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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 28, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta THE IETHBRIDGE HEKAIO Tuesday, March IS, 1972 Carl Ktuwin Snowstorm Samariians Snow not partial-.u'ly just when ;i loiu; winter seemed fin- ally to be over.' Groat quantities of (lie stuff piled ;ill over the place was ilel'mitely undesirable. JUit there is not much that mere mortals can do about a storm, such as tho one that hit southern Alberta over the week- end, but wait it out ami then dig out. On Uie whole, the people of the area seem to have borne this tribula- tion with good grace and acted with sensibleness. There will always be some people who take foolish risks, to cause worry their families and perhaps v. e-i'fc for officials such as tiie police as veil as trouble for themselves. And the complainers are ever in evidence with their unreason- able expectations and harsh words. What especially stands out in retro- spect, however, is the way a large of people cheerfully a n d often at considerable cost to them- selves set out to alleviate distress. The services provided ranged from those of the staffs of the radio sta- tions who assuaged anxieties and dis- pensed cheer, to all those who braved the storm on all sorts of errands of mercy. the volunteers deservedly get praise for what they did to make the storm endurable, the people whose job it is regularly to serve should nol he overlooked. The police- men, the firemen, city crews, hospi- tal staffs and people who man un- heralded posts showed up at their best in such circumstances and gave cause for gratitude their train- ing and skills ever umiergird our so- ciety. A bad storm, then, is not without its good points. It brings out the good in people and reminds us all of our interdependence. Those, who re- main dubious can find their compen- sation in the hope that spring will follow the disappearance of this snow. Neivfo u i id Ian d de tides In Newfoundland last October Frank Moores seemed to have ac- complished the impossible. As the voting, but relatively inexperienced, Tory" leader he knocked fiery Joey Smallwood from the premier's chair which he had held undisputedly since the island joined Confederation in 1949. But the results of that election were Aflrr the voting Moores' Conservatives held 21 seats, the Liberals 20 and the New Labra- dor party one. This state of affairs was followed bv five months of turbulent upheav- al. There was the ballot hunting episode at Sally's Cove, the resigna- tion of some House members, and the shifting of political allegiance of others. Even Mr. Smallwood himself (loudly repudiating the outcome) re- signed, and Edward Roberts was chosen Liberal leader. A further pol- itical impasse developed when Tom Burgess, the lone New Labrador can- didate joined the Liberals, thereby creating the necessity for another election. In the ensuing months both major parties have been stumping back over the political hustings. Pollsters, however, aware of islanders' tradi- tional reticence, wouldn't make any predictions. Last Thursday, the New- foundland public went to the polls and made their decision this time in no uncertain terms. The Conserva- tives elected 33, the Liberals 9. Even Joey's faithful constituency of Pia- centia East, no longer committed to their former loyalty, voted for Con- servative Fintan Alywaid. There is never any accurate meth- od of measuring the people's tem- perature in an election climate. Why the polls showed such a chill toward their beloved Joey can only be an- swered by an educated guess. But the former premier is aging and evincing more and more dictatorial tendencies whicli are. strongly re- sented by the growing urban elector- ate. The unemployment picture, al- ways bleak in that province, has been looking bleaker as the fishing industry gradually declines with noth- ing to replace it. Weighing these uncertainties, the electorate reacted with typical human whimsy; they chose a new, younger group of men to head up the go veniivierji. Observers who have watched the Newfound land political situation since last fall affirm that likely Frank Moores will make an effec- tive leader. In fact during the recent campaign it was noted that his style and approach were more and more patterned after -Mr. Smallwood's. Ob- viously the new premier knows he has big shoes to fill and regardless of whether they are too large or too small he's prepared to try and make them fit. It wuzh a luvley wedding By Margaret Luckhurst f AST year our crabapple tree had such miles away so it was up to my resource- an abundant crop that I was hard put to know what to do with all the apples. I tried giving some away of course, but even my best friends edged away when I produced a basketful so apparently they were coping with the same problem. I coulrl have left a quantity on the ground, but this waste would have insulted my Scottish background so I gathered them all up, every one, and hauled out the