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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 31, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IEIHBRIOGE HERA1D Tueidny, Mauh 31, 1970- Maurice Western Who Is The Indian's Friend? Compassion is not an excuse lor ig- norancD, especially when the facts are readily obtainable. A recent out- burst against Indian "child labor" in Southern Alberta sugar beet fields may not Le a case of ignorance, how- ever. Premier Strom, in a singularly appropriate reply, suggests it was a case of deliberate mischief. What other interpretation is pos- sible, when the baseless charges are made by the NDP to the NDP, and coupled with them is the suggestion that .the beet sugar company be socialized? What possible good would that do? If there is fault in the beet fields, what lias the company to do with it? Some of the housing is not good. Some of the children do work in the fields. Some do miss out on school. Some Indian families do return home with little money. But there is much more to the picture. The Indians do not have to come here. They come because they want to come. In most cases the housing they come to is better than what they left, in some cases very much better. They contract their labor, which is the only workable arrangement. Perhaps the price per acre is too low, but the average daily earning is 518, with many getting The beet farmers already get a subsidy and most of them simply cannot afford to pay more. The (rend is lo further mechaniz- ation, and the goal is to eliminate all hand labor. Doubtless the venomous and unjustified criticism will hasten that process. labor demand is to talk nonsense. C'crtainly the fanner would be criti- cized for not letting them go into the fields with their parents. Some farmers have spent a good deal of money on hostel accommoda- tion for the beet workers, because of their humanitarian concern. Natural- ly when any group of people live together there have to be house rules. So this is likened to a "slave com- Some of Ihe farmers could write long lisls of complaints about the Indians, but what would be the point of if.' In short, there is no special Indian problem in the beet fields. The prob- lem anil no one wants to sweep it under the rug is just part of the whole so-called Indian problem. These people are impoverished. They do have a meagre and often hopeless existence. Their housing is not good anywhere. Their children don't get the breaks that any child is entitled to, btit perhaps their excursion to Southern Alberta is brighter than the rest of their lives. They are woe- fully under-educated, whether they come south or nol. Some of the Indians have worked into year-round employment, and enjoy mutually satisfactory relation- ships with Southern Alberta agricul- ture. Some farmers have tried to ex- ploit them, but for every one of that kind there are five who have gone out of their way to try to help them and encourage them "and lift them. The beet farmers, by and large, have done a good deal more toward trying to solve Ihe problem of these Some of the families bring their northern Indians than almost anyone children, which is commendable. else. Who is their friend, the farm Some of them, lo keep the children family who assists and counsels them occupied, take them into the fields, far beyond the first mile, or the pro- arid some of the children poke around fessional politicians who untruthfully with a hoe. To say that they make a "use" them to advance a political noticeable contribution to the field theory? A Bit Of Sanity A rare bit of sanity was injected acquired by Israel from her friends jnto the nightmarish Middle East sit- it is widely believed that the bal- ualion when the U.S. decided to deny ance of po'wer remains unchanged. Israel the fighter planes she had re- quested. Doubtless it was intended as an appeal to the U.S.S.R. the chief supplier of arms to the Arabs to join in a halt of the build up of military potential in the area. There is no reason for Israel to feel she has been deserted by a Israel is still conceded the best chance of winning another war if it should be started. Neither the U.S. nor the U.S.S.R. wants to see war break out lest they become embroiled. It is possible that the U.S.S.R. is not happy about pour- friend because of the decision. Ex- ing resources into the region because tending assistance for the economy not only indicates that the U.S. has no intention of abandoning Israel but is a vital form of support. Despite the fact that the U.S.S.R. Anti-smoking campaigns appear lo be working. All those scare cartoons about the horrible fate awaiting the smoker may be effective after all. The U.S. Agriculture Department recently reported that cigarette smok- ing in that country declined by par cent last year. Smokers used 528 billion cigarettes in 19C9 compar- ed to 5J6 billion in 1968, the depart- ment said. Anti-Inflation Program In Jeopardy The annual sub- nussion of the Canadiau Labor Congress to the Cana- dian government is a liacdsoir.e document printed in attractive type on the glassiest of paper. It may be a bit on the expen- sive side but these are days and in any case it is a production in harmony with the general theme o[ keeping up with I he Joneses. There have been