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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 26, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI ItTHBRIBGE HERAID Ihui.doy, March 26, 1970 iYora Keloff Is Britain's Welfare State Doomed? Strong Stand Many people have written oft the church refuses to go along with this, Christian Church in these times. But seeing in it a limitation on its free- there are still signs of life here and dom to deal with all people ir- respective of race, as members of one human family. Priests explained to their congre- gations throughout Rhodesia that T OXDOX Will Harold son, the British Prime Min- ister and one time disciple to British social reformer Lord Beveridge, preside over the liq- uidation of the Beveridge ing too much, It.ere is a de- Parliament, too. who are find- fonns, and there would be no minimum income for families pressing awareness that pov- ing the electorate would prefer special inquisitorial "means" with children. It amounts to in Britain, particularly to pay lower taxes anrl keep test for the poor. Those whose half what Ite United States more of their money to look tax form showed them to be be- government considers a mini- erly among children and old people, persists. Indeed, in relation to after themselves. Death the poverty line would mum subsistence level, and the the re-st of the population the It is against this background automatically receive a sup- rest has to be made up in fare Stale? Some MPs of the poor are getting poorer all the that the idea is being canvass- there that make the obituaries pre mature. In Rhodesia the Roman Catholic church has taken a strong stand against the government's racial pol- the church was not interfering in icy. Notice has been given to the politics by taking this stand. Rather Smith regime that any legislation it it was the government which, by in- tries to implement leading to hard- ening the divisions between blacks and whites will be defied by the church. Tliis was announced recent- ly in a pastoral message issued by the Archbishop of Salisbury and the four bishops of the Rhodesian hier- archy. Defiance was directed specifically at the Land Tenure Act, introduced with the government's new republi- can constitution. The act lays down separate areas where whites and blacks may Jive and work. And the (reducing racial laws in conflict with Christianity, was interfering in religion, they said. Here is a rather adroit parrying of a possible ba'ial criticism often levelled at the church when it lakes a stand on a social issue. The Smith government has en- countered censure from without. Now it is getting criticism from within. It is to be hoped that such stands as the church is taking can keep Rhodesia from plunging into South African apartheid. ruling Labor Party are begin- ning to think he may. lireverant Parly iiiembers are, as will let! you, "thinking the unthinkable" in other words asking them- selves whether in the Britain of the 70s Ihe society for which Jieveridge planned any longer exists. During the 60s, expenditures on social services doubled. They TOW take up half the sum total of public expenditure and one-fifth of the entire national time. ed that instead of the univer- piemcnlary income. The name for this new sys- Nobody in Britain, of course, welfare benefits of trie Bev- tern, being widely discussed would denv Ihe responsibilities of the State towards the poor and those unable to fer.d for themselves. What is being ques- tioned is the Beveridge notion that contributions and benefits must be universal. For today two-thirds of the total value of the social benefits, measured in cash, go to households where the amount of tax paid is equal to, or even higher than, the benefits received. It is not eridge variety, the government should deal with poverty direct- ly, by giving more mo'iey to come Tax" or, as it is comini .....NIT" earnings or handouts. Many Conservative support- ers of NIT would like lo wind now among politicians and ad- up free services altogether and ministrators, is "Negative In- cut taxes, so that individuals the poor. A corollaiy to Ihe present system of "Pay As You Earn" under which all British work- ers over a certain income have graduated income tax pay- ments deducted at source, would be introduced in the form ot a system of "Receive As You Earn" for those be- to be nick-named, "NIT" (i.e. income lax stood on its head, with the Inland Revenue pay- ing money out as well as tal- ing money A tentative half-way move in this direction has already been taken in where the White House adviser on urban ____ ......____ affairs, Mr. Patrick Jloynihan, revenue. Yet. although the man only llw Conservative opposi- neath it. Everybody, rich and has persuaded President Nixon in the street protests he is pay- lion, but Labor Members of poor ab'ke, would fill in tax to ask Congress to establish a Repealing Abortion Laws Recently a letter was published in reasons. But many people who share The Herald calling attention lo a new campaign to have the abortion laws in Canada liberalized, it was only a few weeks ago that Parliament was in an uproar over proposed changes in the Criminal Code, one of which had to do with abortion. The change was criticized by some as being too liberal but in the letter it was des- cribed as "narrowly restrictive." Actually the amendment to the Criminal Code, by all accounts, has made it more difficult to secure an abortion in Canada. This was not its intention but is simply tho way it has worked out. Thus the hope of bring- ing the law more in line with con- temporary attitudes seems to have been thwarted. The Wall Street Journal has edilor- Ihe religious conviction do not now share the attitude that their views should he imposed on society at large. Legalizing abortion would not require anyone to practise it; there would still be freedom to shun it and even denounce it. Those who campaign for repeal of abortion laws do not look upon the termination of pregnancy as a method of birth control. They consider it an extreme measure in the avoidance of an unwanted child. Any physical suf- fering or mental anguish that might accompany abortion is considered a small price to pay to prevent a per- son coining into the world whose life would be blighted by being undesired and rejected, as is often the case. It is simple humanitarianism that ialized that there is a growing feel- prompts the campaigners. ing the best reform of abortion laws would be outright repeal. Increasing numbers of people are concluding the State has no business regulating people's private lives. Opposition to repealing abortion laws and leaving the matter in the realm of medical practise comes mainly from those who think termin- ating pregnancy is wrong for religious If the Wall Street Journal is correct In its reading that there has been a remarkable swing in favor of repeal of abortion laws in the last couple of years, it makes the Canadian at- tempt to modernize its Criminal Code