Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 26, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Forecast high . Saturday naar 30. ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIV - No. 89 LETHBRIDGE,. ALBERTA, FRIDAY* MARCH 26, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS-26 PAGES Battle-weary Storm breaks out over Pelletier book on may seek peace By JAMES PRINGLE SAIGON (Reuters) - If North Vietnamese troops could fight so ferociously in Laos that Saigon's operation there ended in retreat more than a month before the rainy season begins, what are the prospects for the South Vietnamese forces once the Americans pull out? This is the question being asked here as the implications of the incursion, which has ended in disarray, begin to reach the South Vietnamese public. The bitter sobbing and wailing of women and children at the rows of coffins at the Bien Hoa military cemetery near here Wednesday soon may have an answering echo throughout war-weary South Vietnam. Some observers here believe North Vietnam has emerged as the clear psychological victor from the campaign in Laos, no matter how bravely the South Vietnamese fought in unfamiliar territory during the early stages of the operation. Not likely again The apparently precipitate end to the incursion suggests to many observers, that Saigon is unlikely ever again to attempt to attack the Ho Chi Minn supply network of the North Vietnamese in force. Next year, there would be less American air power and helicopter support, plus fewer U.S. combat troops to cover an operation the size of the Laos incursion. Independent military observers here have been surprised to discover that the South Vietnamese army still is fighting a conventional Western-style war which has little application against the battle-tested guerrilla army of Hanoi. Hanoi has always been prepared to accept high casualties that would be unacceptable in a democratic environment. South Vietnam's casualties have also been high, and American advisers on the battlefront in Khe Sanh do not accept U.S. President Nixon's view, expressed Monday night, that South Vietnamese soldiers are coming out of Laos with higher.confidence and morale. South Vietnamese newspapers do not cover the battlefronts with their own reporters, but news travels quickly by the grapevine, and returning soldiers soon will ^.,jseouniting'*their experiences in Laos. What they jiave to say will not point to an easy military solution to the war. Elections coming The implications for the country's internal political scene are still unclear. President Nguyen Van Thieu faces presidential elections this year and it is possible the outcome of the Laos incursion may affect his chances for re-election. Some observers here believe it is possible South Vietnam's reverses in Laos may shorten the war. Hanoi has proved it can hold on to its infiltration routes into the South at a time when the Saigon government continues to expand its control throughout South Vietnam. Relying on American helicopters for movement, the Saigon troops in Laos lacked the mobility of the North Vietnamese. The speed with which the North Vietnamese forces, under Maj.-Gen. Le Quang Dao, regrouped to counter-attack the Saigon forces after the thrust into Laos surprised senior American and South Vietnamese officers. Laotian Premier Prince Souvanna Phouma said Tuesday in Vientiane that the side which controls the Ho Chi Minh Trail has the best chance of winning the Indochina war. Although most observers here do not accept such a categorical analysis, few agree with Australian Defence Minister John Gorton who said Tuesday that North Vietnam would never know when a similar raid would occur. Pressures to seek a settlement to a war which seems endless may come from new directions. Last week, in the ruins of the Khe Sanh town, a South Vietnamese major told a Reuter news agency correspondent: "When I was a young man, I commanded a company here. It was a beautiful little town then, and the people worked on a local coffee plantation. Now it has all gone, and where has it got us?" Speaking through the roar of bombs and artillery, the major said the only apparent answer is an opening of real dialogue with North Vietnam with a view to ending a war "which has gone on too long." Demilitarized zone heats up From AP-REUTER SAIGON (CP) - South Vietnam sent reinforcements to the northern front today amid reports of a buildup of North Vietnamese troops and1 long-range artillery in the so-called demilitarized zone dividing North and South Vietnam. The U.S. command announced 20 American fighter-bombers attacked a new North Vietnamese surface-to-air missile site Thursday in the Laotian panhandle, one mile northwest of the DMZ. Artillery duels were reported across the DMZ, and U.S. military sources said the North Vietnamese had moved long-range artillery into the northern half of the six-mile-wide zone for the first time. The U.S. command said enemy activity in the DMZ has increased 50 per cent. The Saigon government announced that several battalions of fresh troops were flown to the northern front. Lt.