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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LCTHRRIDGE March Merchants travel from afar Going down the silk road By JOHN BURNS Special to The Herald WUHSI For as long as man can remember China has been celebrated for its magnificent silks The diplomat's wife in contemporary Peking who has her silk blouses tailor made at each is the latest beneficiary of a trade that stretches back more than 2 500 years, to the time when the merchants of Byzantium rode their camel trains across the desert wastes of Smkiang in pursuit of the silks and other riches of the middle kingdom The silk road is only a memory now. the desert pathway superseded by the road, rail and air links that connect the populous regions ol Central China with its distant western frontiers. But the merchants stil! travel from afar to buy their.silks, competing with one another at the semi-annual trade fairs in Canton for supplies of a commodity that had an established market abroad nearly years before Marco Polo travelled along the silk road to chronicle the marvels of Cathay. Before Polo and since, the heart of the Chinese silk industry has lain in the region bordering Lake Tai, an island sea that lies to the south of the Yangtse River in an area known as the Garden of China One of the principal cities of this region is Wuhsi, an ancient town that has developed over the past 50 years into a major industrial centre with' a population of a third of them factory workers. Visitors to Wuhsi spend most of their time appreciating the beauty of the lake landscape and of the magnificent parks and pavilions that were built in the days of the dynasties. But guides usually leave the sightseeing with a visit to a silk farm and a silk filiature mill, to demonstrate how an Factory worker removes membrane from cocoons Something new in HAIR COLORING! at the GEMINI BEAUTY SALON 70e-3rdAve S Phone 327-2079 Open Thursday Night industry that was flourishing in the region a thousand years before Christ has developed and modernized since the Communists came to power. At the silk farm on the shore of the lake a visitor can stroll through acres of mulberry bushes whose leaves are the diet of silkworms Inside he can tour the hatchery, where workers tend to eggs delivered to the farm by the state, and watch the hatched worms chew their way through an endless diet of leaves 16 times their own weight in 30 days between hatching from the egg and spinning their cocoons. At the filiature mill workers remove the membrane from the cocoons, throw out any that are defective and boil the others to remove the gum that binds the threads together. A dozen cocoons are then mechanically unspun, rewoven into a single thread, then reeled and rereeled before befng weighed, inspected and packed for delivery to a weaving mill in Soochow or Hangchow, the traditional weaving centres further south. About a quar- ter of the output is earmarked for direct export, much of it to Europe, where fashion houses make it up into chic blouses and scarves Officials at the mill make much of the improvement in working conditions since 1949. Pounded in the 1930s, the factory was once a major employer of child labor, toiling 12 hours a day seven days a week for subsistence wages. The heat in the summer was intolerable and the steam from the boiling process left the girls with hair that was lousy and dank. Wang Shui-Chm, a member of the revolutionary committee that manages the mill, recalls having started work there at the age of 7 in 1936, "when he used to say that every inch of silk contained a thousand beads of sweat" Even today conditions in the mill are far from exemplary. Many of the workers still suffer heat and noise that unions would not tolerate in Canada, but an effort has been made to provide basic ventilation and washing facilities The annual output of the mill is nearly 330 tons of raw silk, for wages that range between and a month. Women retire at 50. men at 55, on 70 per cent of salary, and medical care is free There are no vacations, just five statutory holidays a year, but women" get 56 days paid maternity leave and the free PWP ensures international decrees TORONTO (CP) Parents Without Partners Inc (PWP) is petitioning Canadian and AFTERNOON BINGO MOOSE 3 Ave. North 5 Morwy DOUBLED WMkto Jackoot Cards Soonsored bv THE MOOSE LODGE No Children Undtr 16 Allowed to Welcome LOYAL ORDER OF MOOSE 1234-3rd Ave. N. Regular Wednesday Night p.m. 25 GAMES-DOUBLE MONEY CARDS-MANY EXTRAS THIS WEEK JACKPOT S170 IN 59 NUMBERS Enter lor the EMter Draw 5 cards pays Double-Door Prize No one under 16 years allowed to play United States governments to ensure both countries honor each other's custodial and support decrees. "Beginning with the U.S. and Canada, PWP is striving for the creation of an international agreement: which would allow the custodial parent to legally pursue non-custodial parents who skip across the border with the Roma Ewles. new Canadian zone administrator of PWP. said in a new release. "We hope to stop the virtual Save money To save money on food, use more home-prepared meals and fewer ready-to-heat or readv-to-eat foods. kidnapping of children by a non-custodial Canadian or U S citizen who feels safe from extradition and prosecution by taking up residence in the other country "Such legal measures can be taken now, however, they are lengthy and extremely expensive Mrs. Ewles said the Canadian arm of PWP will be reorganized at a meeting here April 28-29 to give it more autonomy. The group has received a charter in the name of Canadian Parents Without Partners (PWP PWP is a non-sectarian, volunteer organization which also has affiliates in Australia, New Zealand, England. Mexico and Venezuela. IONDON Whichever -way vou look at H. you can't do