Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 27, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
EDITORIALS Dave Humphreys Give the go-ahead The social development department's attempt to establish a group home for children ran into the same snag in Calgary as it did in Leth-bridge. Residents near proposed sites had raised objections that persuaded officials it would be unwise to proceed with the project in any of the disputed areas. Now, however, the development appeal board in Calgary has rejected the protests of residents and given the social development department approval to establish its home. The hope that the people in some area would welcome the opportunity to be of some assistance in helping emotionally disturbed children return to everyday life must have seemed remote. Undoubtedly it would be preferable to be able to establish the group homes without opposition. In fact, proceeding against opposition has seemed self - defeating to the planners. But the effect the repeated rejections of sites was having on the children - who learned of them through the news media - was such that further risk of veto seemed unwise. Children who would benefit from living in a group home and going to a neighborhood school are those who have been helped by treatment in institutions so that they are ready for a "normal" kind of living experience. There is perhaps some risk that they might be a disturbing influence on other children but it is worth taking because of the real possibility that the influence would be the other way and rehabilitation would be complete. The rejection that people have been expressing in Calgary and Leth-bridge has really been very damaging. Most of the children who would live in the group homes have been previously deeply hurt by a sense that they are worthless and unwanted. To have that feeling underscored yet again by people petitioning against having them live nearby undoes the confidence restoring work of counsellors. It seems better to get the homes established as soon as possible and let the residents discover how largely unfounded are their fears. Some slowing of recovery of the children may initially be encountered but those who pioneer the way will make it easier for those who follow. The Lethbridge Municipal Planning Commission should follow the lead of the Calgary Development Appeal Board and give the go - ahead for the group home as soon as the next suitable site can be found. Canadian, second class Canadians who are not bilingual will be second - class citizens, The Herald has been arguing on the basis of fast - accumulating evidence on the true state of the country's dualism. That was fortified by the speech to the Lethbridge Chamber of Commerce annual dinner this week, by an informed young French - Canadian economist and newspaperman. Mr. Claude Lemelin noted that bi-lingualism will be essential for the senior civil service in Ottawa. He said too that it was not a difficult matter; with a few weeks of the new type of "total immersion" courses, any person was well on the way toward working efficiency in a second language. Civil servants by the hundreds, he indicated, are going through this process, apparently on government time and at government expense. That is understandable during this transition to a truly bilingual government, but surely it will not go on forever. Sooner or later people will be expected to demonstrate their bi-lingualism before they are put into senior positions. Proficiency in both languages will be their own responsibility. Politics, ,as distinct from the civil service, is also becoming quite bilingual. It is utterly unthinkable that Canada will ever again have a prime minister who cannot function in both English and French. Facility in both will be expected of business leaders, professional people, and just about every citizen with national interests or involvements. That is why so many English-speaking adult Canadians in eastern Canada are now learning French. And that is why every Canadian should. Whoever does not will be excluded from participation in the nation's affairs. And where can French be best learned, and at what age? The younger the better, and in the primary school if not the home. So until the Lethbridge school authorities offer French at or near the grade one level, they are dooming this city's children to second - class citizenship, from which they may be able to extricate themselves at a later date only with a good deal of difficulty and expense. Weekend Meditation The heart of Lent IF the heart of Lent be dedication, dedication demands discipline. The undedicated man is not a mature man, not real man. The undisciplined man is a poor fellow who is blown this way and that, a victim of all weather, a prey to circumstances, and a creature of continually changing moods. His outlook on life depends on his digestion. The man who has the discipline that comes from dedication, however, realizes that he has to make a sacrifice daily for his cause. There must be for him some altar of physical self-sacrifice, some abandonment of some luxury of indulgence. Indeed his sincerity in his dedication, his love for his profession, can be estimated by his readiness to accept siv.h discipline. St. Paul continually speaks of this necessity for self-sacrifice. Sometimes he says he is crucified daily. Sometimes he compares himself