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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 30, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Joseph Kraft Civil War in Pakistan The outbreak of civil war in East Pakistan* was bound to come sooner or later. It has been developing ever since the country's partition from India in 1947. The central figure in the current hostilities is Sheik Mujibur Rahman a determined fighter for East Pakistan autonomy and leader of the Awa-mi People's League. A 1,000 mile tract of Hindu India divides West Pakistan from East Pakistan, two equal halves of the world's second largest Moslem country after Indonesia, with a total population of 120 million. West Pakistan is economically richer than the East which has a far larger population. But the East earns valuable foreign exchange for it produces about 80 per cent of the world's raw jute. But Sheik Mujib claims too much of the central government's funds are allocated to the West, and the East doesn't have enough representation in the government, or in the armed forces, particularly at the executive levels. Although Shiek Mujib is popular, his political problems are enormous because of the fragmentation in the population in both the East and West due to religious and language differences. West Pakistani President^ Yahya Khan, who seems to hbld the whip hand militarily and economically in Pakistan, considers Sheik Mujib to be an upstart determined only to gain autonomy for East Pakistan. According to conflicting reports from the area, Mujib started the civil war, and West Pakistan army quickly moved in and put it down, but not before thousands died. But radio reports from both areas give completely different interpretations on what is going on. One thing is certain, Sheik Mujib is likely to hold out against the central government's intention to have Khan declared governor of all Pakistan. So it looks as if there will be more bloodshed unless East Pakistan can be satisfied with a better deal economically than it is getting at present from the powerful central government. Consumers' complaint The national executive of the Consumers' Association of Canada has recently complained about the impending increases in service charges by the chartered banks. It will be interesting to see if the federal government will make any move to restrain the banks. � Increases of 27 per cent to 33 per cent are certainly dramatic in the face of the six per cent guideline the government was once urging upon the country in the fight against inflation. The amount the banks may realize as a result of the increases might not be great but the principle involved is important. Anyone who has even glanced at reports of the state of the banking business in recent times will know that it is not an aspect of the economy that is suffering. The profits reaped by the banks have been very impressive. And now the banks propose to inflate those profits further by imposing increased service charges. If the banking business can get away with the increases proposed, what is to stop other businesses as well as unions from seeking correspondingly high jumps? Following the precedent being set by the banks could set the country off into another inflation spiral. The unemployment situation now troubling the nation is bad enough but, as government spokesman repeatedly state, another period of inflation could be even more calamitous. Vague insurance program All across the country teacher's1 associations are protesting the federal government's recent announcement that it will include the teaching profession in its unemployment insurance scheme. This means that all school boards will have to pay into the unemployment insurance fund, while the teachers will have to fork over an assessed amount to make up the difference. The vast majority of teachers will never receive a cent for their contributions. In the first place, most of them have already purchased insurance against unemployment by acquiring skills which provide their security. In the second place, an unemployment crisis depriving substan- tial numbers of these people would pretty well clean out the fund. The unpleasant fact is that the revised unemployment insurance program as spelled out by its programmer Bryce Mackasey, is in reality not an insurance program at all. It's simply a new tax which will be imposed on everyone, except self-employed people, with the object of obtaining more revenue. Perhaps with all the unemployment and the growing welfare requirements this revenue might make it easier to distribute incomes further. But if that is the case, why not make it plain? Why call it an unemployment insurance program when in fact it's just a plain old tax? Progress at the flab lab By Margaret Luckhurst '"THE big thing about losing weight, even with all vigorous mechanical aids at the flab lab such as vibrators, rollers and dumbbells, is of course, watching the old diet. For example, the little pudgy who confided the other day that she just can't stand her Slimcal unless she laces it generously with chocolate ice