better than with SunfliditABCe pponcuuesi London i.n. i Calgary 7 ?l Dm SBO 10 MSS was tm SMS Mm S Mgt IB Afj' ft jio Jun If Jun fB hunt For further information and reservations contact... MU. WORLD ram sema 608 5th Ave. South Phone 320-7921 Ample free parking at rear of buHding Preferred Professionally by 3 to 1 sin WrtPBHV Prompt ottention given to MaH Ordtnl BENEFIT SHOES 615-4th Ave. S. Phone 327-7300 Open Thursday end Friday OH 9 pjm. use of a nursery at 'the mill when they return to work. Though the dyeing and weaving of the silk is done elsewhere, the workers have only to walk over to the city's main department store to see the end product. In the textile department there is roll upon roll of silk, in dozens of colors and patterns and at prices that make it an affordable luxury for the average working family. A medium quality fabric of the kind that a woman might have made into a blouse costs less than a yard, while the fancier brocade run up to a price that only the highest paid Quality control is shown by measuring tensile strength Chinese worker could afford. In the friendship store for foreigners in Peking diplomatic wives have the choice of hundreds of bolts, from the smooth tussah silks to a yard) to the rougher shantungs and the brocades, which range from the simpler designs at to the rich satin tapestries at Customers used to complain of a lack of imagination in the patterns, but a new export consciousness that has emerged in recent times has brought forth a new range of brighter, more attractive designs. Woman MP threatens to write book to 6get even9 OWEN SOUND, Ont. (CP) Flora MacDonald, Progressive Conservative member of Parliament for Kingston and the Islands, once threatened to write a book called Abroad With 40 Men She said in an interview that while she was studying at the National Defence College in first woman to do 40 senior military men and civil servants whose studies included tours of foreign countries. The college told her she could not enter the officers' mess un- less she was suitably attired and that meant a dress not the pant suits which make up the major portion of her wardrobe. The rule was eventually amended to say that, for the purposes of the officers' mess, Miss MacDonald was not to be considered a women and was permitted to wear pants. The 47-year-old MP who was elected in 1972, threatened to write her book to get even. Miss MacDonald is used to competing in the world of men. In 1942, long before thumbing across the country came into vogue with young men, let alone women, she left her home in North Sydney on Cape Breton Island and arrived in Vancouver three months later after washing dishes, picking berries and typing her way across the country. She travelled across Canada a second time, working two or three months in each province because she wanted to under- stand the political and cultural differences in the country. Miss Macdonald was participating in high-level political de- cisions when women's liberation was still in diapers. In 1957 she was appointed executive secretary of the national Progressive Conservative party. The year before she worked on Robert Stanfield's campaign to become premier in Nova Scotia. When Mr. Stanf'ield ran for the national leadership in 1967, Miss MacDonald was in charge of organizing delegate support for him Her own successful contest in the Kingston-area riding was her 30th political campaign. She now is the party's critic on Indian affairs and northern development and said if she had the chance to become minister of that department she would split it. She sees a "total con: fhct" between development of resources and development of human beings. Silk-reeling process Historic palace becomes fancy bazaar of fashion THE BETTER HALF By Barnes FLORENCE, Italy (AP) The Italian ready-to-wear collections for fall and winter have turned the historic Strozzi Palace into a fancy bazaar Booths on four levels of the Renaissance palace accommodate more than 100 fashion houses participating in the showings. The fashion shows unfold in the Pitti Palace across the Arno river, but the buying and selling takes place at the Strozzi. At the Strozzi, Michael La Mendola's creations are generally simple to emphasize his original and evocative prints They cost between and wholesale. Tiziani is one of the few designers this season who has not raised prices. He said his coats cost the same as last year. Tom Aboud of Noni Sport said his prices are up about 35 per cent because of the rising cost of materials. He showed a heavy three-piece knit suit, double-faced with mohair, which costs this year. Last year, he said, it would have been about less. A spokesman said Pasquali Knitwear's clothes are up about 15 per cent. This season a three-piece daywear suit would cost in a shop. 'Emilio Pucci presented a small ready-to-wear collection Monday at Pitti Palace and drew a thumbs- down response from buyers. The designer, whose bright, multicolored silk jersey prints with the tiny Pucci signature have become a status symbol for some fashionable women, offered only 12 costumes all based on the knitted playsuit. He said it was an "austerity inspired col- lection The only evening outfit consisted of silver lame pyjamas trimmed with pink and green feathers. The other 15 designers at Pi tli stressed elegance and chic and drew more applause. RUMMAGE SALE H MEWBURN O.B.E. CHAPTER I.O.D.E. SAT.. MARCH 30 at e.m. AH Purpose Room Civic Sports Centre "Plus one bunch of gropes, one bag of peanuts, and one banana." Graham Johnson Dnpries CASH AND CARRY SALE DAYS Short ends 5 to 15 yard p as Teryteneandl Trlgal Voile 3 95 GRAHAM JOHNSON 325-5thSt.S. DRAPERIES Phone Goby's SPECIAL Regular Special Only WIGS Cleaned and Set Only................. [SO Goby's Beauty Shop 322-13 SI. N. Phone 327-SM7 ;