-Col. Tran Van An, chief spokesman for South Vietnamese military headquarters, said there are now more than 20,000 Saigon troops in Quang Tri, South Vietnam's northernmost province, OTTAWA (CP) - The government was placed on the defensive Thursday as the Commons opposition attacked publication of State Secretary Gerard Pelletier's book The October Crisis. The Conservatives and New Democrats tried to force emergency debate on the subject and New Democrat Leader T. C. Douglas called for a royal commission into last fall's events. Mr. Douglas said there were serious discrepancies of fact between Mr. Pelletier's written,,, account and statements madf%!" Parliament last October at: the height of the FLQ terrorist crisis in Quebec. The attack, which ate up most of Thursday's 40-minute question period, was expected to continue today. Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield said Mr. Pelletier shouldn't have published his account of events leading up to the War Measures Act when he had been responsible, as a cabinet minister, for its invocation Oct. 16. Charges had been ''placed under the act, Mr. Stan-field added. "This matter so concerns our constitutional system, regarding both the Parliament and the courts, that it must be urgently considered." �;Mr. Douglas, in another motion for an emergency debate, said the book "called into question the grounds on which Parliament was asked to enact the Public Order (Temporary Measures) Act." Mr. Douglas said the House should debate immediate repeal of the public order law, which is to lapse April 30 unless repealed earlier or extended. Speaker Lucien Lamoureux rejected both motions on grounds there would be opportunity for debate soon. Prime Minister Trudeau later repeated his assurance that the issue of public order soon will be placed before the House. Meanwhile, he bore the brunt of opposition questions as Mr. Pelletier sat silently in the row behind ham. Across the aisle, former prime minister John Diefenbaker thumbed through the Pelletier book, marking passages. "I ensured that someone in my office checked the book to determine that no erroneous facts were stated as far as we could see," Mr. Trudeau told Mr. Stanfield. "I did nothing to prevent publication of the book." He insisted there should be no objection to a minister publishing his views unless they infringed the concept of cabinet solidarity. "We think it is normal for those who want to support public order in Canada to express their views as well as those who want to disturb it." Mr. Trudeau turned away as frivolous Mr. Douglas's call for a royal commission. He challenged Mr. Douglas to point out anything in the book that was "repugnant to the principles of cabinet solidarity or the oath of office." He refused to concede Mr. Douglas's allegation that there were serious discrepancies between Mr. Pelletier's account of the October events and the government's. Raiders get big haul LONDON (AP) - Masked raiders carrying shotguns ambushed an armored money truck today and police said they escaped in a fast car with �750,000 ($1.8 million). It was described as the biggest cash haul in Britain since the Great Train Robbery in 1963. Police were puzzled that there were no marks of forced entry on the yellow security truck. One report said the eight-ton truck had parked at the side of the highway in the south London suburb of Croydon while its crew "spent a penny"-a British term for going to a public lavatory. The raiders-some said five, others six-then pounced from a large maroon-colored truck and forced its crew at gunpoint to open up. They bundled 28 green sacks of notes into a red limousine and sped off, leaving their ma-r .on truck blocking the road. A reward of �45,000 ($108,000) was swiftly posted for their capture. Police said at first �750,000 ($1.8 million) was stolen, but it was found to be less when financiers checked their books. Detectives said, however, it still could be the biggest cash haul since the �2.5 million stolen in the Great Train Robbery. Strom slams door EDMONTON (CP) - Premier Harry Strom reiterated Thursday that municipalities will not be given an opportunity to make their views known to the Alberta Legislature about government intentions to place a ceiling on grants to municipalities. He told Dave Russell (PC-Calgary Victoria Park) that the