preserv- ing kettle. But there is a limit to the amount of Jams and jellies a small family can con- sume and when I reached what 1 consid- ered to be our quota I still had a gunny sackful of crabapples left. to do? Flicking through my tattered recipe books I dug up an old recipe of my Muni's called "crabapple which I think is a cross between juice and wine with a strong- er leaning to wine if it Ls allowed to age. If my memory serves me correctly Mum got this recipe from Emily, an ancient family retainer who claimed it was brought from Scotland by early Selkirk settles and could be adapted to almost any fruit or berry that took one's fancy. Since the old family retainer could spin some pretty tall tales, and since her shiftless husband was constantly pitched into the clink for operat- ing a still in the bush behind their barn, Mum was quite naturally somewhat skep- tical about the recipe's true origin but as in the case of many local recipes it didn't really matter anyway. The problem with vinegar-type home made drinks is that they sometimes can, if left to sit for a time, develop the kick fulness to come up with more of samo or find a reasonable substitute. I arrived at a kind of compromise and for a time thought myself quite brilliant. I lugged up a couple of crocks of Mum's crabapple vinegar and sloshed up a fresh batch of punch, adding what was left of the ginger ale and fruit juice and it made just enough for a couple of good rounds. By this time the maiden aunts were fanning themselves, and being obser- vant had deduced that the punch was as faultless as the bride's veil fio next time around they accepted glasses from the servers and drank lustily. It wasn't long before the tempo of the reception began to change from friendly, rather dignified visiting, to downright bois- terous rowdiness. The servers were chased by flushed-faced males, the brides- maids were doing a ballet in and arourid the trees, and the maiden aunts were pressing for ''jush a 1'il glash gig- gle giggle- Before the afternoon got completely out of control Mum bore down on me and whispered frantically, "svhat on earth is going on that old Kmily of ours must have spiked the punch with some of her husband's she f denied indignantly, "ami anywuy he's still in the clink wo were running out of punch so I poured in some crabapple vinegar it looked real Mother paled. "Great she groaned, "that stuff has been in the cellar of a mule and hit just as fast. 1 can tcs- fcr 1D at Ieast' jt musk be tify to this when, during iny teens, I was plough 'f6 "ie off the floor. 1 Quick, tell the girls to bring out the fowl delegated to look after the punch at my brother's wedding. This was a large rural community affair, with lots of relatives and friends invited, so I mixed up several gallons of fruit juice and ginger ale in rnilk cans from which the servers dipped jugfuls and went around amongst the guests on the lawn, filling their glasses. The day was tip in the mid-Ws so fill UIG guests lapped lustily, with the excep- tion of three shy little maiden aunts of the bride who refused the refreshment on the grounds there might he "something" in it, even though the servers assured them it was completely untainted. Population commission tackles problems WASHINGTON You have to give credit to the Com- mission on Population Grmvth and the American Future. It is ,1 courageous group, wading in where angels and a lot of politicians fear to tread. To back up its call for a na- tional population policy which o u 1 d stabilize America's growth, the commission has is- sued recommendations which are sure to offend some sensi- tivities and anger some indivi- duals and organizations all the way np to the White House. Yet, these proposlas wilt en- courage much-needed national debate and could this na- tion aelucve a better life for its citizens. The headlines, of course, are dominated by the commission's recommendation on abortion: it urged that laws be liber- alized along the lines of the New York State statute, allow- ing abortions to be performed on request by duly licensed anri have Emily make pots and pots of strong Obediently I rushed to the kitchen to dispatch the orders but coffee at K After plenty of rich wedding food nolxxly any worse for wear except the maiden aunts who were ushered discreetly out Iha back gate and driven home, loudly sing- ing a rather muddied version of the Man on the Flying Trapeze, a selection not usu- ally rendered at weddings, but which seem- ed to fit their condition at the time. I did a bit of adjusting to Emily's vine- physicians under conditions of safety. Although sonic commissioners dissented, the majority look tins stance in the face of opposition from tho White House, many lawmakers and the Catholic Church. But abortion !s not the only hot potato that the commission has handled. gave strong backing to a program of comprehensive child care, noting that such a program might in tile long run reduce fertility and have bene- ficial implications for the fam- ily. (In vetoing