cream, doesn't stand a chance of losing an ounce a year with that attitude. On the other hand, most of us take our weight reducing program seriously, and much as I hate it, I've been engaged in following a fairly rigid calorie-counting, day-to-day menu which I adhere to pretty carefully. And I figured as long as I was making the sacrifice, other members of the family would do well to follow my example. For one thing it's much easier cooking the same thing for everybody, and for another they're fat too. Our daughter was quite happy to go along with my meticulous calorie counting program, but Father put up a big argument. "What's this dab of gunk I've been offered as my evening meal," he groused recently. "That's dieters Seafood Delight - 150 calories," I explained. "It's got all kinds of yummy fish in it and it took hours to prepare, so eat." "It looks like sawdust, and it tastes like plaster. In fact I'd rather have plaster, swimming in roast beef gravy . . . And who says I'm on a diet anyway?" "I do. You're beginning to look like Santa Claus out of season." Why is it husbands can be so unreasonable about a perfectly reasonable subject like dieting? "My aren't we the witty one tonight," he replied sarcastically, "and what is this blob of jelly on a limp lettuce leaf?" "That's Slim Salad Supreme, no calories at all, and you know how nutritional salads are for you, it gives you all the necessary vitamins, or something!" "Listen, flip-libber, I've eaten so much lettuce in the past month my tongue is turning green, and if you ever try to give me poached egg on lettuce for breakfast again I'll feed it to the cat; and knowing his finicky appetite it wouldn't surprise me in the least if he tried to cover it up. And incidentally that's exactly what should be done with all this diet stuff." "Okay, get fat, get fat, and plug up all your arteries with cholesterol! You'll be sorry when we walk down the street and people say "what do you think that slim woman sees in that fat old man!" But that didn't impress him, he just went out to the kitchen and made a thick peanut butter sandwich with jelly while I drooled. However, when I step on the scale and do all those awful sit-ups and hip bounces, the visions of peanut butter and gravy fade into the distance. Because in the long, long run it's all worth it - I'm gaining on my weight losing. Up front again By Doug Walker TilTlS. Len Scheibner of Coaldale-a regular reader of these fillers, she tells me-would be disappointed if I didn't have something to say about where we sat in Southminster United Church when the congregations in the area met together. Elspeth and I sat very near to the front of where people were sitting, which as Mrs. Scheibner noted, is an unusual location for us. What Mrs. Scheibner doesn't know (because she and Len arrived later Uian us) is that Elspeth actually led the way to the pew we occupied. I don't have any explanation for this phenomenon, really. We got to church earlier than usual and there were some openings farther back (for example, the ones the Scheitmers occupied). Maybe she has come to believe our boys on this old age stuff-she took a position near an ear phone I Sea change in U.S. opinion on the war WASHINGTON - In televi-� sion appearances, interviews, press conferences, and speeches, President Nixon is now working overtime on the public. But reversing the drop in esteem that set in with the Laos operations is going to be very hard. For Laos marks a sea change in public opinion on the war. It is no longer true that every presidential move automatically entails a rise in public approval. It used to be. On that the evidence of the past is remarkably clear. A study of Gallup Polls shows that every presidential action-whether speech os visit or change in strategy, whether stepping up the war or winding it down - would result in at least a short-term rallying of public opinion to presidential leadership. The Tonkin Gulf incident of August 1964 is a good beginning point. President Johnson was leading the Republican challenger Barry Goldwater by 64-36 in the Gallup Poll before that event. Following the American bombardment of North Vietnamese PT-boat bases, Mr. Johnson's margin spurted to 68 per cent against 32 per cent. At the time, Dr. Gallup wrote: "Few such sharp shifts have been registered in recent months." The escalation of the bomb- ing that took place with an attack on petroleum supplies early in July 1966 brought a similar spurt. Before / that action President Johnson had SO per cent approval as against 33 disapproval in the Gallup Poll. Immediately afterwards it was 56 per cent approval as against 30 per cent disapproval. Precisely the same pattern showed up after President Johnson's speech of March 31, 1868 - the speech in which the president took himself out of the 1968 race and ordered a cutback in the bombing of the North. Two weeks before the speech his rating was 36 per cent approval against 52 per cent disapproval. A week after the speech, it was 49 per cent approval as against 40 per cent disapproval. President Nixon had much the same experience