Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 28, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LEIHBRIDGE HERAID Saturday, March 58, 1970 Joyce Egginton- n Or Loss? Children Bear Brunt Of Social Evils Despite Hie slicing objections being expressed by union leaders to (lie proposed new Alberta Labor Act, it is an open question whether it might not be a gain instead of a loss to have the right to strike curlniled in some instances. The gain could be for the working man as much as for society as a whole. There is a feeling which the pro- posed legislation is reflecting that the strike weapon in certain essen- tial services has to be curbed. At least there is a good deal of impatience with the growing frequency of its in- vocation. The seemingly intermin- able interference with the handling ol grain, for instance, lias undoubted- ly been contributory to Hie loss of markets with resulting crisis in agri- culture and serious ramifications throughout the entire economy. Such a development is intolerable. It i s questionable whether rights exist without responsibilities and consequently whether any segment of society should be permitted to act so as to jeopardize the whole. The new act assumes that the health of the whole must take precedence over the parts. Therefore it is proposed thai the strike weapon be denied when it conflicts with the vital needs of society. Understandably, labor is jealous to preserve the right to strike. Few advances in the lot of the working man have been made without a strug- gle in which the strike or threat of it has proven to be the most effective means of achievement. Labor has had little reason often to trust that its weal is a paramount concern of management. Yet loss of the right to strike is not necessarily a catastrophe for labor, licvcrsion to the unchecked ra- paciousncss of employers, character- istic of earlier times, Is highly un- likely. An objective of a good stan- dard of living is now established in law as well as in philosophy. What the Government seems to be seeking is some other means of promoting this end for labor than that of the strike. Collective bargaining is something that has been given teeth by statutes. Now it is proposed that it be modif- ied also by law. This may be a step forward in Hie evolution of lalior- nianngeinenl relations rather than a retreat as some labor lenders see it. Compulsory arbitration can he and often is of greater benefit to labor in achieving its objectives than is the strike. Tribunals can give a fair deal to all concerned and avoid the costly business of strikes. This spells gain not loss. YORK At the begin- ning of (he 197fts the out- look (o- Hie children of Ihe world is much bleaker than it was 10 years ago. Despite the enormous m e d i cal advances and nuLrilion programs of the Inst decade, (here are now more sick, under-nourished and uneducated cliildren than ever a situation which is sleadily gelling worse. This is Hie stark finding pub- lishcd in a Report on Cliildren which has been made for the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. In general the investigation, which cover- ed most countries of the world, found thai lack of trained staff and the necessaiy administra- tive structure has seriously hampered international efforts lo improve welfare programs in under-developed countries where three-quarters of llio woild's cliildren live. Most of those Ilirec-nuarlcrs (amount- ing to 100 mUlion children) slill suitor Irani gross protein- calorie deficiency which his been ciled by another agency ot (he UN' (Ihe World Health Or- ganization) ES "the real tiller" ol children under lour. The report warns: "Unless lire international community is prepared lo give vastly great- er support, the next io years Hypocrisy Reconsidered A favorite epithet of militant yonlli for those of the older generation especially those in positions of author- ity _ is "hypocrite." It's a frequent word in campus newspapers and the underground press. In some instances the assumption of hypocrisy appears to be the constitutive element in the generation gap. There is always a large element of presumption in judging others. A hypocrite, by definition, is a person who pretends to be what he is.not. Such a person's practice does not keep pace with his profession. Obviously, lo be able to call another person a hypocrite requires a more intimate acquaintance than is gener- ally possessed by those prone to pass judgment. iUany people today do nol con- scously indulge in pretense; they sim- ply drift into their postures as a