a bill that would have established a na- tional system of child care. President Nixon said the pro- gram would weaken the family role in child raising.) The commission recom- mended that sex eduation be available to everyone, present- ed in a responsible manner llutnigh community organiza- tions, the media and, espe- cially schools. "Ignorance does nol serve to prevent sexual ac- tivity but rnlhcr promotes tho undesirable consequences of sexual behavior such as un- wanted pregnancies and vencr- real the report said. The commission urged that children born out of wed- lock be given fair and equal status with other children, socially, morally and legally. It suggested that the word "ille- gitimate" ami the stigma at- taclwd to it have no place in our society. It recommended making birth control information and services available to teen-agers in appropriate facilities sensi- tive to their needs and con- cerns. Teen-age pregnancy, the commission pointed out. has bleak psychological, physical and social consequences for both parents and children. The commission also dealt with anotlicr of the most con- troversial, raw-nerve issues of tho whole jwpulation question its relation to minorities. There are two aspects to this. On the one hand, a belief pcr- sisls in some quarters that America's population problem is largely a problem of tho the black, the other min- orities that if they would stop having so many babies, the United States would have no' population problem. On the oth- er side, many blacks, Puerto llicans and others do not re- ganl as one of their major concerns not when they have to worry about where the next meal will come from or whether they'll be working tomorrow. And some fear that "population control" is a strategy' devised by the majority to limit the power of minorities or even to wipe them out. While acknowledging that ilia fertility of minority groups is higher than that of the rest of the population, the commission emphasized that these wre is going to subscribe to me Woflp hirre 1 ''If 1 get started right tfo you think are my chances of graduating fiom lav school, pasting trie bar and getting in on the action before Phase II are not mainly responsible for this country's population growth, The- report notes that VO per cent of the population growth is contributed by (lie while, non-Spanish speaking majority. If no babies had been born to black or Spanish-speak- ing parents during the decads of the ISCOs, America's popula- tion woidd be only four per cent smaller than it is today. "Tho idea that our population growth is primarily fueled by the poor and the minorities having lots of babies is a says Uie commission report. It goes on to point out that there is a close rclationsliip be- tween high fertility and tlia problems of the poor. As these groups move into Uie main- stream, as their education, em- ployment and income improve, their families grow smaller. Blacks with high school dip- lomas have about the same number of children as their while counterparts, and col- lege-educated blacks average even fewer children than their while counterparts. The report concludes that family planning services will be used by the poor if they aro offered in a dignified and hu- mane way. But the commission stresses that such services are not enough. Along with contracep- tives, good jobs, schools and liomes must be provided. "Unless we address ma- jor domestic social problems in the short-run beginning with racism and poverty we will nol be able to resolve fully the question of population the commission says. "And un- less we can resolve the ques- tion of population growth, in long run it not only will further aggravate our current problems, but may eventually dwarf them." There is no guarantee that these and other recommenda- tions of the population commis- sion will be earned out or even listened to. But at least tho commission has met touchy is- sues head on, recommended voluntary steps in the right di- rection and expanded the na- tional awareness of problems that deeply affect us all. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Low cost of alcohol encourages more alcoholics Ky Harold Grcer, in the Winnipeg Tree Press rpOROXTO: This could be the year that Canadian govern- ments, federal and provincial, finally do something about the liquor problem. A number of di- verse developments are now combining to produce a situa- tion where, given a modicum of political guts, governments can make at least a start on con- trolling the consumption of al- cohol through the tax structure. You thought that governments did that now? Well, if by "con- trol" you mean they do: They pursue a cheap- liquor policy which significant- ly promotes consumption. They won't admit this, of course, but the facts are incontrovertible from the record. The federal excise tax on beer, for example, has been 42 cents a gallon since Dec. I, 1967. Prior to that, it had been 38 cents for 13 years. In 1950, spir- its were taxed per proof gallon; Uu's went to in