Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 30, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LE1HBR1DGE HERAID Thursday, Match 30, 1972 t km ft Old-man River's health Polluted water is a sjioiler. It's in- sidious, costly iind a scar on t h e environment. It is good therefore, to receive Ihe report 1'roin Alberta's pollution con- Irol director that the health of the Oklniait Hivei1 improved radically rliiriiij; thp past winter. If the patient of the past 2v or more years had been followed, tiie health of the Oldman River could have beeu at its lowest point lust winter because of the prolonged cokl spell. The installation of secondary iige treatment facilities by the city of Lethbridge and a general cleanup major industries in the south have ViO doubt been directly responsible for the improved health condition. The minimum safe level for dis- solved oxygen content in the river is live parts per million. It has dropped as low as 2.5 parts per million in recent years. The past winter the dissolved oxygen level did not drop below 7.5 parts per million. With minimum st.'.ndards set and the water quality in or.e of the main supply sources in the south much im- proved, it would be relatively simple now to sit back contentedly and say that otir water pollution control job is complete. The job. in fact, is just beginning and will be a continuing one. must strive to keep abreast of de- veloping anti-pollution technology and there must be continuing enforce- ment of the standards that have been sel. This will take a lot of doing. The federal government and the prov- inces can enact legislation against pollution. They can assist with the provision of funds for more effective pollution control. it's up to the individual communi- ties to tiiake it work. Good -neighbors Much praise lias deservedly been showered on various groups of peo- plo in Lethbridge who helped citizen-; cope with the big snowstorm last v. eei-cend and prevented the from b e c o in i n a completely paralyzed. Shortchanged in the plaudits depart- ment have been the good neighbors in the centres along the highways v. ho supplied the needs for numerous stranded motorists. The stories which are now being told about the rescue operations per- formed by individuals and communi- ties is heart-warming. Unwary tra- vellers who got caught by the storm were taken into homes, after hotel accommodation was exhausted, and accorded fine hospitality for the dura- tion of the storm. In some communi- ties there was even a well organ- ized reception and referral service in operation. Although this sort of thing is not unusual in a region famed for its Western hospitality, it should not be simply taken for granted and allowed to go unnoticed. The Herald, then, salutes all those good neighbors in southern Alberta who added a bright touch to an otherwise dismal week- end. 17.5. breaks sanctions Sanctions against trade with Rhod- esia are still in effect in the inter- national community. They are not likely to be officially revoked in the near future since it is anticipated that the Pearce Commission will re- port to Britain's Prime Aiinister Ed- ward Heath that the projected settle- ment with Rhodesia is unacceptable to the black majority in that country. Some countries have secretly vio- lated the sanctions but until recently only Portugal and South Africa have openly flouted the United Nations Security Council. Now the United States has joined the two pariahs by importing chrome. The astonishing thing about this situation is that the U.S. does not need the chrome. So great is the excess of this material in the U.S. that the administration has sought legis- lation to dispose of 1.2 million tons. Appropriate e m b arrassment is being felt by some senators who rec- ognize that they were stampeded into an indefensible position. An amend- ment put by Senator Harry Byrd was passed last fall which in effect or- dered the president to lift the ban on Rhodesian chrome and other "stra- tegic'' materials so long as these were also imported from the Soviet Union. It is now felt that the mood of piquancy following the UN ousting of Taiwan was responsible for the lapse in good sense. Probably not much can be done to correct this glaring error. Mr. Nixon can only hope that the rest of the international community especial- ly the black African bloc will rec- ognize how it came about and make allowances. J M F SHBOURNE Emergency services rPHIS is how one observer, a relative stranger to southern Alberta, saw the events of the past weekend. A Friday weather forecast promised in- termittent snow and rain showers for most of the weekend. As far as can be ascer- tained, no one paid any attention. There was little reason why they should. About mid-morning Saturday it started lo snow not by any means intermit- tently, ft didn't stop. By mid-aflernoon roads were becoming difficult and visibility was poor. A weather warning was posted. As far as can be ascertained, no one paid any attention. A stranger might have won- dered about that. By late afternoon, traffic tie-ups were de- veloping, particularly on hills. The road up from the river valley was blocked, cleared, blocked again. By supper time, it was tak- ing some cars up lo two hours to traverse