to a fighter in a boxing bout, a gladiator, or a soldier. He warns that, if a man lives after the flesh, he will die. Paul had very little use for carnal men, as he calls them. Indeed the entire Bible has little use for men who like to take things easy. Esau became the horrible example, shut out of heaven because he was a "profane" man who for a morsel of meat sold his birthright. Lot was another foolish man who chose to live in the rich plains of Sodom, regardless of the moral risk to his family. Paul speaks scathingly of Demas who loved the present world so much that he deserted the Christian missionary venture. Repeatedly the Bible warns that fat, luxurious societies are corrupt and on the way to destruction, a truth which history abundantly documents. The future belongs always to a disciplined people, a fact which should make the nations of the Western world very nervous indeed. Of the martyrs and saints it was said, "These are they that came out of great tribulation." All great art, like all great achievement in any area of life, calls for the mangling of sensitive natures under the harrows. The word "tribulation" comes from the Latin "tribulum," which was an agricultural piece of machinery with long spikes fcr harrowing or breaking up the ground. Yet such self-sacrifice contains a fierce joy. Thus Schweitzer denied that he had ever sacrificed anything! This has been true of many great souls. The only really happy people are those who have forgotten self in some service that calls for renunciation and complete dedication. One sees this apart from religion, if anything can be so described. In the play, Romeo and Juliet, for example, Romeo comes to manhood and Juliet to heroic womanhood only in their love for one another. Thus the cross is the central drama, the complete truth about life. "Whosoever would save his life shall lose it, but whosoever would lose his life the same shall save it." The great and victorious men and women are those, according to Jesus, who find by losing, save by spending, live by dying, and reign by serving. They are the unconquerable ones, so it has been said that the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the church. When the world thinks it has vanquished them, they are closest to victory. So the appeal of Jesus is an offensive one today as it always has been to a pleasure-loving world. "Take up your cross and follow me." What kind of appeal is that? Jesus seemed to try to discourage men from following him: "Foxes have holes and the birds of the air have nests, but the son of man has nowhere to lay his head." But it was said of Jesus that he did not come to make life easy. He came to make men great. PRAYER: Put me on the wheel of life, O God, even if it means mangling rae, and make something out of me. F.S.M. The getaway By Doug Walker rrilE GULLETTS have moved away from our neighborhood. The reason given was that they wanted to live above ground - a plausible enough excuse for getting away. It is possible that I put too much pressure on Bruce. I'll bet he was plenty sick of hearing bow often I washed the dishes- an activity that Sandi had noted when looking out the back window. Perhaps Bruce even took a reading on the fence situation and made his getaway before anything developed there. Visit Northern Ireland this year? | ONDON - Advertisements for the "Come to Ulster in Seventy One" campaign make pathetic reading today. "If you've never been to Northern Ireland" advised a feature in the latest edition of the British Tourist Magazine, "make up your mind not to miss it this year." You might get more than you bargained for, unless of course you plan for a punch-up in the Falls Road. The government of which Major James Chichester-Clark has just resigned has been engaged in world-wide publicity for this festival, now two months away to celebrate 50 years of provincehood, 50 years of bloodshed and strife but also of industrial, social and artistic progress. All the beauties of the province, all the best of a bad situation have been emphasized in a brave but not altogether honest attempt to draw tourists. It is ironical that at just this time misunderstanding is the central feature of events which built up to the leadership crisis. British politicians, only a few hundred miles away, have been accused of failing to realize the depth of feeling that compelled Major Chichester-Clark either to intensify security measures or resign. The centuries-old gulf between British and Irish thinking has returned to haunt the Heath government. Lord O'Neill, who as Capt. Terrence O'Neill, was the reforming premier for six years before he was forced out in the crisis of April 1969, made this point in a truly sad television commentary as the present crisis burst in Belfast. He had been amazed that after three weeks of tranquillity, people would come up to him at Westminster and say how pleased they were that things were being sorted out at last. (Presumably they would be ready to pack their bags and go to tiie fair.) London failed to realize the traumatic feeling that had followed the murder of the three British soldiers; undoubtedly a considerable force in Mr. Chichester-Clark's decision to resign. Lord O'Neill was glad that Defence Minister Lord Carrington was going to meet the Northern Ireland cabinet because he had a more realistic appreciation of the situation than