Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
lUMcfov, March J7, 1973 THI IFTHMIDOI HEKAlD Whitelaw appeals to Irish reason V By Dave Humphreys, Herald London commentator LONDON: Amid the tightest security London has seen for years, Willie Whitelaw, the sec- retary of state (or Northern Ire- land, published what he called "a reasonable deal for reason- able people." Now attention turns to whether people who have been behaving unreason- ably can be persuaded to follow. It says lot tor Mr. Whilelaw that he has survived a year as minister responsible for Brit- ains' troubled province with his sense of humor and political audacity intact. Both were on display at a post publication press conference, hastily as- sembled and heavily guarded. Since the IRA-suspected car bombings here two weeks ago almost no vehicle or person is now beyond suspicion. Mr. Whitelaw breezed into the room straight from the House of Commons. AH smiles and apol- ogies for the necessary sudden last-minute arrangements. When someone inevitably asked about the province's tra- gic history he replied, "I am a complete expert on everybody's point of view in Northern Ire- land for the last 200 or 300 years." He knew all the rights and wrongs and who was to blame for everything. "Now I'm going to forget it." He made it clear that he wasn't expecting Ulster-men to do the same. Short of that, his whole program the basis for ex- peditious legislation towards a settlement is an audacious curried1 this elimination of I'nequaWy btfwetir tht malt-female gaining programs in 1he armed too lar. 1're gut Kf bid to win enough co-operation from reasonable people to re- store provincial government. The keys to the proposals are those for power-sharing in a provincial executive and the transfer of responsibility for the police and law and order sub- stantially to Westminster. Unionist leader and former premier Brian Faulkner has been highly skeptical of power- sharing, meaning guaranteed seats in an executive for rep- resentatives of the province's Catholic minority. His own gov- ernment's 1971 proposals pre- sented a reasonable discussion about the problems of cabinet solidarity, nnd how a member dedicated to a united Ireland could serve in administration committed to the United King- dom constitution. But the idea wasn't rejected out of hand as the more extreme William Craig, leader of the Protestant Vanguard Organization, has done, or even as Mr. Faulkner himself has appeared to do in his more uncompromising state- ments since direct rule. Mr. Whitelaw has preserved for himself and successors a de- cisive constitutional role in ap- pointment of ministers. The secretary of state is to be given constitutional power to appoint political depart m e n t heads after consultation with party leaders following elec- tions to the proposed single- chamber legislature. The de- partments will include a cen- tral secretariat whose head lead the assembly and pre- side over the executive. (The present office of governor will be abolished. Mr. Whitelaw believed this proposal went further than Mr. Faulkner's concept of giv- ing the minority a voice through chairmanships of powerful U.S. style legislative committees. "Real power inevitably lies in the executive rather than in committees he said. Thus tire senior government's agent guarantees the minority an executive capacity. Anticipating criticism and ar- guments that his own concept won't work, Mr. Whitelaw said, "My answer is that it must work if Northern Ireland is to work as a community in the future." Election of the 80 to 100-seat assembly under a single transferable vote sys- tem of proportional representa- tion will have already assured the minority many more scats than they have succeeded in winning under the simple ma- jority vote. Here again Mr. Faulkner's own discussion paper examined proportional representation without either enthusiasm or rejection. Al- though law and order are re- served to Westminster, Mr. Whitelaw has accepted the ar- gument that the police of all Ulster should be locally con- trolled to the extent that he provides for the new provincial executive to act as advisory committee to the minister. Also he proposes to reconstitute the provincial police authority to include elected representatives. District councils coming into ef- fect this fall will also have local advisory roles for the po- lice. These measures are 'an .at- tempt to accommodate on the one hand unionist local control advocates, and on the other fre- quent Catholic complaints .that elements of the provincial Royal Ulster Constabulary acted out of sectarian interests, the former Stormont parlia- ment spent a lot of time wrangling about law and order based issues, Mr. Whitelaw pointed out. By removing the thorn he clearly hoped the new assembly would exercise re- maining powers fruitfully. Even