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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 26, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUH I .* f J 6 h l 1 -.....j TUESDAY, MARCH 26,1918 Xctbbcibic Derate r- 0AILY AND weekly Proprietor! and Publisher:* (The lethbrioge herald PRINTING COMPANY, umitep S23 6th street South. Lethbridg* w. a. Buchar.an President and Managing Director John Tonauco - - Business Manager Business Witorial telephones Office .............. 1253 Off tea.............. UU .10 Subscription Ratej; uelivered, per v;e"!i ,____ delivered, per year \....$5.00 by mail, per year ..... .$4.00 Week3j", by mail, per year .....51.50 Weekly, by rnaif. per year to U.S.. 12.00 Daily, Daily, Daily, Dates of expiry of subscription? appear daily on address label. Acceptance of papti-5 i.fle.. expiraticn a ate la our authority to continue rhe subscription. THE PROGRESS OF THE WAR Nothing iv! ore than has been ex period hy allied Vad^r^ Is occurring in ; tli-.- great (i-vrnan drhv. aud confidence ij uuce more restored by tu!s statement and also that of Lloyd- ' George- who says thai ail tiie re-in- , for.?ementj? in men and guns needed to , replace losses are now on the way to  France. ! Tlu: German drive ha? reached no^v { H line from Uapaume to Noyon. The � former place, taken by the British in the fa I1 of 11� 1 �J. ha? been retaken by The Cermant and constitutes probably , most important-gain since the drive commenced. The greatest depth reached by thn Germans is now be- , tv;�-en it� aud 2m miles. The British retreat has been orderly ; a ad their losses comparatively very E:k:iii. while tbe Germans are losing ' thousands of men for every mile that , they advance. . where a decision can bo reached. IJ ; was thought by many. :n zone. But we must not become panicky. We must believe that the Hun will be checked and thrown back, beaten and broken for aK time. We -an T ) I .'1 " � V/HY NOT CHEAP RATE RATE THIS YEAR? In the past two years during harvest and seeding cheap rates were granted by the C.P.R. to farm laborers from Lethbridge, Calgary and Edmonton, where provincial government free labor bureaus for the distribution ot farm laborers have been established. The rate was one cent a mile on all distances over fifty miles from each centre. not but believe that such seasoned old campaigners as Pieid Marshal Hai^. and the heads of the British and French armies, which have been fighting a valiant battle for the past three years and a half knew The extent of the Hun preparations, and made dispositions to meet them even at the zenith of anv possible advance. That is what we must hope, and we do not believe our hope is to bs in vain. Britain and France are immeasurably better able today, to withstand the shock than were the inexperienced generals .and armies of these two nations to withstand the rushing masses o:" Germans In September. 1914. when they swept almost to the very gates of Paris, only to be beaten, broken and hurled back at the Marne. It will be wise therefore to keep a � stiff upper Hp; do cot become panicky; the Huns may even take Paris, buj the loss would not be irretrievable. There is cause for optimism in the fact that the Germans have made the advance of the past few days by sheer weight of numbers rather than by any superiority in generalship, i F Hordes of soldiers have been thrown : into the carnage and pressed forward with little artillery ^support. Such a ! plan can go on only so long. When it i i Jbis year, for some reason as yet ; has run its course, we believe we can unexplained, the rate has been made j look confidently to the supreme coun* effective only out of Calgary and Ed- ! cil of the allies to take measures to nionfju. Why Lethbridge should be cut off from this advantage 'requires seme explanation. It is true that Lethbridge is very centra! to a large i ing community, and the saving from, the cheap rate does not probably amount to a great deal, but the fact that cheap rates can be obtained from Lethbridge kelps to draw farm bands here, and thus helps out the serious labor situation in this district. The rate ought to be granted without further delay. soldiers helping on the farms. I , retrieve the losses �which the enemy has gained only by & sheer disregard for the life of his men such as has j never been experienced in the history of the world. There is one other cause for confidence, and that lies in the fact that the German advance was not made easy through any propoganda such as caused the Italian debacle last fail. The allies are making the Hun pay the price in blood for every step of the advance. And the allies have millions of troops on the way while the Germans are risking the slaughter of their last army in the hoje of a quick, decisive win. There will be long days of anxiety Canadian soldiers unfit for duty, either