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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 25, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, March 25, 1971 - TH� LETHBRIDCE HERAID - g New Young Offenders Act described as junior criminal code OTTAWA (CP) - Opposition MPs call the proposed Young Offenders Act a "junior criminal code," but the government says it is really "a bill of rights for children." It is a major departure from the Juvenile Delinquents Act of 1929, whose "social" approach is being replaced by a "judicial" one said to be full of more options for the judges. "The new bill seeks to ensure that a young person is not judged on insufficient evidence," Solicitor-General Jean-Pierre Goyer says. Under present law, a juvenile delinquent may be anyone under 18 who violates a federal, provincial or municipal statute "or who is guilty of sexual immorality or any similar form of vice...." That covers just about everything from murder to raiding the apple orchard. Mr. Goyer adds that the tag "delinquent" is a blanket one as well. Furthermore, he says, lack of legal protection in juvenile courts may mean abuse of rights. SCOLDING AN OPTION A scolding or an indefinite term in reformatory are among the options judges have. . "I've talked to lawyers who have told me of judges who forced kids to 'kiss the floor seven times and I might let you go.'" The new act also would provide numerous options, but it would apply only to offences under the Criminal Code. The age range would be 10 to 17, although Mr. Goyer finds 12 to 18 attractive as well. The new bill got a chilly reception when it reached the second reading-approval in principle-stage in January, and was given a two-month respite. With debate resumed now, some amendments are seen likely. , Eldon WoolUams (PC-Calgary North) moved that a "task force" be formed to look into the whole issue. He called the proposed law "punitive, enslaving, vicious and tyrannical." "No one worries about these things very much until their own Sons or daughters are involved," Mr. Woolliams said. "Even if this were a good bill, we still do not have sufficient training schools to take care of the situation." Andre Fortin (Creditiste-Lot-biniere) said that delinquents are left to rot in reformatories that aire the equivalent of .dumps. So-called reception centres were really rejection centres. SOME FEARS ALLAYED Mr. Goyer took the bill back for review and says that "a fruitful pause" has allowed some misapprehensions to be allayed. Jobless figures decline EDMONTON (CP) - A federal government official reported today that unemployment fell slightly in Alberta in February, the labor force increased and the number of employed also rose. David Swimmer, district economist in Edmonton, federal manpower department, said in his latest summary that as a pecemtage of the labor force, unemployed in the province was six per cent compared with 6.5 per cent in January. In numbers, unemployed also had decreased in February, to 38.000 from 41,000 the previous month. In February, 1970, the Alberta onemployment rate was 4.6 per cent or 29,000 persons. Mr. Swimmer said indications are the business cycle has reached bottom and significant growth should occur in 1971. The province's labor force grew by 2,000 in February to reach 630,000. The number in employment was 4,000 higher in February than in January but 6,000 lower than in February, 1970. Tanker burns PANAMA CITY, Fla. (AP) -The U.S. Coast Guard said Wednesday an engine room fire on tiH West German tanker Nordhalff, off the Florida coast, had killed one seaman and injured four. The tanker, carrying a load of soybeans, was reported burning some 85 miles southwest of Pensacola in the Gulf of Mexico 35 CENTS A COPY SEATTLE (AP) - The Seattle Times announced today the cost of its Sunday newspaper will go up to 35 cents a copy April 1 from 25 cents. He doesn't intend to withdraw the bill although he feels there is room for amendment. If it does get second reading, it will go to the Commons justice committee, where the Canadian Bar Association, the Canadian Mental Health Association and other bodies are expected to give it a full working over. One fault, he admits, was lack of prior consultation with such bodies, resulting in a good deal of misunderstanding of the complex 84-clause bill. Critics say an 11-year-old could conceivably be finger- printed and photographed by police, need a lawyer and face a set term in reformatory. For offences punishable by the death penalty or life in prison, youths could be put in reform school until 21, then taken before an adult court and tried-and sentenced to life. This clause has drawn much fire. Mr. Goyer claims it is an improvement on the present law, in which juvenile court judges say they often feel it advisable to send a serious offender to trial in an adult court, where the maximum sentence must be imposed, rather than take a chance on him being freed at 21. The juvenile court judge won't have to impose an indefinite term in such cases. But if he does, the adult court has the option of immediate release. There is no possibility of a death sentence, Mr. Goyer says. MPs have picked out other areas for criticism: -A juvenile found driving while impaired might be sent to reformatory for two years, a sentence that couldn't be imposed on an adult. -A judge might prohibit a child from owning a pet for two years-"17th century justice," says David MacDonald (PC- Egmont). -Parents might be fined $100 or 90 days for failure to show up in court. -A judge might prohibit an offender from driving for life- "grotesque," says Andrew Bre-win (NDP-Toronto Greenwood), recommending a three-year limit. Some judges say the fixed sentence is a bad provision. Mr. Goyer explains, however, that provincial authorities would be able to reduce or lengthen the fixed term. "With a time limit, it's like taking a person out of hospital in the middle of treatment," says