Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 31, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 - THIIITHMIDOI HIRAID - Wednesday, March 31,1971 EDITORIALS Tim Traynor Hire a 'needy9 student In a few weeks, thousands of university students will finish their cur-rent courses and be out in the labor market looking for work. With unemployment at a peak it has not reached for a number of years, the job opportunities are going to be slim indeed. Then following on the heels of the university students will be thousands of high school students also doing the rounds looking for work, and it's pretty safe to say that a very small percentage will receive any at all, even part-time. Merchants and businessmen are again this year being asked to try to make room in their establishments for a student or two. And most can manage it, regardless of how small the operation is. It just takes a little juggling to help a student earn a little towards the fee money which comes up every fall. Unfortunately, very often the students who do manage to get jobs are the ones whose parents are well able to support them through their educational programs and don't par- ticularly need the money. Executive types and big businessmen have a habit of hiring their own children, or children of equally affluent parents as a kind of favor, without giving much thought to the real need. This year all employers should hire students on a basis of need, putting the prospective employee through a kind of "means test" if necessary. There will be some youngsters who will think this system grossly unfair, but young people whose parents can well afford to keep them in pocket money should take a serious look at the need of those less fortunate than they. It may be argued that idle students might find the summer long, but if recreational programs could be instituted and a "beautify Leth-bridge" plan instituted, a lot of spare hours could be put to good use. More affluent students could even spare a few hours reading to lonely, aged people who so often never see a young person and whose companionship they would regard as quite beyond any price. Tough judges That there is a difference in the way judges administer justice was strikingly illustrated in figures confirmed by Attorney - General Edgar Gerhart in the legislature recently. The figures showed that Calgary lawbreakers get twice as many jail terms and three times fewer opportunities for probation as their Edmonton counterparts. Those who have anything to do with the courts know that some judges are tougher than others. Part of the knowledge lawyers put at the disposal of their clients is that of the attitude specific judges are apt to take to certain cases and how to get before the one that is most likely to take the least tough approach. The cynicism that this breeds throughout the public in respect to the legal system has never adequately been considered by those responsible for the administration of justice. Much is blamed on "permissiveness" for the serious deterioration in respect for law. But the outrage that many people have experienced because of disparity in administration of law is perhaps closer to being at the root of the problem. Many suggestions have been made in the past for correcting the situation. One that sounds fruitful - and is being implemented to a degree - is that judges should meet regularly in conferences to review sentencing procedures. This might lead tough judges to be more lenient or vice versa. At least it should result in a closing of the gap and the removal of cause for feelings of injustice now arising from comparing sentences. Force-feeding talent The Canadian Radio Television Commission's ruling on imported entertainment has now been operating for several weeks. The decree, which imposed a 35 per cent content of com-pletely Canadian entertainment, means that private stations affiliated with the CBC must plug Canadian talent. In radio broadcasts this means that one record in three must be a performance done by a Canadian entertainer. The object behind the CRTC restriction is admirable for its intention is to give Canadians an opportunity to display their abilities without the disruptive and constant competition from south of the border, England, or elsewhere. But the question is, can talent be force-fed? Canada's 22 million people will always provide a percentage of excellent entertainers. United States' 200 million people will, by percentage, of course provide more, and incidentally offer more lucrative opportunities for our home-grown entertainers who naturally want to take advantage of the bigger markets. We will always have our Anne Murray s and Wayne and Shusters no matter what rules the CRTC lays down about prograniming, but how often can Snow Bird fly over the airwaves before it starts to tire a little? The musicians whom the CRTC ruling are supposed to promote, with few exceptions, have to date been pretty second - rate and would never achieve success even if they provided the only music available in places as remote as the South Pole. One wonders if perhaps the next thing to come under the ban will be some kind of ruling on imported publications. Canadians are publishing more and better books all the time, yet if one in every three books we read had to be Canadian, it might send a lot of hopeful authors rushing to their typewriters, but