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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THB UTHBRlDGE HERALD - Friday, March 30, 1973 Higher gasoline prices Gasoline prices are going up. Perhaps not right away, but it is inevitable that in the next few years motorists will be paying double or triple the present price for their gasoline. U.S. experts say that within five years gas prices will be up between 30 and 50 per cent, and that their present average price of 37 cents a (U.S.) gallon will be somewhere between $1 and $1.25 in ten years or so. And what happens to U.S. prices - at least when they go up - doesn't take long to cross the border. Why the dramatic increase? It's largely the operation of normal market-place rules, particularly the one that says when there is increased, demand for a commodity, the price goes up. For the past several years there has been increasing demand for gasoline, and the demand is becoming more marked. Ten years ago there were 71 million cars on U.S. roads; last year there were 85 million, and record sales have been predicted for this year and next. Cars are getting less miles per gallon than they did, partly because of emission-control gadgetry. A 1967 Galaxie V-8 made about 14 miles to the (U.S.) gallon; the same model in 1972 was rated at 12, a drop of 14 per cent. While the number of cars has increased, and each one uses more gasoline, oil gets harder and more expensive to find. Ten years ago, in 1963, 43,700 wells were drilled in North America at an average cost of $55,000 per well; last year only 27,300 wells were drilled and the average cost was $95,000. And sooner or later, there won't be any more places to drill, at any price. A healthy chunk of the price increase will go into profits, without a doubt. The oil business is a high risk, high profit operation, and th� big companies haven't invested billions just to reap nickles and dimes. But it's not only profits. For many years consumers have been getting a pfetty good deal in oil products, especially gasoline. Gasoline prices have gone up about 20 per cent in the past 10 years, which is not much more than half the average price increase for consumer goods generally. But regardless of past prices or future profits - and . incidently whether the consumer likes it or not - the days of comparatively cheap gasoline are over, or soon will be. Poor health prospects The record says the coming year in South Vietnam is to be one of peace, the first in a long time. It has been calculated that during that year some 800,000 Vietnamese babies will be born. A further calculation indicates 240,000, or 30 per cent, of these babies will die before their sixth birthdays though less optimistic estimates predict 400,000, or 50 per cent, will not survive their first six years. Why is this so, now that the war is over and "peace with honor" has come to Vietnam? The answer is starkly, dreadfully simple: the measures that would ensure the babies' survival won't be taken. Three decades of war, under Western rules, have so distorted Vietnamese priorities, and diverted such a huge proportion of the country's resources to military purposes, that only $1 per person per year is available for health services of all kinds. It isn't enough. There aren't enough health workers. What few there are can't afford to spend all their time in hospitals, clinics and medical centres, because the pay those institutions can offer is so pitifully low. Many doctors have left the country, with France the favorite destination. Of the estimated 2,000 left in South Vietnam, 1,300 are in the armed services. Most of the others are in Saigon giving that city a ratio of one doctor to about 4,000 patients, one fourth the minimum standard set by the World Health Organization. In the rest of the country the ratio averages closer to one to 20,000, but as many doctors practice in the smaller cities and larger Itowns, in some districts there are only one or two doctors to serve - quite literally- hundreds of thousands of people. As if the situation were not bad enough, there has been a kind of "Vietnamization" in medical services, too. Not very long ago there were 2,500 or more foreign doctors and nurses serving in Vietnam, for the most part supported by external agencies. Now, nearly all of these have gone home, so the problems are left to the Vietnamese, who are considered by American observers to be 30 or 40 years behind the rest of the world in health services. Is there some hope? Sadly, not much. To achieve even the barest rninimum international standard, two projected developments must be undertaken, and both must be successful. One is a planned - or at least talked about - reduction in the national birthrate to one third its present level. The other is a six-fold increase in the number of graduates of South Vietnamese medical schools. The most optimistic speak of results "in a generation or two"; others, less sanguine, shrug and say "Well, you have to