by reason of wounds received at the front or owing to physical unfit- \ yet before the final outcoms in known. ness which developed during training in England, are being shipped back to Canada as fast as transportation for them can be secured. The number to be brought back is variously estimated at 25,000 to 70,000. The purpose is evidently two-fold: to provids more room and food for the thousands of new soldiers now being Bent over, and to release able-bodied men in Canada for military service. One former Highlander returned on Saturday. On Monday he secured a job or, a farm. On Tuesday he went to work. "I don't know much about farming, but I'm out to learn so that some able-bodied man now here can go to the fronjt and take my place." He had been wounded in France, and ho came home with the right idea. Farmers should do as much a3 possible to provide employment for soldiers who come back with that aim in view. The veterans may not be expert farm hands at first, but if the'y display the spirit of the man Quoted above the farmer need have no fear. These men have been to the front. They know tbe difficulty there is over feeding the millions in Europe, and they are ready to help in production. At the same time, for the soldiers who desire to obtain a parcel of land under the settlement act, if they have 'had nq experienco In farming, they can get the required experience in no better way than by taking advantage uf the shortage of men for farm work, and spending a year on the farm. It would be beneficial all around. It is the time for high valor at homo as the counts.part of the grin determination and steadfastness being displayed by the brave txoopa ia the field. The Kaiser has started distributing iron crosses again. But he Is paying for them a terrible price in the life-blood of Jii* people-. Sir George Foster has introduced a t measure calling tor each dozen eggs j sold to weigh 1% pounds. That will ; be alright if the busy hen will only do j her part. If she lays short-weight egga though, what action may we take ' against her? I The U. S. military experts do not : believe the great German offensive on ; the west can possibly win,'and the first � few days' fighting seems to bear them 1 out. The Hun soldier hasn't much ' stomach for the medicine handed out by the Allies on Thursday. GERMANS (O'-JXTIVTTKD from front PaGI) marvellous retreat London. Mar. 25.-Keulev's head-ouar'.ers correspondent sends the following on the great battle in Frc.neo: '"With scarce}}- a ln)l and no abatement in intensity, the titanic struggle continues. The enemy anillery shows a tendency to decrease in volume,-doubtless owing to the Increasing difficulty to bring up guns. The manner in which our suns, tanks and transports have bet'n withdrawn behind the obstinate?? retiring line amounts to a marvelous feat. "After fa.Uing oack across the Somme, we cleared all the bridges except one. which was so commanded by our guntiie that it was more advantageous to leave it tnnding. The enemy casualties in his efforts to get across this narrow strip of water have been prodigious." ENTIRE confidence French Front in France, Mar. 20. -Entire confidence reigns that the Germans" last trump in the world battle will be over-trumped when the proper moment comes. The allied military authorities' were fully cognizant that the enemy's supreme effort would cause a re-treat until measures could be taken to check the eruption into the allied positions. As always, the, attackers possessed the advantage of knowing exactly where they would launch their onslaught, while the defenders were compelled to await development of the battle before teeting the assault with counter measures. There is every sign in today's situation that the terrific attack in which apparently somewhere in the neighborhood of one million Germans of all arms are engaged, is being slackened. The resistance of the allies seems firmer, and the arrival on the scene of French reserves sent up to the southern flank, brought welcome support to the British who sustained the first powerful rush. The German divisions which be-gan what evidently was intended to be an irresistible forward movement were so cut up that they were replaced by fresh formations. It is these divisions wfrich - have been checked at the positions in which it was foreseen by the allied generals that a stand would be made. small value The ground over which the fighting is taking place possesses small strategical value bat it permitted the allies to retire in perfect order. It had been devastated by the Germans' before they retreated last year and the inhabitants had not had time or means to build it up again. While retiring across what was almost desert land the British inflicted enormous losses on the enemy who threw away thousands of lives in an effort to overcome the resistance he encountered. When the retiring British reached the Sommenand the canal they turned about and gave battle, meeting repeated and long-sustained endeavors of both infantry and cavalry. The initial rush of the enemy seems to have been stopped. Military opinion generally is that this first phase of the great battle, in which even more troops were employed than in the battle of the Marne, gives no indication what the results'will be." Nevertheless, developments are awaited ' by the allies without anxiety, nothing unexpected Toronto, Mar. 26.