Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
LETHBRIDGE HERALD-Wednesday, March City Scene Rapeseed growers to meet WITHOUT IT, CAMPUS WOULD BE OBSOLETE The Southern Alberta regional meeting of the Alberta Rapeseed Growers Association is scheduled for the Exhibition Pavilion at p.m Thursday. Speakers for the meeting include Bob Simmons, vice- president in charge of raw materials for Western Canadian Seed Processors Ltd. in Lethbridge, Harold Hamre of Calgary, a representative of Elanco, a chemical manufacturing firm and Wally Hummel of Milk River, a director of the association. A film on rapeseed production will be part of the program. Food service meeting set Food preparation experts from over 30 major food manufacturers and processors will be in Lethbridge Monday to present new ideas to members of the food service industry Food-A-Rama 74 is held every second year in cities across the prairies and is sponsored by Scott National Company Limited. It will be held at the El Rancho Convention Centre irom 10 a m to 8 p.m. Admission is by ticket only and is restricted to members of the food service industry directly involved in the purchasing of food Alcohol conference topic A public meeting will be part of a conference of Alcoholics Anonymous at the Lethbridge community college April 5-7. A spokesman for AA said Tuesday about 200 members are expected to attend the three-day conference which will be capped with the public meeting Sunday at 2 p m An AA member from Flint, Mich will be speaking about his problems with alcohol and how the organization has helped him. A A is a fellowship of men and women who "share their experience, strength and hope to solve their common problem and help others recover trom alcoholism." University research role increasing By MURDOCH MACLEOD Herald Staff Writer Teaching is only one-third of a university's job scholarly research and public service are important as well, says Owen Holmes, vice president of the University of Lethbndge Dr. Holmes says the three functions are inter related and the Worth Report on the future of education said the "discovery function" was a special role of universities as distinct from other institutions. U of L's main thrust since its beginning has been to develop a sound teaching program, he says. But research is becoming more prominent. "To infuse vitality into teaching there must be a discovery function with he says. "If we sat here on campus and no one did any research, we would be obsolete in short he adds. Kazuo Nakamura, a biology professor at U ot L. holds a similar view of the role of research While students are the mam reason for the universities' existence, he says scholarly work is part of the duty of a university. "Without research you gam no new knowledge, and a university is a place to look lor new knowledge." University research is usually basic, he says, and has no direct application. But practical applications come in a chain, and they can't happen without basic research tirs't Dr. Nakamura himself was awarded in 1973 for genetics research. His project involves green algae and three questions about it he wants to answer. First, he wants to know how cell division is controlled genetically. Second, he wants to know why green plants, which photosynthesize their food, mutate ditterently from fungi and bacteria, which do not Third, he wants to know how the algae use a vitamin called nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NAD for short. He saysJhis could have some application to practical research in vitamin deficiencies, but he doesn't know yet. The first question could have a practical end in cancer research, since cancer is caused by a faulty cell division. The second question is the most difficult to explain. Green plants have DNA, the genetic blueprint molecule, in their chloroplasts (sub-cells containing chlorophyll) as well as in the nuclei of their cells. Mutations affecting amino acid (protein component) reproduction can occur if DNA is damaged. If only the nuclear DNA, and not the chloroplast DNA, is damaged, will the mutation take place? That is the big question, and the answer could effect genetic engineering. Dr Nakamura's research grant came from the National Research Council which along with the Canada Council provides most of the outside research grants In the 1971-72 academic year, the last one tor which the university's annual report has been published, was spent on research at U of L. That includes budgeted internally, from federal sources, from provincial sources and from other institutions, associations and foundations. Dr. Holmes says grants from the Canada Council and the NRC are for basic research. But more applied research is being done under contracts rather than grants. Provincial governments are moving in the direction of having more departmental research done on contracts, he says. Examples of contract research could include an 'environment department contracting a study of a particular body of water to an ecologist, or a regional labor mobility study by a sociologist or an economist Dr. Holmes says he wants to establish a computer inventory of U of L research, on the pattern of inventories at the two older provincial universities. The program would provide an instant list of current projects, which now exists only in files of paper. U of L lacks the graduate students who assist in research at other institutions and has involved undergraduates in important projects. "Many of these students have been cp authors of says Dr. Holmes. L. G Hepler, a chemistry professor, says the chemistry department has employed up to 30 students in a summer, although three or four is a more usual number. Students also take part in research as part of their advanced course work, he says. Dr Hepler is engaged in a hot water chermstry project funded by the NRC. The project could relate to the hot-water end of nuclear reactors, such as the CANDU reactor the federal government