do something." ERIC NICOL Hoiv can they judge our filth? You won't find me lining up to see Last Tango in Paris. I may be there, but you won't find me. I know when to blend with the surroundings. Last Tango in Paris has not yet come to our town, but its publicity overshadows the new Canadian-made film, First Foxtrot in Chilliwack. First Foxtrot in Chilliwack has all the i�- ;redients of a must film - nudity, rape, pxratry, funnilinguus, oratorio, matriculation, and of course Chilliwack. Yet it has failed to receive the attention it deserves. The Canadian section of T;n>e magazine was to have reviewed it as a classic of perversion, but at the last moment gave the space to the new income tax forms. The Canadian producer-director-writer-actor for Foxtrot Lief Mapleson, has complained bitterly because no trial judge has ruled on whether the film's most daring scene - when the male lead makes love to a rebuilt Massey-Harris tractor - is essential to the story. "Canadians won't go to see a Canadian-made movie unless it's been banned in Rome," says Mapleson. "We invited the entire Italian judiciary to come to a free preview of our picture on Spadina Street. The only one that showed up was a court clerk who thought it was a documentary on moose hunting." Mapleson cites the apathy of foreign exhibitors as the prima reason for the financial failure of his Canadian films in his own country. "Nobody believes us when we tell them we've got a real dirty picture. They have this fixed idea of Canadians as unalterably wholesome. We circulated the media with copies of an affidavit swearing that Teetering on a tricky tightrope By Bruce Hutchison, Herald special commentator The central bankers of my acquaintance are all brilliant men but they have a common fault, a kind of occupational disease (or virtue) which is irritating to the layman. Their opinions in large affairs are always expressed in such quiet' understatement that only another central banker can hear them. No rose petal falling into the Grand Canyon of the Colorado makes less noise than the Bank of Canada's annual report falling into the nation's clamorous economic debate. G. K. Bouey, the able new bank governor, whom I don't know, evidently is given to the almost foreign language of his craft. Accordingly, his first re- port drops an ugly blossom that few Canadians will notice. But he must know that it carries an invisible load of explosives for later detonation. "In Canada, as in other 'countries," he says, "there is already a certain amount of built-in inflation and this will not be easy to reduce, even over a considerable period of time. It would be unfortunate indeed if instead the underlying rate of inflation were to be ratcheted up yet another notch." Understatement can go no further. What is Mr. Bouey actually trying to tell us in his discreet whisper as our house bums down and we watch helplessly from the other side of  the street? Much more than we are likely to grasp amid the roar of the flames'. Much more than we are likely to understand while the Ottawa fire department assures us that the conflagration is natural, inevitable, nothing to worry about. Anyhow, our loss is covered by a public insurance policy of tax cuts, Increased old age pensions and the rest. Mr. Bouey knows, to begin with, that inflation has been built deliberately Into the policies of the state. He ought to know since his predecessors, on the instructions of government, have been inflating the money system for the last decade or longer. If the policies of the state were the only cause of. inflation we could change them by changing the government, but the process is wider and deeper than that, as deep as the Grand Canyon. Inflation has been built into the whole economic system, into the lifeways of our modern society, into the habits of every household, into the mind of every citizen. So long as the politicians tell us that we can get everything we please from the state and that someone else will pay for it; so long as we demand from our economy more than it is yet producing; so long,, in fact, as we suppose that the world owes Canada a living standard far after viewing Foxtrot eighty per cent of the audience threw up. The critics credited the popcorn machine." Another thing that makes it hard for the Canadian Foxtrot to compete with Last Tango is that Tango has Marlon Brando engaging in various acts of sex. Everybody wants to see how the Godfather looks without his hat. Canada has no actors of comparable stature. It is commonplace that Canadians do not respect a performer who appears starkless in Canada unless he has cut the mustard nude in the States. "In Foxtrot I appear in explicit scenes fifteen times," says Mapleson. "At the preview nobody even noticed that I was naked -including my mother." Finally, the Canadian film-maker lacks the exotic background of the sex movie made in Paris or London or New York. Thousands of Canadians will be going to see Last Tango in Paris in hopes