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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXVI - No. 93 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, MARCH 30, 1973 PRICE: TEN CENTS TWO SECTIONS - 28 PAGES No provincial prices probe By GREG McINTYRE Herald Legislature Bureau EDMONTON - The provincial government doesn't want to get into the battle over food prices shaping up between producers, middlemen, consumers and government, Premier Peter Lougheed told the legislature Thursday. An opposition MLA declared prices as so high Albertans are eating dog and horse meat. Federal and Intergovernmental Affairs Minister Don Getty said there may be some report to the legislature about provincial govrenment involvemeni in food pricing charges against Canada Safeway Ltd. Replying to NDP leader Grant Notley, Mr. Getty said officials in his department and the attorney-general's department have been in communication with the federal government about charges against the food company. Premier Lougheed said there will be no provincial food prices inquiry because it would only duplicate an inquiry currently being conducted by a House of Commons committee. However, the new Alberta consumer affairs department is planning "some preliminary meetings with some manufacturing groups" and the minister, Bob Dowling, promised a report by the fall. Mr. Notley charged that the farmer's share of the consumer food dollar is lower than it was a few years ago and "the consumer is paying too much for frills, for advertising and for excess store space." BUCKWELL DEMANDS EXPLANATION Leighton Bucfcwell (SC-Macleod) demanded an explanation for hog producers concerned about the "drastic" drop in hog prices in the last week. Agriculture Minister Hugh Horner said hog prices are determined North America-wide and United States hog producers have deliberately withheld hogs from sale to force up prices in retaliation against "consumer resistance to the prices that were being charged-" Hog prices should stabilize slightly above~current levels, he said. He blasted Americans and Canadians for looking at the problems of high meat prices instead of looking into what can be done about it. Socred Gordon Taylor opened the debacle by suggesting the province inspect dog and horse meat - the diet low income Albertas have been forced to eat because of high prices for regular meat. Mr. Taylor asked if the farmers are getting a large part of higher prices. Dr. Horner suggested Mr. Taylor read a provincial government submission to the federal food prices committee - "because we've gone over that in some detail" adding the Alberta brief was the best received by the federal committee. The Alberta brief argued against price controls and said Albertans pay a smaller portion of their income now for food than they did 10 years ago. Proposed theatre An 80-foot high cylindrical fly-loft highlights on art-tist's rendering of a proposed theatre-auditorium complex at the University of Lethbridge. Government approval is sought to build the $1,255,000 complex which would provide a seating capacity of 350-400 people. President Dr. W. E. Beckel says the multi-purpose theatre is necessary if the university is to continue to offer a viable program in the areas of the arts and education: See story Page 15. Scrap heats up over Suffield Herald Legislature Bureau EDMONTON - A federal-provincial scrap is heating up over the claim that British army maneuvers at Suffield range near Medicine Hat are turning the area into a dust bowl. Alberta Environment Minister Bill Yurko said Thursday he has asked for federal government permission to send a provincial soil expert into the area. The disputes started recently when a provincial government-commissioned report said army training at Suffield is in conflict with the ecology and future natural gas development. The report by a research team headed by J. K. Gray of Calgary claimed tank training - conducted spring through Gov't plans new rules for divorce OTTAWA (CP) - Justice Minister Otto Lang said today he plans new rules to remove inequalities between rich and poor people seeking divorces. He didn't elaborate, but told Commons justice committee members that lack of money shouldn't bar poorer people from obtaining divorces. Mr. Lang said he didn't like to see divorce rates increase because of the ensuing damage to the family unit. However, divorces should be equally obtainable by all persons needing them. fall on a 10-year agreement between the British and Canadian governments - is "seriously damaging the terrain." The Suffield reserve is owned by the federal government for use by the department of defence. THEORY KNOCKED The provincial report said "a possible consequence after several years of recurring damage could be the occurrence of extensive areas of shifting and exposed land barren of vegetation - a dust bowl." The "dust bowl" theory was knocked on the head by Ward Stevens, an Edmonton-based Canadian Wildlife Service official employed by the federal government as a liaison officer between the federal departments of environment and defence. In a newspaper story. Dr. Stevens said the provincial report claim that the normal regenerative processes of land at Suffield are being damaged is a "gross exaggeration." Questioned about Dr. Steven's statement, but that he is looking wasn't aware of Dr. Steven's qualifications to