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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Worth 197 THE IETHBRIDCE HERALD S People of ihe south 19 Margaret Luckhurst The Ayrshire lad who helped our farmers The Voice Of One By FRANK MORLEY dots young man leave a job in a lovely little spot like Scot to travel nules and miles to an uncertain life in a sparse ly settled area such as Leth bridge was back in 1921 according to John a Scotsman who did just yet still retains a burr which sounds as if he got off the boat a good deal of his wanderlust emanated from itchy But there was a little more to it than I worked in a textile fac tory which wove lace Dykes said to an interview and while it was a decent enough things were very tough in Scotland just af ter the First World War and there wasnt much opportunity for I had a relative out here in Lethbridge who wrote rather convincingly of the challenge to be found and I decided to take a chance on it I wasnt so it wasnt too difficult a move to make at the E things were tough in Scot Dykes was to find they were equally tough in I slept that first win in a and washed my face to he recalled anyone who had a job was considered very lucky in the spring I was taken on as a gardener at the Experimental and after a time I was trans ferred over to the poultry di vision which was a big move for You have to under stand that in those days the poultry business was pretty important to the small The pin money farir wives realized from the sale of eggs paid for their even though during the laying sea son eggs went for five cents a dozen and turkeys sold for sev en cents a pound But there was one big maior prob lem in the poultry people believed that hens wouldnt lay in the Eggs then went up to a dozen if they could be bought at It was the conviction of farmers and poultrymen that hens simply wouldnt lay to dry and of course to this they were At the Experimental Farm under William Asael and head poultryman John experiments to study the relation of the humidity of incubator air to hatching re sults to artificial incubation got under These men knew that poor hatching results were obtained by farmers and com mercial poultrymen when dry weather prevailed because of excessive evaporation of the It was finally dis covered that the use of a moistened pad hung to the top of the incubators brought posi tive results far beyond their greatest It seemed to after all the work Id put in on learning the poultry that there was a good market in Dykes In my parents and the rest of my family joined me in Lethbridge and although I maintained my associaton with the Experiment al Farm we went to work on building what we called the Win ter Egg Poultry We de signed and built the first deep chicken coops which were far mere suitable for our cold wea ther than what we had previous ly heen used In a couple of years we had made astonish ing progress In 1925 at the In ternational Egg Laying Contest at the Washington Experimen tal our pen of five Bar red Rocks took top honors for laying eggs in 365 In those days that was really something This feat was just the begin ning for John Dykes and his Winter Egg Poultry Contests were run all over the country to encourage the up grading of breeding and Id ship off 10 birds to what ever college or institute was sponsoring a Dykes My hens would be gone for the better part of a but wed get weekly bulletins on how they were And Id be im modest if I didnt say they al ways did very not only for our but for Alberta and Canada Ive got boxes of ribbons and cups and tro phies of one kind and another to show the progress that was made in the poultry business over the One year I sold a cockerel to a Win n i p e g hatchery for that was a lot of money to those I used to ship eggs to and also bring eggs out from and hatch them The only thing with those they didnt have my Scotch accent Naturally the progress in poultry raising was an impor tant step to I think I spoke to every Womans Insti tute to the Dykes Women depended on their egg so for them to have yearround pin money they could count on was a ma jor improvement to the me chanics of farm Although he was terribly busy building up his Dykes never lost touch with his Scottish I didnt have time to get mar he but I kept corresponding over the years with Ethel a lass I knew back in the Old I fi nally convinced her to come over and marry me to Dykes other very nat ural link with Ayrshire to Ins deep love for the bard Rob ert He has read almost every biography written about the and they run into many volumes He can quote from The Cotters Satur day Tarn OShanter and many other of Burns immortal Arent you supposed to be some sort of direct descendant to Burns Dykes and went on then you should make it a point to learn a little more about him And dont believe all the sordid tales you read about him his life has been terribly but what a man he was He was a a real life and there has never been any one like to all of Scotlands But hes so difficult to all those strange words like we twa hae run about the and poud the gowans thats pretty tough going to translate into just plain En Dykes isnt Auld Lang Syne sung all around the and dont tell me you dont know what that means To keep the Scottish