the home office, meaning Home Secretary Reginald Maudling. Mr. Maudling's own visit two weeks ago failed to strengthen Mr. Chichester-Clark's position. Westminster Unionist backbencher W. Stratton Mills doubted that Mr. Maudling had ever understood the razor's edge predicament of the Stormont government. So disturbed were Mr. Mills and seven other Ulster Unionists that they were reconsidering support for the Tories. There is a general recognition in Northern Ireland that Major Chichester - Clark's reforms have' failed to resolve the troubles. The .objectives of the civil rights /campaign of two years ago have been met. The Chichester-Clark government disbanded the special protestant membership police force; put through the one-man, one-vote principle, disarmed the regular police force; reformed local government; reformed the public housing authority with one central administration and distribution of housing on the basis of need. It is sometimes said that Major Chichester - Clark was not really a liberal but faithfully and determinedly carried out with soldierly instinct' the job that had to be done. He leaves behind a considerable accomplishment which the present turmoil may temporarily obscure but which will stand his successor in good stead. Peace and stability were in sight. Unfortunately the terrorists have won a victory of sorts. Major Chichester-Clark's resignation has exposed that victory and posed the question of how the terrorists are to be fought. Until now bipartisan British policy has been based . on the assumption that the reforms would work. And work they still might if sections of Belfast were not occupied by terrorists dedicated to making them fail. The terrorists want not reforms under the crown but a united Ireland by violence. In' his resignation statement, the prime minister said: "It is apparent that public and parliamentary opinion in Northern Ireland looks to the Northern Ireland government for measures which can bring the current IRA campaign swiftly to an end. I have expressed to British ministers the full force of this opinion, and have pressed upon them my view that some further initiative is required." He expressed factually as he saw it the dilemma rather than the request for specific new measures in his talks last week at Downing Street. This was his own initiative which having failed to find the desired response lead to his decision to resign. It might be useful for Canadians to consider the predicament of any Northern Ireland prime minister by harkening back to events last October in Quebec. Major Chichester-Clark's was the legally constituted government of the province, properly elected, supported by the majority of the population. Certain grievances of the minority had been acknowledged and remedies set into motion with 'So I said, ' Major - or may I call you shop steward' . . ." the force and co-operation of the senior government. Yet terrorists whose aim was destruction of the state were still allowed to occupy sections of Belfast, to perpetrate violence and murder. What Major Chichester-Clark has really done is to put the case to Westminster of invoking his "War Measures Act" to put an end to the terrorists. This is the case for internment of known IRA activists, more comprehensive searches for men and arms after incidents, still more intensive army saturation of trouble areas. Westminster has agreed only to sending an additional 1,300 men to reinforce the 8,500 already there. The case against such measures - which has prevailed here - is that oyer-reactionby security forces would alienate still further, moderates who are republican inclined and make martyrs of the interned IRA men. The Irishness of the Ulster situa-iton does put it in a category by itself, subject to only limited comparison. Yet internment has been usel many times on both sides of the border during the last fifty years during troubles less serious than at present. Thinking against its use has predominated only during the last 10 years. Some can see no reason why the government shouldn't avail itself of the legislation which is available. Belfast IRA leaders blandly went down to Dublin one day last week to explain their strategy at a press conference "where a situation arises where Republican ' forces are under very heavy pressure then units will carry out operations with the sole purpose of tying down British military personnel so that they can be kept from converging on Belfast." They defended tarring and feathering as a punishment in "their" so-called no-go areas where the civil authorities did not operate, explaining that it was necessary to operate some form of police control. The crux of the dispute is that Westminster does not acknowledge, or didn't until this weekend, that there were areas where the rule of British law did not effectively operate. Recently the Heath government faced instability in Northern Ireland, the revolt of the Unionists led by Enoch Powell, Tory right-winger who is specializing in making Mr. Heath's life miserable. British troops must not operate as glorified policemen, said Mr. Powell, but must attack the terrorists as they would attack an external enemy. This is what the backbench unionists want. The recent atrocities against the soldiers have indicated that decent people on all sides are fed up and revolted by the continuing terror. It may be that events