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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 30, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 'Changes in transport system needed to keep grain moving' By GARRY FAIRBAIRN ESTEVAN, Sask. (CP) Justice Minister Otto Lang said Friday night the federal govern- ment will put more than million worth of additional grain-carrying railway cars into the transport system. But he told farmers to prepare for "fundamental changes" in the system, in- dicating they may have to haul their grain to more-distant delivery points. He also estimated that up to grain elevators will be temporarily taken out of use as a short-term measure to unravel the current snarl in grain movement Mr Lang, minister responsible for the Canadian wheat board, said in an interview the temporary closures would affect a quarter of the grain-producing area, leaving the railways free to concentrate on lines that are not blocked by snow or likely to be hit by spring floods. But even after the water and snow are gone, he said, the lines may be kept closed for "a good bit longer" so that the maximum grain can be moved. Mr Lang told a farmers' dinner the government will "buy another hopper cars to assure that the grain can move in Canada in the kind of equipment in which it really ought to move "We're going to buy those cars now We're not going to try to wait first to settle the question of who really should in the end be paying for them, although that question is still open." In interviews, he said the delivery date for the hopper price tag he put at million to cannot be estimated because of the heavy work schedule faced by railcar manufacturers But he said the new cars will not come soon enough to help solve the short-term transport problems that were aggravated by last summer's rail strike and heavy winter snowfalls. He expressed optimism that the short-term problems will be solved quickly since all parties involved now are co-operating. Grain elevators are working overtime when necessary, and railways are making more use of special trains to move grain. After the strike ended, the railways gave gram movement too low a priority, and "we had to sit on them hard to get the right number of cars back into the movement of grain." Taking some lines out of service is not the first step toward abandonment of those lines, Mr. Lang said. To the contrary, the government will press the railways to upgrade more lines to carry the pounds loaded- of the hopper cars. The government purchased hopper cars last summer Mr Lang stressed the need for long-term measures and said the new hopper cars are not enough. "A good bit of grain in future years is going to have to move a lot farther by truck." Mr Lang said in an interview, adding that millions of dollars should not be wasted on facilities that handle small volumes "If we have a bad system of handling grain that costs us or or million more than it ought to. that is or or million that you could have with a different system." he told the farmers. Mr Lang said a special government railway committee is studying the whole problem and should make recommendations in four to six months BILL GROENEN photo Disobedient wind Now that spring seems firmly entrenched, the only reminder of the winter's sanity-restoring Chinooks are the mounds of paper and garbage strewn all over the city by the westerlies, which, as this picture shows, have little respect for the laws of man. Alberta "should end9 oil exports to U.S. EDMONTON (CP) The Alberta government should end all crude oil exports to the United States during the next six to 12 months. Jim Henderson (Ind Wetaskiwm-Leduc) told the legislature Friday. Inside Classified Comics "oniment ..28-32 4. 5 'Not the safe you fool. Find the District......... 15% Family......35-38 News.....13. 14 g Markets 26. 41 Kdigion...........6-8 Sixirt.s .23-25. 27 g Theatres.....17 .........16 n ......3 LOW TONIGHT 35, HIGH SUN. SO; SUNNY. WARM X" Armed robbery suspects arrested Three Calgary youlhs. including two juveniles, were arrested in that city Friday afternoon and charged with the armed robbery Thursday of a general store at Woodbouse, six miles south of Claresholm The youths were arrested in what police described as a stolen car They win appear in Calgary court Monday Names have not been made public Some were taken at gun point from Brown's General Store Most of the money has been recovered Agreement VIENTIANE tfReuten The neutralist Laotian government and the pro- Communist Palhet Lao have reached agreement on the composition of a peacetime coalition government, informed sources said today Speaking during budget debate. Mr. Henderson said it would be in the best interests of Alberta and Canada if this were dene He said Ottawa might argue that Alberta should continue its exports, but this would be based on "the billion it is expected earn from the crude oil export tax." "This would be an unacceptable proposition." Mr. Henderson, a petroleum engineer and former oil industry executive, said that by 1985 this country will have to produce 800.000 barrels a dav from the Athabasca Oil sands if it is not to run into venous shortages. Conventional reserves of crude oil would be relatively cxhaused in about 10 years time Meanwhile, the Alberta Energy Conservation Board predicts that Alberta's total energy requirements will have tripled by the year 2001. In a report based on September. 1972 hearings, the board said the province will require Kniishthermal Units of energy over the period. Coal would provide the majority of the resource requirements for electric generation Electric energy requirements would grow at -n average rale of about 8.2 per cent while other forms of energy requirements would grow at an annual rate of 3.1 per cent, the board siad Energy requirements over the 30-year period were expected to loal 31 5 quadrillion BTUS with oJeclnr energy requirements representing some 18 per cent The Lcthbridqc Herald VOL. LXVII 91 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, MARCH 30. 