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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta New deal offered Ulster Catholics March 29, 1973 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAIB _ 5 By Nora Beloff, London Observer commentator LONDON It is too soon to say whether Mr. William While- law, Britain's minister for Northern Ireland, has discover- ed the golden mean between the mass ot the province's Catholic minority can willingly accept and the mass Protesfant majority willingly relinquish. But if his new plan lor the gov- ernment of the province fails then there is no solution by con- sent. Mr. Whitelaw is quite ready to have his plan scornfully re- jected by extremists on either The White Paper is ad- dressed to the averge Ulstcrman who, he hopes and believes, is fed up wilh bombs and murder. The basic deal is thai the Catholics should admit that Ul- ster remains part of Britain and in return get a fair crack of the whip in running the province and continuing protection Irom London against oppression and discrimination from the Protes- tant majority. For these pur- poses, the autonomy of Ulster Is to be drastically curtailed: authority rests firmly with the British cabinet, which will con- tinue to include a secretary of state for Northern Ireland. The office of governor, as the Queen's representative in the province and symbol of a certain degree of sovereignty, is abolished. The White Paper leaves the three most contentious issues to be settled later, after the el- ection of a Northern Ireland as- sembly (which is no longer to be called First, though the plan firmly repudiates the continuation of one-party rule (in which the Unionists, representing the Protestants, had been perman- ently in it is very vague about the way in which execu- tive authority will be shared. In 1871, in an unsuccessful final bid to win over some Catholic support before the old regime Jn't and Gtetcl leave a Irail in with some noa-biodegiodeable at Stormont Castle collapsed, the last Ulster prime minister, Mr. Brian Faulkner, had tried to set up special committees in the Northern Ireland Parlia- ment to watch over the admin- istration and with some of the chairmanships going to Catho- lic representatives. It is from this experience that Mr. White- law has now drawn the idea that functional committees on housing, education, health etc., should actually be involved in administration. A chairman of one of these committees would consult other members in preparing legisla- tion and would liimself head the department with which he was concerned; his powers would thus be equivalent to those pre- viously held by Slormont min- isters. Mr. Whiielaw has avoid- ed saying how the chairmen would be selected and what would happen if they disagreed among themselves. But he has warned that direct rule from Westminster will continue until both communities manage to agree on an acceptable system. The second unsettled issue is the nature of the Ulster police force. Responsibility for the maintenance of security re- mains in London, but the Brit- ish government hopes to trans- fer authority as soon as pos- sible from the Army to the lo- cally recruited police. The ex- isting Royal Ulster constabu- lary has always been consider- ed by the Catholics to be bias- ed and oppressive anrl their representatives have insisted that Catholics should police their own sectors. The White Paper suggests one police authority, to include rep- resentatives from the local dis- tricts. It remains deliberately unclear whether these represen- tatives will be able to insist on separate police units of their own, or whether they will only be required to supervise the be- havior of a single force, which, because of the two-to-one Prot- estant majority, is certain to be more representative of the dominant group. The third aspect is the role and future of a prospective council, representing both parts of Ireland, which the Catholics hope and the Protestants fear, might be an embryonic govern- ment of a united Ireland. Mr. Whitelaw has gone some way towards meeting Protestant consequently reduc- ing the acceptability of the package, not only to the Catholic minority of Ulster but also to Dublin, by apparently back-tracking on his earlier commitments to set up such a council. All the White Paper says is that the government will discuss the project with repre- sentatives from tli2 newly elect- ed Ulster assembly and with Dublin. As a condition for sharing some authority over Northern Ireland, through the All-Irc- and Council, Mr. Whitelaw wants the Irish Republic to col- laborate in suppressing terror- ism and formally to repudiate any idea of uniting Ireland, ex- cept with the consent of the Prolestant majority in the North, Though the new Irish government secretly shares Mr. Book Reviews Whltelaw's aims, it may be ask- ing too much to expect the new Dublin leaders, who have a nar- row majority, to rebuff Irish nationalist sentiment by mak- ing their pro-British line too conspicuous. Many Ulstermen