of seeing Brando relieve his tension on the Eiffel Tower. Committed in Halifax or Calgary the same act is merely disgusting. Plainly, like the policeman's, the Canadian film producer's lot is not a happy one. If, indeed, he has a lot, which he usu-aly hasn't. Until Canadians come to rely on their own judgment regarding what is truly worthwhile in the way of pornography, the cinematic art in this country is doomed to oblivion. Our rape scenes will never get off the ground. We'll be known as Swedes that didn't have it in the clutch. It's high time we started going to movies because a Canadian judge has said it is filth. Dammit, let's have the courage of our convictions! Improving police-community relations By Warren Caragata, Herald staff writer The recently-held police-community relations seminar was a dismal failure - at least if one accepts the proposition that its purpose was to build bridges between the community and the police. To build a bridge-it is usually a good idea to have some knowledge of what is on the other side. The seminar, attended only by policemen and law enforcement students at the Leth-bridge Community College brought in an American professor of police science who told those assembled that police are not equipped to deal with their expanding role in society. Letters to the editor What is real pollution? Air pollution authorities in Alberta and elsewhere in Canada distinguish, between nuisance and real pollution;.this is not entirely correct. Those who categorize some pollution as nuisances are not attempting t- solve these problems but render them unimportant and put them beyond public attention. To better understand the situation nuisance and real pollution should be explained. Nuisance pollution is defined as an annoyance, not detrimental to man or creature. Real pollution is considered potentially harmful, causing environmental damage. Consequently, low noise levels and some disagreeable odors are at present considered nuisance pollution. Basically this is incorrect. There is not a clear dividing line between the two forms of pollution. Nuisance pollution is an extension and element of real pollution. Use noise levels as an example. Currently a certain decibel level classifies noise as being either nuisance or real pollution. Levels over a stipulated decibel point (that which causes ear damage within a certain distance) is real pollution. But what of the less obvious sounds? Normally the noise in a suburban environment, especially in the evening when trying to sleep, would not be harmful but an annoyance. During this time the mind registers the sounds distinctly (as it does subconsciously during the day). If sounds are registering as a nuisance then the mind is agitated whether or not conscious of it and cannot function to its ra-itonal potential because of the extraneous noises; neurosis is the consequence. There must be many such noises that subconsciously initiate shock, depression or mental disorder in both man and animal and therefore constitute real pollution. In the future, regulations and policies pertaining to air pollution must account for these dis-crepencies. There is an existing and substantial danger in ignoring and disregarding nuisance pollution as insignificant. L. D. COOPER Lethbridge Cut administration costs I estimate the taxpayers of Southern Alberta could save some $200,000 in trustee's fees in the 18 school authorities (school divisions and counties) if they could be amalgamated into one unit such as SASAA has succeeded in doing. The saving in dollars could be used to hire some badly needed guidance councillors to cut down on the number of dropouts. It cost the Willow Creek School Division $14,176 for administration and fees for attending conventions and meetings. If seven trustees can look after the needs of all the students in a city the size of Calgary-why does it take over a hundred to look after a much smaller number of students in the rural area? The province of New Brunswick made great reductions in the number of school authorities a few years ago and found it resulted in better administration and substantial savings. P. C. ANDERSON Claresholm Dr. Keith Henderson also told them that restrictions on police power to deal with crime are a good thing, given that police misconduct is difficult to control. Most of the officers reacted very negatively to these comments - with Police Chief Ralph Michelson saying that everyone blames the police, when in fact the society has taken away "their meagre tools" of enforcement. Instead of seriously dealing with the criticisms which Dr. Henderson, who is a former Los Angeles policeman, made, and looking at their role and trying to understand why many people don't like police officers, those present reacted by, in effect, saying "we're OK, but no one understands usi" One way the situation could have been corrected was to have invited people from the community, buj not businessmen and chamber of commerce types - after