Cana dian ties well Dykes used to have a radio program back to 192528 when the days of radio wefe very I made my first rec well before it must be 70 years on an old you with the cylinders and big I play ed the harmonica and a lady sang Annie but she went awfully sour on the high It was this devotion to his background which perhaps lias made Dykes a soueht after personality to propose the toast to the Immortal Memory of a task he has mxier taken cheerfully more than 100 But please dont tnink been caught up to chickens and Rabble Burns all my Dykes Ive been a Rourian for more than 30 but am too incapacitat ed and old to attend They very kindly made me an honorary a signal I appreciate very Life has been good to us here to Although most of my family now has I think we did make a small contribution to the farm element with our work in the poultry But I was SO on I like o spend my on thinking back on all the trials and the and satisfactions that every small achievement brought not only for my but ftr people involved in the chicken and egg And of I still spend somp time reding the poems cf old Rabbie Burns JOHN DYKES Photo by Walter Kerber Book Reviews Confederation and nationalism The Maple Leaf Forever Essavs on Nationalism and Politics in Canada by Ram say Cook 253 TT is apparent from the es says in this book mat the subjects of Quebecs places to Confederation and of Canadas relationships to the United States have not just lately be come matters of His torian Ramsay C o o k fa these 13 essays shows that they have been seriously discussed over the One of the surprises fa store for the nonhibtorian may be to learn that not all French Ca nadian spokesmen have held Victorian achievements Victorian Engineer ing by Holt Allen Lane The Penquin 300 distributed by Longman Canada QUEEN VICTORIA lent her name to a period in his tory which today stands for 100 years of moral repression and self What this often overly technical book serves to point up is that Britain to the 1800s was as varied in pub lic sentiments as it was rich to technical Confident that man was en dowed with the mind and will to ensure himself a Utopian Victorians revelled m the achievements of Men of technical notably recip rocated by eloping t b e steam largegauge new cement and preci sion tool When the Crystal Palace was completed for the Great Ex hibition of it Iho crowning note in an age of un precedented mechanical de But the palace also marked the turning point of pubic confidence and its at tcndcnt scientific devclun Although Britain went mi in the laM lidlf of Ilic cen tury lo proflure the steam sub ways and her pro gress was fa a The solitary geniuses of the past were replaced by anony Sex fantasy Wheres Poppa by Rob ert Klane Random 150 A fantasy in sex has been excogitated by the Robert a former ad vertising using a New York A middleaged bachelor lawyer still tied to his senile mothers apron and trying his best to break his brother who tries to prevent his mothers a salesman of porno graphic bibles and a wouldbe make up his latest His abundant use of fourlet ter although not in keeping with the literary seems to fit the rapid pace and theme of the A sophisticated yet zany com edy holds the readers atten tion up to and including the sick and tasteless Rob ert Klane who lives in California is also the author o The Horse Is Both books hnve now been made into inovic productions HELEN mous teams of Engi neering fell fa and the invention technique of trial and eiTor and persistence was overtaken by scientific formu las and laboratory which the British refused to lake Original inventions were taken up and improved by other particular ly the The public recognized that material progress was paid for by terrible living and working conditions of the lower Darwins theory of evolution created doubts about mans in herent supreme station fa The Crimean war suggested manufacturing progress did not mean the end of wars pro Although Rolls hook contains long pgsqarps of soci the chapters given to technical issues are sn die through The Iraok needs draw ings and needs lo assume a little less scientific background on the part of the reader The deserves No other age has been so un mercifully caricatured where by its world changing achievements in engineering none has a stronger title to be treated as seriously as it took itself JOAN that the English conquest was a Even as the Chamber of Commerce speak er demonstrated it is a respectable view for a FrenchCanadian to hold that the conquest represented a longrun It has been considered by some to be a progressive step since it began the destruction of the old back ward commumtarianism that had been inherited from concern for cul tural survival has come to dominate FrenchCanadian Many thought survival depended on giving the French language preemin ence over But the critical question was whether survival was threatened more by the failure to change FrenchCanadian society in ac cordance with the demands of modern industrial and urban or by willingness to Those who have been rush tog to embrace nationalism fa the face of increasing domin ance by the United States will bo arrested by Cooks statement that the greatest threat to the Canadian nation state comes from He believes