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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 30, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta rnv u.nimiiouK nun mnun n \ t1 tit� \\ M MV* It j*s, I91i Talk on Lubricating the Tractor; : Ji >.-.;.S.-r-JH (Py V. 1*. Tn il.e �. o.i.i i ho " oo: par: n:i.i factor in (. r r US WSii !1 ga* " :'. of : H C -k0- � '�0 s i '. h .i; :-.m.*.o:y i.'-.est: p.:ys the isr,:.- "'he interna: from ;hc fir*: a;-.; piece of � take what :.> :hc cylinder w.-j to h.�:.! vV.r.prcssio'i the co;upress;or. Kr .Kiii she- expansion of the ex eu c.\.>��>? stroke I >'.K> K.tVM. this p:s;.v... :-ave',s surface of the cylinder ovor per misutf. Can you imagine :ho- 1 ' �UK-.S ,l:Hl tl* w,rWA' ;ot', these known �. �.!,:� to Kite eff ic'.eu: .t -Jirt- !�*: r.s ihr temper.*'arc ill ytvo off s.vsx,-'.  it-;! '.he bl.wo of .1 applied to the sur- Hp*-' you w.i� .1 (�* N� ;a."v rw.-.'^ituvi.;-.! *.' o; Vv��e u".k�.. >�*'. tu�Um, v.'. � iVl-.i M'V, t ::�../. �.�>� r->4u-, � at..' , :1':; t - ^ '' .o  .1*. t&U tiii.v ,. .':;K"!0.t,,.!,,i:i; ..>:. , ' Yv�tt ,-ati �|vn ',>!>-.��-. bit: >i>.. t'-t �0m> � .;V Ulit �0!.'.;i  ". fh�- f-IIj-Ml !  vlvjcn of tur i >i'M : run ^ iiu : � x*it, (n.  "ir .(o'.U-m .� im- [U> tin!;'. J.  l* 11\ � SV.U' o HKill 111 �;� >..: Hi I ft""' ""'') t� | kc�l� him "VI Ui� (in:' t>. ii.|v I III* l-ri�.! xt�* fyn l.'i Ihn. il ,i II.H>S-> V( TlM- t-!llvU.'l H )HH fllitt .li .jrift.fve* I . ';^l(-.t.r � at UiC- ! '"I, .,!e!i8: ;i:i:o: . .. . -y iiupor: i:u (no- 'l'or:ft-!> .i Kroof i>:;::Jor oil :..::.; jioi:'.! t>. lou [ho working oou.!:;:.':;:: of tht- ou^iuo i: wiil (Lish or vv.i;>or.'Ut� au.l K'.ivo tho ' halamv inorv.isoJ in visoosisy. sunitr.y . otc. will ir.orotiso frioti.ui .\mi reo,mro ; :iu abnormal amount ot oil to keep tho ! ylinjors lu'orio.ued. "Kiro fe.>r" is probably tho mo>: : ir.iponani tost *!h> movotuon: of :i I'vlinJer oil: In the piston through ,ar loss !oss t: oo\vor a love ii-on s � e: ilolive: f:c;;r: s to !>0 H.-.-.v. as'O.Oimt of friotion .".oduoo,' by these ;wo surfaces treve:Hus ai t::.u rafo of sp-eoJ? To rt-c'.u.';' this fr:o:!on a f:'.:r. of o:! .$'.'"> of ar, thick nuts: ro:n.tin con-1 :i star.tSy befwoeu those two surfaces ic a::der con i;:i.>ns tha: are most incor.i-' 5>r->hor.s:b'.o: With a temperature in ustioa chamber raasing �ffw-.n ' tiecrees R. this iihr, of o'l ' cylanicr backward atui forward reduces this friction but with UP :lnd lkuvu c-1 ritiijs tnust seal the com-the esiilosion chamber on , : :e co-.-.-iv-ossfon stroke and at the' bustlon chambe i:-.:.' of explosion hold the expanding I at the next explosion and leave lit11 C'.sses so that the power is delivered to t'ao crank from which it is delivered to the other parts o: the tractor. This temperature of S>'.0i> degrees F.. is v.-e v.K! : lie.u is power, and wo kr.ow there! :s a tr.:'ir.e:uiou^ a:f.ou:it of r.ea: t'arown c;"t through the iwdiator aud circuiat-! lag system of an internal combustion 1 engine, but up to the present no :n-' ve:ui:>n bas been made to avoid this radiation, in tact if it were notft'or this radiation the intense heat at the point i of explosion, often as high as :;>syO de- i grees F.. would in a very few infinites I reduce the cylinder and ' piston to a � mass of molten metal: so uni/er present constrne;ion there is nothing v.-e ! can do to reduce this loss. � Next we come to the 2o percent loss , tiiroiij:!] energy and uaburaed gasses. j You will find by removing the exhaust j pipe there is a tremendous amount of; power passes through the exhaust ' valve, which with the present construe- � lion cannot be utilized and it is also produced in the combustion chamber le ' times per minute. The greater p.'