are logical- ly arguing that if the autonomy of the'province is to be so rad- ically reduced, then Ulster should be allowed more MPs at Westminster. If the Northern Irish voters are to be numerically as well represented as the rest of Hie United Kingdom, there should not 1J but 18 Ulster seats. But the British Parliament has long experienced the risks of normal conduct of Parliament- ary business. And If there is one thing on which both major party leaders, Mr, Heath and Mr. Wilson, agree, it is that they must resist at all costs any enlargement of (he Irish contin- gent. A small masterpiece "A Mug of Boaty by Hal Conroy. (Paper Jacks, 123 This is a little book. It is EO much fun to read. I would iike to write a review as long as the story itself and feel sorely tempted to quote and keep quoting whole pages that kept me spell bound. Since that, unfortunately, isn't p o s sible, suffice it to say, "A Mug cj Boaty Tea" is, in my opinion, a small masterpiece. It is perhaps typical ot the confused ideas of what consti- tutes a great Canadian author that Hal Conroy was refused a small Canada Council grant on the grounds that as "a news- paperman lor seme 20 years, he was not a creative writer.'1 What the author has to say in his introduction about a grant, given "to a clown from the west coast for a short story about a third rate hood from Brooklyn, New while full of salty wit and an earthy philosophy, doesn't bear repeat- ing on this page. Yet, the whole story is a I ale of breezy humor, delightful blarney, an infectious longing for freedom and adventure as Hie Lethkidge Herald flunk PART IV PICTURE QUIZ, 5 MINTS I am the Irish Republic's new Prime Minister. What's my name? HOW DO YOU RATE? 91 lo 100 poinli TOP KOMI 81 Ic, 90 points Eicdltol. 711o iO peinti _ Good. to 70 point, _ M or Umtot T r H-mml FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION What do you think of the three-price for Alberta natural gas proposed by Ontario? YOUR NEWS QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 for each correct answer. 1 External Affairs itfBjster Mitchell Sharp re- turned last week from a visit to three countries of Indochina. Which three countries? 2 The main purpose of Mr. Sharp's trip was to a-opennew Canadian embassies b-help the government decide whether Canada should remain In the Viet Mam peace- observer force Canada's wheat exports 3 President Nixon has made no public comment yet on reports of North Vietnamese troops and supplies being smuggled Into South Viet Nam. True or False? 4 Manpower Minister Robert Andras withdrew directive that had been sent out by his deputy minister ordering Manpower offices to.. 7 open on Sundays b-work closer with the Unemploymentinsur- ance Commission in cracking down on un- employment Insurance payment fraud c-gtveprioritylojob hunters drawing unem- ployment insurance and welfare payments 5 A crackdown on abusers of the unemployment Insurance system has disqualified 7. per cent of the claimants Investigated in the first 9 weeks of this year. b-45 c-66 PART 11 WORDS IN THE NEWS Take 4 points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. 1.....take out 2.....walk out 3.....ball out 4.....black out E.....phase oui a-to free one from a difficult situation b-to gradually eliminate c-to go on strike d-to suppress or stop information e-to secure, as an application PART III NAMES IN THE NEWS Take 6 for names that you can correctly match with the clues, 1.....Klkuel Tanaka the new London Bridge 2.....Queen Elizabeth II b-Vlet Cong delegate to truce commission 3.....David K. E. Bruce c-Prime Minister, Japan d-unharmcd In recent 4.....General Tran palace bombing fi-U.S. envoy to Commu- nist China VEC, Irx STUDENTS Save This Practice Examination! Valuable Reference Material for An apparition By Gregory L. Hales, Ph-ctivood-Bawdcn School well as "innocent" prejudices. You'd guess the author was of Irish origin even had his an- cestry never been mentioned. However, his forefathers, espe- cially Peter Thayne Conroy, the grandfather, play a very im- portant part in Hal Cpnroy's life and the shaping of his char- acter. But for the grandfather, one of the most lovable char- acters imaginable, the author's long journalistic career may never have culminated in sail- ing his one dollar boat across the Great Lakes from Thunder Bay to New York with a wolf anrt a lovelv girl as well for travelling companions. "A L. i.UJiy 'ica" is much more than an adventure story. I thoroughly recommend it to anyone who ever dreamed of a life of unconventional free- dom, fun and beauty, be it the beauty of the Great Lakes or that of a lovely girl. I wouid also recommend it for the au- thor's positive philosophy and here I can't resist the tempta- tion to quote: the whole damned hu- man race is an experiment that failed several hundred years ago so why the hell both- er with "Because, despite people be- ing people, there is still some gcod in the world. There are all the sweet, young girls. There are children playing ill the sun who just might grow