Stormont made pro- gress with things like industry and social services. The so- called Irish dimension has faded considerably since Mr. Whitelaw himself raised it in his discussion paper last fall. He now commits himself 'only after provincial elections to in- vite Northern Ireland and Irish Republic government rep- resentatives to discuss the pos- sibilities for co-operation and for recognition of both the U.K. status of Northern Ireland (until a majority mils and the possibility of ultimate OPEN WIDE RIGHT NOW! Well put you in a new Pontiac for Just .00 ASTRE- RiGHT ON! And right in there with the olher low priced little cars. Compare the Canadian built Astro with it VW Super Beetle if Toyota Corona if Vega if Colt if Datsun 510 if Cortina if Pinto if Mazda WE'RE BIG ON VALUE We're bigger on deals. We're biggest on small cars. Price Astre soon. Enerson's Pontiac Buick CMC We're big on choice. ENERSON'S-of course! PONTIAC Downtown on 4th Avenue South BUICK G.M.C. Telephone 327-5705 Canada has a heart By Dr. Lottn Hltschmanovi, Execatlve Director, Unitarian Service Committee of Canada change in status by consent. This falls far short of the con- stitutional provision envisaged by former Irish premier Jack Lynch of a council of Ireland with teeth in it but it may ap- peal to a mere realistic Fins Gael government under Liam Cosgrave. Given the extreme diversity of interests Mr. White- law has come about. as close as is humanly -possible to ac- commodating them. The white paper says, "Any person in Northern Ire 1 a n d whatever his political beliefs may advance them peacefully without fear. But no person or organization can expect to claim to be acting politically at one moment and then, given what appears a favorable op- portunity, to turn to violence and subversion." Even tha IRA are thus invited to lay down arms, forsake violence a-h d turn their attention to peaceful persuasion and example. To es- tablished "respectable" parties, Mr. Whitelaw appealed for a break. That others join Mr. Craig in Uie time-honored Ulster boy- cott, Mr. Whttelaw was signifi- cantly confident. "Other lead- ers will arise and I trust they will come forward though T can't prove they will." He spoke in the knowledge that moderates of the non-secretari- an Alliance party, the Northern Ireland Labor Party and dissi- dent unionists have talked about meeting to discuss a mo- derate coalition to help imple- ment lus proposals. Reaction will be judged in the knowledge that both sides. Loyalist Protes- tant and Nationalist Catholic are fragmented. The Catholics usually were. But in govern- ment the unionists presented 'a monolith wluch no longer ex- ists. Protestant representa- tion in the new assembly may be split three or more with followers ot Mr. Craig, Mr. Faulkner and Rev. Ian Paisley. This would reassure both the Catholics and Mr. Whitelaw in his appeals. He needs a majority of moderates hut not necessarily endorsement of particular leaders. They in turn must now lie asking them- selves the alternatives to his proposals. For Mr. Faulkner is it shared-power or no power? For Mr. Fitt of the non-unionist persuasion is it an opening to Dublin or nothing? Books in brief "Night of Delusions" by Keith Laumer (Longmans Canada Limited, 190 pages, The jacket blurb on this fast paced, rather' short novel makes the claim that Mr. Lau- mer's imagination is tlie "most adventurous" in all science fic- tion. The book itself goes a long way towards establishing th.it claim, as its hero hurtles through a dizzying series of kaleidoscopic changes of time, space and even person, finally compounding dream ar.d reality into a God-like omnipotence, capable of performing what- ever the imagination can con- ceive, through contact with a kind of dream-machine, evi- dently brought to earth by some alien lite-form. Laumer fans and others will love it. This, by the way, Is the sort of book that makes the reader wonder if the term 'science fiction' might not need some re- examination. Fiction undoubt- edly is appropriate, but as in so many books of this general type, the mode is fantasy, ra- ther than science. If science has any connection at all, it is through the vague notion laymen have that science is somewhere near the edge, so to speak, and has to do with those things that are outside the known rules. In that sense of the word, Laumer is almost super-scientific, about as far "over the edge" as it's possible to get. j. r. "The Hockey Handbook" liy Lloyd Perclval. (Conp Clark Publishing Co. Ltd. 322 This is not a reading book, but an instruction book. It cov- ers not only how to play, but tow to coach, how to keep fit, how to make a play and how lx> stop one. It's a how-to book with oodles of extra-added in- formation. Percival, long Canada's num- ber one physical fitness expert, first published this book in 1961. This is a revised