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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 1HJ IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, March 25, 1972 'Dave Humphreys The Catholic case in Northern Ireland Late action Is Ilio now British policy on Ire- Hind a triumph for violence and the 1KA? The answer is worrisome. For the last many months the prob- lem has not been the Ulster govern- ment. It has been Hie senseless ami hrulal wave of violence against the people, the British presence and the local authority. The destruction of Ulster lias almost seemed its object. But Uie madness can be explained, if not justified, by the second-class status imposed on Catholics in North- ern Ireland. Ever since partition these people have not enjoyed equali- tv of civil rights. An end had to come ti> I lie discrimination. I'ecause Ihe provincial government would not or could not end it, or was (oo slow in facing up to it, the IRA, by default, acquired the role of liber- ators, and Ulster erupted. The British government should have intervened much earlier, and convinced the oppressed Catholic mi- ority that they could get justice from London and thai they didn't need to turn to violence. It did not intervene (hen. Now its intervention seems like victory lor Ihe IRA and for the violent method. The dastardly bomb- ings have forced action out of Lon- don that all of Ihe earlier peaceful pleading could not. But the essential cause of the IRA union with the Irish Re- public is still not won, and perhaps the violence will continue. It cannot continue without at least the passive concurrence of the Dublin govern- ment, however, and now that Britain has made her major move, the pres- sure is on Dublin to help end the violence. If only the Heath government had acted long ago! Homes for parolees Solicitor General Jean-Paul Goyer is having his troubles. He just can't seem to please. The dust barely set- tles on the Geoffrey incident when he drops a bomb on the House of Com- mons with a proposal for parolees. Why not board those who are eligible and responsible with old-age pension- ers? It would "assist the pensioners financially and aid the parolees emo- tionally" he said. Everyone would benefit, including society. Mr. Goyer has to be applauded for his innovations in penal reform. He is making a concerted attempt to re- habilitate offenders through a more humane approach than by letting them moulder for years behind pri- son bars. He knows that often as not, men in penitentiaries for extended periods of time tend to become anti- social and pick up more criminal habits. His "controlled" parole system whereby prisoners are allowed to work in the community, returning to report at specified times has been well accepted. It puts the men on their honor, while at the same time allows them the opportunity of con- tacts in the main-stream of society. But there are limits to this system after all, and placing parolees in old-age pensions homes may be one of them. Some pensioners of course could manage with this responsibili- ty and welcome it. But as sn many over 65 are widowed or in poor health, or able only to handle their own affairs satisfactorily, the burden of taking care of even a fractious grandchild much less a parolee is more than they can handle. If Mr. Goyer wants a "warm, home- like he should look at a cross-section of society as a whole. Perhaps considerably more half-way houses with understanding foster- parents is more an answer. Or perhaps couples in the middle age bracket with either grown children or "empty nests" would be willing and eager to take on such a heavy respon- sibility. Even group communes, supervised by able but unemployed university graduates could create the type of surroundings Mr. Goyer has in mind. The premise behind the solicitor- general's idea is sound but he should- n't have confined his proposal to the pensioner's class alone. This isn't to suggest that pensioners are incapable of providing suitable shelter for paro- lees. But there is a danger in that some who find it difficult to make ends meet might be persuaded to accept a "boarder" for financial rea- sons, only to find themselves unhappy with their decision. Mr. Goyer should consider a broader variety of foster homes for parolees, encompassing all age groups. Weekend Meditation The recovery of man rpHE Bible is primarily, essentially, the story of God and His dealings with man but it is startling that it is the story of individuals even more by far than the story of the nation of Israel. Beginning with Adam and Eve the Bible deals with a succession of individuals through Noah and the flood, Abraham and his wander- Ings, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses followed by the great line of the prophets, not mention- ing