would, the quality be there? The CRTC's intentions certainly are excellent, but in all areas of the arts, in the long run what spells success depends entirely on quality, not nationality. /"YPEN letter to Energy Minister J. J. Greene: Dear Joe (I feel I know you because we both have sort of a rural approach to things) -I see that the federal government was bidding to buy Home Oil Ltd., in order to keep it Canadian. The government may also subsidize Canadian publishing houses, in order to keep them Canadian. I am wondering how much it is worth to you to keep me Canadian. Nicol Enterprises Ltd., that is. Mine is an unincorporated all-Canadian company that offers a very attractive proposition (me), stock issued 50 per cent on my mother's side and 51 per cent on my father's side. In recent years because of severe and unfair competition from American funnymen such as Russell Baker and Irma Bombeck, Nicol Enterprises have been in financial difficulty despite increased sales ($10 from The Plumber's Digest). We are finding it increasingly difficult to find new capital with which to finance capital expenditures such as a new typewriter ribbon and the bag of jujubes. A check of liquid assets reveals that the bob-tie is down to the lees, and the level of cash in the piggy bank has dropped to below the navel. I am of course receiving tempting offers from U.S. concerns eager to take over Nicol Enterprises Ltd. Only the other evening, in a downtown bar, an American sailor came up to me and said he could take me any time. I refused his offer because I want to give you, Joe, the first chance at getting a piece of the action. I know that Bob Stanfield will object, but we can count on the support of the NDP, who are on record as being opposed to U.S. control of Canada's snickers. In the absence of a private buyer in this country perhaps you would consider making Nicol Enterprises part of the investment portfolio of the new Canada Development Corporation. I am quite well developed for my age. I see no reason why I couldn't become even more fully developed, especially around the middle, if given a massive injection of public funds. In fact anything over $1.49 will look good to N.E. Should you wish to look into the record of the company, our books are always open - usually to the dirty bits. Indeed if our books had more dirty bits we might not be in the kind of shape we are in. But Nicol Enterprises are dedicated to wholesome Canadian humor that does not menace the ecology of the Arctic, unless the ducks learn to read. There is no urgency about this enquiry; Joe. A firm answer by next Friday will be perfectly okay. But after that date the balance of weekly revenue ($24.50) as against personal indebtedness ($715,112.88) is expected to take a turn for the worse. PS: If it is any help in your decision, our management can whistle O Canada all the way through and the company stationery bears the likeness of Chateau Laurier. Yours for more Home bodies, N.E. Enterprises Ltd. (Vancouver Province Feature) Nixon seeks to brighten Laos picture WASHINGTON - By way n of offsetting the bleakness of the picture in Laos, the N i x on administration stresses that the operation was essentially a raid with the goal of doing as much damage as possible to Communist supply lines over a period lasting, at the maximum, a few weeks longer than the six weeks actually covered. It is thus said to be impossible (the president emphasized this idea on television) to make any simple judgment as to whether the operation bad been a success or a failure. The damage done within the Ho Chi Minn trail supply complex is a fact which, it is said, cannot but have a debilitating effect on Communist activities around Indochina, at least in the immediate future. In some official quarters it is contended that the engagement of the North Vietnamese forces in Laos has upset plans for a strong Communist thrust across northern South Vietnam, timed to disrupt the upcoming South Vietnamese election campaign. Mr. Nixon, in what he called an "interim assessment" made general comments on North Vietnamese losses and said that the danger to American forces in northern South Vietnam had been "substantially reduced." The North Vietnamese had lost at least six weeks which they would otherwise have turned to their ends, and, he said, we could now get assurances that American troop withdrawals would continue at least at their current rate. He spoke tentatively of light at the end of the tunnel, and maintained that the performance of the South Vietnamese - apart from a disappointing minority - had shown they were capable of standing up to their opponents. He concluded that the operation showed that "considerable progress"' was being made with respect to his goals in Vietnam. In short, the administration is not incapable of counteracting the idea that it has suffered a heavy blow. Yet this can at best be a partial answer to the basic questions raised by the situation as it now stands. Over many months, events have moved roughly - and sometimes very roughly - in accordance with the basic pattern dictated by Nixon's program: American troops have withdrawn steadily from a South Vietnam in which conflict is at a low level, government authority is relatively secure, and the armed forces are being built up with a view to meeting Communist challenges without massive American