Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD Tuttcfay, March 17, 1973- Gillies setting a match to long fuse By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator It's getting embarrassing Last week one of Canada's largest and most widely read papers ran a news item that should do much to reinforce the unfortunate eastern no- tion that so many rural westerners, especially Albertans, are a sour-faced bunch misanthropic clods, who are not only anti-French and anti- liberal (large or small T) but also anti-everything-different, the kind of narrow minded chauvinists that have made "Bible-belt" a term of deri- sion. The news Hem concerned Vulcan, Alberta, in particular that town's at- tempt to "teach its school-age citizens a lesson in discrimination and bigo- try" by officially closing schools to facilitate a municipally organized anti-Hutterite demonstration. So far there has been no mention in the eastern press of other, some- what similar evidence, such as Drum- heller's plans for a bylaw to restrict the Hutterian Brethren's right to sell their farm produce in the town, or the expressed wish of Willow Cieek ratepayers that Hutterite schools be closed, even though the move will cost them the ratepay- ers thousands of dollars a year. Doubtless these items will be pub- lished in due course, and delightedly commented upon, to the shame and embarrassment of all right-thinking westerners. Even greater glee, one suspects, will greet the most recent word of the Calgary Chamber of Commerce on the topic of Hutterite "freedom" and a pronouncement that may well set a new record for hypocritical hogwash. Unctuously protesting that Hutler- ites' freedom of religion must be pro- tected though without saying from whom this sorry piece of weasel- wording demands an end to what it calls their "special privilege" of exemption from military service. To defend the Brethren from calumnies inspired by "contradictory state- ments" again without specifying whose it proposes a thorough in- vestigation and report on their in- come tax status. Then, to ensure an ability to cope with "rapidly expand- ing agricultural it urges an upgrading of education for Hutter- ite children beyond their preferred Grade 9 level. The last item surely deserves some sort of prize- In the first place, no one else in Alberta is required to attain a particular level of education before leaving school. Secondly, if there is one thing universally agreed concern- ing Hutterites, it is that they really know how to farm; the notion that their youngsters would learn more about agricultural technology in Grade 10 than they do now on the farm is well, it would be hilarious, if this whole thing were not so nearly tragic. OTTAWA On fiscal and monetary policy, the Con- servative critics in the House of Commons appear as determined as ever to force the government into contradictory courses. If anything, James Gillies, co- chairman of the party's finance committee, has gone beyond the previous position by issuing a press release expressing alarm about the thrust of the Bank of Canada in its latest report. The Conservative answer to the ever-more threatening prob- lem ot inflation is a temporary regime of controls. There is an excellent case for such action and little doubt that the argu- ment, addressed to troubled Distrust of politicians While Canadian politicians engage in ploys to embarrass members of other parties, with an eye to spoiling their prospects for re-election, a more disillusioning political spectacle has been unfolding in the United States. There the probe of the bizarre spy- ing episode at the time of the 1972 Democratic National Convention con- tinues to unearth unsettling facts. At first the spying was treated as a joke, but now that it is clear the White House staff played a part in the affair, all joking has ceased. With the disclosure by the convicted prin- cipals that lies had been told during the trial because of promises of cash and clemency, the seriousness of the situation is plain to all. The likelihood that President Nixon was involved in the original decision to spy on the Democrats seems re- mote. He had nothing to gain from such a tactic and everything to lose if it backfired, as it did. Along the way, however, the president has be- come involved, and in trying to save the honor of his party as well as shield his staff, he has employed a delicate instrument of his office executive privilege in a veiy du- bious cause. When politicians engage in such machinations they feed a virus of suspicion that is a major factor in the malaise widespread in the world today. Giving support to the view that politicians cannot be trusted is the worst thing that can happen in a time when there is need to demon- strate that democracy is workable. Nothing now may be able to re- deem the mess in the United States but in Canada a serious attempt to make Parliament productive in the next few weeks and months would enhance