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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 26, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDOE HERALD-TiiMday, March Is beef necessary? (The second of two editorials on the Western beef crisis) Canada's agricultural policies, concerning cereal production and prices and meat production and prices, must be given serious re examination in the light of the famine that is overtaking much of the world. What is Canada's responsibility to the growing critical shortage of food on a world wide basis? Surely it is in the context of the international crisis. The world must produce all the human food possible, and Western Canada is one of the world's greatest food-exporting areas. The plain truth is that from a world viewpoint, meat is a luxury. It is a luxury that hopefully most Canadians can continue to enjoy, but most of the world's people eat much less of it than Canadians do, if they have any at all, and their hopes for survival do not depend on meat. Whatever nutritionists say about animal protein, it is in the "let them eat cake" category. The next fact is that more people can be kept alive from the production of arable land by consuming its production in vegetable form than in animal form. An acre of wheat production will feed more people than an acre of beef production, and an acre of potatoes more yet. Turning Western Canada into one vast potato field is out of the question, but expanding or even maintaining meat production may be equally questionable. Present pricing gives maximum incentive to cereal production, less, to converting the crops into meat. And short of rigid government controls on what the farmer may be permitted to do, we suggest that is the way it should be. Most Canadians like meat, but if the global demands dictate less meat in Canada than the people want, there are two ways of coping with the shortage. One is through pricing it out of reach of most of the people. That would not be politically acceptable.. The other is simple rationing by coupon. We predict it will come to that soon. The point to remember is that Canada's current beef problems are part of a global food problem, and Canada morally cannot feast on steaksx and' roasts indefinitely while scores of millions are dying for lack of wheat or barley or rice. At the crossroads The United Way in Lethbridge is at a crossroads. Unless new vigor can be injected and greater financial support elicited, the organization seems destined for disintegration. In a day of mounting costs the 15 agencies under the United Way umbrella need more money, not less, as has happened due to the failure to reach the objective in the 1973 campaign. When the United Way campaign fails to receive strong support from the community there is no incentive for additional agencies to seek inclusion and thus reduce the number of appeals. Instead, the temptation is strong for those that can mount their own campaigns to withdraw from the United Way and do so. Some of the agencies would probably be better off financially through conducting their own campaigns. Their reasons for sticking with the United Way are admirable: they believe in the principle of a unified appeal that avoids the waste of time and money in conducting duplicate campaigns; they do not wish to abandon the smaller agencies which could not muster the manpower to do their own campaigning. No one should be under the illusion that a collapse of the United Way would result in less need for money because of the disappearance of some agencies. The services being provided by the small agencies are of such value that they would have to be continued somehow. Consequently either the government (municipal, provincial or federal) would have to pick up the services or keep the agencies functioning by providing the funding. A properly supported United Way is a credit to a community. It is important that when the annual meeting is held to- morrow the disappointments of the past year be dispersed by signs of optimism about the future. Through a good attendance of concerned citizens giving their judgment on the wisest course for the future, this can be accomplished. ART BUCHWALD Saving Europe by insult WASHINGTON People may deny it, but there is nothing country enjoys more than being insulted and threatened by another country. It brings the natives out of their lethargy, it gets the juices flowing in the parliament and the press and it gives leaders an opportunity to distract their countrymen from their problems at home. It is in this context that we must look at the recent attacks Henry Kissinger and President Nixon have made on the Western European countries. I can now reveal exclusively what was behind the attacks and why they were made. Six weeks ago the foreign ministers of Europe demanded to meet with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. The announced purpose of the meeting was to discuss what to do about the oil situation. But the real purpose of the gathering was to discuss ways of getting Europeans excited again about their role in world affairs. At the meeting Kissinger led off by saying how happy be was that things were going so well between the United States and Europe, and that President Nixon was looking forward to his trip there in April. He predicted that with the detente, the ties between the Common Market countries and the United States would be closer than ever. The French foreign minister said, "That is what we came to talk to you about We don't want closer ties, we want worse ones." Kissinger looked shocked. "I don't understand." "Speaking for my own government, the French are sick and tired of having good relations