make such a statement, but that he is looking further into the issue of ecological damage at Suffield. Mr. Yurko said he has asked Defence Minister James Richardson for permission for a provincial expert in "land restoration and land mangement'" to inspect Suffield soil. Until studies are complete, Mr. Yurko declined further comment. The provincial government has announced it will spend $2.5 million to prove natural gas reserves at Suffield. on program gets shot in arm Schmidt seeks seat . Herald Legislature Bureau EDMONTON - The new Social Credit party leader broke weeks of speculation today by announcing he will seek the Calgary Foothills seat' left vacant by the Feb. 25 death of Telephones Minister Len Werry. At a morning, news confer-' ence at the legislature, Werner Schmidt, 41, announced his decision to the press and the Social Credit caucus. ^ Socreds immediately expressed support for their leader elected in February to succeed Harry Strom and said the Calgary contest will be a full-fledged battle. Mr. Schmidt is expected to get the Socred nomination for the seat although he declined to admit that strong pressure within caucus had caused him to take the plunge. Premier Lougheed must call a byelection for the vacant Calvary seat within six months of Feb. 25. There are already four Conservative hopefuls and Liberal leader Bob Russell declared ready for the fight. Cahill held after arms seizure DUBLIN (Reuter) -Joe Cahill, former Belfast commander of the Irish Republican Army, and two other men were remanded in custody for a week today on arms charges. Cahill, who fled Belfast two years ago as one of Northern Ireland's most wanted men, was one of six men detained Thursday after the seizure of five tons of arms from a Cy-priot coaster. The other three who appeared before a special criminal court were released on bail. SEIZED ON SHIP Cahill and two others held in custody were seized aboard the 298 - ton coaster Claudia after it was intercepted by Irish naval vessels off the southern coast. The arms seizure was the largest yet in the Irish republic of weapons presumably destined for the guerrilla IRA. In London, Parliament gave overwhelming approval - by 329 votes to five - to the British government's new plan for Northern Ireland, under which elections for a, semi  autonomous assembly will be held at the end of June. GRIM STORY OF TORTURE UNFOLDS U.S. war prisoners break silence NEW YORK (AP) - The hours of lonely darkness in Hanoi; hours with only memory for company; hows that stretched into days, into weeks, into a timeless blur. The beatings that ended in unconsciousness. Or capltula-iton. Or death. This is the story the prisoners of war are now telling at news conferences and interviews about what it was like as captives of the North Vietnamese or the Viet Cong. Until now, they had kept silent lest they jeopardize men still held prisoner. The last of the 687 PoWs originally scheduled to be released arrived at Clark Air Base in the Philippines Thursday morning. One man told of letting maggots eat away dead flesh to clean out his festering wounds; another told of a torture called "the strap" that paralysed the nerves; a third said he was kept "like an animal in a cage." STATEMENTS SOUGHT The former captives said prisoners were beaten, drugged, starved or tortured-sometimes fatally-by Communists who sought information or anti-war statements. Many of the men finally broke, but they tried to provide as little information as possible beyond the regulation name, rank and serial number. The men maintained their own military-style organization within prison camps; they kept in touch with each other by elaborately devised codes; newly-arrived PoWs passed on whatever information about the war and their fellow servicemen that they could. None of the prisoners spoke of resentment or reprisals against PoWs who are reported to have co-operated with the North Vietnamese. The first man off the plane that brought the first batch of prisoners to Clark on Feb. 12 was navy Capt. Jeremiah A. Denton of Virginia Beach, Va., captured July 18, 1965. He told a news conference at Elon College, N.C., that he was tortured at least 10 times, kept in solitary confinement for four years. Describing one occasion, he said: "For three days, I had no food or water . . . seated on a stool . . . handcuffed. With the help of God, I felt no hunger or thirst." SUFFERED BURNS Air force Capt. Joseph Milli-gan of Annadale, N.J., said that when Jus plane was shot down on May 20, 1967, he suffered severe burns. The only treatment he received, Milligan said, was a twice-weekly swabbing with hot water. Discussing his wounds, he added: "They were draining quite badly, they were full of puss, they smelled rotten. One day I noticed some flies flying around my arms. I allowed them to land and lay eggs on my wounds. When the maggots hatched, they ate the dead flesh." "One of the worst parts was the mental anguish of not knowing if you were going to be the next man called outside to be tortured," recalled air force Capt. Larry Chesley of Burley, Idaho. Chesley, captured April 16, 1966, said torture took several forms. "One was what we called 'the ropes' where they tied your arms behind your back and cut off circulation in your arms," Chesley said. Navy Capt. James A. Mulligan Jr., captured March 20, 1966, said at a news conference in Portsmouth, Va., that 