in the province have rather overtaken Westminster. There is no doubt that Northern Ireland circumstances have changed since the civil rights campaigns. (Herald London Bureau) Paul Whitelaw Wait-and-see attitude toward Quebec investment TVEW YORK - While the Quebec Council of Industry was busy selling its province with an elaborate exhibit at the New York Hilton recently, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics released the latest unemployment figures showing that 10.4 per cent of the Quebec labor force was out of work last month. The announcement added a sense of greater urgency to Premier Robert Bourassa's campaign for mora foreign capital to reduce the unemployment that has done more than anything to tarnish his image with Quebec voters. Only the previous day, Mr. Bourassa had told reporters at the Quebec exhibit that he expects the unemployment rate in his province to drop to five per cent by the end of the year, and people concerned about the future of Confederation in Quebec can only hope he is correct. Mr. Bourassa successfully led his Liberal party to victory last April with a promise of 100,000 new jobs by the end of 1971. Since that time unemployment has soared higher than it was under the previous Union Nationale administration, and he finds himself slowly being destroyed by the very slogan that was partly responsible for his election. Mr. Bourassa stressed In New York that many of Quebec's economic problems are due to the current fiscal and employment policies of the federal government. This does little to enhance the popularity of a federalist premier in a province where politics is seen as a tug-of-war with Ottawa to prove whether the leader of Quebec is 'master in his own house.' In addition, it was apparent that there was at least as much concern with the tax Looking backward Through the Herald TJ21-In a discussion of the Public Works estimates in the Alberta legislature it was the opinion of Hon. A. J. McLean that the time was not ripe for hard surface roads in the province. 1931 - Two schools were burned in the Nelson and Grand Forks, B.C. area and are considered the work of Doukhobors. 1941 - Defiant Yugoslavia refused to ratify the axis pact and United States promised full aid if she is forced to resist German and Italian armies. 1951 - Lt. Col. J. R. Stone, commander of the Princess Patricias in Korea, has been evacuated to Japan suffering from smallpox. 1961 - The architectural firm of Lurie and Neufeld has been appointed the city's architects for the proposed cultural centre. White Paper of federal finance minister Edgar Benson and the rising popularity of Canadian economic nationalism as with the bombings, kidnappings and language policies that have plagued Quebec in recent years. Mr. Bourassa made a strong impression on American investors when he stressed his determination to oppose any federal measures which could in any way discourage the investment which Quebec so badly needs. At a press conference, he noted that he was certain not more than "five per cent of Quebecers would be willing to pay higher taxes" in order to reduce the amount of foreign ownership. The future of federalism in Quebec, and the future of the Bourassa government - which denounced separatism last year and staked its future on economics - are intertwined. Before the next provincial election, Mr. Bourassa must answer the accusations of Rene Lev,esque and the separatist Parti Quebecois that Quebec can never prosper to its full extent within Confederation. At a dinner he gave for prominent American industrialists and institutional investors attending a convention that coincided with the Quebec exhibit, Mr. Bourassa pointed out that last fall's FLQ crisis was a limited outburst of urban terrorism that has become unhap- pily common In many western nations. This is undoubtedly true, but there was no definite response from most of the businessmen, who tend to be reticent about expressing personal political views to reporters. There was also the question of Mr. Bourassa's plans to make French the "working language" of the province. He gave reassurances - the same he has given English-speaking residents of Quebec - that the rights of non-French residents will not be harmed. But, as one English - speaking Quebec businessman noted after the dinner, there was nothing specific about the "nitty gritty of what a nice phrase like working language really means." Mr. Bourassa told the businessmen that even he is uncertain about how his plan will be implemented, because he is awaiting the report of a provin- cial royal commission set up in 1968 to study the controversial language issue. One might wonder how many foreign businessmen feel like the U.S. investor, more outspoken than most, who told this reporter that his company's five million dollar investment in Quebec has been frozen for the last few years because of the political situation. He may or may not be justified in his fears, but' the fears do exist. (Herald Quebec Bureau) So They Say With seasonally adjusted temperatures, you could eliminate winter in Canada. -Robert L. Stanfield, leader of the opposition in the Canadian Parliament, on the government's statement that unemployment on a seasonally adjusted basis had declined. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Cles� Mali Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"