up better people than their parents." "Inasmuch as this is the only there is I guess that I'm stuck with it so I might as well make the best of a sad thing. I shall continue to sail my boats until the water is too damn thick with guck, and live in the wilderness until some clot with an unpronounceable name puts in a high rise call- ed "Let's-All-Own A Piece- Of-Canada" country estate and blots out the view of my moun- tain." EVA BREWSTEE Books in brief "Grapes from Thorns" by Dean Achcson (W. W. Nor- ton and Co., S9.95, 253 pages, distributed by George J. Leod, Former U.S. secretary of state in the Truman admini- stration, Dean Acheson, left me with the impression that he was a somewhat austere and rather forbidding person. It was a sur- prise, therefore, to read the first four pieces in this final collec- tion of his writings to encoun- ter a man with a delicious sense of humor. These pieces are simply delightful. In compari- son with them tlie rest of the book, although written w i t h great literattncss, is dull. Tire lliree personal recollections and a bit of fantasy are followed by seme serious reflections on na- tional and international affairs. Here will be found a statement opposing economic sane t i o n s against Rhodesia and South Africa, a sardonic look at Can- ada, some brief tributes lo fa- mous people and other writ- ings. DOUG WALKER On first glance it appeared lo be one of the common bovine tenants of a neighboring farm, out on a Sunday sojourn in search of the first reckless sprouts of spring grass. But as it came nearer it look on the aspect of a character from a Washington Irving story. Noting particu- larly unusual in that, either, except that this particular personage was floating in suspension a foot above the ground. Having earlier in the day consumed an exorbitant quantity of my father's infa- mous home-made chili, I discounted this apparition as punishment for my gluttony. The apparition, however, refused to be so dismissed. "I've come to observe your he staled, without so much as the formal- ity of inlroduction. My predictably quavering reply was, "Sorry, you're too late. Education week was three weeks ago." "Oh he exclaimed; and than, fol- lowing a momentary consideration said, "I was rather taken by the theme 'educa- tion makes a difference'." "Oh I burst out, still not quite re- covered, "a great theme. Right on, as they "Do he remarked, stoically unaf- fected by my exuberance. "I'm interested to hear you say so." I noticed a glint appear in the corner of his left eye as he resumed speaking. "I he pondered aloud, "precisely what difference education does make." Your floating trick is very cute, I thought to myself, but perhaps if you had your feet planted firmly on the ground you wouldn't have to ask what difference edu- cation makes when it's so patently ob- vious. "Obvious, is he asked, startling me out of my ruminations, to say nothing of my mis. "Great Scott! This floating embodiment of a latter-day Ichabod Crane could read my mind. "I'm genuinely sorry that I missed your education he proceeded. "I would ANSWERS ON REVERSE PAGE "Good Night ard Rabhit: I.llllc One; Little ABC" by Robert K r a u s. (Clark, Irwin and Co. Ltd. Three children's books with only two making the grade. Richard Rabbit and Little One arc amusing, well illustrated and great fare for the young reader exploring his first books. The third, Little ABC, is a lit- tle unreal. Try this for size (remember you're just learn- ing to Gcod Night Little X Xcnophen Xeres Xiphosura Good Night Little X. The price is unreasonable. G. A. have arrived sooner but I was constantly being sidetracked. Permit me to pose some questions. I observed on my way here that most of the world's children do not eat as much as you tlirow away. Is lhat the dif- ference education makes? Throughout the world wars arc raging. Docs education make a difference there? A handful .of men manipulate the world's monetary sys- tems, acquiring immense fortunes while your dollar inflates out of all proportion. Does education make a difference? The world is suffocaling beneath a blanket of garbage and pollution. Just look at tills yard, for instance tin cans scattered absut, paper and refuse everywhere. Is that the difference education "Just a I yelled, surprising my- self more than him. "You're getting a little personal with your remarks. Besides, education week is over and done. It's not my fault if you can't get here on lime." (I must confess, I did feel a warm glow of satisfaction for having put him in his place.) "So that's the attitude toward education weak, is he asked rhetorically. "Edu- cation makes so much difference (hat you set aside a special time each year in which to pay homage much as you do to your kings and queens, long dead and otherwise forgotten. You dust off the cof- fins of those dead monarchs only because a. date on the calendar reminds you to do so. Is it the same with your education? Do you leave it to gather dust all year and then on one designated week throw open the doors to