Judge William Little, chairman of the Ontario Juvenile Court Judges Association. LACKS SOCIAL APPROACH The Canadian Mental Health Association says it is wrong to label children as offenders and inmates. It mourns departure from the social approach. The province of Ontario says that raising the age limit to 17 will cost it $20 million in spend ing on new facilities. The age limit in Ontario, the Maritimes, Saskatchewan, and Alberta-for male offenders-is 16. It is 17 in British Columbia and Newfoundland and 18 in Manitoba and Quebec. Mr. Gilbert of the NDP says it should be 18 across, the country and Mr. Goyer tends' to agree, although he says this is up to the provinces. Mr. Gilbert and others say the lower age limit should be 14, rather than 10. There should be no possibility of criminal pros- ecution below that age. Mr. Goyer says section 13 of the Criminal Code will minimize the number of children under 14 dealt with under the act. Section 13 provides that before a child between seven and 14 can be found guilty, the Crown must prove he knew the nature and consequences of his act. He is emphatic in defending the "judicial approach." "There are 16-year-old drug pushers, and they know as well as any adult what they are doing," he said in a recent interview. The 1971 Mercedes-Benz Motor Show 1. 220/220D "The least costly models" Economy with engineering features still unavailable on the most expensive domestic sedans. The 220 has 4-wheeI disc brakes, folly independent suspension, seats five comfortably, and holds 20.5 cu. ft. of luggage. The 220D is similar but with a diesel engine that gives 30 miles or more for the price of a gallon of gasoline. Model 220 from $5,467*. 2. 250 "A most desirable sports sedan" Handles more like a sports car than a sedan. It should. The near perfect mating of suspension, brakes, powerplant and functional design closely resembles that of a true sports car. It's a joy to feel this jewel respond to your every whim. Spirited 2.8 liter engine with brakes designed to be even stronger than the engine. From $6,505* 3. 250 Coupe "A beautiful design concept" The sharply raked windscreen and graceful roofline are indeed attractive. But the true beauty of this car lies in its performance: totally alive and obedient.Whirl it around hairpin bends. Aim it down an expressway: it tracks like an arrow. No drift. No feeling of mushiness. Apply the brakes: no loss of control, no fade. From $7,945*. 4. 280S/SE/SEL "All day driving comfort" Here's luxury of control that erases tensions which build when responses are less sure. Interior is designed for extended stays. Orthopedically contoured seats with springs tuned to eliminate vibrations. Even the steering system has a shock absorber. Model 280SE has fuel injection, 280SEL extra rear-seat legroom. Model 280S from $7,869*. 5. 280SL "Precision performance" All the pleasures of sports car driving, but none of the privations. You enter and exit as easily as you would a sedan. Abundant hip, head, shoulder and leg room. Yet with its 58%* track, 6,500 rpm engine, fully independent suspension and 10' disc brakes, the 280SL is a true sports car. Coupe available. Roadster from $9,112*. & 280SE "The exceptional touring car'1 Almost every amenity is standard equipment on this responsive, roadworthy, limited-edition touring machine. Produced at the unhurried rate of 9 cars per week, it is as near perfect as man can make it. Example: top takes 16 man-hours to complete: muffles noise better than most hardtops. Coupe available. Convertible from $16,000*. 7. 300SEL 3.5 "Roomier than domestic sedans" Engineered for effortless high-speed cruising. 3.5 liter V-8 engine, automatic fuel injection, air suspension, standard equipment extends to electric windows and air conditioning. Although it's 2 feet shorter than its rivals there's more room inside! A modest victory for those who seek comfort not status. From $14,038*. 8. 300SEL 6.3 "Greatest sedan in the world" That was Road & Track's verdict after putting the 6.3 through an extensive road test. "Whatever it is asked to do, it does better than almost any other car," reasoned the magazine. Heart of this magnificent motor car is a 6.3 fuel-injected V-8 engine, and there's a long list of niceties that are standard. From $18,163*. 9. 600 "The ultimate motor car" Our engineers were challenged to build the most luxurious automobile to grace a highway-and at the same time the most roadworthy. Each 600 is crafted and checked for 50 days on the production line, then road tested for 300 miles under every possible driving condition. Available in 5 and 7 passenger versions. From $27,600*. 10. The incredible Blitzen-Benz This was the world's fastest automobile for thirteen years, 1911-1924. It reached a speed of 149.8 mph. No other car maker can match the Mercedes-Benz record of over 4,400 competition victories-a glittering heritage that stretches back to the winner of history's first auto race in 1894. On show at Mercedes-Benz, Stuttgart, but not for sale. 11. The revolutionary experimental C-111 Our latest innovation. Powered by the first high-performance rotary piston Wankel engine, the C-111 accelerates from 0-60 mph in 4.9 seconds. Other Mercedes-Benz pioneering achievements include sharing credit for inventing the automobile, fuel-injected engines and the first-diesel car. Sorry, the C-111 is not for sale. 12. 8 decades of engineering excellence Gottlieb Daimler's star and Karl Benz' wreath merged in 1926 along with their founders. Result: one of the world's most recognized symbols. 'Prices shown are suggested retail, exclusive of options, F.O.B. Toronto. Provincial taxes extra. 4-wheel disc brakes on all models. Automatic transmission standard except for 220, 220D, 280SL. For more information see your local dealer, orwrite: Mercedes-Benz of Canada Ltd., 849 Eglinton Avenue East, Toronto 17, Ontario. PRO MOTORS LTD. 1520 SECOND AVE. S., LETHBRIDGE Phone 3284021, 3284845 ;