is trying to sell abroad, and Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. has given help with some equipment. But Dr Hepler says hot-water chemistry is basically pure science research. Water and water solutions have some different properties at high temperatures than at low temperatures, especially when pressure is used to keep the water liquid 100 or more degrees past its normal boiling point. At those temperatures, water is "corrosive as all he says. He wants to develop general knowledge and experimental techniques for-high temperatures which already exist for normal temperatures. B F. Tyson, an English professor, says research grants tend to be smaller for the humanities than for the sciences. you're really spending is he says. Dr. Tyson was recently awarded by the Canada Council to spend six months in Britain during his sabbatical leave next academic year. He plans to study the original manuscript of George Bernard Shaw's play "St. Joan" and hopes to complete a book on it by mid-summer 1975. He can study the manuscript for free if he can get to Britain and live there while "going back to being a student again." Shaw's view of St. Joan changed while he was writing the play about her, says Dr. Tyson. He says the playwright became more spiritual as he wrote the play and may have changed Joan's character in line with this He wants to study the corrections in Shaw's manuscript to see if this is true. The manuscript is in shorthand and it might be hard to tell if a particular figure is 'a scratchout or a shorthand symbol. History professor Jim Penton is writing a history of the Jehovah's Witnesses in Canada on a Canada Council grant. He says his research reveals a number of interesting points about civil liberties in Canada. The main thrust for civil liberty has come from the West, he says. The NDP and the Socreds have been more tolerant than the major parties, and the Tories have been more tolerant than the Liberals. The Witnesses have suffered more than other minorities in Canada. They were banned during both world wars at the request of other Protestant churches and the Roman Catholic Church, says Dr. Penton. Churches and government may deny this, "but I have the letters." The Witnesses popularized the idea of the Bill of Rights put through by former prime minister John Diefenbaker, he says. Liberals-plan session Delegates from the .12 Southern Alberta Liberal ridings will meet in Lethbridge Saturday ,to discuss the formation of active Liberal associations. The meeting will be sponsored by the Lethbridge Liberals, says Sven Ericksen. president of the Lethbridge Liberals Association. Registration for the event begins at 11 a m at the El Rancho Motel. A luncheon at p.m. will feature Sharon Carstairs, vice president of the provincial Liberal association A discussion from 2 p m to H p.m. will centre on the formation of active constituencies in Southern Alberta It will be chaired by SPECIAL1 RCA Debonaire 30 inch ELECTRIC RANGE White only Continuous clean oven 95 349.95 Sptcial 269 Call 327-5767 DOWNTOWN Jack provincial president. Nick Taylor. Alberta Liberal Party leader, will speak at the dinner which starts at p.m. Meetings of the Lethbridge East and West Liberal constituencies will be held later in the month. Food crisis council subject The director of research for Agriculture Canada will speak on the crisis in the world food supply Tuesday special meeting of the Southern Alberta Council on Public Attairs. B. B. Migicovsky, a biochemist, is head of the largest research organization in Canada. Cancer seminar speaker named A researcher with the McEachern Laboratory in Edmonton will be the featured speaker at the annual cancer information seminar in Lethbridge Thursday. Dr. Frank Henderson will speak at a 6 p.m. banquet at the Scandinavian Hall as part of the seminar which begins at 3pm ART DIETRICH DENTURE CLINIC DENTAL MECHANIC Schwartz BWg. 222 5th St. S Phone 328-4095 LETHBRIDGE REFRIGERATION LTD. Commercial Refrigeration Specialists WALK-IN FREEZERS MAKERS 111 11th Street South Phone 328-4333 SERVICE LTD. REGULAR EVENING AUCTION at IN WAREHOUSE 1920 2rt AVMM Swth THURSDAY, MARCH 28th Term starts Mmrn A complete assortment of House- hold and Miscellaneous Articles in- Stoves, Fridges, Chesterfield Suites, Kitchen Tables and Chairs, Liv- ing Room Furniture, Bedroom Suites, Tables, Occasional Chairs plus many items too numerous to mention. HURLBURT AUCTION SERVICE LTD. 1920 2nd AVE.S. LCTHBRIDGE TEDWEW8Y AUCTIONEERS KEITH CKDMANM Ue. Roof toppers Workers carry bundles of roofing insulation on top of the new Sportsplex getting ready to water- proof the structure with a coating of insulation, tar, tar paper arid gravel. Local sportsmen are hoping this topping will be sufficient to keep the roof on during the hundreds of sports events that will be performed in the million complex. Oilseed production could double 'Equal freight rates a must9 By RIC SWIHART Herald Staff Writer For the good of the oilseed crushing industry in Canada and the general public, freight rates on rapeseed oil. meal and raw seed moving W eastern Canada and export markets must be equalized, says a local processor. John Banfield. vice president of Western Canadian Seed Processors Ltd in Lethbridge, told The Herald this morning if freight rates were equalized, the domestic oilseed crushing plants could double their production. He said domestic crushers used about 13 5 million bushels of the Canadian production of 54 million bushels of rapeseed in 1973. This could rise to 30 to 35 million bushels, making Canada the largest single market for domestically grown and processed rapeseed. Mr Banfieid said the crux FOX DENTURE CLINIC 1922 PHONE 327-4SSS e. s. P. POX, C.OJN. nXlETMMNEKIITALUII of the issue of different freight rates on the various stages of rapeseed production. The raw seed moves from. Western Canada to Thunder Bay and Vancouver at low statutory freight rates. And a different rate