complaints, notably from the prime minis- ter, iliat the CLC has nol, up to the present, gone all oul (or even half out) in the struggle with inflation. This, and one or two unproductive meetings with the Prices and 1 [worries Com- mission, may account (or the fact that the argument here and there scenes somewhat de- fensive. The CLC begins with the "re- volution of rising expectations." Tliis certainly could be related lo tin.' inflationary problem 25 the PIC, the governor of the of Canada, and olhers have shown. However, the writ- ers are content to note that Uie revolution is a good thing. They then rush on to deal with the "curious folklore" about or- ganized workers, especially in the skilled trades, which they blame on the mass media. To be more specific: "The impression is created that workers are in a uniquely privileged position and that they are the beneficiaries of un- duly high wage incomes." This is denounced, as fallacy. "It re- quires no great acuity of vision lo observe that there ha? been no mass exodus of trade union- ist families into Uie upper in- come Tliis invites a question: How far up is upper? If (he CLC has in mind middle in- come suburbs, the most obvious reason for the absence of mi- gration may be that the mem- bers are already there. Each year tin; department oi national revenue compiles a green book which lists the. cities of Canada according to average income. The last (IMS) Million gave us I lie picture for !967, a year which pre-dated seme of the more inflationary wage set- tlements, certainly those involv- Third, Trail-Ross land (Steel- spokesman fcr labor generally Kifth, Alberui (later- although in fact there is a divl sion between the national Woodworkers of Am- Sixth, Windsor (United Automobile Seventh, Ottawa (the city of the civil service, now Eighth, Prince Rupert (United Fisher- men and Allied Workers Ninth, Prince George (International Tenth, Nanaimo (Pulp and Pa- per Workers of The CLC goes on to say that "the children cf wage-earners parity with the U.S. It so colleges and universities of happens thai the ten leaders Canada" and to note that "the arc all, rallwr conspicuously, Uriel) cities. Here they are: First, Oakvillc (United Auto- mobile Second, Sar- bctwcen the highly-or- ganized, who can afford to be philosophical about inflation, and the less well-organized or masses of unorganized wto, since lag behind, are badly hurt by the soaring cost of living. The mcnifcst fact is lhal Ihe CLC does not wish to co-oper- ate with the Prices and In- comes Commission. Here there has been a strange reversal. still remain a minority in the the PIC was merely a nia (Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International take-home pay of even a rela- tively well-paid worker still leaves him at best with a mod- est standard cf living." But such generalities are not par- ticularly helpful. The CLC slips rather easily into the role of of the way they have been dissipated in the past and would welcome an opportunity to pull back somewhat. This is likely what the U.S. is gam- Wing on. The world will wait uneas- has poured more military equipment ily indications of how the U.S.S.R. into Arab countries than lias heen intends to respond to the appeal. Scare Tactics Working For the fourth straight year the per capita consumption declined. The average smoker in 196fl used cigarettes, down from in 1968. This is the sharpest drop since 1963-fi-l, when government concern over smoking anc! cancer was first disclosed. These results will hearten the anti-smoking campaigners. The Price Oi Peace From The Montreal Star JJESPITE THE recent trend toward coil cutting defence spending. Canada is still spending moie than a billion dollars a year for military purposes. II would be appropriate for it lo use a liny fraction of this immense sum for an investment in peace. Or.e place to begin would be with the Canadain Peace Research Institute. Though little knov.ii to tire general public, this organization which has its headquarters in Oakvillc has been doing valuable ar.d originnl work. It is nol (tie familiar kir.d of pacifist group which contents itself with be- wailing the wickedness of war. Instead, under the leadership df phys- icist Dr. Nonnan Alcock, it seeks lo investigate tlio of war anil to discover means by which armed conflict can be eliminated or at least reduced in scope. Us projects over Ihe last seven years have included the following: A study by IV. Gideon lio-cr.bmn of Ihe University Columbia which dcmonsli.iit'd that there was lit- lie four.clslion for the widely held Fear that reduction in armaments v.o.ild lead to a depression. An international conference on means of improving United Nations peacekeeping methods, which was attend- ed by representatives of 2-1 nations. Publication of a regular scries of papers and booklcU on problems relat- ed to peace, which arc widely iitctl hy governments and universities around the world. A Murty of faolfjr.s in the even day of of ing for favor tne of militarism and "This-is your captain experiencing an emergency-all economy-class passengers please bail out" Letters To The Editor Mr. Olson's ''Whipping The Implement Dealer As open Hie newspaper, we seem to be hearing more and more from Agriculture Minister, II. A. Olson. As agriculture