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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 28, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta March 28, 197S THE UTHBR1DGE HERALD -41 JOSIP BROZ TITO From dwarf to candidate for the Nobel Peace Prize By WILLIAM L. RYAN By putting his signature to a letter 25 years ago this week, Joseph Stalin created a new sin against Kremlin scriptures. The cost to 1ms been in- calculable. The sin Stalin created was Titoism. The sinner was Josip Broz Tito ot Yugoslavia. For five years thereafter, Pravda, the Kremlin's voice, lavished upon Tito such epilhels as "insolent dwarf" and "lackey ol imperialist mur- derers." Tills month, almost on the an- niversary of the episode that started it all, Pravda carried an article from the Soviet peace committee endorsing Tito for the Nobel Peace Prize, Official Belgrade these days gets angry at any suggestion of a trend back to Moscow, but clearly the Russians haven't slopped trying, Tilo is the last ot the big three of non-alignment. His two collaborators in that philosophy, India's Nehru and Egypt's Nas- ser, are dead. The Yugoslav leader seeins to feel a personal responsibility for preserving the idea that the only course for the Third World is to steer clear of superpower blocs. Still, there arc some in his League of Yugoslav Commu- nists who nurse a yen to return to the Kremlin camp. They feel frustrated at having to run a proletarian dictatorship in a goldfish bowl, and consider the parly's authority damaged by liberalism and free-wheeling. Yugoslavia had no border with the Soviet Union and was just beyond Stalin's grasp. In the wake of the Second World Just ivanled job Melody Taylor delivers milk in Brontford, Ont. The 28-year-old molher says she wasn't trying to prove any- thing, she just wanled a job. Thumb twiddling hills surgery pain By ALTON BLAKES1.EE SHANGHAI (AP) Just twiddling your thumbs is the newest Chinese way to banish pain during surgery. For 114 hours the other day, a pretty actress smiled and talked and showed no signs of pain while surgeons cut open her throat to remove a cancer of the thyroid gland. The only anesthetic she re- ceived was continuous pressure on a hollow at the back of the hand near the webbing between thumb and forefinger. The area is a favorite one t3 Insert acupuncture needles to produce surgical anesthesia. The needles then are twirled by hand or vibrated electrically. Now the Chinese say the nee- dles can sometimes be elimi- nated altogether through what they call pressure acupuncture, the application of pressure to some of the "acupuncture points" where needles are ordi- narily used. MASSAGED IIAN'DS' For the Us hours, two per- sons stood hy the actress, 30- year-old Ho Soo Soo, each mas- saging the area of one of her hands, using a rotary motion o their own thumbs. This made KTrs. He's thumbs move in a kind of twiddling fashion. The surgery over, a greal bandage around her (hroat Mrs. Ho stood up and saieen practised in China fo some years. Western doc crs have often held that Ih expectation for some benefi was largely responsible, io any good results. But acupuncture applied I make people immune to pai during surgery was quite ne- when it came along in Chin about 1065 or earlier. How cou! it work? Cutting the skin hurt, as accidentally cutting your fii ger with a kitchen knife. Sewin up a wound hurls without a I cal anesthetic. Chinese physicians and scie lists say frankly they don know how acupuncture ane thesia does what it does. But in serious and ofte elaborate and precise researc they are trying to make scie tific senso of the phenomenon. INVOLVES NEFIVES What adds interest to the e perimenls with pressure ac puncture, as in Mrs. Ho's cas is that physical pressure in- volves special nervn centres lo- cated in your muscles. Known as proprioceptors, these centres react to pressure, stretching or vibrating to tell you where yon nrc in space, where your arms and legs ore, and what's happcnin" to them. Nerve sisals are flashed to your brain carrying this infor- mation. War, Stalin's legions one East European counti-y after another into a satellite. He in- tended the same for Yugo- slavia. Tito resisted and light- ning flashed in the eastern sky. Vladimir Dedidjer, once among Tito's closest associates, has related what happened. A soviet envoy, Anatoly Lavrcn- tiev, handed Tito a letter signed March 27, 1948, by Stalin and his foreign minister, V. M. Molotov. It Mistered Tito lor daring to disobey orders from the "fatherland of socialism." "Scanning the opening Tito is quoted as saying, "I felt as if a thunderbolt had struck me. Lavrenliev peered at me coolly to see what my reac- tion would be. I never winced. I contained myself as much as 1 possibly could. L-avrentiev could not longer endure it and before I had scanned the whole letter he asked: 'When shall we have an I replied ter- sely, 'We shall consider the let- ter.' The meeting was ot nn end." At that moment, Yugoslavia's liistory took an abrupt turn. Two weeks later Tito replied: "No matter how much each of us loves the first country of so- cialism, he should in no case love his own country less." Stalin was furious. Tito, he in- sisted, had slandered the Soviet Union. He ordered Tiio to ap- pear that June in Bucharest to be judged hy the Communist In- formation Bureau. Tito de- clined. Tiloism became the second of three great schisms that di- vided Communists after the Bolshevik takeover of Russia. It was preceded by Trotskyism and followed by the Chinese break. After Stalin died, Nikila Klunshchev made a trip to Bel- grade. It seemed he had begun to patch things up, but the (cud continued to simmer. Khrushchev later gave Hie Yugoslav e xample a share of the blame for unrest in the sat- ellite empire and revolution against the Communists in Hun- gary, suppressed by Soviet mili- tary force. Tito meanwhile ran into trouble of his own because of Hie way his "national commu- nism" had developed. Tito came into conflict with Milpvan Djilas, veteran o! the anti-Nazi guerrilla days and long considered Yugoslavia's No. 2 man. He purged Ihe Djilas group in 1953. A few years later Djilas produced The New Class, the first of several books criticizbig the Yugoslav system. For his writings he spent almost M years in prison. Tito also (ell out with lus old friend Dedidjer and other com- rades of the partisan days. Yugoslavia was jolted in 1968 by the Soviet invasion ot Czech- oslovakia and by a Moscow claim to a right to Intervene at will in any "socialist" country. Yet now Tilo professes to see no such danger and to find the Soviet Union behaving belter than the United States. "The Soviet Union docs not wage war with he told an interviewer this month. "What happened in Czech- oslovakia has been already he said. "Of course, we did not agree with it; this is well known." The the Yugoslav newspaper Vjes- that some see the country "making certain corrections In policy toward tho Soviet Union." Tito replied that although eco- nomic relations were expanding and Moscow was extending million worth of credits, "we have not made any political concessions." Tiio is due to retire at 84, three years from now, but may surrender the helm sooner. has arranged that no one man will wield the sort of authority he has had. The Moscow-liners might or might not, after Tilo, reach for power. Even if they did so suc- cessfully, they'd have a to'jgh lime trying to turn back the clock. 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