re- sult of the pressures of their cultural environment. In this Ihcy arc not likely much different, (rom people in any generation. The young people ivho find this so objectionable lack the perspective to see how deeply in- volved they are in the same process. No doubt the seeming acquiescence of individuals lo their world is repre- hensible. Yet it is naive to think that the wrongs which- exist would yield to simple resolve. Social institutions seem to compound Ihe evils existent in individuals so that they arc not susceptible lo quick change1. The pol- lution which threatens our very exis- tence today is not the result of delib- erate policies of destruction by evil individuals; it is (he consequence of the technological advance in which ive all participate. Individuals right- eously denouncing the monstrous thing that is happening are likely lo be simply irrelevant while others working for controls within the struc- ture could be winning our salvation. II is a greal delusion for anyone or any group to conclude that the troub- les of the world arc due to.the hypoc- risy of others. The taint.of hypocrisy is upon all of us to some degree. Denial of Ibis is likely lo he Ihe most obvious demonstration of that truth. There are dangers inherent in those who are blind to their own complicity in evil because they lack the humil- ity lo concede Hie possibility that they might be in the wrong. No im- provement in the lol of man is likely lo result when there is a lack of open- ness to the need for personal as well as corporate change. Ironically those who pass judgment of hypocrisy on others who seem to he pretending to be better than they are, sometimes are guilty of hypocrisy in pretending to be worse than they are. The mucker pose is no more lo he praised than a moral one per- haps less. There is something to ba said for the attempt to look better and he belter than one is. II is a testimony lo the appeal of Ihe ideal. .Surely there is Tightness in not par- ading our worst selves. Weekend Meditation Gleams Of Eternity WE SEE through a glass says SI. Paul lo Ihe church in Corinth. Molfall translates this, "we see balding re- flections in a mirror." William Barclay translates it. "We see only retlections in a mirror which leave us with nothing but riddles to solve." Tire King James version is a better metaphor since the Roman glazed windows had hut recently become popular. Fragments of glass Mindows have been found in Roman villas in England and Pompeii. Pliny's loiters refer to his glazed windows. Possibly thin sheets ot marble, mica, or hom were used. Such would be used lo keep the heat in the Tinman baths. As such Ihcy Mould be effective, but Ihey not permit a good view ot the oulsidc world. One would sec only dim and shadowy outlines. That is all a man can know, but be- cause I'll: tlccs r.ol krio.v everything there is no need Tor him to behave as if lie knew nothing. Paul gees on to say thai a man docs know that faith, hope, and love arc the ciiduring values of life. Two chapters lalcr in this letter lie lells he kr.otvj of eternal life. The resurrection of Jcsiis hail been uilh a glorified body. So he Mary Magda- lene to "touch me r.ot.'1 lie could pass through doors and become invisible, phen- omena that .some scientists think pos- sible in the future! On (he oilier hard Jesus was retaiiicit his per- sonality, and Thomas was to put his band in'iO the and nail wour.ds. Jesus could say. "It i.s I It was a real resurrection, no phantom. "There is a natural Ixxly and there is a spiritual Ijffly." says Paul. Jn words the physical body cnclpMs a spiritn.nl which if hlKralcd ?.i dc-a'.h. The other world is not filled uith phantoms, hut is filled v.rh real people engaged in real ac- tivity. "His shall s-rrve Him." "Tr.cy rest from their labors and Ihrir uurks do lolhiv.- ti-.cm v.ctrd ii'C'fl [or labor fiohT a iiK-atiing IH.-.VL- ing, a beating ol Ihe breast, Ihus or.c has will fiixl Ihe number ol neglect- ed children increased by mil- lions despite all the efforts of developing countries, includ- ing efforts lo curb population growth. "Every half minute. 