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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Margarel LuckliiirsL Saturday, MujtK 15, 1972 IETHBRIDGE HERAID People of the south 32 Rich memories plentiful in Fort Macleod 50, CO, and more years, will remember with a touch of nostalgia the days when the West was opening up and small towns spotted across the plains were ihe focal points of grow- ing communities. They will re- call it as a less-mrrriod lime. Tho timo of ttic rancher, the homesteader, and the rural school-house a time when neighbors relied on each cita- to share both their joys and their woes. And they will agree that it was a time which pass- ed all loo quickly indeed. Mrs. Annie MacGowan, wid- ow of Alfred J. MacGowan, is just such an old-limer and dis- tinctly proud of it. Having u'ved in the Fort Macleod area all her lite, she is something of an expert on the history of both the town and the district. This is a logical outcome as far as she is concerned, as her roots are deep in western turf and her awareness of southern Al- berta's history was sparked by her father, a former trader at Standoff on the Blood Reserve. In an interview recently, Mrs. MacGowan spoke of her father's experiences after hs came out west from eastern Canada in 1882. "XTy father was David Lambert she explained, "but as Indians had trouble with his last name which Is pronounced "Moody- man" ho operated under the name of David Lambert. He left his home near Ottawa when he was 17 and came as far as Winnipeg in 1802. In the following spring he went up the Red River and across to the Missouri arriving finally at Fort Benton. From here he went by pack train to the Coch- rane Ranch in the general vi- cinity of where Glenwood now stands. "In a few months Father learned the Blackfoot tongue, a feat which impressed the In- dians and was an immense help to him In his business. Ho built his own little log trad- ing post and started trading with tire Bloods, selling his hides and furs to the I. G. Ba- ker Company." Young Mudiman refused to trade in (which was a profitable way for a trader to get ahead) because he soon noted the disastrous effects li- quor had on the Indians. He dealt with those who demand- ed it in a friendly manner so as to avoid alter- cations. The young trader had a rudi- mentary knowledge of med- icine which awed the Indians who were accustomed to the techniques of their Medicine Man. His method of lancing a wound was regarded with some suspicion, but when he pointed out that "evil spirts" could be chased away by va- rious means, he won the In- dians' respect and at the same time kept from crossing with the t i m e-honored Medicine Man. "Father and the Indians seemed to share a mu'ual re- spect." Mrs. MacGowan recall- ed. "He found the Chiefs lo be very dignified, and easy to speak with they were fine people with excellent leader- ship qualities. My interest in the Indian people, you can sec, is well-founded." In various books and pamph- lets on the early days of Fort Macleod, mention is made of M r. Mudtman's involvement when Charcoal went on the rampage and killed Medicine Pipe for philandering with one of his wives. Young Mudiman volunteered to Iho NWMP to assist in bringing in Charcoal which ho thought he might be able to do, in consideration of his association with the In- dians. This offer unfortunately was politely refused at first, because the police claimed they were getting little co-op- eration from (he ranchers in the matter. B u t wlien Charcoal shot Sergt. Wilde then the ranchers changed their minds and vol- unteered all the aid they could. Eventually, after threatening the vicinity for a time and lak- ing shots at a number of In- dians and police, Charcoal was apprehended and hanged. Following his term as a trader. Dnvid Mudiman mar- ried and settled on a farm in the Rathwcll district where the family lived for many years. "Living in the country at that time was a great Mrs. MacGowan recalls of her life on the farm. "There was still plenty of grass and in gen- eral the countryside seemed more lush than it docs of course perhaps my memory is playing tricks with me, "In'1918 I married Alfred James, who had on the larm my had to teach, so 1 saw very lit- tle of him, really. This wasn't a very satisfactory life so eventually we decided to move into town into this house that was back in the early years of the Second World War and I've been here ever since." Both MacGowans took an ac- tive part in Fort Macleod com- munity life. "My husband was very well Mrs. Mac- Gowan explained, "but I pre- ferred to keep in the back- ground; I just don't like the limelight at all." But whether she liked it or not Mrs. MacGowan was lo find herself thrust into the limelight, and on two very good counts. First, she joined the lo- cal Sketch Club I was a she said) and has since gone on to become something of an artist in her own right. Second, she was ap- proached to take