Saul, David, and Solomon, and their line of succession. In the New Testament the same empha- fcis upon Individuals is most striking. Be- ginning with the story of Joseph and Mary, with John the Baptist and his parents thera is a deliberate emphasis on individuals. Jesus went out of His way to describe the value of the individual to God. It is for one coin the woman sweeps the house, for one sheep the shepherd searches the hills, and for one son that the father looks to- ward the far country. God marks even the sparrow's fall and a man is of much more value than many sparrows. He is so pre- cious to God that the very hairs of his head are numbered. The New Testament goes on to talk about the new Israel, the Christian church, but individuals continue to stand out like Peter, James, John, and Paul. The Book of the Revelalion several times goes out of its way to show the value of the individual to God. Man was created In tha image of God, made for fellowship with God, a unique human being quite different from the rest of creation with a distinctive value and status conferred upon him by the act of God. As a child of God he can never bo treated as a thing, a mere object, but ha is a fellow-worker with God, a creator like God, and destined to share in God's eter- nal purpose and the divine nature. Nor can one think of man in the mass and all this talk of the masses today i.s both irrational and unnatural. To talk of the masses is to aim a threat at aii human values and lose the dignity and status of man, retreating to the savagery and su- perstition of barbarism or slavery. The magnificent idea of a community of per- sons is abandoned for that of collectivized individuals and the very basis of law and justice is undermined. Aristotle could de- fine a slave as "a living but Chris- tianity declares that the ideal society was one in which there was "neither Greek not Jew, bond nor free, male nor female." .Tesus died for every man alike and every man had to go through the same experi- ence of salvation. The fact that every man was a sinner and in need of a saviour thus became the charter of human dignity. Everybody had "one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all Who is above all." Every man might become "a king and priest unto God." The bar- riers between God and man are broken down as well as the barriers between man and man, but the barriers between mor- tality and immortality, between the human and the divine, between the present and the eternal are also broken down. The re- covery of the divine image in men and the eternal dimension of life is the most im- perative fact of existence. Nothing would do more to lift life from its animal level and to purge society of its evils than to recover the dimension of eternity. Often writers on society today comment on "the lonely the atom- istic mass-society, which militates against true community and oil sane and decent values. The welched loneliness of people today has its matrix in the loss of the personal, the decline in the value of the individual, in the feeling, as one man ex- pressed it, that he was merely "a peanut in Yankee Stadium" and he hoped some- body would step on him. It is certain that no man would ever despair if he realized truly that God loved him, that God loved him as though He had none other to love. There is a story that a WTctched beg- gar was taken into a hospital in France. "Let us experiment on this worthless fel- said one ot the doctors. The sick man aroused himself and said "Call you not worthless one for whom Christ died." That is the Christian gospel, the good news. Prayer: 0 God enable me to hold a good opin- ion of myself and of my fellow men. F.S.M. fast fareivell ____ Ry Doug Walker pAREWELLS to departing Herald staff members tend to be fast affairs. Peter Milpa cher's sendoff was fairly typi- cal. At the end of the working day tic all gathered in the back shop where a gift was presented. John Fox said a few words; Peter responded with even fewer; and it was over. I remarked to my companion (who had best remain nameless) that the speech- making at these affairs is mercifully short. be said, "it's obvious that none of the fellows has come into possession of the mayor's script." BELFAST: "Reforms wore proposed, inlreduced Ilit'n rendered futile. Is it any won- der Ihe Catholics arc saying now Hint they will never havu t'ffeclive reforms fvcuu SUir- Those are the wonts of W tlicr Patrick Murphy, one Belfast's must infliiL'iitiul priests, lit1 ministers In Ihu Lower Falls Road and liully- inurphy ureas tlui 1UA has mailo a .strong sluiwing during (tie winter. Hi? is known also as a moderate coimmmity leader who lins tried to avoid violence. "That sent you are sitting on was made by a friend of mine who is inside today (interned) and who never belonged to