April of 1959 and to at the end of 1967, where it now rests. The tax on wines has not changed materially since the war. What other federal taxes have been treated so easily? The Ontario gallonage charge on beer was lOlj cents per gal- lon in 195D. It didn't change until IOCS when it went to 26 cents. It was raised to 23 cents last May, ostensibly to remove the price differential which ap- plied in northern Ontario and to permit a uniform price of for a case of 2-1 small bot- tles (net of deposit) across the province. This admittedly is a 50 per cent increase Ontario gal- lonage tax over some ten years. But gallonage tax is only one determinant of the retail price of beer which is effectively con- trolled by the Ontario Liquor Control Board i.e., the gov- ernment. And during the 1960s, the retail price increased by only 14 per cent., while the cost of b'ving index increased by 30 per cent. In other words, beer was relatively cheaper in 1970 than it was in 1961. The Quebec government was somewhat tougher. A case of 24 Park: a great gift Dnn Oakley, NEA Service But alas, tho heat of (lie day produced gar recipe and for the past few months an unusal thirst and the bottom of the milk cans began to show rather sooner than was programmed. I dismayed Bnd began to panic. Stores, of course, wero we've been enjoying a nice refreshing crabapple drink, lint rny earlier, naive ex- periencn has laughl me to run several before serving. GRAFT-RIDDEN admin- istration of Ulysses S. Grant is not numrjered among the more illustrious in America's histoiy. Yet, with one stroke of the presidential jwn 100 years (Irani did something Unit places him among the greatest presidents in terms of what they ijcrjueathcri to posterity. Tills was his signing on March 1, of a bill creat- ing Yellowstone National Park in the distent and still unex- plored West. Yellowstone was more than just America's firsl national park and the beginning of a system that now numbers 3fi parks and more than 2CO other national landmarks And recrea- tion areas. It was the first time in his- tory that a nation had .set aside part of it.s territory to preserve for future generations. The ex- ample of Yellowstone inspired similar park sysiems in other countries. Before the turn of the cen- tury, Yellowstone had been joir-cd by Yosemite, Sequoia, General Grant (Inter renamed King's Canyon) and Mount Rai- nier National Parks. In 38p9, when memories of the Indian wars were still fresh, Congress acted !o preserve tho remains of ancient pre-Colum- bian civilizations, first at Casa, Grande and later Mesa Verde, True, our forefathers were of- ten careless and prodigal with this 1 and, Yet an appreciation of its natural beauty and tho awareness that this beauty is a heritage to passed on mi- spoiled is not the exclusive dis- covery of 1 a t tor-flay Co n- sciousness III" types. Yellowstone came into because a H-man exploring party was so impressed by its wonders and grandeur that they gave up all thought of fttakirg claims. Around a campfirc on the night of fiepf. 3, 1870, Montana Territorial Judge Cornelius Hedges ad- vanced the idea of making tho area a national trust for gener- ations yet unborn. What is remarkable is that this concept, could have boon accepted at a time when so much of America was still wil- derness, when there seemed to bo an unlimited quantity of land and wealth for Ihc taking and when only a very small fraction of a small population could make the difficult jour- ney to the remote Yellowstone area. Today, of course, It is just the opposite. Highways and au- tomobiles have brought Ameri- ca's natural beauties within reach of everyone Rut the parks arc there, What would America he like to- day if a few men had not had 100 ago? small cost in the Montreal area in i960 and calls for today an increase of 30 per cent. It Is probably no coinci- dence liiat this parallels the cost of Jiving, but it is still a fact that Quebec beer is still as cheap, relatively speaking, as it was in 1960, Hardly a dis- incentive to drinking. And what is the relalionship bctsvtun price am! the consump- tion of alcohol? Like any other commodity, there Ls a high cor- relation. In fact, research by the Alcoholism and Drug Addic- tion Research Foundation of On- tario has established that 95 per cent of the changes in consump- tion can a ccouiitcd by the amount of money people have to spend and the price they have to pay for alcohol in its various beverage forms. This can he seen in stark and simple form by comparing con- sumption Jcvels in, say, New- foundland and British Colum- bia. Newfoundland has low in- come levels and very high liq- uor prices relative to the rest of the country; its intake, at last calculation, was 1.13 gal- lons of absolute alcohol annual- ly per capita. British Columbia incomes are some GO per cent higher and liquor i.s much cheaper (li.C. beer is about 50 per cent the B.C. consumption level is around 2.13 gallons of absolute alcohol per capita. Other research by the Ontario foundation has