the last mile into town. Afler thai, many cars simply didn't make it. The police and Ihe state of the roads stopped all traffic into or out of town. Now people were paying attention. At 6 p.m. or thereabouts, the Lelhbridge Emergency Measures Organization, under the direction of its co-ordinator Mdcrman Steve Kotch, went into action. Setting up headquarters in Nfr. Kotch's business premises, the Northern Bus Lines garage, and with facilities supplied by Ihe two local radio stations CJOC and CHEC, the Fmoolhly took over direction of essential :ransporiation, communication and other services. P.y committing all the transport operated by Northern Bus Lines, a dozen 4-wheel drive vehicles supplied and driven b y members of the Koulee Kruiscrs Klub, and judiciously authorized use of snowmobiles for particular emergencies, hospital and other essential staffs were changed, pa- tients got to hospitals, doclors got to pa- tients, and a hundred crilical situations re- quiring transport were efficiently dealt with. The communications facilities of the ra- dio stations, a few radio-equipped vehicles and an astonishingly few official telephones reported the problems, directing needed as- sistance and keeping things coordinated. Beyond that, they must have contributed immeasurably to the peace of mind of hun- dreds of southern Albcrtans, separated by the storm from loved ones, by tracking clown missing parents and children, check- ing on isolated relatives and friends, des- patching special messages, rounding up odrl but vital commodities, and handling a thousand details. And there was another corps of unsung heroes, the men, young and not so young, who look up their unglamorous shovels and dug out cars and people and whatever else needed digging out. It was heart warming, off and on throughout the evening and the next day, lo hear such messages as "Tell that lady on X street I'll be, along in a half hour to dig her or words lo that ef- fecl. And all of this organized by an emer- gency services organization I didn't even know existed. Nice going, CHEC and C.IOC and the rest, and especially you, Sieve. She knows my mind Doug VVnlkcr Ihe mail the olher flay there was something from Ihe University of Sas- katchewan Alumnae Association signed hy Young. It resulted in the following iXch.'mLfe, "You remember Wanda Youns, ilon't Klsnctli sanl. "No.'1 F replied. you drj c-ainc from Wa.v eca. "Do I remember that, I asked, impressed by Klspcth's apparent knowl- edge, of the hidden recesses my memory. Modernization: China's great problem UuiM IKIS fooled cverylKxiy The' return ii( KussLi's diu'f HLTOU- ;itor to Peking. 1 con id llyicliof, only a eciuple ol ;iftn- President Nixon's visit, shous thai the Chinese have Nvn able to play the Ktissums ou against the Americans. The widely her- alded war between Moscow and Peking is imt about to lake place. But (hci'e is .shapinp. here a dramatic internal dash iluu cannot be avoided so easily. 11 has to do with rieulture. and it cngajios the basic life style of Ilie anc! its leadership omUwk for years to come. The starling point is the ctior- nious progress already made in af.iiciilture. here during Ihe past decades, Hurety, if ever, has there been such a shoring uji of rivers, such a digging of cmuils and irrigation ditches, such a terracing of fields and reforestation of arid plains. Thanks to these public works, the ape old problem of famine is now licked in this country. China can Iced herself. Hui progress breeds pressure for more p r o g r c s s. Despite some birlh control measures, inchtdim: a surprisingly effec- tive plea by Mao Tse-fung foi- ble marriages, the population keeps on growing. Onlput of food and fiber has to grow apace, the more so as millions of Chinese now want io enjoy the fruits; of their labors. But progress c a 11 n o t be achieved simply by more appli- cation of Hie old methods. The quick and easy gains in farm output made through jmb 1 i c works arc about at an end. Neither does there seem Io be much of a future in Chairman Mao's idea of sending city peo- ple (o the countryside to in- crease production The peasants f have talked to make it pretty clear that as farmers the city people are great city people. With these openings closed off. the obvious way to keep up growth in agriculture is Io fol- low the example of the rest of the world. This is Io use fertil- iser and tractors on a big scale (o increase production, while also building roads and mak- ing vehicles available for mov- ing the stuff. As Chen Yung- kuci, the leader of the model village of Tachai, put it in a chat the other day: "The only way out is Io mechanize agri- culture.'1 But Chinese industry is not now in good position (o meet these needs. Production of chemical fertilizer seems parli- cularly backward. A plant i' visited in Nankin" is still using "WHAT Installed in llic 1930s. Instructions to peasrmls onjptia- tlie List' o[ cornstalks or manure nillmr than synthetic fertilizers. As tu truclors and trucks, llie output depends heavily on steel production. Chinese production Is now very low 21 million tons annually, or iibuut 15 per cent of wlint (ho United States turns out. And much of the ex- isting Chinese plant, set up in the countryside during the Great Leap