the crypt and resurrect education with a flourish and a Do you ever concern yourself with the dif- ference education really makes to your "Excuse me" I interrupted, "but my stomach's a hit upset. Wait a second while I go inside and get something to settle it." Perhaps he had heard me locking the door and taken offence, or become im- patient waiting, but at any rate when I left for (own the next morning he was no- where about. ANDY RUSSELL Little George WATERTON LAKES PARK Little George was originally named after his uncle, Big George; that was the way (he family separated the names. But although Little George grew up to be much bigger than Big George, the name stuck although it was a contradiction for he was six feet four and weighed about 200 pounds without an ounce of superfluous fat on nib frame. Born and raised on a horse ranch in the mountains, he was a superb rider and roper, much in demand on neighboring ranches at branding time, for he was an artist with n lariat. He was a picture book cowboy all dolled up in his finery and rode big horses to match his size. Like many young cowboys of the time, he was in- clined to be reckless and sometimes a bit sudden when it came to fun. Not being in- clined to worry much about consequences, his fun was sometimes a bit rough on by- standers. The girls of t h e neighborhood were in- clined to fall for him head over heels. A neighbor had two teen-age daughters that took his eye although he couldn't make up his mind which he liked best. Their father took a jaundiced view of his attentions and threatened him with a shotgun if he did not stay away. One night after dark Little George rods into their yard from the rear of their two-story log house and threw some pebbles at their window on the up- stairs floor to wake them up. In cine course they came lo the window and opened it, whereupon Little George threw t'nem one end of liis rope, which they lied to some- thing, and then he proceeded to climb up for a visit, chaps, boots, spurs and all. His visit was cut short when their father came investigating suspicious noises and Little George left in a hurry (he way he had come. He had tied his horse to a convenient post supporting one end of a long clothes- line, and nhen it saw him coming with batwing chaps flapping like the wings of a sorely wounded bird, it pulled back, broke off the post and ran away with a line full of washing. Needless to say, George spent the rest of the night trying lo catch his bronc while sadly contemplating his fractured ro- mance. He did not even come close lo that ranch for a long time. My brother and I met him unexpectedly one time as we were coming along a nar- row timberline trail after a successful fish- ing trip. I was sitting in my saddle with a telescoped rod and a lieavy fish sack in my hands while John came behind riding bareback. Suddenly we met Little George at the lop of a rise of ground and we all stopped. Then Lillle George said, "How about giving me some On sheer impulse I jumped my horse into a run straight down the slope towards the timber with a yell at my brother. A glance back showed Little George coming afler us, shaking a loop out as lie came. But before ho could throw his rope we hit the timber and were busy dodging limbs and snags as thick as the hair on a bear's back. I was in (rouble for my horse was fairly big and I was of no mind to drop my fish and rod. John was small and was riding a horse that could weasel through the trees like a deer and aware of my problem, he reined off to the side yelling as though trying lo catch up lo me. Our pursuer heard and turned, while I pulled up in a clump of pines listening to the sound of running horses, scraping leather and popping limbs. Barring accidents, I knew John would never be caught in that kind of going, although the racket sounded like a piece of the mountain was falling into the canyon below. Pretty soon the noise subsided ar.d I could hear Little George swearing and knew lie had cilher rim- rocked himsRlf or was tangled up in (he jungle of trees. So I just rode quietly back up the slope onto the trail and headed lor home. A mile or so away, where the trail skirled through a grove of aspens by a little lake, I reined up to wait for John. Pretty soon I saw him coming at a dog-lrot through the trees on the little marc, his face split in a grin from car to car. Little George's fun had backfired and we wore feeling pretty skookum. Hurry-up prayer fly Doug An informant from the choir fit McKillop United Church says that one Sunday (he minister arrived in the choir room and asked about the time. He got various re- sponses but they all indicated lhat it was near zero hour, "We had belter have our prayer and said Blake, "it's getting late." When his prayer proved to bo only about three words, said (lie informant, a voice was heard from the rear exclaiming, not thai lale." No doubt Blake will be thinking about the- comment of First Baptist Keith Churchill lo the effect that he's glad he's not the minister oi McKillop United Church, ;