established be- yond serious challenge that the number of alcoholics and the problem of alcoholism in any society ,1 re ricably I i nk to quole a rnmidMron study, with the general level of alcohol consumption. In shorl, the more drinking, the more alcoholism, WiUi some Canadians now drinking at or above what research has found to be the hazard level the equivalent of 3.5 ounces of pure alcohol a day it is apparent enough that alcoholism is not only the nation's foremost drug problem, but its biggest health and social problem as well, (Three-and-a-half ounces of pure alcohol to be found in about five-and-a-half 12 ounce bottles of beer, or eight ounces of whisky or most of a bottle of It is equally apparent that governments arc serious about the alcohol problem, and want to diminish the fantastic medi- cal, social and economic cost.s that alcoholism entails, they can rind must do it through (he l.'ix-prife structure, which is en- liroly under government ron- Apart from a very modest ef- fort in tin's direction by Alberta, however, no Canadian govern- ment has seriously thought along these lines. Indeed, (hey have worked against it not only by keeping the price of liquor relatively low but by discrim- inating between forms of liquor on the basis of such hoary shib- boleths as the one about beer being the "beverage of moder- ation." In fact, a glass of beer conlaining five per cent alco- hol by volume is just as alco- holic as a highball of soda and wliisky containing -JO per cent alcohol, is what all spir- its sold in Canada contain. It is also well established by re- search studies that beer can produce just as many alcoholics as whisky. But if one excludes the cheap, fortified wines produced for skid row, beer is considerably cheaper than cither wine or spirits when priced on an abso- lute alcohol basis. In Ontario, for example, (he cost if a gal- lon of pure alcohol contained in beer in 1970 was for wine it was 559.05, and for spir- its it was 582.85. Not surprising- ly, 56 per cent of the alcohol consumed was in the form of beer. Why do governments do this, in the face of ever-rising con- sumption levels some 17 per cent, per capita, In Canada over Ihc last ten years? Partly (he reason, of course, Is political Looking Through The Herald 19-Z A proposal favoring a forty hour week in all main shops, was unanimously adopt- ed at this morning's session of Division 4, railway employees' department, American Federa- tion of Labor Convention in Winnipeg. 1033 Albert's IS3I sugar beet king, N. .f. Anderson of Barnwell will lie crowned on Wednesday at the regular week- Wednesday at the regular week- luncheon of Ihc board of ly lu trade. 1912 The newly erected sla- fear: The working man must have his beer. But political slu- pidity also plays its part. JVtost politicians are simply not in- formed on the latest alcohol re- search. The message has not been getting through to them. It is quite incredible, for ex- ample, that I lie Data Com- mission on drug ahusc sliould spend over teo years to issue a report which recognizes alco- Kolism as the country's most serious drug problem but have nothing to recommend except more and better treatment for persons once they become al- coholics. Economic preventa- tives are the major research discovery of tire last decade hut not a word about them does the Le Daui Commission report. What then is happening tn change the picture? At least three things. The. Ontario Alco- holism atut Drug Addiction Re- search Foundation, which knows as much about alcoholism as anyone, perhaps more, appears to be arriving at a new and more effective relationship with the Ontario cabinet. The feder- al food and drug directorate lias recently changed its def- inition of beer, which could lead lo the beginnings of a las struc- ture based on alcohol content. And the brewing industry has suddenly got very worked about alcoholism and is debating whe- ther to bring out a low-alcohol beer. (rirst rit two articles) backward '.ion guard house and post of- fice have been completed at No. 8 fiombing and Gunnery School, Canada's retiring High Commissioner .Sir Alexander Cluttcrbnck, accompanied by Lady Clullerbuck, will arrivo in via TCA from Calgary for an overnight pri- vate visit. The Lethbridge Cham- IXM" of Commerce was off on an- other of its "know .southern Al- berta Ixilter'1 tours Wednesday morning. Iliis time to Vulcan and Claresholm. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO, LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1305-1054, by Hon. VI. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mfill Registration No 001? Mernter of The Canadian Press find ffie Canadian Daily Newspaper Publliriers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of clrcufafloni Cl.EO w. MOWEBS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager CON PILLING WILLIAM HAY r.Vinnnir.g Ed'lor Associate Editor ROY f 'AILL-i OOIJGI.AS K YMI Vdverli-.ino Ifantvr Editorial Pago Edilor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;