the image of politicians. A continuation of the tactic of playing a spoiler's game will do nothing to gain the confidence of the people. The casserole A recent news iiem from France con- cerns a young man who broke into a house and ardently kissed a woman he found asleep there. She promptly bit off part of his tongue. The article does not say -wheth- er the lady simply disapproved of what was evidently a French kiss, or whether she just wanted to be sure the young man didn't kiss and tell. Over the cries of cattlemen, a while back the government decided that cattle could no longer be treated with diethylstubestrol. Sales of DES, as the substance is called, have been banned since January 1, 1973. It seems strange, in the light of the gov- ernment's attitude, that up until January 1 it was legal to purchase this substance, and that anyone who did so has until May Jst to use it up. Moreover, even now there is nothing to prevent the importation of U.S. bred cattle that have been treated with DES. Which raises a couple of questions. If the stuff is really dangerous, why allow ils use, and the entry of cattle on which it has been used? If it is not dangerous, why ban it? Shouldn't the government make up ils mind, or at least explain itself? consumers, has wide appeal. But at the same time the Con- servatives have been strenu- ously contending for a fiscal, and now for a monetary, policy which would not merely threaten the controls from the outset but in all probability strengthen and prolong the in- flalonary psychology gripping the country. Mr. Gillies is alarmed by Governor Bouey's caution, both in regard to the expansion of aggregate demand and in re- spect to the present measure- ment, of unemployment. Indeed, his first reaction to the report was to seek an assurance from the minister of finance that the bank will Increase the money supply sufficiently to sustain growth in the economy in the present year. In his statement to the House finance committee, Mr. Bouey was emphatic that bank policy is and has been expansionary. Thus, in 1972, the chartered banks' loans, mortgages and similar investments increased by 23 per cent. Following a 21 per cent increase in 1971. In tha present year, the governor noted, bank lending has pro- ceeded at an even more rapid pace. While interest rates havo been relatively high by histori- cal standards, they have been so for a very significant reason; built into them Is a certain component for the inflationary expectations of investors. There are some indications that the Conservatives, having moved reluctantly to the ac- ceptance of controls, are still troubled by conflicting counsels in caucus. They are too ob- viously eager to have their cake and to eat it too. Thus on the very day that Mr. GUlies was having nightmares about the theme of the governor's report, his front bench colleague, Allan a leading minister in the Ontario govern- confronting the prime minister with "the very clear warning of tie Governor New uses for wheat may give us tires made of a wheat base. The major breakthrough in wheat stud- ies announced by Far-Mare-Co Incorporat- ed in Hutchinson, Kansas promises the fu- ture housewife wheat pancakes sweetened with wheat syrup, dresses and newspapers made of wheat and automobile tires made of a wheat base. Research and development director, Wayne E. Henry, has predicted that the process could bring up to for a bushel of wheat now priced at Far-Marc-Co has announced it hopes to have in opera- tion before the end of the year a plant engineered to process pounds of wheat an hour. A California man has been sentenced to life imprisonment on each of 23 murder convictions. Lawyers, civil rights people and others were upset when the judge ruled that the sentences would be consecu- tive, rather that concurrent, which seem- ed to mean the man would have to serve the statutory minimum of seven years on each count, a matter of 175 years. Their fears apparently are groundless; a California court ruled some time ago that as a man has only one life, he can be made to serve only one life sentence. Ac- cordingly, this man can be considered for parole after serving seven years, like any- one else serving a life sentence. In this particular case, parole in the minimum time would work out to a pen- alty of about 100 days per murder. The article which provided this information said nothing about time off for good behavior. An editorial on this page February 15 re- ferred to a report that the Alberta Labor Act might be amended in a manner that would curtail the hard-won rights of labor unions. Evidently this was noticed by Dr. Hohol, provincial minister of labor, who took the trouble to phone and explain that the change being considered no more than that, at Ihe time was intended only to ensure a reasonable interval between successive attempts by a union to supplant some oilier organization as a bargaining agent. He took special paias to make it clear the