1974 15 Cents 76 Pages Whelan capitulates Beef subsidy revamped Cattlemen express satisfaction OTTAWA (CP) The government gave in Friday to opposition and farm demands for changes in its beef subsidy program, agreeing to extend subsidy payments to all grades of cattle. But the payments, now made at a rate of seven cents a pound on the top four grades of beef, will be dropped to five cents a pound in order to subsidize the full range of slaughtered cattle grades. In a statement, Agriculture Minister Eugene Whelan said the weekly 75-million cost of the program would remain the same. He lashed back at critics of the program, saying he has been "very disappointed by the lack of i-o-operation that has been shown by the various segments of the industry." Cattlemen had said they wanted the program ended, but "they quickly .add that they want something to replace it But a quota system or increase in tariffs d.s suggested by the Canadian Cattlemen's Association would cost just as much and might cause serious trading difficulties." "After all, if the cattlemen are going to get more money- and I believe they should get more that money must come out of the pockets of Canadians. "This applies whether we talk about a premium program, a surtax program or a tariff program. To quibble over what form the help .should take is not being very helpful Consumer and opposition spokesmen welcomed the changes In his statement, Mr Whelan" said payment procedures under the program will remain the same. Packers would continue to pay the going price for animals, plus five cents a pound. The government would reimburse the buyers later. Cattlemen and Mr. Whelan have said that they would pre- fer a system where the pay- ments would be made directly by the government to farmers. Eritrean separatists hold Canadians hostage CALGARY (CP) Satisfaction with the federal government's decision to modify it's beef subsidy program was expressed Friday by Gordon Parke, president of the Canadian Cattlemen's Association' But Mr. Parke said in an interview that he hoped it was only the first step towards elimination of the program In the two weeks since its introduction, the subsidy program had created chaos on cattle markets as cattlemen rushed- to get A3 and A4 animals to market before their subsidy expired in the first two weeks of April. The flood depressed cattle prices to about 40 cents a pound, almost seven cents less than prices prior to the imposition of the subsidy. "We want to get rid of the subsidy, but we also must insure that producers are not too severely Mr. Parke said. But the tariff requests will take more time, he said. "We feel justified in asking for restrictions at the border, especially, since the flood of cattle from the United States in recent months has damaged our market prices The U.S. beef industry has tariff protection against Canadian beef despite being almost 10 times the size, he said. Tanffs are negotiated, and not voluntarily imposed, he said. The next round of talks may be two years in the future "But there is a stipulation in the current agreement which would allow the federal government to impose a surcharge on the U.S. cattle in an emergency situation." he said. "That's what we really wanted in the meeting with Mr Whelan. but I don't think that we'll get it although I have to say the minister was receptive to our proposals." ADDIS ABABA United States oil company is Irving to negotiate for the re- lease of three US. citizens and two Canadians captured by separatist" guerrillas in Kntrea province In Ethiopia's government crisis, anti-government demonstrations broke out Friday in three provincial capitals and several persons were reported killed and wounded in clashes with police Sources said Friday that the five North Americans were exploring for oil Tuesday in the northern province when a storm forced down their helicopter 45 miles northwest of Massawa on the Red Sea Villagers said guerrillas of the. Kntrean Liberation Front WEDERFOR T HrA D DO UB TS ABOUT ETHIOPIA TRIP CALGARY (CP) Don Wederfort. the Calgary pilot being held captive by guerillas in Ethiopia, came close to losing his life in another brush with rebels there last year, his business partner said Friday John Pridie. vice-president of Canwest Aviation Ltd. of Calgary, said his partner had been a passenger on a plane that was hijacked and blown up on its arrival at Addis Ababa "Don had just got off the plane when it was seized." Mr. Wederfort had had doubts about making his present trip to Ethiopia because of the political unrest there, Mr Pridie said in an interview But he decided to fulfil the contract given his company by Tenneco Oil Co. of Houston, Texas The job was to have been split between the two, each flying for a month on a rotating basis, he said. Mr Wederfort. the first man to go out. was celebrating his 28th birthday and looking forward to returning to his bride of three months when he was captured Tuesday with four other men after the helicopter he was flying was forced down by bad weather "I was to have left at the beginning of next week and Don should have been back in the middle of April." said Mr. Pridie "As far as I can gather, the location of the guerillas and their hostages is known "But we don't expect to hear anything this week. Negotiations are going very, very, slowly iKLF) burned the helicopter and hustled off the five men with armv patrols in pursuit Kdward Burchall, the chief nl Tenneco Oil Co operations in Ethiopia, was in the Kntrean province capital of Asmara along with relatives- of some of the missing men Irving to arrange their release A military search for the men was called off to permit negotiations and, Burchall refused comment until they're freed Tenneco's Houston. Tex. headquarters identified three nl the men as Clifford M .lames. 27. of Wallacerton, Ont. and Powers W. Kajcs .Ir 36. of Plainview. Tex both Pauela. a U S consultant to Ethiopia's ministry of mines. Pauela's age and hometown were unknown Texaco in Houston said an- other of the men. J W Holers, was its employee but it could not supply his age1 or hometown Canwest Aviation Ltd of Calgary said its president. Don Wederfort, 28. was the pilot of the helicopter Wederfort, a native of Halifax, is married with no c hildren. James is the son of C.W. James of Walkerton