edition. But for the life ot me I can't .see what has been revised. The photos go back to the 50s and the players used as examples of tests are also from that era. This, of course, is incidental to the fundamentals of the book. It's a book that every minor hockey coach should own, not to mention fathers with sons in I he game. GARRY ALLISON AFRICA My current 21st survey around the world began January in south- ern Africa an area to which I was in- s'antly drawn two years ago when I ar- rived there as a complete stranger, but full of eagerness to launch a USC aid program which would put our past experience to the fullest possible .use. It is not easy to sort out the many highlights which I re- member from my third stay in Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland. All three countries were suffering heav- ily from a severe drought which began at the most critical moment last November when ploughing and sowing for the new crop should have been underway. Sadly, government experts and local farmers ex- plained that toe usual yield oi mealie (the name currently used for corn in that area) will decrease by 60 to 70 per cent and water reserves always a most pre- cious commodity had dropped to a dan- gerously low level. Hunger was casting its ugly, frightening shadow over the whole of southern Africa as the suffering brought on by the drought years in the late sixties siill lingered in everybody's memory At the clinics which we visited in Lesotho and Swaziland, our evaporated milk, donat- ed to us by the British Columbia govern- ment, was being greeted as a wonder food, saving babies under the age of one whose mothers were unable to breast feed them. Tlie sight of these infants, shriveled lo mere skeletons from lack of proper food, was pitiful; about half the weight of their lucky Canadian counterparts, their faces looked like those of withered old men and women while their tiny heads were covered v.ith reddish hair instead of the usual diwp black. "white gold" evaporated milk is working miracles, hut of course much, much larger quantities are needed than we can presently supply and I shall appeal to the government in Vic- toria for an additional carload right away One of the many reasons for my yearly surveys around the world is to critically assess the usefulness of each project in which the USC is investing funds. Then I recommend lo our board of directors which of these should be expanded, cut back or terminated altogether, because they have reached the final stage where they can run exclusively on local funds and know- how. But my most exciting assignment na- turally is to discover and develop new projects where our past expertise in Eur-- ope and Asia can be applied. In 1972-73, the USC was responsible for 22 projects in the three coun- tries cf southern Africa. Following this JUT- vey I am recommending that we more than double our program since the need is so pressing. I deeply hope sufficient funds will be available to cover every sin- gle one of them. Because the USC is com- ple'.ely non-political, non-denominational and non-racial, our agency is warmly wel- comed and trusted in Asia and Africa. Since our very beginnings more than quarler century ago, we have never sent Canadian personnel overseas; instead, our staff in charge of USC-financed pro- grams has always been indigenous. If iur- tber training is necessary, we grant it glad- ly, but always in more developed countries on their own continents of Africa or Asia. Now, at the end of my third African sur- vey, my briefcase is bulging with back- ground information en a tremendous var- iety of new projects, covering the entire spactrum of USC aid. UndWtandably feeding programs are always our most basic task, since hunger is at the very root of so many evils. How I wish others could watch the delight of Swazi school children, with their eight ounce bowls of fortified soup and pieces of bread in their hands, ready to enjoy their noon meal which often is the only regular food they receive during a long, hungry day! For the past two years the USC has been responsible for the feeding of well over boys and girls throughout the schools of Swaziland, sinca the parents of these children cannot af- ford the less than two cents it costs to buy a bowl of meat and vegetable soup to- gether wilh a slice of bread There are so many other memories which come to mind as I write from far away. The comments which I hear about tlie USC always centre around the same basic themes', that we are free of frills; that we come as friends to offer our help without hurt; that it is easy to accept our assistance because together we become partners in development. It Is true that our aid has 110 strings and no moment is more 'precious to us than the time when, our task being concluded in one area, we can move to a new field of action. To- day, deep