that it is necessary to shake from our minds the oulTvorn nineteenthcentury be lief that nationalism is a pri marv human Cook doesnt think Cana dians need to refrain from criticisnr of Writ ing about the Vietnam war he says that nothing more effec tively discredits the United States in the ejcs of the world than that dirty little he should exert whatever small influence she possesses to encourage the to hasten its withdrawal from These essajs make a good contribution to matters of keen interest to Canadians at this t DOUG Color collection Stories fa Black and White Collected and edited by Eva Kissin Lip pincott pa 315 TPHIS collection of 14 short stories has the avowedly didactic purpose of helping readers to learn to know each other It provides a says the for blacks and whites in their Mu tual ghettoes to climb into one anothers the collection Ure Ulan ha ll liuihtft uni son for this very likely stems from the fact that the editor deliberately tried lo choose each stoiy she for Ihe breadth and depth of its in sight into the human She has been largely success ful to her attempt to concen trate on the essence of good and the stones show the common the bridge lipuceii Uie two colors of peo ple The careful job done by the editor is also seen to the dif ferent angles on the racial si tuation illustrated in each Each shows the reader a fresh perspective through the use of different sets of rela tionships the white sheriff to a southern town faced with trying to accept his mulatto the poor while trash flint oul from a welltodo Mack the Jew discrim inated apamst by Ihe Harlem iviunvuiily h2 wants to bo a part nf This is a All the stones are flhoul but in case culoi is Ilic basic nioiuiil which the Icnsion in I hi Morv Those readers primarily in tprpsted in the color aspect will find more variety and complex ilv in the various relationships bewcon the they imagined HERB Why did they reject Him CINCE such a large part of our wwld has rejected it is good discipline to consider why h wa rvjetted in his own We find thai csaciN the same reasons obtain Caiaphas the high priest was the first on the fateful Friday to reject bun was a bigot and always that fa thenown httle system of truth they hold all Thus they oppose new Also Caiaphas loved his church be all which made his love idola The temple was so precious lo that he would as many heroically ihl for its Carefully Caiaphas had kept peace with dreading the day when some mad revolutionary would stir up Roman wrath and a dis aster that ultimately came fa the year 70 Jesus was Had he not Destroy this temple and in three I will build it again Neither fa this mountain nor the temple shall you wor he said on another occasion More Jesus was attacking the racial pie judices of Caiaphas with his sympathv for Jesus also had made serious attacks on the religious laws and customs of the Our attitudes are not mich different from those of I have been min istering to a church fa Bermuda which is still known as The White Mans Church because cf church officials who used to turn black folk away at the doors Your church is down the The prejudice against colored people is intense and not only in Now it has raised a sad counterprejudice to black hatred for Also the church of today has sought security to proliferation of churches and popularity with the Take any suburban area and note the fact when one church is other denomi nations have rushed motivated by little beside ecclesiastical To attracl the churches have resorted to the most absurd sacrilegious stunts which have turned the old worshippers away without attracting the The church has also remained silent on thorny The womens liberation for has raised no strong though it destroys the home and viciously distorts the true nature of They took Jesus next to Herod to many ways had proved to be an able king At one time lie had strong spri mal desire which led to hear John gladly and obey his teachings m several But lust had go mm He was living in open sin with his broth ers wife and his relationship to Salome was grossly To keep a drunken vow be killed John the Baptist But since thds is the most blatantly lust ful age to when gross indecencies have becorce the and kind of pornography in books and screen been what criticism can our age make of Herod So Jesus was sent back to Pilate Liko all Rome demanded that reli gious leaders keep out of It is worth noting that Jebus crucified and crucifixion was a political punishment as a political criminal It was not the Jews who crucified Jesus it was the Ro But does not the modern church carefully keep its skirts clear of politics In Germany there is a strong youth move ment against this They feel that incarnation is the important thing to religion and incarnation demands involve ment fa So it does Not that the church should ever become a political but it should be a political Yet on questions like unemployment what is the church doing Unemployment is greatest problem of the West and will de stroy this civilization unless it is What nonsense to talk of a strong eco nomy when nearly a million Canadians are unemployed The problem is strongly so it is safer to keep The crowd was the deciding factor In tipping the scales for crucifixion When Pilate was about to