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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 30, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Forecast high Tumday near 35. The Lethbridge Herald ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIV - No. 92 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, MARCH 30, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS - 22 PAGES Grain picture bad Railway tieup talks scheduled for today Neo-fascist outbreaks upset Italy By ALEXANDER CHANCELLOR ROME (Reuter)-The increasingly menacing tone of recent neo-fascist violence has created something of a right-wing scare in Italy and led to demands for a tough government crackdown. Italian authorities from the premier down have indicated in statements they are fast swinging round to the view that right-wing political violence poses a greater threat to public order than left-wing violence. Among left-wing politicians, it now is regarded as virtual heresy, to admit even the possibility of dangerous violence from the left, although many serious incidents in previous years have been blamed by police on left-wing elements. The starting point for the current rightist scare appears to have been the death of a socialist worker, Giuseppe Malacaria, killed Feb. 4 in the south Italian town of Catamzaro when grenades exploded in the middle of an anti-fascist demonstration. Although the attackers have not yet been brought to justice, it is universally assumed that they were of neo-fascist persuasion. This attack, which led to demands for a tough government crackdown on neo-fascist violence, was followed by a rash of extreme right-wing demonstrations. Plot disclosed Anti-fascist feeling came to a head with the disclosure on March 17 of an alleged right-wing plot to stage a coup and the subsequent detention of five supporters of the extremist National Front movement. An arrest warrant is also out for the arrest of the front's leader-64-year-old Prince Junior Valerio Bor-ghese, one of Italy's Second World War heroes who conspired to replace dictator Benito Mussolini in 1944 because he was "aot fascist enough." Borghese is charged, as are his detained colleagues, with promoting an organization aimed at provoking an armed insurrection against the powers of the state. It is a sad change of fortune for a man who was once feted by Italy for leading daring underwater attacks on British ships in Allied harbors during the war, and whose name, as a member of one of Rome's great papal families, is still carved in huge letters on the front of Saint Peter's Basilica. "The black prince," as he is nicknamed, is alleged to have laid plans last December for a government takeover but details published so far make the supposed plot appear something of a pipedream with little chance of success. Front most extreme The National Front is among the most extreme of the various extra-parliamentary movements which bring together both nostalgic ex-fascists of the Mussolini period and younger people tired of disorder and the apparent ineffectiveness of Italy's multi-party system of government. In its manifesto, the National Front pledges itself to the destruction of what it calls "drugged and democratic Italy"-a haven, in its eyes, of "homosexuality, prostitution and disorder." It calls for "absolute and immediate obedience to the law." In a newspaper interview last December, Borghese claimed the front had several thousand members and secret supporters in the aimed forces and in both houses of parliament. He said it was preparing a power base on a national scale "which can one day take the place of present structures." It is estimated that if a general election were held now, at least 1.5 million out of an electorate of 32 million would vote for the neo-fascists. This is not sufficient to turn Italy fascist again- but enough to make Italians nervous about extremist violence. No comparable right-wing resurgence appears to have taken place in West Germany, THEY FACE DEATH - Charles Manson and three co-defendants, from left, Susan Atkins, Patricia Krenwinkel, and Leslie Van Houten, walk to court Monday for sentencing in the Sharon Tate murder case. All were sentenced to the gas chamber, but none was in court to face the jury. They were ejected for boisterous conduct and heard the verdict from an adjoining room. Post extra guards at court house LOS ANGELES (Reuter) - Extra guards were posted at the Hall of Justice here today amid threats of reprisals after a jury recommended that Charles Manson and three women followers be sent to the gas chamber. Additional guards moved in almost immediately after the jury delivered its death-sentence recommendations for the convicted killers of actress Sharon Tate, four friends and a middle-aged married