Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 31, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
FORECAST HIGH THURSDAY 35-40. VOL. LXIV - No. 93 The Uthbrtdge Herald ? ? ? ? ? LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS THREE SECTIONS - 42 PAGES Reds play up offer LEONID BREZHNEV ... Changes Tune By DONALD ARMOUR MOSCOW (Renter) - The Soviet Communist party congress turned to more mundane affairs today after party leader Leonid Brezhnev proposed Tuesday a'six-point peace plan and indicated the Kremlin wants a consumer race rather than an arms race. 1 The 24th congress today heard a report from the party auditing commission, but attention still was focused on Brezhnev's keynote address Tuesday. His six-hour speech was printed in full in all newspapers today-covering nine pages of Pravda, which normally only prints six. ,^;; Judging from his report on the five years since the last congress and on future policy, Russia would like to see the 1970s as more of a time of concentration on consumer goods than on arms. The 64-year-old leader proposed a six-point peace plan to the West, including a disarmament conference attended by the five nuclear powers-the Soviet Union, the United States, France, China and Britain. He also renewed Soviet overtures to Moscow's ideological rival, China, which resumed public polemics against the Kremlin just before the congress began. Better things coming Brezhnev, applauded by nearly 5,000 delegates in the Kremlin's gigantic Palace of Congresses, linked the peace offers in his wide-ranging policy speech with a promise to the Soviet public of better things to come at home. Brezhnev suggested curtailing arms spending of the major powers, a good indication of how the Kremlin apparently would like to divert some of the nation's resources and skills from its current heavy armaments program to the consumer sector. But Brezhnev left no doubt that Russia would continue to keep its guard up, giving traditional priority to heavy industry and armaments. On foreign policy,. Brezhnev took a generally conciliatory line on..all sides. The Kremlin was certain of the restoration of friendship with China, and also wanted positive results from the U.S.-Soviet strategic arms limitation talks. However, he warned that Russia would not fore-sake national interests in its relations with China. Observers saw this partly as a veiled reference to Chinese claims on Soviet territory. China was a notable absentee from the congress, as it was at the last congress in 1966. Strip mining fuss in U.S. CHARLESTON, W.Va. (AP) - A dspute over strip coal mining has split West Virginia residents, placing conservationists against miners in a controversy that could mean ultimate abolition of the practice, not only here but in other coal-producing states as well. Opponents of strip mining claim the method of bulldozing earth from the surface of the ground to reach the fuel is devastating the mountains, clogging streams with boulders and sediment and hurting the state's tourism industry. Supporters claim strip mining generates $232 million in revenue within the state each year and employs 22,000 persons - 7,000 directly and 15,000 more in peripheral service and supply jobs. Strip miners at a recent rally carried signs reading: "We hear a jot about ecology. If you're hungry do you bake, boil or fry it?" and "What do you want: scarred hillsides or starving children?" The state senate passed legislation in an effort to require more restoration of strip mined lands and to regulate the industry. The measure doubles the state's reclamation staff, raises from $100 to $500 an acre the bond which must be posted to get a stripping permit and raises from $30 to $60 an acre the fee charged for permits which goes to a special fund to reclaim "orphaned lands." Some strippers have preferred to forfeit their bond in the past because that has been cheaper than reclamation. Supporters of the senate bill say an increase to $500 an acre will force the strippers to reclaim land. Britons not wanted? EDINBURG (CP) - An article in The Scotsman says the old adage among discontented Britons that "there's always Canada" is no longer as true as it used to be because of changes in Canadian policy governing the flow of migrants from Britain. The adage "has been stored in the attic of the Scottish mind" for decades, remarks writer Julie Davidson. "It never seems to strike us that Canada might not want us." Her article notes that the flow of emigration from Britain to Canada has been deliberately thinned to 26,000 persons in 1970, compared with 63,000 in 1966. The story numbers unemployment in Canada among the major factors causing such developments as Ottawa's toning down of publicity suggesting that Britons move West. CBC strike called TORONTO (CP) - Television production employees at CBC stations across Canada walked off their jobs today, but their union immediately began advising members to return to work. A CBC spokesman here said the return-to-work call was agreed upon after a meeting in Montreal between representatives of the CBC and the Canadian