in my is a strange rm'xture of fulfilment and deep concern, since our responsbilities are growing from year to year. More funds than ever will be needed to do justice to the expectations which are pinned on Canada and her "quiet agency." Report to readers Dojg Walker Mirror on the woM While entertaining the members of the American Press Institute Seminar for ed- itorial page editors and writers at The New York Times, John Oaies the editorial page editor told of an experiment carried out by his paper. In the summer of 1972 two young people (an 18-year-old woman and a 20-year-old black man) interned as editorial writers. Two amusing incidents resulted. A letter arrived one day taking issue with a particular editorial. The letter writer said the editorial was typical of the think- ing of the establishment orientation of the greyheads occupying The Times' editorial department. That piece of writing had been done by the young woman. An edi- torial expressing criticism of "black" mov- ies'drew a charge of racism from a black organization. The young black man had written the offending piece. 1 often wonder about the assumptions of readers of The Herald editorials. No doubt some people could see blatant Liberalism even in the political comment of the two Progressive Conservatives who have writ- ten for The Herald. There Is a chance that I, a non-smoker, have been credited with writing the anil-smoking pieces authored by a smoker. Regular readers, in time, can probably make fairly astute guesses about the au- thorship of editorials in The Herald be- cause the editing makes no attempt to ob- scure individuality in stylp Our wives and husbands can probably pick out most ot our writings because of familiarity with the direction of our thinking and charac- teristic way of expressing it. Well, why don't editorial writers sign their pieces? They do in the French lan- guage papers in Quebec. But there is a reluctance to adopt this practice elsewhere because an editorial, by definition, is sup- posed to be or to reflect the thinking of the paper's editor or publisher. This probably suggests that the editor assigns topics which his writers dutifully and mechan- ically write about in accordance with a set line. Tlie truth is otherwise, actually. Iricd a daily meeting fov awhile in the fall to go over the topics we collectively thought might merit comment. They were enjoyable and helpful meetings but ter- ribly time consuming and I allowed them to die. Now, as in the past, we write on what interests us and only when I am du- bious about Mr. Mowers' approval o( what has been written do I him for his opinion. Sometimes ho suggesls changes and occasionally rejects a piece entirely, though seldom without first engaging in discussion and debate. Mr. Mowers doesn't really expect ns to hew a particular line. His concern is that we try to make intelligent comments, not that we conform always to his own views. He is not even concerned that we be con- sistent. In view of the fact that editorials supposed to be the opinion of the editor and thus of the paper, perhaps another designation ought to be given lo what ap- pears in The Herald. The newly instituted index on the front page refers readers to the editorial pagefs) for which appeals to me although a formal de- cision to entitle the pages thus has not been made yet. Occasionally laments are made that few "hard-hitting" editorials are found in news- .papers today. This lameness may be due to timidity but it could also be the result of a greater awareness of the complexity of issues today. One of the most frequently heard criti- cisms of Herald editorials is that there hasn't been enough comment on local matters. This is probably true. But having seen papers, at the New York seminar, that dealt exclusively wilii local concerns I would argue that our attention to na- tional and international affairs has merit. Parochialism in this interdependent age is stupid and dangerous. To imagine that one can live unaffected by what happens elsewhere is foolish and our comment would scon be irrelevant and irresponsible if we looked exclusively at our 6wn area. A belter balance of subjects has been dealt with in recent months. This is large- ly due to the attention Jim Fishboume has been giving to provincial affairs and Chris Stewart to district doings. With the departure of Jane Huckvale we will have to work hard lo pick up the international aspect or the imbalance I have decried will occur. Eight people urote editorials for Tlie Herald during 1972. Jane Huckvale wrote the most I followed then came Margaret Luckhursl Cho Mowers Jim Fishboume Chris Stewart Joe Balla and Joe Ma Last year, at least, women had a stronger voice than men in tlw expression of opinion; the voice of youth, on the other hand, was feeble. This business of balance is a very bothersome thing.