government has no anti-labor motives or intentions. It's coming. For the first time there aro signs along a U.S. highway that show dis- tances in kilometers as well as in miles. So far they arc only on Interstate 71, be- tween Cincinnati and Cleveland, but more are to come. According to a spokesman for the Ohio department of transportation, such signs are to go up all over the state, as a means of familiarizing citizens with the metric system, which is expected to be adopted throughout the U.S., perhaps as early as 1983. so what's wrong with a book called 'The Happy Strait-laced Old EEC favors equal pay for women BRUSSELS The Common Market authorities have awak- ened to the fact tliat there are women in the European Com- munity and that they have so- cial and economic problems which need attention. It Is a welcome if belated discovery, for even in the old Community of Six there are S3 million women some 5 per cent of (he total population. The European Economic Community ministers have only now declared they are in favor of giving women equal access to jobs, and that they should be given equal pay a stipulation which was laid down in the Roman Treaty on which the Common Market is based. They also declared that there should be a "development" of legislation in the member coun- tries which would ensure that this ideal becomes a realized fact. Equal pay in the Com- munity will certainly take many years to be implemented despite the lip-service govern- ments are paying to the princi- ple. There are two reasons for this. Every Common Market government is frightened o( the inflationary pressure on wages which any swift implementation of equal pay would have. Sec- ondly, the matter seems less urgent than it was because the number of working women has diminished in recent years in By David Haworii, London Observer commentator State except every member France. The tendency for girls to stay at school or university longer, plus the drop in the average marrying age, is part of tho explanation. But there Is still markedly more unemployment throughout Europe among young women than among young men, even though the women may be better educated. In Germany, women's aver- age earnings in a number of industrial sectors ai-e approx- imately 70 per cent of men's earnings. In one industry only, textiles, the figure was 80 per cent. In Belgium, women's earn- ings are around 75 per cent of men's earnings in the major- ity of industries, but in a num- ber of sectors the figure is only about 60 per cent. Development In the relation- ship between women's and men's wages in the EEC in Ilia period from 1964 to 1971 show great variations from one coun- try to another. In Germany there were small increases' in most industries, whereas in France there was stagnation In almost all of them. In Italy, the development has been un- even, although in the past few years the gap between men's and women's wages has been reduced in al! sectors. In Bel- gium and Holland there has been a narrowing between the average earnings of women and men. The female unemployment Letter to the editor SufHeld gas question Two Vancouver schools will be offering grade 12 boys an opportunity to become proficient in baking, child care, budgeting and diapering in a course designed to pre- pare boys for leaving home and living on their own. It's been dubbed a "bachelor's survival course." The present government of this province has given us to understand that one o[ its ten- ets is the development of Alber- la outside of Calgary and Ed- monton. But the handling, thus far, of the Suffield gas ques- tion seems to me to indicate that the rest of the province is to be for the sake of Edmonton and Calgary. Would the development of these supposed reserves pro- vide, over the next ten years, the same fillip to the economy of the Ralston-Medicine Hat area that the presence ot tha armed forces has? And are there not Canadian forces there as well as British are the Canadians to be evicted too? If the development of these presumed reserves would not result, over a ten-year period, in an increase in the local pop- ulation which would offset the departure of the armed forces, then it would seem patently ob- vious that the resources and population of rural Alberta are once again to be drained for the satisfaction of government budgetary considerations. "NEMO NUSQUAM" Foremost rate (percentage of working women to the total female pop- ulation aged U to 59) varies from, 47 per cent in France to 26.3 per cent in the Nether- lands. At all occupational levels women are worse paid than men. There are many reasons for the wage differences. 1. The concentration of fe- male labor in industries where wages are traditionally low; 2. The fact that the female labor force is less skilled than the men, because of inferior training and obstacles to pro- motion. 