Union of Public Employ- OTTAWA (CP) - About 1,650 CBC television production employees were instructed to go on strike this afternoon Wy the Canadian Union of Public Employees. A union spokesman said CBC has been "dragging its feet" in mediation talks that began March 1 in Montreal. The spokesman said picket lines would be set up and the American Newspaper Guild was expected to support the strike. The Association of Radio and Television Employees of Canada also was expected to give some support. In Toronto, a CBC spokesman said the strike was not expected to disrupt live programming. CUPE members staged a number of rotating strikes in February. Gilles Pelland, the union's chief negotiator in the Montreal talks, was quoted as saying the CBC has displayed "a completely unreasonable attitude." INCLUDES CAMERAMEN Production employees are mainly located in Montreal, headquarters for the French network, and Toronto, headquarters of the English network. They fall into 57 classifications, ranging from film cameramen and editors to script assistants and carpenters. Average wage is $7,500, the union said. The CBC has offered 13.5-percent increases over a three-year contract. A conciliation board recommended 21.5 per cent. Also in dispute are night differential, job security, seniority, and other fringe benefits. End of the line near for famed Yukon plane TRENTON, Ont. (CP) - A four-engined turboprop aircraft is due to touch down at CFB Trenton at 8 a.m. Thursday to return troops from Canada's United Nations contingent in Cyprus. When the last serviceman crosses the tarmac it will mark the end of the line for the Yukon, which has been ferrying VIPs, service passengers and freight to all corners of the globe for nearly 10 years. Flight UN 5233 and the six other Yukons remaining from the original complement of 12 are being replaced by five Boeing 707 jets on troop rotation, disaster relief and other missions for Canada's armed forces. Stud mill at Hinton HINTON (CP) - Northwestern Pulp and Power Ltd. has announced plans to build a multi-million-dollar stud mill in this western Alberta community. Company vice-president I. K. Sutherland said today details on the mill were not available but construction could begin by June. It would produce two-by-four wall studs. Seen and heard About town A GUEST of Randy and Linda Coyle expressing appreciation of their hospitality when he almost severed a finger carving a ham . . . BUI Kergan fearlessly predicting that the weatherman's forecast for snow was way off base . . . Jerry Wes-cott not commenting when a friend addressed him as, "the man who always has something to say." Layoffs mount in Alberta as trains grind to halt Meat packing plants hit CP Rail movement in Alberta is almost at a standstill because of book-offs by engine-men and firemen in B.C. most parts of Alberta and some parts of Saskatchewan. The book-offs have resulted in train stoppages and layoffs of hundreds of CP Rail personnel connected with operating trains. The only rail movement this morning was in the Edmonton area where enginemen and firemen have not booked off. Freight was being moved between Edmonton and Lloydmin-ster and Edmonton and Hard-isty. Dayliner service between Edmonton and Calgary is still operating. CP Rail officials in Calgary were not certain whether The Canadian Passenger service would be in operation although it was thought it may be runing today. LETHBRIDGE HIT Elsewhere in the province, including southern Alberta, all CP Rail railway service is at a standstill. In Lethbridge 48 enginemen and firemen booked off as ill or unfit to work. This resulted in the layoff of 156 other personnel - 40 clerical, mostly in the customer service centre area; 89 conductors and trainmen, and 27 yardmen. Twenty operators and 20 car and shop employees who have received notice of layoff, will likely be laid off Friday if the work stoppage is not corrected. About 100 others on railway right-of-way maintenance in the Lethbridge division will be able to keep working for awhile. The Lethbridge office of the Unemployment Insurance Commission has received! about 70 claims for benefits from railway men - 20 claims Tuesday and 50 this morning. Those who file before Friday will receive their first cheques in about three weeks. AT STANDSTILL Meat packing plants in the city are at a standstill with all kill facilities not operating, because of the inability to ship. Some employees have already been laid off and indications are that if the situation does not improve no plant staff will be working by the middle of next week. A total lay-off would involve about 250 persons. Automatic Electric in the city has a shipment of critically-needed parts sitting somewhere between Toronto and Calgary. Efforts are being made to obtain replacements. A shipment of telephones to Vancouver has been lost. The firm estimates operations can continue for about two weeks before lay offs might be required. Buslines and truck transports have experienced a slight increase in business but the brunt isn't expected for a few days. Piggyback transport is at a standstill with