with the'United States. It was all nght when we had bad relations with the Soviets and the Chinese. But now that we can't attack them any more, you're the only superpower left that the French can get angry at" "Why tell Kissinger said in a huff. "Why don't you just get mad at "We can't do it atone. We have to be provoked into taking a hard line against you. The provocation can only come from you and the president" "You're asking us to attack you so the French people can get mad at "You. owe it to the French foreign minister said, "after all France has done for you." Kissinger looked at the other foreign ministers. "Do you feel that way, "I'm afraid so, the West German foreign minister said. "It would be a big help to WiUy Brandt's government if we could accuse you of bad faith. The German people have had it so good for so long that they're miserable. If we could drive a wedge between the United States and Germany it would seem like old times." The Italian foreign minister said, "My government-will fall unless the people have something else to worry about other than the corruption of their own politicians." The Danish foreign minister added, "We're a small country, but if you would just insult us by name you can't imagine what it would do for Danish morale." Kissinger said he would discuss it with the president The next day when he relayed the request to Mr. Nixon, the president was horrified. "But what about NATO and the defense of the Free problem." Kissinger said "No one takes NATO seriously anyway. Actually I don't think it's a bad idea. If we could get a good feud going with Europe, it would help us as well. It might take the American people's minds off Watergate. Don't forget, we haven't had a good flag-waving issue in this country in years. I personally think the American people wouldn't mind getting mad at Europe, particularly since we told mem we have no quarrel with communism." "All right Henry, it's worth a try. Why don't you insult the NATO countries at a briefing you're giving to the American diplomatic wives in Washington, and I'll threaten to take the troops out of Europe when I go to Chicago." Kissinger went back and reported the president's decision to the foreign ministers. They were elated at the news. He shrugged off their gratitude with a smile and said. "After all, what are allies 'Streaker, nothing I'm a Terms of mission to Moscow By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON Overwhelming evidence argues that the Soviet leaders are eager to cut a deal with Henry Kissinger on his visit to Moscow this week. The ques- tion is on what terms. For Dr. Kissinger, for the first time, goes to Moscow representing a president in deep trouble at home. So there is an inevitable temptation to go for an arrangement which serves the president's short- term domestic interest as distinct from the longer-term national interest The best evidence of the Soviet mood lies in a recent intelligence analysis of statements made by 14 different Soviet leaders over the past eight months. The analysis shows that all of them line up behind party boss Leonid Brezhnev in favoring co-operation between Moscow and Washington. The analysis is reinforced by Dr Kissinger's conversations with Soviet Ambassador Anatoliy Dobrynin. Mr. Dobrynin returned to Washington after a couple of weeks of talks in Moscow early last week. After seeing Dobrynin, Kissinger told his Thursday news conference that he was "reasonably confident" about the upcoming talks. The guess here is that Dobrynin laid out for the Soviet leadership President Nixon's grave impeachment problems, with a warning that Mr. Nixon might not be in the White House for long. Apparently the reaction of the Russians was to try to make a deal now with the president they know, rather than to have to begin all over again later on. In these conditions, with the Russians evidently keen for a deal, the important thing is not to get a quickie cosmetic undertaking which will go no further than helping Mr. Nixon in his immediate problems at home. What is to make arrangements that lead on to further agreements for future presidents, and the momentum needs to be maintained in at least two separate areas. Arms control is one. In the Moscow summit of 1972, the Big Two reached an agreement to limit the absolute'number of offensive and defensive nuclear launchers. But if the agreement only applies to numbers of launchers with MIRVs, the Russians, who have far larger weapons, would gain a distinct advantage. That is why Defence Secretary James Schlesinger has been insisting that any agreement should achieve "essential equivalence." Which means that Dr. Kissinger needs to go beyond limiting multiple warheads to arrangements that put a lid on Russia's massive build-up. A second area of discussion involves progress toward more freedom in the Soviet Union. The Russians are co- operating with the United A de Gaulle for Portugal By Colin Legum, London Observer commentator A guilty giveaway By Walker Following the brotherhood service at Southminster United Church, Elspeth and I were approaching the hall for refreshments when Marj Morris introduced as to Thelma "Watch what you Marj cautioned Thelma, "this is the fellow who writes those little pieces in The Herald. Abruptly Thelma looked away and said, "Where is my She must have had a really juicy item she was about to spill when Marj choked it off. Portugal has now lost the prime asset of all totalitarian societies: the absolute certainty that their policies are right and immutable and. therefore, that their critics and enemies can safely be ignored as wrong, misinformed and mischievous. Totalitarian societies usually begin to get