appear pathetically timid. One thing that should he obvious is that laws can never be assumed to be fixed indefinitely. It's Being Overdone "We'd better hold off adding that extra star for a while, after all could pay for- all the services they needed out of their own incomes. For social reasons. Labor advocates of NIT would want state education and tlie National Health Sen-ice, rather than allowing the rich lo Ihe bcller schools and better doctors. But an increasing number of Labor MPs are recognizing that for o'.hei' forms of welfare, child allowance, housing sub- sidies, meals, sickness benefits, pensions and the rest, the elec- torate might prefer to ensure their own security by keeping Iheir money and paying in lo their trades unions or friendly societies, who provide these sen-ices for them. The reform is so fundamen- tal, and would disrupt so many notions and habits, that in this pre-clecloral period the Minister and his major strate- 'gisls have pronounced Ihe en- tire subject "out cf bounds." Someone close to the adminis- tration said a taboo had been placed on NIT, which recalls the laboo on devaluation of the pound when Labor first came into office which did not prevent it from taking place foui' years later. Inside the Labor Parly itself, Ihe besl case for NIT has been pul by a traditional left-of-cen- tre Ixmdon Labor MP, Mr. liaymond Fletcher, in the cur- renl issue ot an academic journal. Economic Age. He suggests the Party must recog- nize I hat affluence has changed the altitudes of the majority of industrial workers. Fletcher insists that after in- comes are rc-dislributed more fairly, there is no reason why market pricing should not be the best way of distributing limited resources among the consumers. Discussion on NIT is slill, of course, limited to a small in- tellectual vanguard of Parly reformers. But Fletcher's ar- ticle marks a breakthrough. 'Ihe unthinkable has been thought. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) A visitor to Expo 70 in Osaka, Japan has described the experience of being exposed to the showing of five films simultaneously as "the ultimate torture." He wondered if there was a word describing a five- way mind split! Apparently the technique of run- ning films alternatively or in con- junction appeals to producers it Colin Cross fairs programs on television where speakers attempt to talk over the distractions of flashing panels. There may be something artistic about such presentations but presumably the purpose of a public affairs pro- gram is to inform, which is difficult to do when people are prevented from concentrating on what is being said. After full allowance is made for (he Iruth that communication imv U.S. Democrats Try To Shift The Old Men seems lo be passe to permit too take place viscerally as well as voc- much sequential footage. Perhaps it ally it remains a fact that the dis- ts modern to appreciate a bombard- tinctive human way of comrminicat- raent of sensual impressions. A lot ing is by means of language. Kvcn of people, however do not particu- piclurcs would not be very sifnifi- larly care to qualify as true mod- rant unkss they evoked coherent WASHINGTON Congress- chairmanships posilions of man Emanuel Ccller, a immense power lo the most ser-Jor members has made him chairman of Ihe House Judic- iary Committee. Any committee chairman can, almost at will, strangle any bill that comes before him. And Congressman Cellar has publicly announced that he will from New York, who is just approaching his 32wl birthday, has been a member of Ihe United States House of Representatives since 1022, which gives him the longer rec- ord of service in Ihe House. The ancienl Congressional cus- toms that awards committee Letters To The Editor "fight like hell" againsl a mea- erns and would agree with the Expo thought patterns visitor that it is disagreeable to be overwhelmed with sights and sounds. on-Returnable Bottles There should not be too much complaint about confusing presenta- The whole thing is being overdone, tions at a fair. Its a different'thing, n is nonsensical to have public af- liowevcr, when TV is carnivalizcd. Art-Glary Or Garbage? By Jlrs. G. Hart, Art Teacher, Kale Andrews High School, Coaldale In response to the issue of non returnable bottles, I would suggest Ihat before abolishing this lype of container wo should try a compromising remedy of prohibiting the sale of soft drinks in single non-returnable bottles and selling Ihis type of merchandise in cartons only. II is my experience that the ma- jor portion of broken glass and abandoned bottles on residen- sary race for supremacy in Ihe field of Main- science seemed of prime importance in (he minds of leaders. thai Ihe artist makes his own and uses continuously in his work. With Ihese lools and (he materials of his choice, he gives We developed two generations of people to his creations. As an individual, who are as ignorant of Ihe fine avis as llis worl: vi" he lypical of himself, Jiis v.ere the cave men-more si -because even in cave man days, drawing and music held an important place in Ihe daily life of each individual. II is little wonder Ihat our young people do nol know how lo discrim- inate in matters of Ike visual arts and music. They accept without question all spects of pop, mod, mad, art and music even when some inner ins'inct must warn their: that Ihis medley of color and sound can'l be all good. They have no means of evaluating Hie good or bad. Although the value of Ihe arts is now recognized and utilized at Ihe university level Ihe schools of Alberta sadly lag behind in their art programs. It is sad indeed tli.it the hrighltsl and most intelligent of our students are never given an opportunity lo participate in an "art course. In fad, very oflen the types of teachers we have leaching art lend to dis- courage many students from taking art courses as the general attitude stems to be that you rnusl have some special ability ID benefit from art instruction or ll'icrc arc instructors who feel art is a purely accidental thing a.s when a pbleful o'( painted worms crawl over the surface of paper. It is true that occasionally an in- ideas, his likes and dislikes. Contrary to the philosophy of many present day artists, I believe pictures are for viewing jusl as stories are for reading. If they aie also an expression of inner depths or an outlcl for frustrations all Ihe better. Afler all il is Ihe striving alter an ideal lltat is >t worthwhile experience of livir.g. In ro other way does an individual so harmlessly release pcnl up emotion or attain personal satisfaction. When anyone says "I can'l he is making a ridiculous statement. Drawing is as natural as walking and lalking, and much more; material than writing or math. And >cl v.e lake (tee things for granted. Nor is it urong to copy a good picture, lllake said (hat (he difference between a good artist and a bad one is that the bad artist copies, but (hat he does net copy enough, can we call the kind of thing we