is like a breath nf fresh air m a Since the sale of tlio Gage textbook division and of Press to American and espe cially Jack McClellands announce ment that he would like lo get out of pub much nonsense has been written about the plight of the publishing industry in The councils report the opinion that most of the troubles of Candian publishers are of their own mak ing and that their appeal to a false Cana dian nationalism a sort of iilllc diamsm has as little merit as Ihe other arguments they haie put forward can I win nv PCI I FELLOW cant 1 have I recently had a dose nf the flu hanks to Herb It was Ihe first incapacilation I have suffered in a couple of years and I hardly knew how to act My wife indulges in a pand tion to lie effect that ALL men are baliics when tliey are afflicted with illness of any Not wishing to provide confiimalion for sucli nonsense 1 struggled down to tho office every day through my ordeal And then the other woman in my life the one I work with said disRiistedK to I wish youd stay I can t iaiiil martyrs ;