couple. First plane hijacked to China HONG KONG (AP) - Five young men hijacked a Philippine airliner to Communist China today, but the Chinese are expected to send the plane and the 25 other persons aboard back quickly. It was believed to be the first airliner hijacked to China. The passengers were flown to Canton, on the South China mainland, after five armed men diverted the twin-engine jet from a domestic flight in the Philippines. An airline spokesman said the hijackers were all 17 to 25 years old, spoke a central Philippine dialect and told passengers they were seizing the BAC-111 jetliner for "ideological reasons." Que. separatist bludgeoned in Paris flat PARIS (Reuter) - Canadian Francois Bachand, 24, said to be a Quebec separatist, was found bludgeoned to death in a suburban flat Monday night, police reported today. Police opened an investigation and refused official comment. But police sources said the young Canadian was a known member of the outlawed Front de Liberation du Quebec and that he at one time fled to Cuba before coming to Europe. Judge Charles Older, prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi, and jury members were escorted to their homes by special sheriff's deputies. < Manson threatened last week that if he were sentenced' to' death "murder and bloodshed would follow." LED AWAY SCREAMING In the courtroom Monday, as the jury returned its verdict in the penalty phase of the 10-month-old trial, defendant Susan Atkins, 22, was led away screaming: "Lock your doors. Watch your kids. It's gonna come down hard." Patricia Krenwinkel, 23, shouted: "The whole system is a game." And 21-year-old Leslie van Houten yelled at the court: "You've all just judged yourselves. Watch your children." Manson yelled at Judge Older: "You don't have any authority over me. Half of you aren't even as good as me." He was led from the court before the verdicts were read. The girl defendants broke into shouts of "Judge yourselves", and "You're all blind." They also were taken from the courtroom before they heard the verdicts. Polling of the jurors and reading of the verdicts took about 30 minutes, climaxing a marathon $950,000 trial for the brutal murders in August, 1969. Formal sentencing for the defendants is scheduled for April 19, at which time Judge Older can reduce the penalty to life imprisonment if he wishes. There are 94 men in California's death row awaiting possible execution, including Sirhan B. Sirhan, sentenced to death in 1969 for the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy. The last woman executed in San Quentin was Elizabeth (Ma) Duncan, convicted of hiring two men to kill her pregnant daughter-in-law in 1958. The daughter-in-law, 01 g a, was a 30-year-old nurse from Manitoba. She had moved to California from Vancouver a year before she was pistol whipped and strangled. Her body was found in a shallow grave near Ventura, Calif. New tax deal in offing LONDON (CP) - Higher old-age pensions and lower corporation income taxes were among changes announced by Anthony Barber today as he sought to apply a stimulus to Britain's sluggish economy. Launching one of the longest budget speeches, since the Second World War, Barber, the chancellor of the exchequer, also promised far-reaching tax reform during the next few years. He said this reform will simplify Britain's complicated tax system and reduce the over-all burden. Old-age pensions, now �5 a week for a single person and �8 10 new pence for a married couple, will rise next September by �1 for a single person and �1 60 new pence for a couple. The pound is worth about $2.40 in Canadian funds. A new penny is worth about 2.4 cents Canadian. The corporation tax, which . was trimmed last fall to 42.5 per cent from 45, is to be reduced again to 40 per cent. The chancellor of the exchequer estimated that his over-all measures will boost the economy by about three per cent this year, leaving businessmen wondering whether this will be sufficient to prevent large-scale unemployment. Some of Barber's measures seemed to be aimed at the Conservatives' best friends-the wealthier members of the community. For example, the peak income tax surcharge rate of 91 per cent on the extremely wealthy is being reduced to 75 per cent during the next tax year beginning April 6. Tax on capital gains is to be eliminated for the small investors, those making profit of �500 a year or less. The current exemption is �50. Some of the government duties on house sales and mortgages also are to be eliminated. The much-criticized payroll tax is to be reduced in July. This and the purchase tax which goes on most consumer goods will continue until 1973 when they will be eliminated and replaced by the European-styled value-added tax, applied at each stage of commodity