on the oner- ous task as first curator of the Fort Macleod Museum, on a volunteer basis. cioty with an honorarium, so I IMnk my efforts were re- warded." Over the years Mi's. Mac- Cowan has accumulated a staggering amount of material on early settlers, Indian folk- lore', events o[ a century ago and countless other items. "I have to go through all these files and weed out what isn't she said with a sigh, which was understand- able for it docs seem like a huge (ask. "Some of these notes and papers 1 received from my family, others I've collected myself, some have been given to rue just for my own edification. Now here's something you might be inter- est in! It's the 'Winter Count', a calendar cf events as Indian tribes kept them years ago, A minister who knew the Indian language translated the events from the picture lan- guage they used into English. His daughter inherited it and wanted the transcript placed in a museum and I had the oppor- tunity of copying it. I don't think loo many people know just how the Indians kept track of their events, but this was the way it was done." Although Mrs. MacGowan was kept busy during her term as curator she managed to de- velop her latent talent in art. "I didn't think I could draw at all until I was well over forty and j o i u mi the sketch she remarked. "I found out you never know what you can do until you try. I enjoy painting flowers; I've done a numljer of wild-rose and crocus pictures, and capturing a crocus isn't as easy as it looks. My friend, that delightful artist Aiinora Brown, grumbles over painting cro- cuses, but I don'l mind it now al all." Mrs. MacGowan's home abounds in lovely family por- traits she has done, as well as pictures of prairie flowers; but her most notable work shines Uirough the fine Indian Chiefs and Indian children she has painled. To a layman they aro outstanding, and I suspect they also are to various museums in Alberta who are after her lo donate them. "No, I don't want to give them, away the modest artist said, "and o! course I don't sell any of my paintings. 1 give them away if people really like them, but at present I don't intend lo do any- thing other than paint for re- laxation and pleasure." Mrs. MacGowan and other old-timers of southern Alberta are looking forward to the cen- tenary as it will bring many of them "together, and the "olden days" will be much discussed and events recalled. As she pointed out, it is surprising how much accurate information of past events is still available, as early settlers were generally too busy making a living _ to keep brack of incidents which are now regarded as history. Doubtless the centenary will be of nation-wide interest, but for those who can still look back and "remember when" it will be especially meaningful. ULJAJsr "I didn't realize what a big job it would be, or that I would slay on in that position for ten she explained, "but it was just ut the beginning when things were being set up in the museum and of course, with my interest in history and southern Alberta, I became very enthusiastic." At that time, a manager had been hired, but he wasn't ter- ribly interested in the artifacts or the history' and background of items submitted for display so between them, the two co- workers decided on an ar- rangement; she'd keep inven- tory and look after the dis- plays, he'd look after the books. "However, I expect this wasn't too interesting for the man. for he left about a year later. Then of course I became responsible for everything, but the books were beyond me! I would far rather have tackled anything than the books." During the time she was cu- rator, the community, relatives of early NWMP, and other in- teresied persons submitted in- numerable souvenirs and arti- facts which make the museum the authentic and absorbing landmark, both to the HCMP and the (own, that it is today. "If I hrO reservations on my ability to stir public interest in the museum, it was quickly dispelled when I received such able assistance and sugges- tions from other museums. Glenbow was immensely inter- ested and helpful. They do- nated many items which right- fully belonged here and have maintained a continued inter- est in our progress ever since." Mrs. MacGowan soon found that keeping watch over a mu- seum isn't restricted to keep- ing lists and displaying relics from attics, although this of course, was part of the work, "A museum is a natural source- of she explained. "And over the ten years I was In (ouch with many, many peo- ple from all over Canada who needed Information on the NWMP, or the town, or the In- dians, or perhaps all three. For example William Rodney, pro- fessor of history at floynl Roads Military College had be- gun a story of Kootenai Brown's life and wrote asking what was on file at the mu- seum that might be helpful. I was able to supply him with a series of articles written by the late Canon Middlcton and also a Xeroxed copy of Kootenai's