95 per cent of the prisoners were tortured and 80 per cent gave in. Nixon clamps lid on meat prices EDMONTON - The long drought ended Thursday with announcements In Edmonton and Ottawa of major expenditures to launch a $90 million irrigation rehabilitation program for Southern Alberta. Federal Regional Economical Expansion Minister Don Jamieson pledged $28.2 million over the next five years. Alberta Environment Minister Bill Yurko told The Herald the province will put up about $40 million over-- the next 10 years. Negotiations will follow on a continuing basis between the province and the irrigation districts for the remaining expenditures, Mr. Yurko said. Mr. Yurko read to the' legislature a statement by Mr. Jamieson committing the federal government to roughly one-third the cost of. the rehabilitation. The effect of the Ottawa announcement is to turn federal ownership in irrigation over to the province. REACTION FAVORABLE Opposition reaction in the legislature was generally favorable, although concern was expressed for one irrigation district which has enjoyed special water rates from the federal government. Ray Speaker (SC - Little Bow) charged that farmers in the Bow River east irrigation area - centred north of Vaux-hall - stand to lose the low water rates they have enjoyed. Mr. Speaker charged that the agreement contained no mention that farmers will be any better off than they were in the past. Mr. Yurko, in an interview, replied that it was "ridiculous" to ask that the government ensure farmers that they not lose anything. The environment minister said costs everywhere are rising all the time. The provincial government aim is to get all irrigation districts on an equal financial footing and work out a formula where farmers pay the "true cost" of water. However, he said "We will make every effort to provide water at the least possible cost." The province will provide $3.5 million to $4 million per year for the next 10 years, he said. The federal statement pledged $20.0 million for the renovation of major and secondary irrigation works and $6.2 million in a cash grant to Alberta to accept responsibility for the administration, operation and rehabilitation of the Bow River project and the St. Mary irrigation headworks - currently owned by Ottawa. The federal Prairie Farm Rehabilitation A d m i n i s tration (PFRA) will be responsible for reconstruction of the Bassano dam, the Carseland weir, the Brooks aqueduct and the Bow River headworks in the western irrigation district. These four major capital projects are to be done during the next five years. The $6.2 million cash grant includes $2 million for the renovation of structures on the Bow River west and the St. Mary headworks projects. The Bow River project was purchased by Canada in 1950 from the Canada Land and Irrigation Company. It serves about 400 farmers, 100 of whom were settled on irrigated farms developed by PFRA in the Hays area. The St. Mary irrigation head-works consists of major storage and supply works which include the St. Mary dam, Belly River diversion and the Waterton dam. T h u r s day's announcement has been welcomed with open arms by Southern Alberta. Jake Thiessen of Lethbridge, manager for the St. Mary Irrigation District, largest irrigation project in the province, says it means "the districts have finally got it made." WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon has imposed a ceiling on supermarket and wholesale meat prices, effective now, while he seeks a permanent cure to soaring food costs. Spurred by housewife un-happiness and meat-counter boycotts, the president told the United States Thursday night he is in effect freezing beef, pork and lamb prices at about their current levelS. Disclosure of the meat-price ceiling was tucked into a televised address hailing the end of U.S. involvement in Vietnam and sternly warning Hanoi to quit violating the peace agreement. Members of Congress generally supported Nixon's economic move. But some Democrats raised a cry of "too little, too late" and said they will continue to push for a freeze on all prices. And leaders of a nationwide consumers' boycott said they intend to carry out their plans despite the presidential action. "This is= not enough," said June Donovan of Los Angeles, one of the planners of the week-long boycott of meat and poultry scheduled to begin on Sundy. "We boycott." Administration officials say these are the major points of the meat-price ceiling and related Nixon actions: -Effective at 9 p.m. EST Thursday, meat retailers, wholesalers and processors cannot charge more than a figure computed on the basis of sales fOB Bartlett, due to fly to Holland Sunday getting a little green about the gills, listening to Jim Gough give a blow-by-blow description of his trip on Flight 141 that lost an engine out of Toronto . . . Dr. Gordon Campbell saying the high cost of meat has made steak a rarity in his house. Inside 'Any word from Sharp yet?' Classified ........ 24-28 Comics ............ 22 Comment ............ 4 District .................. 3 Family ............18, 19 Joan Waterfield........11 Local News ........ 15, 16 Markets ............... 23 Sports ............ 12, 13 Theatres..............11 Travel ................ 17 TV.............'. ... 5-8,10 Weather..............2 Workshop ............. 8 LOW TONIGHT 30-35. HIGH SATURDAY NEAR 50; EVENING SHOWERS ;