minister, Mr. Olson has found himself in the unenviable situation of presid- ing over the worst economic disaster that has faced the Research "indicators of using data on arms expendi- urcs to provide storm warnings of coining IrouWcs in various areas hopefully in time for preventive action to be lakcn before shooting actually starts. Among projects now Iwing studied are. methods of marking changes in pub- lic opinion in various countries, which may provide either a warning of com- ing crisis or an indication that the time is opportune for attempts to set- tle international disputes. All this activity has been carried out on a financial shoestring. The annual tedgct of the Peace Research Institute is only There is a full- time staff of five all qualified ex- perts in the physical or social sciences plus a small, mainly volunteer cler- ical staff. II seems clear that the work is being carried on .it the cost of severe sacri- fices hy the slalf members. lu MHMU o'hcr enlightened countries, s'.ich wotk is supported by the govern- ment. In Suction a similar peacu re- search institute receives an annual gnv- ernmel grant c{ WJ.CCO. in- stitute is being established in The Kelh- crlBtvIs v.ith en initial state grant of M.W.WO. Those am examples Canada shoulrl fnlkiv.. A few hurdreit spent in investigating the causes arid preven- tion of war might bo far more fruitful than millions spent for obsolete arma- ments. 'Hint iTKiinxn'. appeal lo Prime MiiiMcr Tin !c.v.i. 11? n director of the Peace KfVitNjich In.stitu'e froni 1M2 to Ma. Western Canadian farmer since 1330. Tliis, of course, has been caused primarily by a world grain surplus over which he has no control. It has been ag- gravated, however, by his gov- ernment's utter failure to ar- rive at any workable solution lo ease the situation, and their serious fumbling in Ihe market- ing and movement of Canadian grain. In a desperate attempt to preserve his political image in the face of this situation, Mr. Olson has found it necessary to find a "whipping boy" as quick- ly as possible, and the farm Save Some For The Lean Years, Bud Mr. Hansen's letter (March we should buy and store all the Lei them create enough at) regarding storing of grain grain the farmers want to raise through the Bank of Canada, fa- is a good idea. for at least 5 years with the tereil free for a change, to pcr- For years we have bought understanding that at the end form this vital function and fix food from the farmers at a rea- of that time Ihe farmers are on prices for a time, as during the sonable price and it is in our their own and have their own Second World War, to prevent selling agency set up. They must organize. A Liberal government will cry of course, "Where is the money coming best interests to keep the farm- ing community in a healthy slale as without fcod we perish. Even though it may cost money Uranium Resources Is not the government ac- tion on our uranium resources a case of "strain at a gnal, anil swallow a camel" (Math. Thai makes "two" fifty million dollar fortunes made in Ihe Elliot Lake area even when prospecting was un- scienlific. The U.S. government placed contracts for fixed amounts of uranium based on ability to supply in five years. The first three years being lax-free heic, mill cost anil mine develop- in which our laws provided ment write-offs were deferred no financial liencfit for the fed- I" fourth and fifth years of operation, thus escaping cor- poration fat liability. And hav- ing gill-edged contracls, the mining companies were able to borrow the cost of plant con- sliuction from banks at the prime rate thus lillle oral Ercasiiry. Some years ago Mr. llirsh- horn, an American, w h o nia- r.oeuvercd the original staking of claims, took home enough tax-free loot to acquire a art collection, which he gave to the Smithsonian In- stitute of Washington. He may have paid [he U.S.A. 23 per rent capital gains (as. Mr. Roman, who engineered Ihe assembly if ano'.hcr group of claims into Dcnison Mines, is a Canadian. No capital gains tnx is required, and it is un- likely that we will gel any cs- late tax (that being a miughly word I. The. rilwve cases ;ue a small fraction of the capilnl gain real- ised in Ihe Algon-Denis.on dis- Would it unjust to lax accumulated capital giiins ev- ery five years when ore could have used Ihe dividends lo pay such a lax instead of buying more shares. The U.S.A. has fed gains lax some CO years. Our lax, as proposed, would ap- ply only on Ihe gain made after the lav lakes effect. The U.S. also had profitable urnn- mines. as fur- i.'iliu' rs (.ins beer use they've I.CUT hiitl a three lax exempUon for new risk capilaJ. JOHN GILBERT. Hanover, Onlario. Promotional Your oldlime readers ami must have been shocked lo read Ihe article in March 2iih paper abnul consid- eration by cMin.'il of an "anal- ysis analytic survey of de- velopment process." This is pro- motional gobhkdcgook anil is not uorlh five cents much less live dollars. Someone must hive been on a course somewhere. Everyone. I mean every- one, knows Ihnl prosperity Itere depends directly en the market- ing of tho agricultural products of (he district. So let us not hear too much of Ihe "dynamic devclopmcnl" ahead. Remem- ber' I li a t arourul IO.V) one of projections predicted a of