follow custom and re lease a the crowd asked for re lease of a prominent revolu tionary You and I can understand since this is the bloodiest century by far in Ours is the age of world saturation nuclear burning of pitiless war to cal lous murder and highway You and I can understand the soldiers they were merely carrying out They had been brutalized by their armys deli berate Its not unfamiliar Drop out for a year By Richard in The Toronto Globe and Mall TN a previous column I ran an item which said to part There is a rest lessness in the young which makes it hard for them to slay to school much past The secondary school would be wise to give some thought to It should pre pare youths to such a way that though they do not go to they are able to continue their education outside This brought me an exceptionally inter esting letter from Campbell of who agreed with one of my own pet theories that high school stu dents should be allowed and encouraged to drop out for a year or so to their mid But lets hear it from Campbell The age which restlessness becomes serious varies with the from perhaps 13 to past It used to be most noticeable to but has become in creasingly obvious to Contrary to a common it seems to be very pro nounced to some of the most able and in telligent young I could be burned at the stake for but from my observation it appears that if this restlessness affects them early say to Grade 9 or 10 but they remain in school to spite of many of them de teriorate quite Their learning ca character and entire personality seem to retrogress of they have strong support from an under standing The schools and society exert enormous pressures to keep them to school during this period fa their on tile grounds if once they they will be lost and so condemned to a disadvan taged role to As things there is some evidence that this could hap But it seems rather irresponsible to to accept lie idea that it must and to do little about The same paragraph suggests that the secondary sclwols should prepare youths to such a way that they are able to con tinue their education outside school A generation our secondary schools existed to prepare students for The rest could just drop out along the Our thinking is still affected by this Because of we have special programs for the weaker who arc not thought to be unnersity mater m spite of the fact that these are the majority who will finance our ed ucational and elect our leadcis I come to believe that it is not the responsibility of the secondary schools to bghten the responsibility of tire universi They should accept full responsibility for preparing young people for as well as they with no special orientation to specific umversitv programs The present as WP know is an which wastes money and what is more im wastes student But I do not suggest abolishing four oar I we abolish Ihe concept of a fivejcar or academic Lets concpnlratc on a fourvein propam which will prepare students for And let us reorganize the schools in such a way that a student can drop out at any and can return to pick up where be left with no special hard ship or stigma I am not really qualified to comment on for I had a total of barely eleven years of formal However I did manage to acquire a fouryear honor degree to a rather demanding science pro After several years to I taught for nine six years to high and three years to a rather pres tigious boys private and during this time taught academic courses to Grades 10 through 13 I have also raised four two of whom are to university at this time both doing very and incidentally with no financial assistance whatever from their My own university program was re peatedly interrupted by who forced me to go back to work for a or to one for two Each time I fa spite of financial and health problems and sheer I breezed through the courses with less difficulty and more enjoyment than most Oth including many returning war veter had the same I have come to the conclusion fliat an intemiplion of a year or in which one digresses from learning for its own has two It provides time to digest what one has and to put it to And it provides experiences which illuminate and give meaning to sub sequent The worst drawback is that it makes formal learning relatively ef and so fails to demand the best I know that you constantly emphasize the possibility of selfeducation through li You are quite if you assume that everyone 1 comes from a warm home and from a fairly literate family 2 has developed fairly high verbal skills and interests 3 lives and works in an environment where he can use these either to his work or fa his social these tliree qualifications do not apply to And more opportunities for education in a specially prepared environment must be made Not only be made but sold to young The ogre By Dong Walker TJERR JOHNSON is the guilty one The 11 Herald management ought to lock him his wages for a few weeks for all the man hours he has cost the While I was making a stab at coughing out im lungs the other day he came and stood looking at me When he could be he proudly took credit for having introduced the plague to the office I hadnt thought much prcviouslv shout what of person lurks behind that I should have been suspicious of a guy who burus bad ;