Forward period after 1333, seems to be highly uneconomic1. possibilities do ex- ist for nipid expansion of the industrial base for agriculture in China. This country could en- ter the world murket in a big ami acquire through trade even more on know how, capital and equip- ment necessary for mechaniza- tion of the countryside, Equal- ly, China could now put deci- sive emphasis on investment in heavy industry, notably in steel and oil, after the fashion of the United States, Knrope, Japan and the Soviet Union. The rub there is the Chinese life style. The ethic of modern China is the ethic of peasant masses. It features the country over the city, work with the hanils over work with the head, the simple over the complex, the native over the foreign. China is about as active in world trade as Mexico. It is still trying to build factories in the countryside. Production of. cash crops, as distinct from basic necessities, is stigmatized us "revisionists." Credit is re- as the instrument of the devil, and serious men have boasted to me ttiat China has no internal or external debt, as if that self imposed piece of hobbling ere a great achievement. Behind this peasant ethic stands the giant figure of Mao Tse Eung. Support from the countryside brought Mao to the top of the Chinese Communist party. Peasant armies enabled him to take over the country. His historic achievement, as leader and thinker, has been to understand how peas ant masses could he recruited for communism. He is the supreme agrarian radical of world his- tory. That is why there is now shap- ing up in China a central clash between the country's needs and its leadership, The absol- ute requirement of modernizing agriculture can be achieved only after long and chancy tra- vail. For it involves probably the hardest thing in the transition from an heroic leadership to a set of new men. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Tim Tntynor Report on moving oil from Alaska North Slope Everyone concerned with the Alas- ka oil question now has a very visible point of reference. It is Ihe just released U.S. govern- ment report on the movement of oil from the Alaska North Slope to major United States mar- kets. Before the U.S. government could put its weight squarely behind the proposed Trans-Alas- ka Pipeline System it was obliged to give an ex- 1 tensive account o[ what such a line would mean in terms of en- vironmental disruption. This re- quirement of U.S. law has been complied with and then some. What cannot be emphasized too strongly is Ihe blanket as- pect of the report. In addition Io the TAPS project, the report examines alternatives, includ- ing various proposals for pipe- lines carrying Alaskan oil (and naturat gas! across Canada In ttie U.S. Midwest fas opposed to moving it to southern Alaska through the TAPS, ami thence down the Pacific coast by su- Rut the not stop with consideration of the environmental aspects of the various alternatives. There is also detailed study of econo- mic and other factors which form part of the background to the broad Alaskan oil question. What the government has had to take into account is that it will be treading on unknown ground in any hid for llic re- moval of Ihe obstacles which the courts have placed in the way of TAPS, and which have delayed construction of the pipeline for several yenr.s. The secretary of the interior the official directly involved has presumably sought Io buttress his position for making sucii a bid by marshalling and other arguments in favor of TAPS as a supplement to thn narrower rnvironmcnlal study dictated by law. (The interior department was obliged Io extend examina- tion of the environmental as- pects of alternatives Io TAPS, especially Canadian pipelines, as the consequence of nccnl court decisions. As the report makes clear, the more compar- isons of TAPS and the Cana- dian line are pursued, the less clear it is that TAPS is the most desirable environmental- ly. From the evidence assembled in the. massive environmental study, and from its outright conclusion that a Canadian lino be in some respects pre- ferable, environment a 1 i s t groups will be able to mount a strong resistance to any gov- ernment effort to win court clearance for the project. Thus the government rmiy well have to look (o the economic and other studies as the mainstay of a case for going ahead with ft would be rash to make any prediction as to (he impact of the economic and other studies, but an observer and particu- larly a Canadian cannot but be struck by Ihe contents of tije.se reports, particularly the detailed analysis. In its appar- ent effort Io build up its case for TAPS, the government has laid bare a wealth of material v.hich could be used lo argue for a Canadian oil pipeline system. To oversimplify, the argue that TAPS would inject oil into Iho U.S. market, spe- cifically the U.S. west coast, three or more years earlier than would be possible with any alternative transportation sys- tem. The official who oversees the highly rcslriclive U.S. oil im- port program makes Ihe con- tention that it is important lo have Alaskan oil flowing into the U.S. west coast. He main- tains this is required in order lo protect national security, which translates into the avoid- ance