100 cliil- dren are born in developing countries. Twenty of (hem will die within Ihe year. Of the SO survive, t'O will have no ac- cess to modern medical care during their childhood. An equal numlter suiter from malnutrition during Ihe crucial weaning and toddler age, with Ihe possibility of irreversible physical and mental damage, and during (his period their cbancc of dying will be 20 to JO times higher than if Ihcy had lived in Europe or North Ani- eiiea. "Of Uiose wl'.o live lo school age, only a little more lhan hall will ever set fool in a class- room, and less than four out o! 10 of Iho-e Mho do will com- plete (he elementary grades." The UN researchers found that the dcalb rale of children up (o five years old is between 10 and 50 limes greater in un- der-developed countries than in Ihe rcsl of the world. In (he most poverty-stricken nations, between 30 and 40 per cent of all children die before reaching tl'.c age of five. .Most causes ol these deallis are preventable, Ihc worsl hazards being "mal- nutrition and the communic- able diseases which stem from poverty, ignorance and grossly unsanitary enviionir.ents." failure to bring about mark- ed improvement in Ihe health and economy of the poorer na- tions has seriously inhibited birth control programs. A "cru- cial condition" for Ihe success of these programs, (he report stales, is the continuing im- provement in the economic prospects and social welfare of the under-developed countries. It adds: "The experience o[ the developed indi- cates Uiat a c'aange in altitude in family size can take place only Mhen it becomes appar- ent lhat numerous children may impair, ralher than pro- tccl, the welfare of the fam- ily." Consequently, the UN re- searchers predict there will nol be much change in existing family pnttcrns before 1835, with children under the age of 15 making up 23 per cent of Ihe population in the develop- ed countries, anil -12 per cent of the populalion in Hie under- developed nations. They expert to sec a small decb'ne in cliild populalion in Western Europe. North America and East Asia, which probably will he offset by an increase in Africa. Throughout the world, the re- searchers found, children con- tinue to bear the brunt of many social evils. They found an alarming incidence ol child abuse, and noted lhat abused children often grow up lo be abusive parents. They found child labor slill prevalent in large areas of Asia, South Am- erica and the Middle East, des- pite recent labor legislation which, tlirough public inerlia ar.d private pressure, is often ignored. They found lhat illegitimacy Is slill a terrible stigma upon millions of children who, at best, miss out on the expe- rience of a loving and united family background. In many countrj-s they arc also discrim- inated against by Ihe law, de- nied inheritance rights, and legally prohibited from estah- Irhing any paternal relation- ship. Probably the worst crime against children over Ihe last decade has been their suffer- ings as the result of wars in Ihe Middle Easl, Nigeria and Vietnam. The icsearchcrs cited one report from Viclnam which claims lhat CO per cent of all civilian casualties arc children, and lhat or.e half of all Viet- namese children have been dy- ing licforc the age ot five. "Tell me more about ihis obsession of yours to get blood out of a turnip, Mr. Even in civilized countries, children become the victims of social evils, slilwugh of a different kind. The repprl comments on the increasing number o( young people who are becoming addicted to al- cchol and riiugs alcoholism being the more widespread of (he two. Japan has an increas- ing number of problem drink- ers and lakers of sleeping pills among its youlh. Drug-taking is superseding alcohol d r i n k ing among young people in many urban "areas of the United Kingdom, w h i 1 e in towns in Scandinavia and Ihe United Stales (he use of narcotics by school-children is increasing "al an alaiming rale." The UN researchers feel thai Ihis new type ol addiction is partly explained by Ihe free and open discussion on. televi- sion, radio and in the press, of subjects which include contra- ception, abortion, sexual devia- tion and drags all of which is "bourn1 to influence adoles- cents young creat- ing unreal and uncertainly in their minds. Researchers found that Ihe cnonnous health problems among children in Ihe poorer countries are equalled by the problems of educating the ever increasing masses. One product of high birlh rates is a steady increase in the number of illiterates, of whom there are now about 800 million above the age of 15. In Africa alone, four million children pass school age every year without having learned to read or mite, and seven out of 10 children leave school before reaching the sixth grade (Ihe equivalent of a 12-year-old Icyel in a Wcslcrn The rcpoit comments: "In a world which has lift- come more and more technol- ogical in job oricnlalion ft is difficult to envisage a future wilh any prospect (or this mass of illiterate people unless bold, new