3. Penalization for short- comings without financial re- wards for merits. The "equal pay for equal work" prin- ciple applies only to jobs dona by both men and women. As a result, manual dexterity is not reflected in wage rates, in so far as this is a female abil- ity. 4. Women still face a buy- er's market, since too many women are seeking employ- ment in excessively narrow spheres. 5. Finally, the interrup- tions of women's careers when they have children. Article 119 of the Rome Treaty, which stipulated the application of the "equal work for equal pay" principle, is not always respected because somo collective bargaining agree- ments still include discrimina- tions and disadvantages (or women. But, above all, a great numlwr of women workers are not covered by any sort of col- lective bargaining agreement. Even when wage agreements specifically acknowledge equal- ity, women's work is often geared into a lower category, at less money. Dispersing wom- en through every branch and level of industry, working side by side with men at the same jobs, seems to be the only sol- ution. The EEC recently sponsored a report' by a French soci- ologist, Mme. Evelyne Sullerot, which showed that new, more technical jobs tend to be given to men and thus reinforce the lively prejudices which many snen already feel towards wom- en. The report also insisted that child-bearing ought to be re- garded as a social function and not as a risk in job terms. But then tbe European Com- munity itself has been singular- ly remiss in employing wom- en in its own ranks. Most of the commission employ- ees are women, but only 270 have executive rather than sec- retarial jobs. Although the commission, which gets through nearly 10, 000 tons of paper each year, could not function .if it were not for its huge female secre- tarial staff, it is one of the main bastions of prejudice in the Common Market. of the Bank of Canada In rela- tion to the sharp rise in food prices" (described in the report as "a serious threat to wage and price behaviour and urging him to tain the Warning seriously. Why Mr. Tmdeau should taka seriously a report which Mr. Gillies regards with such dark suspicion Mr. Lawrence did not explain. It is not clear, either, why the governor's doubts about the measurement of unemployment should appear so ominous to the Conservatives in light of recent revelations concerning abuses of the unemployment insurance which more prescient Conservative critics warned of last year and at- tacked in the course of the elec- tion campaign. What the Conservatives re- fuse to take seriously is the prospect that their own present policies, if implemented, would probably create havoc for a fu- ture government, conceivably a Conservative administration. When the governor spoke, per- haps too optimistically, of dan- ger developing "at a later stage of the economic he had in mind a major difficulty that always troubles the archi- tects of fiscal and monetary policy. "One reason for mentioning this he told the com- mittee, "is that the time-lags in the operation of demand pol- icies may be quite long. It is necessary to keep in mind the fact that the effects current policies are felt next year, and the year after, as-well as this year." In other words, neither the government nor the bank can safely commit itself to a policy determined solely by present conditions, including the exist- ing slack in the economy. Mr. Gillies wants to set his match to a long fuse; in fact to a fuse of indeterminate length because it is never certain when the pow- der will ignite; merely that sooner or later it will. Temporary controls, as advo- cated by the Conservatives, in- vite the public to contemplate the situation when controls are lifted. If they succeed in break- ing the inflationary psychology and inducing a mood of mtre reasonable anticipations, well and good. But it is difficult to see how this could bo accom- plished in a price situation al- ready explosive by lighting a new fuse in full view of the pub- lic. Mr. Gillies' answer to this, as it appears from his statement, is that the facts are wrong and that, in reality, the finance de- partment and the Bank of Can- ada are about "to shift both fis- cal and monetary policy to fight inflation by constraining de- mand and stalling maximum job-creation." This will sea- recely be self-evident to the av- erage shopper in the stores. It was apparently not altogether clear to Mr. Lawrence when he asked his question of the minister; at the least he ap- pears to have grasped In- adequately the refinements of Conservative policy as devel- oped by Mr. Gillies. "Let me tnt YOO quetfion WffY efo you neet a pockif The Lethbridge Herald 604 7th St. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Regtilratlon Wo. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and The Canadian Dally Newspaotr Mwclallon and The Audit Bureau of CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Minager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKEX Advertising Mawsw Editorial Editor "THE KERAID SEftVES THE SOUTH"