commission into the Brit isu Army. When the bonk was pub- lished I felt that the museum and myself had contributed a little part to it." Then of course there were film crews taking pictures of the stockade and the various buildings, not to mention innu- merable exchanges of letters between other museums in Canada and the very new one at Fort Macleod. "Our reputa- tion gradually grew and each summer more and more vis- itors would arrive to go through the Mrs. Mac- Gowan said. "Some of them had a connection with the orig- inal NWMP, others were tour- ists who really didn't know anything about us but dropped in to fmd As curator, Mrs. MacGowan found she would be responsible for n certain amount of public relations work to publicize the museum. "At first I didn't think I had nerve enough to do this, but once I started it didn't seem to be too tough a job at she remarked. Eventually the time came when she felt she couldn't cope with Ihe expanding work and resigned. "If you can't do a job properly, then that's the time _ i Yf JJ v ft t '71' Winter Count Is the name given lo the "calendar" once kept by Indian tribes. At each year's end the Chief tribe elders would decide what had been the most out- standing event and it was recorded on a roll of tanned hide. The entries, as shown in this reproduction, were mode in pictograph and with symbolic colors. Book Reviews Rich variety of poetic visions Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND "Volvox: Poclry From the Unofficial Languages of Can- ada In English Trans- lation. J. Michael Yates, ed. (The Sono N'is Press, 256 pages. l.JERE is a book of poetry for those who know that poetry is not the domain of any one or two official lan- guages; who know (hat nation- alism can limit cultural rich- ness; who know that bilingual- ism is a political expedient which hardly reaches to the heart of attitude; who know that a homogeneous society in which all noses are made the same is a threat to Canada's uniqueness; and who know that the challenge to Canada is Co develop the richness and com- plexity of its heterogeneous so- ciety. Volvox, then, contains poetry written originally in sixteen different languages from Ara- bic to Yiddish and translated into English. The variety of styles, the richness of poetic visiftis and the abundance of experiential backgrounds repre- sented in the poetry warm the heart. How well Uie job of The good old summertime April 14th is a significant date for the university for more than one reason. Not only will that day mark the end of the 1972 spring in fact the last full semester with any uni- versity program still on the east but it will serve as the deadline lor com- pletion of application forms for summer session I which begins May 81h. Now (his in itself may not sound like anything too exciting, but summer session in Lelh- bridge has to be just slightly more inno- vative and interesting than what one might encounter in the more "established" sum- mer programs available at some other uni- versities. Consider there will be three se- mesters: May 8th to June 9th, July 3rd to 25th, and July 26th to August Hth, which leaves only the last two weeks in August as a period when the university is not in full operation. This optimum utilization of facilities and people speaks well for the university's efforts to make its programs available to as many people as possible at as many times as possible. The fact that courses are offered during May and June (summer session I) points out that this inlersession has been and remains to be one of the few in Canada lo make use of this particular period. Two close to 90 courses be offered during the May-August period in a variety of schedules which includes the regular "day-time" offerings as well as some in the late afternoon. In addition, and this is where the real innovation be- comes apparent, the divisions of continu- ing Education (which is in charge of sum- mer session) is now providing evening credit and off-campus courses as part of the summer sessionl Three the faculty of arts and sci- ence will provide a full complement of its courses, as in five previous summer ses- sions, to offer the most effective samplings from each department. The scope of the arts and science programs for the summer includes and these are just random samples a biology course in field botany that will be conducted at the biology field station at West Castle, to deal with the native plants of the southwestern portion of Alberta and to include field trips into va- rious area such as alpine, foothills, and prairie regions; for the first time at sum- mer session and certainly to the interest of the many theatre and drama huffs in southern Alberta, two courses in dramatic arts will be available, one as an introduc- tory program and the other providing a chronological survey of the history and de- velopment of the theatre from its origins to the present day; the geography depart- ment will again