measures are at- tempted." One interesting and some- what disconcerting new finding was that in children up lo Ihe age of 10 there is an excess of female moilality over male in certain parts of Ihe world- contrary to the statistics of most Western nations where male mortality Is usually the higher. A preponderance of deaths among girl children Mpas particularly noted in Latin Am- erica and Asia, also unex- pectedly in Yugoslavia and Albania. Tne researchers say, somewhat enigmatically, lhat while the causes of the differ- ence have nol been investigat- ed, Uicy may be "of a psychol- ogical and cultural They add: "If in the countries concerned, social customs af- ford a greater protection to boys than to girls, Ibis is a problem which should be given IxiLh national end international attention." (Written lor The Herald and The Observer, London) Irene JJecson rest from baffling, dull, and exhausting toil, but that our M'orks follow us must mean employment of our powers without weari- ness. Certainly after his resurrection the lile of Jesus was lull ol acUviiy. Heaven has been too often pictured in ecclesiasti- cal terms. 1L is a place, so far as a pic- lure has been given us, where a sphere i.5 provided for opportunity lo use facul- ties to the full. "Because you have been faithful over a few things. I will make you rule over many said Jesus of judgment day- "Enter Ihou into (he joy ol Ihy Lord." Now man only knows joy in activity. Thus Tennyson in his poem suggcsls thai man's struggle here must he rewarded by Ihe chance of going on. Drowning and Charles Kingsley have the same idea, as does Wordsworth in a different way in "Intimations of Immortal- ity from Ikcollcclions of Early Child- hood." If a man says it does not matter whe'uner or.c believes in the fulure life or lie is talking without thinking. Think ol (he dif- ference', for example, lhal it made in St. I'aui. He ccutd nol have, been Ihe man v-as v.iihoul such confidence, for uilh Paul eternity was no conjecture hul a certainly. A mnn could lie an ICpiclclus or Seneca, but never a St. Paul wilho-.il a dynamic in elcrnal life. I'aul contended, "1[ Chi isl he not raised Ihcn is o'.ir prcuch- ing vain, vuur failh also is vain." "Christ is risen'' was UK> customary salutation ot early Christians. Those vilio live Ilic moat vigorous ard vital life here arc hclicvers in lilc hereafter. In Ihe Ihinkir.i; (if Jet'.is rtr.ilh v.as r.ut a 5tr.tr, bill a p.issafic lo the injnortal from Ik iiinrlal. Life here is limited, confined, ircy l'i anil leinjilation. Dca'.h opens larger life, happier and full ol in- finite "O rlc.'ilii. where is thy 0 firavc, uhcre is Ihy I'r.-nrr: Abniuhly (fod. help us (o believe in Thy plan fur my life .ir.rl Hie world. lii'bou1 ihc (or hu- inun htc ar.d the final Ihc line, the Bowl, ar.d the beautiful. F.S.M. Jordan Wants Leadership That Joins People IMMAN After a brief ouburM of violence in m i d-Fcbruary, in which :io Palestinian commandos and 15 Bedouin ami Jordanian secur- ity men were killed, Amman became quiet. Ileporls o[ a crisis between King Hussein ar.d Ihc Palestin- ian resistance groups alerted the world lo Ihc dangers ol a civil war. A decree catling loi1 Ihe surrender of all arms and the withdrawal of armzd com- mandos from the city was then frozen. Bui tlic fcdayecn arc still strongly entrenched in Am- man, armed ar.d on Ihc alert. The population, loo, is armed. According lo some estimates, there arc a minimum of noo machine guns and ether firearms in the crowded little city of half a million people. The govcrnmcnl move [ailed. 'Ihc resultant hi ood-Iclling slowed tor the second lime in IB months lhat any serious al- lempt -lo curb Ihc commandos rrxl Iheir supporters must lead lo civil war. Political sources who have studied the silualion in all its aspects estimate thai a slowdown carried through In Ihc billcr or.rt wnild claim al leasl WOO viclims, "II is tliey say. I! u I what hcippcr.nl lasl month was, they claim lar more serious a rime lo restrain or curb the fcdayecn. The (rouble sprang gov- ernment fear of spreading poli- tical crisis. Countrywide dis- content was being expressed in 3 scries of strikes, in Jordan's main Recently, loo. the people of Trnid in Dip Northern Jcrdnn Valley, a daily targe! [or Is- raeli artillery ar.d raiding air- trail, ancrily dcrni.nilrd dcnl protcclion and dcfcnic lor llio area, Tlxjy were r.ol con- vinced by King Hussein's pledge, oil-repealed since ttic Six-Day that if his West- ern friends did not come for- ward wilh the defence weapons the cciinlry needs, he could