all, whoever  heard of a chamber of commerce president call police "pigs?" However, there are groups in society whose relationships with the police are pretty poor. If some people from theslj*( groups - students, Indians, labor, welfare mothers, etc. - could have met with the police, and at least discussed their differences, which m many cases are profound, some development in police-community relationships could have taken place. Not that within three days everyone could have gone away arms entwined, singing and dancing together - the problems are a little deeper than that - but at least the police could have reached some kind of understanding as to why people don't like them. If changes are to be made, it will probably have to be the police who make them. For it's safe to say that some policemen are hopelessly out of touch will) the things that are going on. And many of them aren't even aware of the reasons for social breakdown. Conservatism (small V) may be all right, but to hope that resisting change will return us all to the "blissful days" of the 50s is as ludicrous as a man believing that by standing in the middle of a raging stream and waving his arms, the flood can be stopped. Up-grading the level of police education, and having cour- ses taught by civilian Instructors, will do much to increase the understanding of police officers. But more important, wide-ranging contact, in an unofficial capacity, with those people who pose the greatest problem for the police, is the best way to re-establish feelings of mutual support and respect. If policemen can start to understand the social basis for crime and political discontent, some beginning towards better police-community relationships can begin. BERRY'S WORLD higher than its own and higher, too, than we are prepared to earn by hard work-, we shall continue to build inflation into the system. The process does not stop even there. So long as the public is encouraged to believe that it can enjoy more and more goods whether they are available or desirable or not; so long as the average man is convinced that he could have anything if it were not for the stupidity of the politicians and the conspiracy of the central bankers; so long as be is persuaded to consume without limit and to demand anything in sight whether he needs it or not, then he will demand ever-increasing wages to buy what he wants, the ever-increasing production costs will be handed on to the consumer and prices will continue- to rise. Thus built into society, into the nation's very blood stream,, inflation is not only predictable but automatic. AH this, says Mr. Bouey, is "indeed unfortunate," and having dropped his tiny petal into the canyon he goes about the business of printing more money to pay the government's bills because his bank is the servant of the state., Though we may not hear the falling petal, we can observe, with a little imagination, something else, more interesting, as it moves across the void. Our society is like a man astride a bicycle on a tight rope. He thinks that he must always keep moving forward or he will fall off. That he might reverse course and move backward now and then as conditions change does not occur to him. So the inflationary process rolls on at accelerating speed and carries us all with it. Some of the bicycle riders, the old, the weak and the poor, have fallen off already, but most of us are still pedalling furiously to reach the opposite side of the canyon where, we are told, peace, comfort and wealth unlimited await us at last after our perilous journey. That is what many politicians, businessmen and labor leaders tell us. Mr. Bouey, however, does not seem to be much impressed. Perhaps he fears that everybody may fall off, under an excessive burden, before we reach the far side. Perhaps he remembers the great fall-off of the 1930s when inflation overbalanced the world economy and many riders got hurt. Nowadays, to be sure, the state has stretched life nets of skilled economic management and a vast apparatus of social security beneath the tight-rope to prevent or at least to cushion a fall. But no one knows how this apparatus would work under test since things are not working too well even in times of high prosperity. Mr. Bouey evidently hopes that the test can be avoided if the riders don't overload themselves with still more built-in inflation. Otherwise, he says, the final accident might be "unfortunate." Quite so, but meanwhile, unfortunately, his whisper is inaudible, his blossom in. visible, to most of the passengers in the dark canyon. c 1973 by NEA, Inc. mHvtft mrtrythmg to th ecology gome?* The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1906 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Claw Mall Registration No. 0012 Member �t Thr Canadian Preee and the Canadian Dally Newepapar �wian crai ai� ?ne Canadian Daily AiMclatlon and tha Audit Bureau of Circulation* CLBO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY J�"�9lnfl E