the JHA in tiis life. But !ie hated (lie Stormont government and would do everything short of violence to bring it down." Those words are from an ordi- nary Belfast working Catholic. lie iH'Ik'ves Stovnumt is rolten, that Catholics will never get a fail1 doitl from Unionists but thai l.oudcm f.m bo trusted and is the only roniiiining hope. Mtvu even of Luiuhui. Ttu> twn comment.1; explain wliy, itt'U'L- a list of reforms luvn impli'momVd, almost all uf Novtlu'rii UvlmirTs luiH- iiiillimi I'iitluilli-s arc bitter ami IwuliM-less. Tlic .small Social IVimvratk- and Labor party, partly its own inepti- tude, is out on a limb, refusing to tuke part in ttie provincial politics linlil interment is end- ed. The IRA has shot its way into a vacuum and thrives in a climate of intimidation and fear. The problem at hand is nothing less than elimination of terror, (he substitution of enough (rust to make a Just democracy work. The Catholics are a large minorily, a (hint Ihe popula- tion. Some of the Protcstnnt right wing say "Protestant fair-mindedness" is enough to ensure their rights, presumably much tiie as in the past. British proposals for major changes in Northern Ireland's political institutions, to suc- ceed, must bring the Catholics out of their "stockade mental- ity." a ns have accused Catholics of continual- ly raising their sights, their de- mands; after one set of ac- cGunmxI.ilions, they erect an- other wall of demands. The re- forms of police and house are carried Ihrough. Local govern- ment reforms are well ad- vanced. Yet the Catholics now are reaching for Ihe ultimate betrayal, a united Ireland. Is this not proof of the Catholics basic disloyalty to the stale, as the Orangemen h a v e long claimed? People like Father Murphy and (ho secretary of the central citizens defence committee, an organization which denounced violence as a solution in October 1970, an- swer emphatically that it is nothing of the sort. Having been let down, as they claim, on reforms, Catho- lics look for hope lo the only remaining sources, the Re- public to the south and to in- ternational pressure on Britain, mainly from the U.S. and tno present Common Market conn- trios. Briefly, the Catholic case is this: The police reforms recom- mended by Ihe British inquiry conducted by Lord Hunt, (he original conqueror of Everest, were implemented in letter, not spirit. Lord Hunt reported in October 1970. The B Specials Protestant re- serve force was disbanded in name only. "We were never sat- isfied that their arms were BEH'S WILD "TrtfejiswHPBSerf HOHJ wwffet- tikelhis wwrf to tnf ecfldiVota May 'spout tut }9us tflndi- date jpoufs simalhUr Britce Hutchison Briefing Nixon on inscrutable Canadians PREPARING for his visit to O 11 a w a. President Nixon was well briefed on Ca- nadian affairs by Henry Kissinger w h o, fortunately, knows everything. "The first point to said Mr. Kissinger, "is that your trip to China was easy, relaxed, just fun and games, compared to this expedition to Ottawa. Frankly, it makes me shudder." "Why asked the pres- ident. "Well, you see, the Chinese people all think alike. They think only the thoughts of Chairman Mao. But no two Ca- nadians agree on anything and Chairman Pierre doesn't agree with his own thoughts and changes them every second day. Beside him, Chou is just a simple peasant, a regular guy. "The Chinese are direct, candid, transparent. The Cana- dians are so complex, contra- dictory and mysterious that they don't even understand themselves, Ah, the inscrutable North! It's baffling." "So whrtt should I say in my speech up "Just stick to the Canadian Identity, Mr. President, and you'll be okay. Nobody knows what it means, of course, but Canadians spend alt their wak- ing hours searching for Iden- tity and if they ever found it they'd have nothing to fight about, nothing to unite them. Without the search for Identity the nation would fall to pieces." "After arguing with them for the last three said the president, "it seems to me they have so much tough Identity that it's running out of their ears. And between ourselves, it's pretty hard to take." "I know, but you have to talk about it all the same. A speech without mention of Identity would be a national insult, like forgetting motherhood. With Canadians its a secret code word, interpreted to suit all tastes, like school busing with us. But you'd tetter not talk about your favorite theme of law and order." "Why's "Well, the Canadians sensitive about it right now. They usually let their prison- ers out of jail to spend a hon- eymoon in Barcelona, or else they let them flood the yard for skating in hot weather and climb over the wall on the hose. It's a quaint old native custom, but some Canadians don't en- tirely approve it. No, that sub- ject is too controversial." "What can I talk