conduct its seminar on problems in geography, a field course in which the urban structure of two Alberta cities and one town will be ing use of a mobile field station which will furnish amenities, with food to be pro- vided at cost; instruction in the elemen- A nostalgic memory "The Street That N'ever .S I c t" by Arnold Shaw (Longman Canada, SH.95, 360 of the vagaries of Ihe "Rig no matter where it is located, is that it is in a constant state of change. Its favorite residential areas eventually become over-ridden by big business and industry, its slums become low-cost housing projects and its enter- tainment centres move to where the action is. A street famous to New Yorkers of nearly a generation ago was 52nd Street. In its early days it was scattered with speakeasy joints, but over the years it gradually updated and upgraded until in ths 40s and SOs it became the hub of the mast popular restaurants for big name entertainers. In many cases it was also the jumping-off spot for hopeful comics, singers, instrumental- ists and other talented persons. Such names as Art Tatum, Sarah Vaughan, Fats Waller, Woody Herman, Artie Shaw and a host of others were fre- quenters of the dozen supper clubs making the two blocks oil 52nd the most famous col- lection of talent in tire U.S. The book features interviews with many of tiie Big Names. It may not mean much to peo- ple for whom, (hat street is just like any other. But to mnny Americans, especially N c w Yorkers it will bring a nos- talgic memory. Time has taken the toll of this short area. TV made a huge inroad on the public's tastes and one by one the clubs faded, to be replaced by business ofiices. That's the way the big city goes. MARGARET LUCKHURST. lary aspects of the Ilussiar, language will be available; one of the political scienca courses will give a general study of the political systems of Afro-Asian nations, in- cluding a comparison with traditional west- ern political systems; and those persona interested in getting a bit of useful exer- cise while learning new skills will be in- terested in a program on tenras and bad- minton to be offered as one of the physical activity courses anj so on, to includa courses from all departments. The faculty of education, whose students have traditionally been in the majority at summer session, v.ill certainly provide tho widest possible scope of education subjects for 1972 Summer Session for education- ists there will be courses in curriculum evaluation, school personnel administra- tion, the psychology and education of chil- dren with primary learning disorders, in- ternational education, library techniques, physical education to include all basic and advanced aspects of the professional education process. As was the case in previous summer sessions the faculty of education has made arrangements for a number of capable and distinguished visit- ing instructors. Some of these people are from within the local and provincial edu- cation set-up such as Professor Henry Unrau, vice-principal of the Glenrose School Hospital ii Edmonton in addi- tion to well-known international education- ists the likes of Dr. Franklin Parker of West Virginia who will present the course in comparative education looking at con- temporary systems of education hi west- ern Europe, Canada, the United States and the U.S.S.R. The popularity ol the recently intro- duced non-credit, public service programs (fall 1971) has stimulated Ihe faculty of education to present two such courses dur- ing May one as a workshop on diag- nostic methods and theory as related to reading, and another to serve as a means of helping people develop skills as tutors. By the time semester II (July 3rd to 25th; begins the physical education com- plex will be completed and thus the en- tire first phase of development of tha new campus will be finished and all university set-vices available during the regular aca- demic year will be provided to summer session students. "Services" includes such things as counselling, health care, food, residences, financial aid, placement, rec- reation facilities, bookstore, buses, parking, etc. Nearly all summer session courses can be taken on an audit basis, that is, not for credit and at only half fees, for those who want to take advantage of the lec- tures without the burden of examinations and papers. Finally, and since there seems to be a desirable increase in the number of ways in which people can be admitted to tho University of Lethbridge, the importance of the mature student program is not to be overlooked. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORIEY Wliy are men so cruel? translation has been done re- mains for [tic specialist to judge, but each and every poem has a life and quality distinctly its winch could mean that the translators ealch the life and spirit of the orig- inal. Because there are poems which speak of immigrant ex- perience in Canada, poems which reveal harsh and ploas- and memories of the homeland and poems wh'ch speak direct- ly or indirectly of the art of pcstry, Volvox appeals to many different people. Yates is to be congratulated for seeing this book through to its completion. It is hoped that future editions will contain more examples of languages spoken in Canada such as Chi- nese, Greek, and Danish, Also, it is hoped that in future ed- itions the list of contributors will be arranged alphabetically so that the author and trans- lator can be located easier than is now the case. Finally, Volvox is defined as a genus of freshwater organ- isms having a spherical form and provided with cilia which enable them to roll over in the water. Such adaptability is fho genius of tliis book of poe-try for not only have the poets thrmscK'Cs had to adapt to a totally new environment in North America, but their poet- ry adapts to translation and speaks forthrigbtly even to the unilinguist English speaking person. Though comparatively few hooks of poetry are read by Canadians, Volvos is must reading for everyone. MARTIN OORDT. TVTo one can think of the crucifixion with- out pondering the problem of the cruelty of men. Why are men so cruel? Why do they like to inflict and to watch suffering? Klausrar described crucifixion as "the most terrible and cruel death which man has ever devised for taking vengeance on his fellow men." Jesus was already a bleeding mass from the flogging which frequently killed the victim. At the place of crucifixion the cross was placed on the ground, the pri- soner stretched upon it, and his hands nail- ed to it a saddle of wood between his legs which prevented the nails from tear- ing completely through the flesh, while the feet were normally not nailed but bound. Sometimes prisoners would hang on the cross for a week before going mad from hunger and thirst and the bitings of gnats and flies. But this was the death wlu'ch the crown desired and which they forced Pilate to impose on Jesus. Such brutality is not strange to us. I have heard church members explain how necessary 'he nuclear cremation of Hiro- shima and Nagasaki were when mcr: women and babies were burned alive by the hundreds of thousands. Others explain the massacre at My Lai as a necessary part of war. The bombings and devasta- tions of Vietnam continue when the love- liest country on earth is turned into a de- sert and a huge graveyard. The fiendish cruelties of Nazi concentration camps need no retelling surely. Yet when one reads an autobiography like that of the great psy- chiatrist Frank! it curdles Ihe blood. The brutality of Russian, Spanish, and Italian police cannot ho exaggerated. A British soldier in Ireland was killed trying lo rescue two children and at (he funeral the crowd booed. An officer mar- velled the people could be so cruel yet recently there came the news of the bomb- ing of a crowded Belfast restaurant pack- ed with two hundred persons, mostly wom- en and children taking a tea break from shopping. Rosaleen McNern, a 22-year-old girl shopping for a trousseau for her Aug- ust wedding, had both legs and an arm blown off and was blinded in one eye. Her sister, Jennifer, also lost both legs. The Homan Catholic primate, William Cardinal Conway, said from the pulpit of St. Fat- rick's Cathedral in Armagh, "This was a horrible deed and nothing can justify it." Cardinal Conway goes on lo say that everyone with a spark of human feeling will have been horrified. OIK fears in that case that there ore many people without a spark of human feeling because certainly everyone is not going to be horrified and shocked. There is a demoniac quality In men which delights in such infliction of savage suffering, in inflicting pain. That Is why the brutalities of Count de Bade have be- come best-sellers and sadism has become an essential ingredient in most popular books and motion pictures. But all the hop rors of Count de Sade sound very pale in- deed beside the frightful bestialities in Bangladesh where the rapings, lootings and countless hundreds buried alive make a limivi aiuiy unsuipasseu in any history. The vice-president of Bangladesh was kept alive for 24 days while day by day differ- ent parts of his body were chopped olf. T have known quite a few children who were brutally beaten by parents, one child hurled downstairs over the father's head. 1 knew a boy used to capture animals to torture them. Anyone in business must see daily examples of sadism in offices and shops by superiors against inferiors. Wherever man gains power over his fel- lows there is brutality and cruelty. The average man is naturally brutal. Love Is the miracle and very few people are loving. Love is an act of the grace of God and runs directly contrary to the natural man's tendency (o savagery and sadism. When any man sees or experiences lovo let him thank God for he has seen somrv thing thr.t is beyond this earth, thai is di- vine and a superhuman creation of God Himself. ;