shipments from the east tied up since Sunday. Summit Lime Works is stockpiling its product and no staff lay-offs are contemplated immediately. Consolidated Concrete is starting its busy season. No major problem is expected for two weeks when bulk cement from Calgary will be required. If steel from the east doesn't arrive by rail furt&er problems can be expected in about a month. Farm implement and motor vehicle dealers in the city are experiencing isolated cases of non-delivery but in general are not too dependent on rail service. NO GRAIN MOVEMENT Western Canada's grain movement remains at a halt with the reserves in the Vancouver terminal being fast depleted. The railway union work stoppage and its crippling affect on Canada's export system is a clear example of the result of failure to deal with fundamental problems of Prairie grain producers, says J. W. Madill, general manager of the Alberta Wheat Pool. He said there is an imperative need for measures that will come to grips with the nation's labor problems. CROWSNEST SITUATION Meanwhile in the Crowsnest Pass area, west of Lethbridge, Kaiser Resources Ltd., which sends coal by rail from Spar-wood in the East Kootenay area of B.C. to Roberts Bank, south of Vancouver, said there is plenty of coal at its shipping terminal. But the company probably will have to close its Sparwood treatment plant because storage silos are full of cleaned coal waiting to be shipped. A spokesman said Sparwood strip mining operations will continue with coal being stockpiled until it can be put through the treatment plant. At Trail, Cominco Ltd. announced it will close down its giant metal, and fertilizer operations by Friday if the rail stoppage continues. The company said a shutdown would result in major layoffs among the more than 4,000 persons employed by the two plants. Military revolt erupts QUITO, Ecuador (AP) - A military revolt erupted today against the government of President Jose Maria V e 1 a s c o Ibarra. The uprising was led by Brig.-Gen. Luis Jacome Chavez, who was ousted from the army. Jacome Chavez was ordered fired from the army and as head of the military academy by Defence Minister Jorge Acosta Velasco, nephew of the president. The armed forces apparently split on the issue, with some remaining loyal to the president and others going over to the ousted general. Informants said President Velasco was taken to the safety of the defence ministry in the southern part of Quito. PAROLE RULING DUE - The U.S. Parole Board will rule today on whether to grant freedom to Teamsters' President James R. Hoffa. Described as a model convict by prison officials, Hoffa is expected to resume control of the two - million member labor union If released. Commandos land for Laos raid Father at 68 GREENWOOD, S.C. (AP) -Strom Thurmond, 68-year-old Republican senator from South Carolina, and his wife Nancy, a 24-year-old former South Carolina beauty queen, became the parents of a seven-pound, 11-ounce girl yesterday. SAIGON (AP) - United States helicopters landed a small force of South Vietnamese commandos in southern Laos today for a raid on a North Vi? etnamese base,.believedM.ba about five miies from the'bof-' der. The North Vietnamese struck back about 125 miles to the southeast, seizing and burning most of the district capital of Due Due, 25 miles southwest of the northern base city of Da Nang. President Nguyen Van Thieu told reporters the South Vietnamese raiders "attacked a North Vietnamese base in Base Area 611." "Operation Lam Son 719 is still going on and the South Vietnamese army is still on the attack, despite the pullback of some units into Vietnam." Lam Son 719 was the code name for the 22,000-man South Vietnamese drive into Laos, Gleichen man dies in crash CALGARY (CP) - Lee Benjamin Clark, 57, of Gleichen, was killed shortly before midnight Tuesday when his car and a Canadian National Railways freight train crashed at a level crossing. RCMP said the road was slippery and light snow was falling when the accident occurred on the Trans-Canada Highway about two miles east of the city. now ended. The base area he referred to is south of the region swept during the incursion. CIVILIANS KILLED /Two battalions of North Vietnamese troops carried out the attack on Due Due, launching a heavy barrage and ground attack Sunday night and seizing and holding most of the town Monday and Tuesday. They were withdrawing today. At least 200 South Vietnamese civilians were reported killed or wounded, and 18 regional militiamen were killed and 36 wounded. Field reports said about 1,000 houses were burned but the North Vietnamese failed to penetrate the U.S. district advisory team compound. They blew up the team house and a senior adviser's bunker outside. One American was wounded slightly. Calley: 'you stripped me of honor' flBNf FORT BENNTNG, Ga. (AP) - Lieut. William L. Calley Jr. stood before the men who adjudged him a murderer at My Lai and the words came hard: "You stripped me of all honor. Please, by your actions that you take here today, don't strip future soldiers of their honor. I beg of you." After his two-minute