of increased west coast nil imports from what are con- sidered unstable countries (es- pecially those of Ihe Middle Against this, however, is a highly illuminating discussion of Die economic and security as- pccls of a Canadian oil pipeline .system, particularly one mov- ing from Alaska to Edmonton along (he River and (hen splitting, with one arm go- ing from Edmonton to Seattle, and the other from Edmonton to Chicago. The report finds this would be as economic as the TAPS system, and Ihat the Midwest- ern U.S. market would be as well able to absorb the Alaskan oil as the U.S. west coast. The U.S. secretary of defence sub- mittcd thai a trans Canadian system would bo somewhat eas- ier to protect from warlime at- tack than would be supertank- ers off tiie west coast. The report goes considerably further than earlier U.S. gov- ernment publications in com- menting favorably on (he secur- ity aspects of oil importalion from or through Canada. Any suggestion that Canada would disrupt the operations of a trans Canada pipeline system for Alaskan oil or natural gas is strongly discounted. The report notes the earlier U.S. government posilion that western Canadian oil imports cannot considered lotally se- cure while eastern Canada re- mains dependent on rclalivelv insecure oil from the Middle and elsewhere. This has traditionally been the juslifica- tion for maintaining some quo- ta limitation on U.S. imports of Canadian oil, but the report points lo a changing situation. The suggestion is that, notwith- standing the Canadian cast coast factor, the U.S. is likely to allow Canadian oil to flow freely into the U.S. by In fact, a ccnlral premise of the whole report, including the argument for TAPS, is thai over the coming decade Canada will piovidc as much oil lo the Uni- ted Stales as she is able. (The report pays considerable atten- tion to (lie possibility of targe-- scale exploitation ol the Alba- lar-samls for the ITS. market. Hie siiggcslion is uiri'lo at one point thai, if Ihe Cana- dian government were to rn- courage exploitation of Ihe lar- sands, it would be possible to draw up to two million barrels a day from the sands by tho early Urns providing an alternative lo Ilie Alaskan oil. This is discounted in Hie re- port's conclusions, however) Looking nt Iho above, and other material in the report, an environmentalist would be able 10 form the following question: Is the avoidance of greater Mid- dle-Eastern imports to the U.S. west coast for a period of three or four years sufficient justifi- cation for incurring the envir- onmental costs of TAPS? K would be possible io argue Ihat it would be worth delay ing a few years for a Canadian system, presumably combining 011 and natural gas lines to the U.S. Midwest. Fighting against the idea of delay is the fact Ihat Ihe tank- ers associated with the TAPS route would Iw built in U.S. shipyards, and would be a Ixmn lo them anil lo the U.S. shipping imhistiy generally. This may be a large consider- ation wish Nixon, whose administration will tie considering whether to go idl out for TAPS bctv.'cen now and early May. A further consider- ation is the money Ihe oi! com- panies have invested in prepar- ation for TAPS. (There would appear to be a good possibility that Mr. Nixon and Mr, Trndeau will discuss the whole question during their forthcoming Ottawa A footnote: One reason Hie report airs factors favorable fo n trans Canada oil system is that it looks forward to the construction of such a line as a supplement lo TAPS. But, Ihe environmentalist is bound to ask: If (he line is desirable in the future, whv not as an alter- native to TAPS? Among other lliinp.s. the re- port is critical of analyses by of a trans Canada system which purport to show Ihat a system would have a severe adverse impact on the tf.S. balance of paymenls, and that its would be vastly pi-eater than TAPS. Oleralil Washington Looking backward Through The Herald The wide agitation over the official major league baseball of seems to have rcsiilled in a revulsion of feel- ing in favor of the .slandard all- rubber-cored ball, acul against the various cork-centre and composition-centre balls. Tail lights for liorse- drawn vehicles, what kind, how carried and oo what roads will he left over for next year's .ses- sion of iijc legislature to deal with. Organization of the District Implement. Cooperative Association was effected nt a meeting here S'.U- urday. The Implement co-oper- ative has more than members. naymond Comets, de- fending Alberta "A" boys high whool champions, walloped Red. Decr 7fl-35 in Deer 1 asl night. Tv.o Lelhbridffc mili- tia bands will fnkc part in the passing out parade Saturday for niemljers of the third course of the survival (raining program Hie lethbridge Herald Wl 7lh St. S., IxHhbridgc, Alberta LETIIJJKIDCJE HBKALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisher: Published -195-1, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN SeLOfd Reglsfralien Cvl2 c.r The Cflnatlian Press and' 1hf Gwnadian Publishers' and tfie Audit Bureau c' Circulations CLEO VV. MOWERS, Editor ar.d Pulilijficr THOMAS H. General DON POLLING WILL [AM HAY FdLfnr CAILES K. WALKER Manarjer fcdilorial Page Edilor "IHE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"