-:- of ;h;s 'neat is carried off through radiation and the exhffust. but as iron is a good conductor of heat a portion oi i: is absorbed by the piston and cylinder walis: this film of oil must withstand this tremendous heat and yet retain a body sufficient to keep the surfaces of the piston and cylinder from coming in contact. -As to the composition of an oil that, will withstand this tremendous strain I will not attempt to discuss: in fact i could not if 1 so wished. But there are a few properties that an oil must have to do this work that we can consider. ' First, a gasoline or kerosene engine cylinder oil. must have a certain �viscosity" at working temperature: Vis- may be there is a certain amount of oil that works by the piston rings and into the cotn-this oif should burn the ) or no deposit on the piston or cylinde ; walls; If the oi! has too high fire, ' test it will not burn and will leave a Proof All Gears Enclosed Case Kerosene Tractors Are the=== ^ =^ Acknowledged Leaders Case is the standard they all try to reach. All others claim to be as good as the Case. Case tractors are the best and most practical in design. They are the product of over 70 years of development. Case tractors since they were placed on the market years ago, have demonstrated to every owner their wonderful economy and reliability. They possess the qualities of a thor-,ouc;hbred, and are intended practically for eve.y use and operation on a farm. ' Built in following sizes 948; 10-20; 12-25 and 20-40. We Also Handle Case Steam Engines and Case Separators CALL OR WRITE US FOR PRICES AND TERMS M. R JOHNSTON & CO. Phone 651 Alberta Block-5th Street S. Lethbridge Big Lauson Features 1st-Complete Tractor dust-proof, dirt-proof-all gears enclosed and run in oil. 2nd-Motor heavy duty four cylinder valve-in-head, rated 15-25 h.p. 3rd--Selective typ� sMdii!^ p*e?*r enclosed transmission, running in oil, designed for two speeds forward and one reverse (2% miles plowing speed; 1% low or emergoncy speed), shafts mounted in Hyatt Roller Bearings. Final drive** gears semi-steel and machine cut. " ' 4th-Elliott Automobile Type Steering Knuckles, with front wheels mounted on Timken Roller Hearings, makes steering easy and permits short turns. 5th-Extra large Perfex Radiator insures perfect cooling under all conditions. Gth-Large, roomy platform with levers and steering wheel conveniently located. 7th-Lauson Kerosene Tractor is insured against wear by the use of Anti-Friction Bearings on all shats. Twenty-four-roll-er and ball bearings are used in its construction. 8th-The Lauson Kerosem Tractor will pull three or four plows, depending upon soil conditions, and has ample power to operate grain threshers up to 28-inch or large ensilage cutter. The Popular Tractor It does not take the farmer long to see the advantage of purchasing this complete tractor,.as has been demonstrated by the large number of sales we have made lately. We are able to supply these tractors now on short notice. The government says "speed her up, increase production." You can do this best by using a tractor which will give the best service. The Lauson is IT Twenty years of quality production is your guarantee of Lauson satisfaction and service. McCienaghan & Taylor Distributors for Alberta-Lethbridge, Alberta The Tractor that's Different-and Better THE HAPPY FARMER 12-24 H.P.-CAPACITY 3 PLOWS PERFECT BALANCE, SIMPLICITY, LIGHT WEIGHT, ACCESSIBILITY, STRENGTH, SHORT TURN, SURPLUS POWER, STEEL CUT GEARS, RUNNING IN OIL, HYATT ROLLER BEARINGS, SELF-GUIDING IN FURROW, HIGH AND CONSTANT PLOWING SPEED. WILL DO ANYTHING OTHER TRACTORS WILL DO-AND DO IT BETTER. WILL DO MORE AND BETTER WORK THAN THE BEST HORSES. DEALERS SELLING HAPPY FARMER TRACTORS GET THE CREAM OF THE TRADE-AND THE NET PROFITS. The Perfect Kerosene Burner-Does All Farm Work The Happy Farmer burns kerosene or distillate. The twin cyl. horizontal cast en bloc motor gives a guaranteed power of 24 h.p. on the belt, 12 h.p. on the drawbar, at 2^4 rn.p.h. Mechanical force feed oiling. Atwater-Kent ignition. Cut sfSel spur gears. HYATT ROLLER BEARINGS throughout in dust-proof cages. Double drive on rear wheels. Cast steel, one piece unbreakable frame. Automatic steering. Swinging type drawbar; no side-jdraft. Tbtal weight, 3,700 lbs. Happy Farmer Tractors were easily the leaders in 1917 popularity, and they will hold the lead in 1918 sale*s. Territory is going fast-better get in the running. GET ACQUAINTED WITH THE HAPPY FARMER IN THE FIELD. The Happy Farmer Tractor Co. Ground Floor, Sherlock Building. Seventh Street 5., Lethbridge mmmsM ;