Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Wednesday, March LETHBRIDOE HBHALD-3f New American laws could mean draft for women WASHINGTON Phyllis Schlafly of Alton, Illinois, doesn't want her daughters to be drafted into the U.S. armed forces. But, she is afraid they" might be some for dangerous combat 'the United States becomes involved in another war. The cause of Mrs. Schlafly's fears is the Equal Rights Amendment a sort of civil rights bill for women, which appears destined to be- come ratified as part of the, U S. Constitution. While ERA would outlaw vestiges of discrimination against women in government employment and legislation, the attractive 49-year-old housewife and Radcliffe graduate notes that the amendment would also erase special protective laws and privileges for her sex. "The draft is only one ex- ample of what the ERA means for states Mrs. Schlafly, who has become na- tionally-known as the outspoken foe of ERA. She believes that working class women would suffer from the abolition of laws regulating the shifts they can work, the weight they can be asked to lift on the job, and other protections from hazardous and "sweat shop" conditions. The legal obligation of husbands to support their wives and children would also be wiped out, ambigiously assigning that traditional male role to both spouses. "Liberation? I think the home is a real liberation for women. She'can do what she wants on her own Mrs. Schlafly said during a telephone interview. Mrs. Schlafly, with her epistle of homebodiness, is constantly on the road and on the airwaves, speaking as often as possible against ERA. In her wake, stop-ERA groups have been lobbying in state legislatures against the necessary state ratification of the amendment before it is affixed to the U.S. Constitution. But, the pro-ERA forces ap- pear to have the upper hand. Thirty-three states have ratified the amendment, passed by Congress nearly two years ago. Only five more stales must vote approval for. ERA to take effect, and the deadline for that action is J979. "If ERA were not ratified" by 1979, seven years after the amendment was approved by Congress, it would die. But, in the next five years at least five states are bound to vote says Pat Keefer, a 30-year-old lobbyist for Common Cause, a liberal citizens group which is pushing ERA. Indeed, Miss Keefer is con- fident the necessary state ap- proval will be obtained by 1975. "Maine, Montana and Ohio have ratified the amendment so far this she notes. "We expect that at least three more states will ratify ERA this year, leaving only two to go." Helping the pro-ERA cause is a legalism which jmmius state legislatures which have voted against ratification to reverse their which appears to bar reversals by states which have ratified the amendment. Miss Keefer notes that this restriction of the Constitution is' to prevent states from emasculating its provisions, but ERA opponents believe the law applies only to amendments which have already been ratified by the necessary 38 of the 50 states. The ratification of Nebraska, where legislators have since voted to amend their de- cision, is therefore in doubt. Four states, so far, have de- cided to ratify ERA after originally voting, rejection. These are: Maine, Montana, Connecticut and Vermont. Miss Keefer, like many younger women supporting ERA, sees nothing wrong with a constitutional guarantee of women's equality which would also end special or traditional privileges. "My. feeling is that women would be eligible for the draft, if it is ever reactivated, and for combat roles and why she said when questioned at her Washington office. She notes that there are many modern military combat roles which do not require hand-to-hand combat, including jobs as pilots and aboard naval vessels. Veteran Michigan congress- woman Martha Griffiths, 61, a staunch supporter of ERA, pooh-poohs the views of both Miss Keefer and Mrs. Schlafly. She does not think there will be a strict interpretation of "equal- the experience of the U.S Supreme Court casts some doubt on that view. "It would only require'that women be placed in (military) duties to which they are fitted, just as men are, and those duties would not be at a battle- she says. Mrs. Griffiths also argues that "so-called protective legislation never did protect women." She points out that weight-lifting laws didn't apply to hospitals, where many women worked. And. a 1910 law since women from jobs as night clerks in hotels didn't keep women from scrubbing floors on the night shift in the same establishments. The congresswoman also ar- gues that current support laws, which would be erased by ERA, are ineffective; that a few years after the divorce decree the majority of fathers are not paying anything for the support of their children. Supporters of ERA believe that while current support laws would become obsolete, the law would require support by whoever is able to do husband or wife. This is the view of several frequently-quoted articles in the April. 1971, issue of the prestigeous Yale Law Journal. But, the articles are 'loaded with presumption" in the view of the anti-ERA c-jmp. that the nuts-and- bolts application of equality Sears 50 sq.yd Save Floor fashions bloom in time for Spring! Deep, dense cable shag in rainbow-bright colours 13 49 sq.yd. colour heralds in a season of high fashion for your floors. 13 high-lustre, 2-tone shades in a deep, soft 100% DuPont nylon toughest carpet fibre we know of. Put it anywhere. And enjoy it for years! Reg. sq. yd. SAVE 9 x 12' size. Reg. 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When ERA was approved overwhelmingly by congress in 1972-by a vote of 84-8 in the Senate and 354-23 in the House of ratification by the states was expected. There was quick ap- proval by 22 of 38 states, but early last year the campaign bogged down in the trenches of southern and rural state legislatures. More recent ratifications have been hard-fought battles for the votes of predominantly male legislators. But, one factor ac- counting for the fact that the pro-ERA forces are only five states away from the magic figure of 38 ratifications is organized labor. The powerful AFL-CIO was originally opposed to the legis- lation, basing its stand on the effect ERA would have on work laws designed to protect women. But, it reversed its policy last year, primarily at the insistence of women union executives and some rank- and-file female members. For all the noise and welter of words about it, ERA, as for- mulated by a joint committee of Congress, is contained in three simple sections. "Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex "Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article "Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification. Simple words. But they could revolutionize the traditional roles of American men. Hauser still a legend New York Times BEVERLY HILLS, CALIF. tall couple walked past the jewelry section in I. Magmn's Wilshire Boulevard store recently on their way to the elevator. "Look, it's Greta an excited shopper said to her friend. "Never mind who she the friend replied. "Who is that man with Garbo's companion, wearing superbly tailored tweeds, was, of course, Gayelord Hauser, the legendary tnend ol the legendary woman of mystery. Today, nearly 80 years old, the chic friend of movie stars and European nobility is still robust, still roads without glasses, still lakes long walks each day. still swims several miles in morning and afternoon sessions in his swimming pool in his hilltop estate overlooking coldwater canyon. And. as he has been since the early 1920's, he is still a health food evangelist who takes obvious satisfaction that much of his preachments about nutrition were not empty words. Tve almost finished what I hope will be my last cookbook." said Hauser, who back in the thirties and forties talked a large section of Hollywood into living almost exclusively on health salads and vegetable cocktails. His books on nutrition and beauty have sold 40 million copies in many languages. "After the book is finished." he went on. "I'm scheduled to lecture in Australia, then in Japan. Then I may go back to Argentina again. President Peron says his people need to hear me they're eating too much beef again... they need carrots." The first time Hauser went to Argentina was just after the death of Peron's first wife, FA a. in July. 1952. He said the general wanted him to lecture then. too. "The people were eating too much meat. he recalled. I lectured on the necessity of cutting down on starches, on eating fruits and vegetables at well as meat The following day they told me the fruit and vegetable market's were sold out" The Hauser memory is durable as his physique. Mention a city, a person and his mental file drawer opens and an anecdote pops out. An accomplished mimic, he frequently imitates the of the person he is quoting. Describing an aftenvoon he spent in Switzerland discussing nutrition with Dr. Albert Schweitzer (and being rewarded with an organ concern, Mauser's voice becomes gentle and thick like the doctor's.