attendance. The South Vietnamese and American strike into Cambodia played a role in this by choking off a main route by which supplies moved to the Communists in the southern part of South Vietnam. Against this background, Mr. Nixon could characterize the Cambodian venture as a clear success from the U.S. point of view. And he could put forward convincing visions of South Vietnam reaching a new position of strength, possibly sufficient to enable it to put its opponents on the defensive and certainly sufficient to enable withdrawal of much of the remaining American presence. The situation would'be roughly that envisaged by the Nixon doctrine: local forces would carry the burden of their own defence, with the U.S. giving financial assistance and other back-up support. As applied to Vietnam, back-up support would likely -although this has not been spelled out - extend to aircraft carriers off the coast and possibly a role to South Vietnamese air defences. In the - aftermath of the Laos strike, an sura of uncertainty surrounds the whole U.S. program for South.Vietnam, and this cannot but have the most serious domestic consequences. New charges of a "credibility gap" flow naturally from the juxtaposition of the reality with the administration's expansive talk during the early stages of the operation. For all that the president says tbt war is ending, large questions remain in view of his stipulations - strongly underlined in recent interviews - that the U.S. must see established a South Vietnam fairly equal to repulsing . the North Vietnamese. (Justifiably or not, the Laos result casts doubt on the South Vietnamese capacity to do this.) Looking ahead, what stands out most clearly is the president's much - repeated view that the entrenchment of the non-Communist regime in South Vietnam is vital to the success of the Nixon doctrine, and could be decisive in establishing a basis for a more peaceful world. His position - one that is bound to be widely challenged --is that the.U.S. must assure that Communist aggression in Indochina is not rewarded, lest it encourage further aggression around the world. One final point stands out In the aftermath of the Laotian strike. The operation could be characterized as an application of the Nixon doctrine on a small scale, with the Americans backing up the South Vietnamese, particularly with air power. It has been supposed that the substitution of others for American ground troops would make involvement in foreign conflicts more acceptable to the American public, but Laos has shaken this supposition. Though there was relief at the limited involvement of American men, there was a disturbing realization that a byproduct was a heavier, than-ever reliance on American technological warpower- in this case the massive use of B-52 bombers. (Herald Washington Bureau) Gordon Holland Two major upheavals on the Australian scene TtfELBOURNE: The spotlight on the Australian political stage has been swinging between Canberra and Melbourne to highlight two extraordinary evfints. In Canberra, the Liberal party revolted against Prime Minister John Gorton, elevated 63-year-old William McMahon to become Australia's 20th prime minister, and demoted Mr. Gorton to deputy leader and minister for defence. Mr. McMahon has now reconstructed his ministry, ousting the obvious Gorton adherents and rearranging portfolios Letters to the editor to gain key support for his more traditional-style methods in the coalition with the Country party. Mr. McMahon's political upsurge came about through the traditional Liberals deciding to halt the buccaneering ways of John Gorton in determining and implementing political decisions, and if he did not agree to vacate his post to defeat the prime minister on the floor of the finely balanced House of Representatives. The government parties would not want to face the people in such parliamentary disarray while the trend in state Two examples of prejudice Why must the poor and the underprivileged always be the ones to be made examples of? It just doesn't seem fair in a just society that people who nave not the full means of defending themselves, take the brunt of others' prejudices. It's not only in trying to rent a house, or the treatment that you get from some utility companies, it runs in general in the whole community's attitude to you and your children. Here are two examples. My girl friend had to put a twenty-five dollar deposit to have her phone hooked up. Most people get this back after a good credit rating for six months. She was told that because she was on a limited budget that she could not get hers back at seven months. But her credit rating is perfect. My children have a small dog. We had a warning to keep him tied up. Everyone else in town got this warning also. Ho ended up in the pound twice. But he was the only dog in there that belonged to somebody or that probably had a new license. We just took him out as we could not get hold of any of the town men to release him. Everyone else in town lets their dogs run loose and do not have them picked up because there's a man in that home or because they are town business men. Of course they are excused but I'm made an example of. Now they want six dollars, which I do not have or they said that they will charge me with trespassing on town property or breaking and entering. This is just one of the many