into trouble only when important members of their own establishment raise doubts about the wisdom of pursuing their traditional policies. Portuguese military heroes like General Antonio Spinola the most decorated soldier of his day or his brilliant young supporter. Lieutenant Colonel Almeida Bruno (now under or the former Chief of Staff. General Costa Gomes, cannot be dismissed as being either ignorant or Communist. When men like these begin to question the wisdom of the ages, then are at the point of chaip. Where tins change will ted Portugal in the immediate future is still largely speculation, but there appear to be at least two possibilities. The first and the most likely, is that an attempt will be made to wrest back some of the lost certainty by moving the country further to the Right- back towards the safe men who surrounded the former dictator. Dr. Antonio Salazar. There is no more ardent Salazarist than the 79- year-old President Americo Tomas, who can be relied upon to do everything in his power to ensure that the top military and government posts go to old-time Salazarists. But whether he will go so far as to try to dismiss his prime minister, Dr. Marcello Caetano, is more doubtful. If Caetano is forced out, then the chances are that the political divisions inside the Portuguese establishment will at once become deepened, leaving the country divided between two groups who can roughtly be classified as the Imperialists (or African lobby) and the Europeans. The Imperialists are unwilling to make any meaningful concessions or compromises over their African policies, which keep Portugal engaged in fighting three colonial wars in Angola. Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau. The Europeans represented by General Spinola and his supporters believe that Portugal must join the ftoopean Community, which it can do only by finding away out bf its African troubles. Caetano leans between these two views; he believes that the cause of the Europeans can be promoted only if he can avoid breaking entirely with the Imperialists. The second possibility is that, after a brief respite, the European lobby will find a popular voice in the country which would encourage a more decisive move from among the younger Army leaders of all ranks. The wars in Africa are no Jonger as popular as they once were Young Portuguese conscripts, badly paid and ooorly treated, prefer to go from school to work in the affluent European Community rather than to sweat it out, and increasingly to die. in the African bush. The business community watching 42 per cent of the budget go on the wars, and the normally healthy balance of payments dip towards a deficit are now counting the financial cost of trying to stay in Africa. But because of total censorship it has not been possible in the past for the increasing number of doubters at all levels to articulate a new national concensus. Spinola's controversial book. Portugal and the future, opened the way for a public debate; now it becomes possible for individuals to learn that what they had been thinking in private is widely shared by Letters More for dollar States in part because they want to import American technology on favorable credit terms. Since they want special favors, it is legitimate for the United States to set special conditions. The one condition on which there has been American agreement so far is Sen. Henry Jackson's stipulation that Moscow ease up on conditions for emigration. That seems to many people, including this writer, an extremely narrow concession to ask in return for "easier credits. But since it is the only demand that has surfaced, it ought to be hammered home. At a minimum, in other words. Dr. Kissinger needs to come back from Moscow with Soviet agreement that there should be an end to harassment of those who want to emigrate and an undertaking as to numbers permitted to leave. These conditions -for agreement may seen) too tough to President Nixon and Dr. Kissinger and other recent converts to the concepts of detente with the Soviet Union. In fact they are minimal. Anything less will merely represent a cosmetic agreement, designed to help Mr. Nixon battle against impeachment by a trip to the summit in Moscow. The thought, to bear in mind is a statement made by Dr. Kissinger, that he wanted to "conclude the building of a structure which we can pass on to succeeding administrations." It is clear that Lethbridge is far from adequately meeting the need for quality child care. Calgary has one day care centre for every people. We have one for every The need is certainly here, with over 400 single mothers with dependent children on welfare, a large percentage of these having pre-schoolers. The argument by private operators in Lethbridge that the department of health and social development could provide a welfare subsidy to them for every low-income child coming to their program is not a real way of meeting this need. They do not have the capacity to handle the large number of children who would be eligible for this. Private operators claim that paying them is cheaper to the taxpayer than paying public funds to a public program. This is nonsense. To subsidize one child in their program costs per year. I understand that, with some small adjustments in their budget, the North Lethbridge Child Development Centre can provide day care for one child for one year at a cost of slightly less than to the taxpayer. Not only is the cost less, but the parent and child seem to get more for their money. My knowledge of the public- sponsored programs before council is that, in addition to providing supervised child care during the day, they also offer parents the following