as President Johnson, Before the November 30, 1969 reply to the Bsace demonstrations, the present enjoyed 56 per cent approval as against 29 per cent disapproval. Two weeks after the speech the rating was 68 per cent approval, 19 per cent disapproval. The pattern held for the Cambodian invasion of 1970. On the eve of those operations, the president's rating stood at 56 per cent approval and 31 per cent disapproval. Immediately afterwards, it jumped to 57 per "I'm afraid they're all busy discussing the delicate alternatives our Northern ecology hinges on . . ." cent approval, 31 per cent disapproval. By July when the American troops were withdrawn, it reached 61 per cent approval, 28 per cent disap-. proval. But with Laos the pattern has been broken. The last poll before the operation began on February 8 gave the president 56 per cent approval as against 33 per cent disapproval. A poll conducted between February 19-21 showed the president's rating had dropped to a new low - 51 per cent approval, 36 per cent disapproval. Moreover, a number of other indicators about the Laotian operation were also negative. Seven out of ten Americans - a higher figure than ever reached under President John-eon - thought the government was not telling the truth about the war. The break in the pattern is not hard to explain. In the past, presidential actions were generally related to some worthwhile goal - victory, or a negotiated settlement or prevention of enemy gains. The president was making the effort and so the country rallied around. But in the past few months, Mr. Nixon has strongly implied that the United States is getting out of Vietnam. Other officials, notably. Secretary of Defence Melvin Laird, have nailed down that pledge in unambiguous language. With the goal of getting out proclaimed, there is no credible logic for expanding military activities. There is no ethic that justifies greater exertion in the war. The president can no longer take the country in tow on Vietnam simply by saying Forward March. Maybe Mr. Nixon can change all this. Opinion can be voktile, and he is very skillful at making address to the country. Vice-President Agnew is out baiting the TV commentators and the students, and, if they over-react, they may build new sympathy for the administration. But I doubt it. My impression is that the president has been hoist by his own petard. The country no longer believes that the South Vietnamese will win or that the other side will stop fighting. It has come to believe only in Mr. Nixon's talk of getting out. As a result, Mr. Nixon is in a cruel position. He is not apt to gain much credit just for keeping his word, but he will suffer badly if he does not get out - and soon. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Carl Rowan Are the Americans now copying the Russians? WASHINGTON - In the years just after the Soviet launching of Sputnik, nothing capsulized the combative but insecure boastings of the Rus, sians better th?/i a story that raced across Europe in the wake of Premier Nikita Khrushchev's 1959, visit to the United States. It seems that, on Khrushchev's return, the hardliners in the Kremlin wanted to know what the Premier had done to enhance his boast that he would bury the capitalists. Had he pinned Eisenhower with a ham-merlock, beaten him in a sword duel, or in some other way established Communist superiority? The truth was, as the story had it, that Khrushchev had challenged Ike to a secret head-to-head footrace, which the American general won going away. But, faced with the potentially embarrassing question in the Kremlin, Khrushchev replied: "Comrades, you will be pleased to know that your glorious leader and the decadent bourgeois American President participated in a gruelling footrace. I am proud to say that your glorious leader finished an inspiring second, while the American just managed to come in ahead of the last man." That apocryphal tale of Communist verbal gymnastics keeps coming to mind as I read the Nixon administration versions of what is going on in Laos and Cambodia. The front-page headlines say our helicopters are overloaded and that our "Pilots Tell of Panic in Laos Retreat.': The news dispatches say that "the men who are considered South Vietnam's best soldiers are coming out of Laos, some in orderly fashion, others in panic. The North Vietnamese are right behind them." But in Vice-President Spiro Agnew's words, it is just "an orderly retreat." The administration would wish you and me to believe that the Laos invasion went according to plan and was a mili- tary success. It's just the press that can't see, or won't report, the sweet truth. And our official spokesmen still want us to believe that the invasion, and re-invasion, of Cambodia constitute an historic military coup - even if more of Cambodia is in more trouble than before. This administration penchant for putting a rosy cast on what has the smack of a lost gamble surely arouses the envy of "footracer" Khrushchev, not to mention Goebbels and Co. and the old masters at portraying calamities as glorious victories. Let the