applies to raw seed moving further east of Thunder Bay. And the freight rate for raw seed moving further east of Thunder Bay is substantially lower than the rate for processed rapeseed oil and meal. In 100 pounds of seed, there are 40 pounds of oil and 60 pounds of bulk meal, a type of livestock feed. The statutory rates don't apply to rapeseed meal moving to Vancouver for export although they do apply if the meal is moving to Thunder Bay for export. Mr. Banfield said because raw seed can move to export position cheaper than processed product, foreign buyers tend to buy Uie seed. This has a negative effect on domestic crashers and tends to hold back expansion of existing and proposed crushing plants And because the freight rates are cheaper on raw seed moving into eastern Canada, local crushers are put at a INSTALLATION ELECTRONIC AIR CLEANERS disadvantage when trying to sell processed product in the east, the largest domestic market. Equality of freight rates on all aspects of rapeseed would enable the western crushers to have a continuous competitive access to eastern Canadian and export markets, he said. Four western crushing plants, Western Canadian Seed Processors. Saskatchewan Wheat Pool. Agra Industries Ltd. of Nipawin. Sask. and Co-op Vegetable Oils Ltd. of Altona. Man., have petitioned the Canadian Transport Commission for an investigation of these freight rate irregularities. Consumer consultant appointed Consumer consulting services m South Alberta will tve increased through the appointment of Gordon Cairns to the position of assistant consumer consultant in Calgary. Mr Cairns is responsible lor the southern portion of ttie province, and will mediate consumer complaints, make both business and the consumer aware of their rights and and provide! liaison between department, business, trade and consumer Mr. Banfield said the commission has requested the railways come up with a new freight rate which wouldn't discriminate against domestic crushers in the west. The interim decision says the inequality of freight rates on rapeseed meal and oil for export and for rapeseed meal moving east is prejudicial to the public interest and is discriminating against the processors. The decision states further that the difference between the freight rates for raw seed and processed rapeseed products is so wide it presents a case of unfair competition for the western domestic crushers. If left untouched, the freight rates could discourage expansion of the processing industry in western Canada, he said Mr. Banfield said the four western crushers want some action on the decision of the' Canadian Transport Commission. The decision has been made but no action has been taken." he said. BERGMAN'S SALES Ml IKSTALUTKHB By DON BERGMAN PHONE 32MH72 'Sh Ave. S. __ __ AMA opposes fuel tax use Motor vehicle fuel taxes, should not be used to develop mass transit systems, the president of the Alberta Motor Association Tuesday at the Lethbridge branch's annual meeting. Bernie Brown, of Edmonton, said the AMA has never opposed mass transit, and has favored a balanced transport system. "What we have opposed, and still uu, is diversion of motor vehicle funds to finance such a said Mr'. Brown. He said fuel taxes should be used to maintain present highways, and build new ones. Mr. Brown also said the Canadian Automobile Association, the national body to which the AMA belongs, last year passed a resolution asking for sound planning of future public transport The AMA president also said the national body had asked the federal government to halt the move to more stringent exhaust emission controls in favor of more efficient engines. Manu- facturers should be persuaded to develop more efficient engines, rather than attaching anti pollution devices, he said. The association was concluding a year-long study of exhaust emission levels conducted in conjunction with the Alberta department of the environment. Almost vehicles were tested, and the government would analyze the program and announce results this spring, he said. Mr. Brown tied the AMA's concerns over emission controls and the availability of unleaded gasoline to the energy crisis. He said two per cent of Canadian vehicles would require unleaded gasoline by the end of the year. By 1975. American cars would have to be equipped with catalytic converters requiring unleaded fuel only. Major oii companies had promised 27 per cent of the .service stations in the province would have unleaded CUFF BLACK DENTAL UB NOWUttMKM tl CMSMff Air Conditioning Pfffi-SEASON PRICES 9fw ISM tfi ewecf Insulted by Charllon Hill LTD. 1282-2nd Phone 32S-33M gasoline by July 1, 1975, he said. Mr Brown also announced the initiation of a "courteous notorist award.'' for unusual assistance to a fellow motorist in distress. The award would be made monthly LCC official on committee The dean of instruction at the Lethbridge Community College has been appointed to the provincial advisory committee on further education. Prior to his appointment last summer as dean of instruction, Keith Robin was director of continuing education for six years at LCC. Dr. Robin was amember of the interim comittee which established the Alberta Association of continuing education and later served as a director, vice president and .president of the Association. In addition to provincial involvement, Dr. Robin serves as a board member of the Canadian Association for advanced education, as well as director of the Northwest Association for adult education. The committee's first meeting is scheduled in Edmonton April 8. SMILEY'S PLUMBING BASEMENT BATHROOMS REMODELLING This Easter, send a touch of springtime. Hie FTD The quam! rattan basket filled with lovely spring Bowers Of Iresfi green plants. The basket comes with matching rattan handle and chain. So i) can either be set on a table or hung in a wmtWw. Either way... what nicer way to say Happy Easier? 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