statement Tuesday, the jury retired for its final task: to condemn Calley to life in prison or to death on the gallows. "I'm not going to stand here and plead for my life or my freedom," he told the six officers who convicted him of slaying at least 22 persons at My Lai. "I would ask you to consider the thousands more lives that are going to bo lost in Southeast Asia. The thousands more, that is, to be imprisoned not only here in the United States, but also in North Vietnam and in hospitals all over the world as amputees. "I've never known a soldier, nor did I ever myself, wantonly kill a human being in my entire life." VOICE BREAKS The 27-year-old Calley stood elone in frost of the court-mar- t i a 1 members-experienced combat officers with their chests full of service ribbons- and his voice broke as he said; "If I've committed a crime, the only crime I have committed is in my judgment of my values. Apparently I have valued my troops' lives more than I did that of the enemy. "When.my troops were getting massacred and mauled by an enemy I couldn't see, I couldn't feel and I couldn't touch; that nobody in the military system ever described as anything other than communism-they didn't give it a race, they didn't give it a sex, they didn't give it an age. They never lei me believe it was just a philosophy in a man's mind. That was my enemy out there." In the same deliberation room where they spent 13 days hammering out the harshest possible verdict, the jurors must weigh today the final words of Judge Reid Kennedy, an army colonel: "You should select a sentence that is appropriate to the offences of which you have convicted Lieut. CaUey, his deeds, the welfare of society and good order and discipline within the military service." LIEUT, CALLEY AWAITS HIS FATE Pressure exerted on govt. MONTREAL (CP) - Contract talks continued today between the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Canada's two major railways amid growing pressure on the federal government to end work stoppages by enginemen in British Columbia and parts of Alberta. There was no comment on the talks from the union, the CNR or the CPR. The Alberta and British Columbia governments urged the federal government to do all in its power to end a week-long series of work stoppages by enginemen that began in Vancouver and rapidly spread east. About 800 employees of the two railways have booked off their jobs in B.C. declaring themselves "unfit" or sick. With enginemen in Alberta adopting their tactics, rail traffic from Edmonton and Calgary west has been halted and an embargo has been placed on all freight shipments to the West Coast. ESTIMATE 6,000 OFF An estimated 6,000 CNR and CP Rail employees have been laid off in the west because of the reduced traffic and at least two B.C. companies have announced or predicted major layoffs because of the effects of the walkouts. Stan Korchinski (PC-Mackenzie) unsuccessfully sought an emergency Commons debate Tuesday on the "real and apprehended disruption" of gram shipments from the Prairies to the West Coast. Mr. Korchinsld, whose motion was disallowed on procedural grounds, said the walkouts might make it impossible to meet export commitments. The Alberta legislature approved unanimously a resolution calling on the federal government to spare no effort in stopping the walkout following an emergency debate on the situation. And B.C. Premier W. A. C. Bennett asked the federal government to take immediate action to end the rail tieup which he said is hurting the province's economy. Locomotive engineers in Vancouver voted 162-to-15 Tuesday to reject a personal plea by Labor Minister Bryce Mackasey to return to work. Their decision followed a long-distance telephone call from Mr. Mackasey which was broadcast to them over loudspeakers at the meeting. RED DEER BOOK OFF Meantime, at Red Deer, twenty-six engineers and firemen booked off late Tuesday night, halting all CP Rail freight operations in southern Alberta. The Edmonton-Calgary Day-liner, operated by a crew out of Edmonton where work is continuing, was still in operation as was the transcontinental passenger train, the Canadian, which arrived in Calgary with eastern crews. The Red Deer book-offs, similar to those in Calgary, Medicine Hat, Lethbridge and British Columbia, resulted in 40 other company employees being laid off. In Calgary, 464, have been laid off along with 156 in Lethbridge and 132 in Medicine Hat. At Winipeg a Canadian Pacific Railway spokesman said about 95 engineers and firemen walked off their jobs at five Saskatchewan points today. The men left their jobs at Regina, Saskatoon, Moose Jaw, Wynyard and Wilkie in an eastward expansion of the work stoppage that began a week ago in British Columbia and spread to Alberta. CP cuts west passenger run MONTREAL (CP) - CPR transcontinental passenger service will operate only between Winnipeg and Eastern Canada until further notice, the railway announced today. A railway spokesman said CPR operations "over large areas of Western Canada are continuing to be disrupted by the work stoppage of locomotive engineers."