incidents I've been up against. I guess that I was just an easy target. When will people start realizing that we are human beings with rights too? "MOTHER OF FIVE" Picture Butte. You farmers! A reply to the complaint of the farmers. You farmers always like to blame the government but where would the grain prices be if your grain had to go to an open market? I say it would be 25 cents a bushel! for wheat. Do you expect the government to take your wheat and a gun, go to China and demand three dollars? Why don't you quit complaining and move to town and look for a job? Maybe then you would realize how good a life you had on the farm. FARMER Claresholm. elections Is towards Labor, so Mr. Gorton had to go. Even so, it was only by his own casting vote in an emotionally-charged party meeting that he and Mr. McMahon changed political chairs. A short, slightly - built longtime bachelor lawyer from Sidney, Mr. McMahon married" a few years ago a young Sydney socialite, Sonia, who with their two young children will move from a Canberra flat into the Prime Minister's ledge. Mr. McMahon is a seasoned politician, successful in most of the senior ministries, including labor and national service and the treasury and, finally, in foreign affairs, into which he was thrust by Mr. Gorton when he defeated Mr. McMahon for prime minister 18 months ago after the then Country party leader, John Mc-Ewen, refused to support him as prime minister. The political wheel has swung again: Mr. McEwen is retired from politics, Mr. Gorton's leadership has ended, and Mr. McMahon has the stiff task of amalgamating his leadership and the party to give the part- electoral appeal in the 1972 poll. Scarcely had the Canb e r r a confrontations ended than the political spotlight switched 400 miles south to Melbourne. There, Robert J. Hawke, 42-year-old president of the Australian Council of Trade Unions, brought about a revolution in the commercial marketplace which is reverberating deep into Mr. McMahon's new cabinet at Canberra. Within 27 hours, he virtually eliminated resale price maintenance, the principle by which manufacturers fix the retail price of their goods - and refuse to supply retailers who cut prices. The practice is illegal in the U.S. and Canada but Australia has 13,000 price-fixing agreements registered with the federal trade practices tribunal. Legislation introduced in 1963 to establish the tribunal contained the provision to examine resale price maintenance but manufacturers and major retailers had this removed. The federal cabinet already has a Gorton submission before it to act against RPM. Mr. Hawke has beaten them to the action. He challenged Dunlop Australia Ltd., one of the biggest conglomerates, with 296 subsidiary companies - 126 in Victoria - covering a tremendous range of rubber goods, footwear, clothing, sporting goods, motor accessories, because Dunlop refused to supply its full range of products to Bourke's, the Melbourne cut-price retail store, into which the ACTU entered partnership through Mr. Hawke in January. Dunlop was heavily backed by the big manufacturers and retailers aginst the ACTU With affiliated unions and 1,600,000 members - the most powerful trade union organization in Australia. The ACTU placed a union ban on Dunlop companies and the industrial wheels began to halt. Dunlop capitulated after appealing to Mr. McMahon but the business cause was too unpopular for a showdown, so, after its public announcement, Dunlop chairman Eric Dunshea and Bob Hawke retired into the ACTU office to talk about it over a specially bought bottle of whisky. Whether Mr. Hawke was correct in calling upon his indus-. trial power to effect a social change will long be debated. He justifies it as a fundamental extension of the aims of trade unionism in Australia, believing that Australian unions, traditionally concerned exclusively with wages and conditions obtained through arbitration, must now help to ensure that these gains are not eroded by rising prices. Mr. Hawke is now looking at pharmaceutical manufacturers' prices, and to trade union entry into credit unions, hire purchase, insurance, health and medical benefits scheme, housing co-operatives and newspaper ownership. (Herald Special Service) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921-It is unofficially reported that Admiral Horthy, the Hungarian regent, has resigned, former Emperor Charles is on his way to Budapest from the frontier and that the army adhering to his cause, is on the move. 1931-Knute Rockne, famous football coach of Notre Dame University, was killed when a trans - continental passenger and mail plane crashed near Kansas City, Mo. 1941 - A national salvage campaign will start April 14 to save raw materials to raise money for war purposes. 1951-A six-bomb aerial barrage failed to budge an ice jam in the South Saskatchewan River at Medicine Hat. Plans to drop a 1,000-pound delayed-action bomb are being made. Much of the low land in the city is now flooded. 1961-A perfume expert told Ottawa .males to use perfume "because it adds to their personality and is a sure sign of culture." � The Lethbttdge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ot Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JUC DML.UM Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager vvii-uimivi nni Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"