record be clear that I speak as no trembling dove. I confess to an early belief that Letter to the editor our original intervention in Vietnam could make a crucial difference in Asia. But time has taught me to view with suspicion the "intelligence data," and with grave doubts the promises, of those leading the American war effort. It has taught me to view our South Vietnamese allies less as brave torch-bearers of freedom and more as selfish, conniving manipulators, determined to keep the United States fighting to protect their privileges and1 power. That the South Vietnamese should resort to duplicity, to rose-colored portrayals of disasters, does not surprise me. That Americans should do it is terribly disturbing. It raises Most important issue the question of how far we have gone toward fashioning ourselves in the image of totalitarian regimes. Just think how much this war to contain the Communists has caused us to act like Communists. Who, before our Indochina disaster, would have dreamed that Americans might tolerate military gumshoes spying on Senators, judges, and other civilian leaders? Before this war tore the country apart, who would have thought Sen. Joseph Montoya (D.-N.M.) would accuse the executive branch of tapping the telephones of members of Congress? Or that much of the public would believe him, despite Administration denials? Who would have imagined an American attorney general going to court to claim an "inherent" right to bug or wiretap, on only his authority, any group he considers a threat to the nation? Who would have imagined that Americans would steal documents from an FBI office - documents given to Congressmen who say they show that the FBI is watching and spying on any group with "Afro" or "black" or "freedom" in its name? Or that the FBI would be viewed as our gendarme of the status quo, more concerned with preventing social change than fighting crime? Wasn't it Hitler himself who boasted that "the strength of a dictatorship is that it makes its enemies imitate it"? (Feidl Enterprises Inc.) Looking backward With regard to the editorial concerning the petition in the Alberta Legislature entitled "Both are to blame," I suggest that it would be desirable if The Lethbridge Herald had a reporter covering the legislature. I was not mislead by the petitioner. The petitioner, Noel McKay, stated that he is a trapper. Noel McKay has trapped in the Fort Chipewyan area since 1910 and has held trap-line licenses, including a recent one from the provincial government. Mr. McKay also said in his petition that he had earned his living on the delta. This is also a fact until he was age 59 when he became ill and required some assistance during the last few years. But, despite his situation, he has continued to trap. There was nothing in the petition that was inaccurate and there has been nothing disclosed which discredits the petition. More serious though, is that this is perhaps the most important issue that confronts the province, or the people of the province, that has occured during my four years in the legis- lature. It involves the use by government, without the consent of a citizen, of private, confidential information - merely because the citizen takes a position embarrassing to the government. The fundamental rights of a citizen to privacy of his medical, education, social assistance, health utilization and criminal and income records is essential in this day of big government. Contrary to your editorial, I would say, it is most disappointing that you do not recognize the importance of this issue. PETER LOUGHEED. MLA. Edmonton. So They Say The "under 30" generation are the first world people - the first group of human beings born into and accepting as their natural milieu that the world is one, man is one, that men are brothers by virtue of membership in the species. -Donald F. Keys, a world organization's representative to L the United Nations, Through the Herald 1921 - An incinerator for Lethbridge to rid the city of waste paper, which blows up Third Avenue from the riverbottom every time there is a strong westerly wind, is the suggestion put forward by businessmen in the area. 1931-Alberta beer halls will not be abolished until after next session of the legislature at least, and their fate then depends on rulings of the court and additional evidence to be taken in the meantime. 1941 - With the six weeks warning period over, the city police are taking action against those who park their cars over an hour on Saturdays on the streets between 5th St S. and 7th St. S. and between 3rd and 4th avenues. 1951 - Canadians are wearing out their money about as fast as they get it. Bank of Canada officials report that about $2,000,000 in a five-day week is destroyed because it is mutilated, worn or dirty. 1961-A still-secret report on Canada's drug industry has allegedly found there is pice-fixing at every level of the sale of drugs. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS, Genera) Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor roy f milps Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;