supportive services: parent control of the program through a parent advisory board elected from the users; a public covering staff and program functioning; specially trained, highly qualified staff; easy access to a facility and equipment for the training and assistance of interested parents; a program which goes beyond legal requirements through a commitment to exceed all recommendations of the Canadian Pediatric Association; built-in professional consultation from the Pre-School Services Program, the Centre for Personal and Community Development, and Providence Child Development Centre in Calgary; full parent involvement for those interested through the provision for parent control at the board level, opportunity for participation in the centre's program as supervised volunteers, and parent skills training to insure that the child is given consistent treatment at home and at the centre; finally, to provide full day care for handicapped pre-school children, a service at present non-existent. Surely city council will not turn its back on our children under the guise of saving tax dollars. MARILYN HICKS Lethbridge Partial restoration The editorial of March 13, and Mrs. Eva Brewster's answer to it, reminds me of conditions that exist here, in which we find people with large holdings, yet not content, they encroach upon people who have but a mere two by four lot, I find that Mrs. Brewster did furnish the inquiry for the other side of the question, between Israel and the Arabs, although there.was no need for another1 side. I do not know the country of Palestine, never having been there, but I do recall reports and pictures coming from there, which show bunkers built upon the Golan Heights, wherein the Arabs hid, and harrassed the Jews, as they cultivated the land by tractors, with a rifle upon their backs. One thing I would like to point out is, that the Arabs have no right in Palestine, at all, as the land was given to Israel by almighty power, as an outcome of the promises made to- their Father Abraham, that if they would obey the voice of their God, and keep His commandments, He would make of them a peculiar people and a nation. But during the Turkish hold upon the land, when Turkey was a great and powerful nation, at which time the edict of Hadrian came into effect, that no Jew should own land in Palestine, under his own name, which appears to be the time when the Arabs infiltrated the land- Yet never do we find any call for the Arab to return to that land, yet we do find many references in the Bible to Israel to return there, and the present situation, with Israel in Palestine, is a partial restoration of the promises, that has been on the statute books of the Creator for many many years I do feel thankful that a person with the ability, and knowhow of Mrs. Brewster, has come to the rescue, and to set the records somewhat straight, regarding this despised and rejected people the Jew. "As the time to favor Zion, yea the set time is come" when Israel will no longer be despised, but will become the head and not the tail, as her present'position so appears. W. J. PICKFORD Lethbridge Selfish interests of few By the self interests and selfish motives of a few citizens, the whole populace of our city may be subjected to a denial of a taxpayer's prerogative, the privilege of disposing of certain wastes on one's own land. By what stretch of the imagination is it infringing on the rights of others if one burns paper in his own burning barrel? There is more pollution and damage to one's health in walking down 3rd Avenue at rush hour than the effect that carbon dioxide and water vapor will have from burning paper. The affluent householder with a fireplace is going to bum paper and woud scraps anyway. I burned a barrel of paper wastes the other day and it took all of four minutes with no lin- gering smoke or vapors. Council, before you pass a bylaw which is going to infuriate a lot of good citizens, consider some of the- wiser alternatives: burn only perhaps three days per week; barrels be at least 10 feet from "fences and trees; barrels be attended while combustion is taking place; absolutely no wet or smouldering wastes be allowed. I cannot help but feel there are certain vested interests operating in wanting to ban all burning in our city. Gone forever will be the pleasant nostalgic sight and aroma of a yearly fall ritual, the burning of autumn leaves. Need any more be said? ONE WHO LOVES LETHBRIDGE compromise for fools In some ways Portugal is now at the point reached in France, when OK Algerian war boometanged into French politics and brought General de Gaulle into power. Spinola errald become Portugal's de Gaulle. On the other hand, Portugal might end up with a regime of Greek-style Colonels. The betting is open. Bat in the longer run, the developments inside Poitugal will be determined by how the wars go in Africa. Although the Portuguese are likely to increase rather than diminish their war effort, there is no evidence that anything they can do now. in a military sense, can retrieve their lost position In response to the article Moloch Worshippers. (March a famous philosopher once wrote: "True wisdom knows it must comprise some nonsense as a compromise, lest fools should fail to find it wise" NICK PREVISICH Lethbridge. The Lethbridge Herald 504 Tlti S1 S LethbtWge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Ptftlittwrs Second Mail BegWratton No 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor ana OONH PJLUNG DONALD R. DORAM General Manager f MILES ROBERT M FENTON I Manager Circulation Manager KEWfETM E BABNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" DOUGLAS X WALKER Editorial Page Editor ;