production. British team at Suffield OTTAWA (CP) - A British military reconnaissance team began a two-day inspection visit Monday to the defence research board establishment at Suffield, Alta. The British Army is interested in using part of the 1,000 square-mile area as a training base for tank units, though no formal request has yet been made to the Canadian government, a defence department source said. Seen and heard About town    g ASKETBALLERS Alan Pard and Ken Yellow-horn proving their prediction by winning a recent game in fine fashion . . . Anne Campbell putting out an SOS for a well - mannered poodle, preferably white, to participate in the Anne Campbell Singers Spring S!ing Sunday . . . Mrs. Jack Gushowatyj of 1134 Lakeway Road spotting a two-blossom dandelion in her yard and "feeling it was spring despite a forecast for snow." VANCOUVER (CP) - Talks aimed at settling a railway work stoppage that has paralysed traffic in British Columbia and threatens to close the port of Vancouver were scheduled here today. Contract negotiations in which the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, the Canadian Pacific and Canadian National promised to "negotiate to a conclusion" were to be held in Montreal. LIEUT. CALLEY . . . cheerful Life or FORT BENNING, Ga. (AP) - Bright-eyed and cheerful after his first night in the stockade, Lieut. William Calley Jr. returned to the courtroom today for a sentence of life or death that can be. tempered only by a long string of reviewing authorities. He was escorted by six military policemen to the little one-storey courthouse where a jury of six combat officers convicted him Monday of murdering at least 22 civilians in the blood bath of My Lai. Lawyers were in court this morning to work with the mili- Indignant man in auto plate lineup FREDERICTON (CP) -The man standing in line for his 1971 motor vehicle registration early today was indignant. Looking over the line of motorists who had waited until the day before the March 31 deadline, he said: "I don't know what's wrong with people. If they got their stickers earlier, I wouldn't have to stand in line." tary-judge on instructions he'll give to the jury. The arguments on the sentence were to begin at 1 p.m. and were likely to be concluded today. During the night someone threw a bottle of gasoline at the courthouse where Calley's trial spanned the seasons from autumn into spring. The bottle landed on the lawn' and burned only a small patch of grass. Calley, of Miami, Fla., took the jury's decision with head high, his manner soldierly correct. But he was shaken by a verdict he didn't expect. The night in the stockade's private officers' quarters-in a two-room suite-was Calley's first time in confinement since he was charged one and a half years ago. He is the first American accused in the massacre; the first to be convicted. PROTEST DELAY Don Tysoe, a federal mediator, and Ray Perrault, parliamentary secretary to Labor Minister Bryce Mackasey; were to meet in Vancouver with engineers who have been booking off sick in British Columbia and Alberta to protest delay in the contract negotiations. Mr. Tysoe said in an interview Monday: "The name of the game is to get the men to listen to reason and return to work." Talks in Montreal concern the engineers' contracts with CP Rail, which expired March 15, 1970, and the CNR, which ran out April 30, 1970. The talks broke off last week after a three-man conciliation board reported to the federal government that it was unable to reach agreement on a wage settlement. L. O. Hemmingson of Montreal, the union's assistant grand chief engineer, said .in an interview Monday: "We have had nothing realistic in better than a year of negotiation." This had led to the work stoppages on the Wast Coast. SERVICE PARALYSED Meanwhile, i n Vancouver, spokesmen for both railways said Monday that freight and passenger service is paralysed in B.C. Acting Port Manager William Duncan said the port of Vancouver will be closed in about a week if work does not resume. About 200 Vancouver-area engineers booked off work last Wednesday and about 5,000 railway employees have been laid off by CP Rail and CNR. Some 7,500 railway carloads containing more than 15 million bushels of grain have been stranded between Vancouver and the Prairies. "The grain picture is bad," Mr. Duncan said, "with elevator stocks already far below normal. Coal shipments are practically at a standstill. The stockpile of bulk products such as potash and sulphur will hardly last the week." "I'm very pessimistic," he said. "We can expect diversions of cargo to Seattle or other ports very soon." MAY SET EMBARGOS CNR and CP Rail said Monday in a joint statement that total embargoes may become necessary in B.C. and the affected parts of