about "Talk about Canada's vast natural resources and their value to mankind. On second thoughts, I guess you'd better not. The Canadians are get- ting rather prickly about their resources. They're determined to sell them to us for quick cash but to keep them at home, too. Just how, is not clear. "Then again, Mr. President, they're the world's most ar- dent nationalists but their offi- cial policy is unlimited interna- tionalism and world, govern- ment. They're all for exports but they don't like American imports, except invisible items like Howard Hughes." "I wish I hadn't agreed to the president sighed. "But I promised to help Pierre in his election, though how my visit will deliver him any votes I can't imagine. More likely the Canadians will suspect I'm coming discuss the auto pact and sell them another used car." "That's only the said Mr. Kissinger. "Your square image and bourgeois look if I may say so, don't fit the Ottawa scene. A Canadian, no matter how intelligent, can't get into Parliament unless he has six-inch side burns and a cabinet minister must wear a mane of hair over his collar. That's obligatory under the constitution." "I'm not changing my hair style to suit said the president, "There's a limit to good So to hell with the constitution." "Watch your Mr. Kissinger protested. "Parlia- ment likes profanity, bigotry and fuddle-duddling from a prime minister but not from a So They Say Damage to the environment doesn't become more accept- able just because it is caused by a creature of nature rather than by an agent of man. Therefore, what matters is rot that we interfere with nature, but that we do so wisely. -Jim Powers, news and pub- lications manager for Shell Oil Co., on efforts to ban spraying o( insecticides to counter gypsy invasions. stranger. Tte Canadians are funny about their heroes. They worship Joiui A. Macdonalcl be- cause they think he was a drunk when, as a matter of fact, he was sober most of the time. But to admit his sobriety would spoil the nation's most cherished myth. Anyhow, Mac- donald invented long hair, Lau- rier imitated anil Trudeau has to follow if he wants to be re-elected and be immortal." "Those folks must have a queer sense of humor." "They sure have. They elect- ed Diefenbaker for the laughs, Trudeau for the thrills and may elect Stanfield for Ihe yawns or Lewis for the groans. I told you they were inscrut- able. "And another Mr. Kissinger added. "Don't take any private notes or docu- ments with you. If you leave them on a desk tlte Canadians will lock them away for future use against us. Remember what happened to Jack Ken- nedy." "I won't need any noles, Hen- ry. I can easily keep all I'll ever want to know about Can- ada in my head, with ample space left for Wallace, Connal- ly and my own troubles." "At least remember that Canada isn't governed by big business and the labor unions like our country. The real gov- ernment is the Canadian Broad casting Corporation, when it's not on strike. It runs everything. "You can quarrel with Trudeau but don't offend the CBC, the most sacred of all cows, or you'll be ruined." "I'll remember. But what about this foreign investment bit? What is Trudeau's pol- "He may tell you in con- fidence, though I doubt it, but he certainly won't tell the Canadian public before t h e election. Too dangerous. The new department of official leaks a diabolically clever invention has definite in- struction not to leak that nne. P a r t i c i p a tory democracy mustn't rear its ugly head un- til the polls close. "A final word of warning, Mr. President. They're sure to sing 0 Canada at some point. That's the national anthem, as I've suddenly discovered. Don't you try to sing it yourself be- cause you'll never remember the words when most Cana- dians don't and they get very embarrassed if you ask them. So just move your lips a little and look solemn, neighborly and dedicated." "With a little practice 1 guess I can manage all right, so long as they don't expect ine to speak French." "Actually, sir, I've put a cou- ple of French sentences in your speech and you can read them as if you knew what they meant. That's what all the En- glish speaking politicians do up there. But I've cut out your quotations from Kipling about Canada being Our Lady of the Snows." "Why? 1 thought it sounded kind of nice and folksy." "Oh, no. They wouldn't like it. They're touchy about their climate. They claim that the temperature is often above zero for several weeks in the summer, even in Winnipeg which, I should explain, is a little town out west where Tru- deau refuses to sell the farm- ers' grain. But don't mention that matter to him. He's touchy, too." "I wish I wasn't the president groaned. "Well, there's one comfort anyway. Moscow and Brezlmev will be easy alter Trudeau and those inscrutable