government does not intend to delay or hold public hearings on Bill 28. which would freeze grants to municipalities at $38 million a year. Mr. Russell said outside the house he is "shocked" at the government's attitude. Municipalities now get one-third of the royalties from oil and natural gas, which the government estimates will amount to $170 million in the next fiscal year which starts April 1. Premier Strom has said the money will go for education, but municipal spokesmen are unhappy because the reduction in grants will probably force them to increase property taxes. Pakistan bans politics as civil war breaks out Peace search stalled UNITED NATIONS (Reuter) - The search for peace in the Middle East was stalled again today with UN envoy Gunnar Jarring heading back to his diplomatic post in Moscow, and Israel and Egypt blaming each other for the impasse. A UN announcement said Thursday night that Jarring, the ;Swedish ambassador would be. in Russ a at least until the latter half of April, but would return if developments warrant. Diplomats said privately that while Israel holds firm in it's refusal to make a commitment to troop withapwals from occupied territory, there is little hope of a break in the current stalemate. Israel and Egypt both are saying the other must make the necessary moves before peace talks could resume, and Egyptian Ambassador M u-hammed H. al H- Zayyat announced he will leave New York later this week because "I have nothing more to do here." TIBETANS ARRIVE - An elderly Tibetiem looks happily Into the eyes of a younger countryman In Montreal Thursday when they landed at Dorval airport and the start of a year's orientation to Canadian life. The two were among a group of 16 that took the 7,250-mile journey across the pole. Part of the contingent is scheduled to locate in the Lethbridge area. They are to arrive this weekend. Railway hook-off poses problems Greek premier absent ATHENS (AP) - The absence of Premier George Papa-dopoulos from Independence Day celebrations aroused new speculation today that he is ill or on the outs with other members of the ruling army junta. Papadopoulos has been considered the strongman-leader of the group of colonels who seized power in April, 1967. But he has not been seen in public since Jan. 22. 'What did we do with my working clothe** honey?! VANCOUVER (CP) - A work stoppage on CP Rail and CNR lines in the Vancouver area continued for the second straight day today and spread to Kamloops in the British Columbia interior. "There is no sign of anyone going.back to work here and men are out in Kamloops," a CP Rail spokesman reported. A spokesman for the CNR said the situation "is the same for us." About 196 members of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers in Vancouver booked off as "unfit" to work starting late Wednesday. A union spokesman said they were protesting prolonged contract negotiations in Montreal. The firemen and locomotive engineers had been expected to resume work today but the morning booking-on period passed with no sign of a re-turn. Instead, the work stoppage spread to Kamloops where more than 60 firemen and locomotive engineers started booking off Thursday night. A prolonged work stoppage would bring the movement of Prairie grain through Van-, couver harbor to a standstill. More than 700 grain cars are sitting in Vancouver freight yards waiting to be moved to terminal elevators for un- loading and another 2.300 grain cars are en route to this west coast port. CP Rail said two of its transcontinental passenger trains were cancelled Thursday and other transportation was provided to and from Calgary fox stranded passengers. The CNR was also affected, but supervisory personnel were handling its trans-continental passenger trains in and out of Vancouver. Autopsy slated at Calgary CALGARY (CP) - An autopsy was scheduled today after two persons died Thursday in what police believe was a murder-suicide. City police said the bodies of Roderick J. Umperville, 37, and Irma Umperville, 40, were found in their basement suite in southeast Calgary. NEW DELHI (CP) - President Aga Mohammed Yahya Khan, acting under martial law, banned all political activity in all of Pakistan and outlawed the Awami League in East Pakistan, where civil war broke out today. Yahya Khan denounced Sheik Mujib Rahman, leader of the Awami Legue as a traitor. With heavy fighting reported, Sheik Mujib proclaimed independence for his eastern region. BLAMES LEAGUE The Pakistani president said in a broadcast on Pakistan radio monitored here that the Awami League, which won an overwhelming majority of seats in the December National Assembly elections, would be completely banned. The 54-year-old soldier-ruler who