-Lieut, Col. Repington's opinion of the battle In France, as expressed in a Mail and Empire cable, Is as follows: "The greatest battle of'the war pursued its course in the only manner which could have been expected under the conditions in which the rival combatants conducted their attack and defense. The Germans had the Initiative, the selection of the point of attack jrad the assurance that if they used their great forces with the utmost energy and with a reckless disregard of losses they would penetrate the tirat HneB of British defences as we have penetrated the German lines on many occasions. SECURED IN THE "Alberta now leads the world in wool production," says an extract In the Calgary Albertan from the provincial treasurer's budget speech. Somebody's wits were wool gathering, or somebody has been pulling the wool over somebody else's eyes. We only wish the statement were true. Southern berta ranchers however are doing their best to make it true. Al- LET STEADFASTNESS BE THE WATCHWORD. Thore is everything to indicate that the Jhiii has been forced, by the economic conditions in the interior of the central JSuropean nations, to cast his last stake in one desperate attempt to Win on the western front, the only portion ol* the world battlegroun.l T. Duff-Smith, lecturing before the ] Credit Men's association in Winnipeg convinced his hearers of thte possibility that the six million dollars Bent every year to the States for coal, might better be spent right here in Canada, and ihiit there is no reason why Western Canadian '-oal should not keep the home fires burning throughout the wesl. That is the sort of talk that will help the avoidance of a iuel famine in Canada next v inter. mile, but in Saskatchewan construc-; tion cost the Huhscrlbers $.100 -per I mile. He did not think that figure j could be much reduced so that if they ; in Alberta undertiiok construction j now it would mean an overhead charge over normal of ?100 per mile. This was the problem that confronted the government said the-premier, , and he did not think small companies j in Alberta would have facilities for I cheaper construction than the govern-' ment. The premier said he intended to , go thoroughly into the question of telephone construction, and decide what . wa� the best policy. At the present ' tinif the department was forced in order to hold men on. repair work to ; inc reuse their wages. The men were ; rapidly enlisting, and there was a ' :;ho:;tyge ^!! ovf�* the country at the ; present time, and if there was  con-; sirler.'iblo '-onstruction tomorrow, he I aid not know where they would be ablf; to-ge( the technical men thoy required. V Public Works The premier continuing pointed out * PICKED UP IN PA SSMG THE BUSY Capt. McClure, a well known Winnipeg officer, has been killed in action. Rev. T. E. Meldrum loft Palraerston to assume, charge of the Baptist church. BeamsvUle. Stratford barbers have increased the price of hair-cuts to 85 cents for j adults and 25 cents for children.  � - The scrutineers who looked after the soldiers' vote were allowed 125 a day and traveling expenses. E. W. Qulnn, aged 32. a prominent lawyer of Winnipeg, has died of pneumonia. Warren & Sons, pipe organ manufacturers, of Toronto, are moving their plant and business to Woodstock. A national defense, bureau of tho industrial union of British Columbia was -organised. T. M. TweeiUo's official majority in West Calgary over Wm. Irviue Ib 6971. John Slusarskt, who threatened the life of Henry Ford, was sentenced to five years. 50.000 gallons of gasoline was wasted when four railway cars wora f derailed at Oakville, Ont.. ou tho G. : T R. nnri Kont county, and that during tho month of January a  total of $0,440 was disbursed, A despatch.to the Daily Mail from Tokio, dated Tuesday, puytjr ' "The n e w s p ap or Koku m in Shi m bun an nouneed that-^ Admiral Austin M. Knight, commander of tho U.S.