Alberta if the work stoppages continue to keep rail operations at a standstill. CP Rail has already placed embargoes on shipments of livestock and perishable commodities to and from Field, B.C., Crownsnest, Alta., and points west. The book-off spread Sunday to Prince George in northern B.C. CP Rail services in Calgary and Lethbridge have also been hit by the stoppage. A CNB spokesman said the average wage for an engineman is $10,450. At Regina, the Saskatchewan Legislature demanded Monday an end to the disruption of grain shipments to Pacific points. Cabinet shuffle coming EDMONTON (CP) - An announcement of a long-expected cabinet shuffle appears likely to come Wednesday, Premier Harry Strom indicated in the legislature Monday night. The first direct word on anticipated portfolio changes came after Hugh Horner (PC - Lac Ste Anne) asked the premier during clause-by-clause study of a bill to establish a hospital services commission, which minister will be responsible for the commission. "I -hope to make an announcement this week, possibly Wednesday," Mr. Strom said. The expected cabinet shuffle results, at least in part, from government legislation to create a new department of the environment, merge the departments of health and social development and create a department of culture, youth and recreation. Language training class flops OTTAWA (CP) - Only 2,000 of 22,000 public servants who started the government's' second-language training courses finished them, the Commons committee on miscellaneous estimates was told today. John Cairson, chairman of the public service commission, said a number of factors accounted for the high dropout rate including "weak motivation." Outside the committee room, Mr. Carson told reporters that language training will have cost the government about $30 million by the end of the 1971 fiscal year. He also noted that the low graduation figures could be explained in that until 1968, the courses were on the basis of an hour a day. Now that the government offers intensive training, more success is expected. Trudeau to attend Stampede CALGARY (CP) - Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau will visit the Calgary Exhibition and Stampede and act as parade grand marshal July 12, the Stampede board announced today. New hockey rink in Pavilion? A new hockey arena for Lethbridge in the Exhibition Pavilion? This was the poposal made Monday to city council's finance committee by the Lethbridge and District Exhibition Board. As outlined in a prepared brief, the proposal includes an arena with a 4,600 seating capacity plus and extension of the pavilion to replace the floor area that would be lost by converting the pavilion to an ice arena. Cost of converting the pavilion is estimated at $300,000; the new building would cost about $470,000. The board's proposal is that the facility could be leased by the city eight months of the year for $85,000 a year, with a 15-year lease. It also requests a $300,000 loan from the city to aid in financing, repayable at sevei per cent interest over 15 years. It would repay $32,000 a year on the loan, bringing the annual cost to the city to $53,000. The brief points out that the alternative to the city would be the construction of its own building. It gives the cost of Medicine Hat's new arena as $1,500,000 and gives the payment of debenture charges on this amount at current Municipal Financing Corporation rates at $171,000 a year. It also notes that the board is a non-profit organization operating on city-owned land and in the final analysis the facilities belong to the city. According to the board's submission, the pavilion has more than enough floor area for an arena. Seating for 1,800 could be expanded to 4,600 by extending the seats around the remaining two-thirds of the floor surface. There are four dressing rooms, all of which would be usable for sports events with minimal modification. Other amenities, including parking, are also available. TIME LIMIT If the pavilion were to become an arena the $470,000 extension would be built for the horse shows, rodeos, stock shows and sales and other events that now are booked into the pavilion about 250 days of the year. It would also provide additional space during Whoop-Up Days. It would have a floor area of 32,000 square feet, but would not have the seating capacity of the pavilion, as this is not needed for most of the events for which it would be used. The board indicated a decision on the proposal would have to be made by the city council within a month if the extension were to be ready by the fall. The conversion of the pavilion could be accomplished on time with little trouble, they said, but the plan would not be functional unless the extension were finished to handle events already planned. ;