promised to restore Pakistan to civilian rule, said that events in East Pakistan had taken "a very serious turn." |;He blamed Sheik Mujib and ^jhis Awami League for the con-^titutional crisis facing thetos|? V tion. ' , Quoting authoritative reports reaching Calcutta, 'he agency said Yahya Khan had called on the martial law authorities to crush the movement led by Mujib. Inhisbroadcast speech, Yahya Khan said he remained committed to his previous pledges-first made when he took over power from President Ayub Khan March 25, 1969-"to transfer power to the elected representatives of the people." "As soon as the situation permits, I will take steps to achieve this o b j e c t i v e," he added. But the president did not explain how he proposed to bring about a civilian government when the Awami League had been banned. "I should have taken action against Sheik Mujib Rahman and his collaborators weeks ago, but I kept on tolerating one illegal action after another because of my keenness to arrivs at a settlement. "But Sheik Mujib failed to respond in a constructive manner." Yahya Khan said in his numerous talks with Sheik Mujib in Dacca in the last week the Awami League leader kept insisting on issuing an interim proclamation lifting martial law. "The proclamation he proposed was nothing but a trap," the president said. "He knew it would not be worth the paper it was written on." SHEIK RAHMAN . . branded traitor No increase in Waterton land rents CALGARY (CP) - Land rents in Waterton, Banff and Jasper national parks will not be increased April 1, R. P. Malis, acting western region director of tiie national parks branch, said Thursday. Mr. Malis said in a statement that this doesn't mean increases will not be applied later this year. The land rental appeal board, still is hearing petitions from leaseholders, he said, and if new rents are applied before the board completes its review, adjustments will be made at a later date. Seen and heard About town TJEAL birthday surprise for Annie Robinson Thursday as the city was "plunged into darkness and silence so everyone could listen to the greetings on her 82nd birthday" . . . Jill Kotkas rushing out of a meeting at city hall to answer a ringing telephone, but being unable to find it. Tito may visit Canada, U.S. BELGRADE (Reuter) - President Tito of Yugoslavia is likely to visit the United States and possibly Canada late this summer, reliable sources said here today. Faulkner fails to cool hot Ulster From AP-Reuter BELFAST (CP) - Prime Minister Brian Faulkner, who successfully wooed a right-wing hardliner and a moderate into his new government, failed today to quiet the forces in Northern Ireland he is attempting to placate. An explosion rocked the. headquarters of the governing Unionist party within minutes of the announcement of a new cabinet Thursday night. A group of reporters covering the cabinet announcement later found a d)'nanute bomb disguised as a bunch of flowers lying underneath a car near the headquarters. The bomb was later taken away, Troops and police sealed off part of the city centre after the explosion at the party headquarters. Damage to the building was reported slight although many windows were shattered. There were no injuries. Minutes before the blast, Faulkner, who took office Tuesday, announced sweeping cabinet changes in his drive to cure Ulster's troubles. ONLY FIVE STAY Only five members of the previous administration retained their jobs in the 12-man cabinet, and the prime minister went outside both his party and parliament for his minister of community relations. Political sources said Faulk- ner, who also took the home affairs post in the cabinet, aroused shock and consternation among both rightist and leftist poles of the Northern Ireland political spectrum by naming longtime Protestant hardliner Harry West as agriculture minister. "I wonder if there is any principle left in Ulster poiitics/' said extremist evangelist Rev. Ian Paisley. Faulkner, in his third day in power, handed an olive branch to the rightist hardline forces which brought down his predecessor, James Chichester-Clark, by giving the 52-year-old West an important job in agrarian Ireland, He also gestured to the left by naming David Bleakley, 46, a respected middle-roader to the key job of community relations -charged with quelling historic hatreds between Roman Catholics and the majority Protestants. Bleakley, an Anglican, is a former Labor party member of the British House of Commons. KEEP POSTS The five cabinet members retaining their posts were Deputy Prime Minister John Andrews, Finance Minister Herbert Kirk, Health Minister William Fitz-simmons, Education Minister William Long and Deputy Home Affairs Minister John Taylor.