Canadians." (Herald Special Service) Looking Through Tlic Herald 1912 Advertisement: Flan- ders "20" Roadster Price complete with wind- shields, top speedometer, and Presto lank. Also large trunk on rear deck. 1'J22 Adoption of the forty hour week as a permanent pol- icy in all plants of the Ford Motor Company, was announced last night by Edscl B. Ford. 1932 C. Hiitehings, man- ager of the Lethbridge branch of H. R. Carson visited the Marconi Company Radio banded in. platoon has since been reformed as a rills a member of the Catho- lic community said. As recommended, a policg authority was established with 21 members, seven Catholics. "Those seven were ludicrously unrepresentative of the Catho- lic it is claimed. Here Father Murphy comes Into Ihe picture. He says ha tried to make the authority work, because a reform was carried through in letter and tlia' was at least something. "It was a complete he says, and without precise terms of reference. Its first year was spent carrying out surveys. And when he ap- proached it about hearing com- plaints against the police, as recommended by Ixird Hunt, ha was told all complaints must go as usual to the police chief no progress. Only now is a Crown prosecutor system being introduced in the courts and this is not open to dispute to replace police prosecutors. To some extent the B Spe- cials c h a r g e is confirmed by Protestants today active in the loyalist Ulster Vanguard move- ment. They say it was nonsense to have abolished the B Spe- cials. They are offering their membership to the government as a replacement. It is also a matter ot record that former provincial Prime Minister James Chichester- Clark faced damaging storms among his supporters after tha British government announced phasing out the B Specials. In housing, Catholics level a sim- ila- charge. None of 200 names of acceptable Catholics listed by the community were chosen for ttie central housing author- ity, they claim. Yet one local councillor, totally rejected be- cause of what the Catholics considered gross discrimination against them, was appointed by Stormont to the board. "You hear a lot about the violence and I'm the first to condemn I was told, "but you don't hear about this other violence. That appointment alone was enough to drive 800 young men into the provisional IRA." The case against the Catho- lics is that they never opted into the system. But politics here has never been normal. You were cither Unionist (tha system) or you were Na- tionalist, Republican and therefore disloyal. Encouragingly, m o d e r a Catholics and Protestants be- lieve all is not lost. Enough Catholics they say, are still willing to work within tha United Kingdom framework to form viable political institu- tions if the existing ones changed radically. The British government Is now moving to try to develop in the province a functioning non- sectari.-.n political system. Those who know the back- ground of Northern Ireland will know that this is an optimistic, long-range endeavor. Catholics have failed to build any united or effective political representation. Had they suc- ceeded, politics here might have been a continual sectarian confrontation. The goal of two parties drawing substantial support from Catholics and Protestants is a long way The fledgling Alliance party holds promise of that, as it la- bors to contest every seat in file next election. The Unionist party, stripped as it is hardly possible to visualize of its for- mal link with the Orange Or- der, might become the other. Neither is likely to draw much Catholic support while in- ternment is unrelaxcd and while what they call "the er- satz reformers" ore at work. Therefore a lot of courageous political initiative from all con- cerned must first build a foundation. (Herald London Bureau) backward Factory in Eastern Canada, and among other tilings saw radio beacons for the guidance- of aeroplanes, direction finding equipment for marine use, and forestry telephones. 1912 Registration of em- ployees in the city started Uiis Wednesday the Domin- ion Government's stocktaking plan of the nation's manpower 1052 Part of the Oldman River has been set aside for tha natural or artificial propagation of fish according to the latest issue of the Alberta Gazette. The Lcthbtrid0c HeraW 504 7th St. S., Lethhridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher' Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN nt 5'aSI "0. Ml? o EM t Th5 Canadian Press and me Canadian Daily NewsMcur Publishers' Association and trie Audi! Bureau of cVeulailorv? "nd se THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gtneral Manager DON PILLING Managing Edilor -F W.anascr WILLIAM HAY AvociaTe Edilrr DOUGLAS K. WAITER Edilorial Pago Edilor KERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;