* Asiatic, i'loet, hus 'purchased all tho shipping on tho Russian consl. This totals 000 tons. Admiral Knight is now at -Vladivostock. Onpt. A. L. Zimmerman,  who accidentally shot and killed himself in a New York hotel, was the son of Adam Zimmerman, collector of customs and ex-M.l\ of Hamilton. Captain Zimmerman served two years in Franco with tho artillery. For several months ho has been In tho United States attached to tho British Recruiting mission. Tho Dominion council of Royal Templars elected officers as follows; Dominion councillor, He v. W. P. Fletcher, I James Simpson, a well-known Now York city capitalist, who was vlsiciug J. P. BIckell, Toronto, died as a result of pneumonia. a k 1 Theodore Primeati, 75 years of age, a resident of Windsor more than 2'A years, and his nephew, Gilbert Oue-lette. aged 60, died at the same hour. One of the oldest of Manitoba's pioneers passed away in the person of /Roderick McLeod, at Winnipeg, at the age of S2, as- a result of the ravages of pneumonia. Lance-Corporal ton, a well-known has been missing is now officially been killed. Frederick J. Calgary man, since August,-presumed to The death took place of Capt. F. J. Delaine at Weston sanitarium. The deceased suffered from gas poisoning contracted in Franco. lie went over-! seas in HU4 in tho army service veterinary corps. Recent casualty li/ts contained the name of Capt. St. Clair Dunn, formerly medical officer of the Princess Pats. He was killed In action on March 9. Capt. Dunn wras well known in Winnipeg^ V. Fiinory; solicitor, Lywnn l.ne, of Hamilton. all A pathetic incident is related by the j boys on tho first train which arrived j in Winnipeg. When two days out ' from Halifax, on the homeward trip, ! a widow of a soldier who was killed nt Pnsschendaelo in October of last year, gave birth to twins. The young-, sters were well received by the hund- rods of sold tors aboard, and a collection was token up, which netted a considerable sum. Capt. Fred I. Grobb, with fho 125th Witley Camp, England, recently was allowed leave of absence to come home to be with his wife, *ho was dying. In Canada ho was detailed to command a party of returned men, taking thorn to London. As he passed through Brant ford on his way west, his wife was alive but slowly sinking. Just one hour before he could hand over the party and return to his home his wife, passed away. Capt. Grobb is a sou of Franklin Grobb, genoral manager of the Massey-flarris company at Brantford. Captnin Herbert Mackenzie Gray, Royal Fusiliers, repotted wounded and missing since August 10, last. Is now presumed dead. When the war started he was with the Home bank of Canada at Montreal. He went over an a private In the Princess Patricia's, and was severely wounded in September, 1915, after receiving his commission. Among tho many appointments made and promotions granted are Major M.'Doherty, promoted to command a regiment and to be temporary lieutenant colonel; Major C. F. Ritchie, to command n battalion and bo 'temporary lieutenant colonel. Lieut. W. Bailey has been dismissed from tho service by a court martial; Lieut- W. R. Whitehead, of British Columbia, has been cashiered by a court martial. Licuts. J. H. Held, O. Mllner, W. Hal-ford and W. Bruce have been gazetted flying officers. Captain N. W. Taylor Is gazetted flying observer. H. B. Myers, secretary of tho Yakima local of :he L\V.\y., was taken Wal- a mile out of town by a mob at mid-who ^night and given a coat of tar and fea- 1916, j thers, told to leave and not return have ! there. :9 DAMS J. L. MacPherson, member of parliament, announced in the House of j Commons that houses of ill-repute in France had been placed outside the bounds of British troops. how money would be required for public works in connection with provis-, ten for settlers, and in connection ' with the demobilization of the soldiers no matter how much they might wish to economize.1 The Railway Question Coming to the conslderatioa of the railways, and the railway question in the province the premier said he had 1 found a few questions confronting him ' when he took office, and had the de-1 partment of railways with two rall-i way engineers during the past few J months making a very careful and | comprehensive investigation of the railways, and their standing in the province. They had treated the whole matter from a mileage basis, anc^. had followed the thing through every detail of construction from the purchasing of the quarter section until the line existed as it was today. They would be glad to submit every statement for investigation. Speaking of the C. N. R. and the t Canadian Northern Western, the 1 premier.said he was not very sanguine e joyously welcomed. Let your Easter table be in keeping with the day -your menu as attractive as the flowers that adorn it. Start with, a breakfast of SWIFT'S. PREMIUM HAM-the one ham that is outstanding in exCel" lence because of its firm, juicy tenderness-its succulent fat and exquisitely flavo/ed lean-that mijd, characteristic, satisfying savoriness that comes only with the exclusive Swift process of selection and curing s You can seek no better Easter breakfast dish than ham - you can find no better ham than SWIFT'S PREMIUM. 7'^ -� 7 * i. Premium Swift Canadian it*. Toronto Llmitml Edmonton \ ;