consider gelling them from "other sources." bitterness ar.d discoiilenl re- sult from the widening gap Lwccn the mass of Ihc people and what a businessman des- cribed as Ihe "new money v.iiich has spnmg up since Ihc war. One of Ihe most striking paradoxes of this small, war-bound country is Ihe contrast between the misery1 of the devastated, .Jordan Valley, which Mas unlil Hie Mar its agricultural back- bone, its wrecked, descried vil- lages, sprawling refujc camps, and Ilin new prosperity and comfortable insouciant life of the new ricii class. Critk'is of Ihc regime and way of life here look will) dis- taste and rcscnlmcnl at Ihe 'Crazy Capers' My own house, .1 CMC. money in flic bank, Ihcn I was written on! o( tho lend rich crop of luxurious hcufes and partial villas springing up in the fr.sbicnablc quarters of Amman and at the ever-in- creasing number ol flashy Am- erican ar.d German cars block- ing traflic. "Is Ihis a country at war, girding its loins lo de- fend itself and gel the enemy out of its an angry Jordanian asked me. Disenchantment, less ol faith, suspicion of Ihs country's lead- ership arc meeting points for Hie immigrant Palestinians nnd the indigenous Jordanian who share the same political views, from Ihc right-wing nationalist lo the extreme klt-uing groups. observers aic in- clined, intenlionally perhaps, to lock for the "Palestinian in Ihe wcodpilc" in assessing Ihe sit- uation here, a young Jordanian cllicial said. ThLs altitude wi.s encouraged by .some politicians foreign circles in Amman. "Press rcportinf, tcr.ds lo di- vide (he p o p ul a 11 o n inlo 'goodies' (Jordanians) and 'baddies' Ten- .sicn, (lifficnllies, crises arc in- variably attributed lo the Pale- stinians.1' lie said that although the population was made up ol Trans Jordanians. I'aleslinians, Circassians, Assyrians, (Jrcek.s, Armenians. M u s 1 i m s. Chris- tians. C'cHscrvslivcs and Com- iiiiinisl.'j. differences and divi- sions only in political outlooks and aims. Transjor- damans M'erc not automatical- ly right-wing monarchists, any more than Palestinians were automatically radicals and rev- olutionaries. A Jcrdanian lawyer, ulio is active in politics, dc.scrilicd la.st month's crisis as "the bhlb- pangs of revolution." "We arc in a he said. "There has been an agreement of sorts between the king and Ihc fcdaycen. Some o[ the workers' claims have been sat- isfied. There are rumors thai a ncMp government is in the making. These arc worn-oul palliatives, r.ot cures. "What the country needs is a fundamental change: new faces, a new spirit, young men al Ihe helm, nationalists. The people want a nalicnal govern- ment, a truly representative parliament, an end lo nepotism and corruplion in political and Ihc ruling economic circles. "As far as Ihc conflict wilh Israel is he added, "we expect a consistent, uni- fied and dignified stand. Half our coiuilrr is in enemy hands, Ihc olhcr half is occupied by Ihc remote control of Israel's artillery and air force. We want a govcrnmenl lhal will ensure pur defence, that will help, nol impede our commandos in Ihcir struggle to liberate our land. What is rcuuircd is a leadership lhal joins the peo- ple." (Wriltcn lor The Herald and The Observer, London LOOKING BACKWARD TIIUOUGll Till} lllillAl.n teachers of south Albcrla are "somewhat peeved" al Ihe adion of [he provincial govcrnmenl in refus- ing lo increase the minimum salaries ol teachers lo from S5HJ. ISM Forl Maclcod Mayor J. W. McDonald has been elect- ed Hie new Alberta Liberal parly leader. Wilh The Wind'' was shov.n in for Hie f irs I time la.st night lo packed audiences and rave re- views. 1939 Vic Slasiuk, former I-clhbridgc resident, fired home the winning goal for Iho Chi- cago Black Hawks lasl nighl in a 5 4 victory over the Hoi Wings. Trie Hawks now advance lo the Stanley Cup finals. slate of emergency has been called in .South Afri- ca as unarmed Kegrocs stormed Hie slrecls of Cape- town. The demonstration high- lighted many ineidcnls that have produced Ihc ficrcesl, bloodiest, rncial crisis in South Africa's hislory. The Lctltkidge Herald 50! 7lh St. S., Lclhbricluc, Albcrla LETimmnr.E HEIULD co. LTD., proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 19il, by Hon. W. A, BUCHANAN Second CIJIJ Man afflXuricn Kumhtr a Ths rvrii IhB Cj-iailijn Djil? Nmspiwr Awocblicn airl IJin Audit D'jriau d Cliculatksf CLKO W. JIOWF.HS, find Tabli'tirr THOMAS II. ADAMS, Ctrtial Mar.atrr joi; B.M.I.A K'liltl BOV MILKS Manjjt nri.MA.il nAV Fil.Ior noLHI.AS K (vAI.KKl Pan "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH"