Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 25, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
Wednftday, MartH 75, 1970 THE IETHBRIDGE HEKAID 3 White Death Of The Mountains BY WALUO.N II. rOHTKUHELD, In The .Milwaukee Journal ..MI i t. .7 VVri.. WHITE death layered itself in Ihe eastern Alps that year unprecedented snow- falls where even Ihe chinking of a sleighbell could be im- pulse enough lo snap loose the rumbling surf cf an avalanche. Silent and pristine, on crags and slopes and in valleys, was heaped the potential (or what became Ihc greatest disaster of Ihe mountains the killing of persons by snowslidcs in one day. The year was 1910 in the Dolomites of northern Ilaly. There Ihe Austrians and Ital- ians were fighting a phase of the First World War amid bloodied snow and ice and sometimes above clouds thai broke against peaks like frigid, grey spray. Tim Trayiwr The opposing forces had con- structed billets in valleys shad- owed by soaring slone spikes lipped with portenlous white. Other barracks were wedged on steep slopes. Tarpaper and board shanties, conlai n i n g small, long piped stoves, were buill in crevasses. Though warm, such quarters were damp from the dripping of melting ice. Some soldiers lived in crystal caves chipped out of glaciers. Mountain troops and ski soldiers were deployed in areas endangered by potential aval- anches. Commanding officers were aware of Ihe foreboding threat Ihc myriad Ions of snow poised overhead, but neither side would withdraw and aban- don positions taken and held with much blood. Uoomsday for Ihe Iroops was Dec. I'i. tin thai day, later named "white Friday" by sur- vivors, a warm wind blew from Ihe south over drifts glinting wilh sunshine. The snow began melting, and mounlain wise Italian and Austrian soldiers fell fear. The snow, like a white pelt, clung tenaciously lo the peaks until Ihe (hawing eroded its grip and more than 100 aval- anches cascaded down Ihe slopes. Thundering rivers of snow, like frothing walerfalls, poured over cliffs. Marching Iroops were swept off their feel and buried. A bat- talion of Austrian imperial sharpshooters on the Marmol- ada, highest of the Dolomites, lost men under snowslides in a few minules. Barracks fill- ed wilh soldiers were crushed and hulled into valleys. One billcl, snow streaming on each side, was not struck by lhal avalanche but was catapulted 500 yards by air pressure gen- erated by liie slide. Some soldiers were dug oul alive ICO hours after (be colas- Irophe, but most of the dead remained in snow cairns until spring thaws revealed Iheir bodies. Some victims slaved in ice tombs for decades Kalian newspapers reported in August, 1952, lhat a retreat- ing glacier in the Alps dis- closed the bodies of five Italian soldiers of The Firsl World War. The bodes, ice sheallicd, An Easing In Franco-Canadian Tensions WASHINGTON The sale of French Mirage jcls lo Libya was the sort of thing Gen. do Gaulle would have done, and the controversy over it is a throwback lo the gen- eral's era. It was naturally to the fore during President Pom- pidou's U.S. visit, hut he led no doubt about his revision of (he general's prime precepts. There was much of the gen- eral in his public remarks on economic and monetary mat- ters, lie was conservative on the Common Market, question- ing British suitability for mcm- bcrsliip on familiar grounds. He was quick lo point out the prob- lems arising in a monelary sys- tem in which Ihe U.S. dollar has displaced gold as the kcy- slone. There was, however, a sense of resignation in relation lo ne- gotiations on British cnlry lo the Common Market, and to Ihe tightening of (he European pai'- tuership. Against a back- ground of concrete movement on these questions, he spoke of a common European currency which might ultimately be as central lo the monetary system as Ihc dollar. There was no denunciation of U.S. investment in France, rather a qualified welcome. Though he ruled out the reintcgi'alion of French forces wilh NATO, he pointedly, ac- cepted tire need for U.S. troops in Europe would become un- necessary because on that dny we would have not only a de- lenlc bul an entente. But this day has not yet come." The U.S. presence, he added, should be not just sym- bolic. His justification of the jet sale lo Libya was in accord- ance wilh a more openly West- ern oricnlation. He maintained it was beller thai Libya acquire the jets from France than from "others" obviously Russia. Franco Canadian relations were not dealt wilh directly, but indirectly new light has been shed on the matter in the aftermath of the visit. The Canadian government made known its willingness to have ?Jr. Pompidou extend his trip to include Canada. But even at the best of limes, there would have a problem of protocol, wliich requires that there be a Canadian official visit lo France to reciprocate Gen. de Gaulle's slormv visit before Canada once again wel- comes n French head of slate. The bypassing of Canada thus cannot be seen simply as a demonstration of continuing dismal relations between Ihe Iwo countries. Indications are thai the situation is somewhat better than Uiat, giving grounds for cautious optimism. There ace some signs that Mr. Pompidou is not of the same mind as Gen. de Gaulle on the question. By intervening in Canada, Gen. de Gaulle evidently hoped to fuither his design for reducing the influence of Iho United Slates. Mr. Pompidou's friendlier atlitude to the U.S. ought logically to be paral- leled by an casing of relations between France and Canada. Against this, there are Ihe A'o They Say If taxation without repre- senlalion was tyranny, then conscription without r c p r c- scnlation is slavery. C. Sorenson, al a Senate hearing on lowering Hie voting age lo 13. restrains of Gaullisl politics. Strong conservative elements in the Gaullist movement inhibit change where there is not a determined administra- tion commitment to il. It would appear lhal Franco Canadian relalions arc among Ihc mai- lers subject lo lliis inliibilion. The conservatives are un- doublcdly strengthened by the uncertainties of the Canadian situation. An independent Que- bec is not out of the queslion, thus Ihere is still force in the argument for Ihe promotion of an eventual Paris-Quebec axis. In considering a Canadian visit, Mr. Pompidou's advisers would have faced unwelcome alternatives. Were he lo keep quid on Quebec, he would court Ihe anger of conservative Gaul- lisls; yet anything else would have been incompatible wilh the policy of rapprochcmenl wilh Ihe United States. In sum, easement is likely to be slow, and Franco Cana- dian tensions will continue to complicate Ollawa's relalions with Quebec." There are, how- ever, the clear beginnings of an easement, in the view of high- ly-placed observers. (Herald Washington Bureau) Prices Effecfive Thursday, Saturday, March 26, 28 Grade A Over 20 Ibs. i JURKEYS-.47 TURKEYS Hams 69c Smoked Picnics BUIM, 59c Unmc 1 10 nnmb Vi's, Vac-Pae, Buim, Chaleou Ib. M" Bacon pkg. 99c Back Bacon By lhe Coii Garlic Sausage Burn, 63c Liver Sausage ,.ot 2 for 69c Summer and Garlic Sausage Meat ................1Jb. pVg. 49c Cheese Slices 1.25 rr" Mushrooms Hn> 3 1.00 Peaches 4 ,or 1.00 Swifts Prem 57c Bayer Aspirin Steaks Sirloin or Wir9' 110 JICUR3 Red or Blue Brand Ron etc Rump' uvMrfid Red or Blue Brand___Ib. II Round Steak lb KRAFT STRAWBERRY JAM 9-oz, jar 47' 'J5 ww GREEN BEAKS 5UNRYPE UNSWEETENED GRAPEFRUIT JUICE APPLE JUICE L W Fresh Easter Produce Buys _ _ WINESAP CANADA Ib. 65 extra fnncy......................... O bag Appl Grapefruit YflinS 2 for Cucumbers W.. 2for43c GRAHAM'S FOOD MARKET 708 3rd Avenue Soulh PHONE AND SAVE FREE DEUVERY GROCERIES 327-5434, 327-5431 MEATS 327-181? OPEN THURSDAY Till P.M. were Uibcovercd near Ihc edge of (lie withdrawing glacier mountain guides. The victims appeared perfectly preserved, their rifles, uniforms and mil- itary rihbons s'.ill bright bc- Ihc itc. A- 'Hie mcidciu recalled another avalanche tragedy in which Ihe bodies of 12 persons were found preserved in a glacial deep ireeze 41 years after they died. 'Hie macabre incident iiad ils start the summer of 1820 when a UU.SM.-III mounlain climber, Joseph Ilaniel, and 11 o'hcis ascending Monl Blanc, highest of Ihe Alps, in south- eastern France on the Italian border. At (he bollom of a prec- ipitous slope, near the loot summit, there was a gla- cier split by crevasses. The climbers triggered an avalanche jusl the sound o! skis slruck together is some- limes enough lo start a slide of delicately balanced smw and were carried feet Ihe mounlain into a deep crevosse. Recovery of Ihc dead was im- possible. However, J. D. Forbes, a scientist and e.xperl on ice movements, estimalcd Die bodies would emerge at Ihe glacier's base in the valley of (.rhamonix, six miles away, in 40 years. His prediction was wrong by only 12 months. Forty one years after the climbers were dumped into the dank crack the ice that enclosed them inch- ing and grinding inexorably downslope their bodies were discovered in the valley. An old man identified Uie frozen bodies in the glacier as those of friends he had known decades ago. The victims in the bridle ice mausoleum slill looked young. Aval a a c h c s can occur wherever there ore mountains and snow. A rccenl series of 20 snowslidcs in Iran's Elburz Mountains killed at lea it 39 persons; one in France, 39. Whether it happens in the Himalayas, America or Swit- zerland, a major avalanche is a terrifying phenomenon It is like a mixture of blizzard, lor- nado, thunderstorm and earth- quake: A rumbling of tons of snow, Ihe wliizzing of stones gouged from Ihe earth and can- nonaded into Ihe air, the crash- ing of uprooted trees and Ihe cracking of echoes around the mountain. A whooshing swish signals the ripping away of an avalar.che. Some slides have been estimated at tons of snow a cold, white lava that can roar down a mountain al 300 miles an hour. Some avalanclses are pre- ceded by tremendous blasts of compressed air lhat fling houses skyward; some are trailed by vacuums that suck windows from buildings Ihou- fanris of feel from the scene. Avalanches have killed person! a half mile away, the victims choked by powdered snow lhat plugged rioslrils and Ihroah. An avalanche in the Pyre- nees -Mountains leveled Irces. Trees nol torn from the earth in a slide may be bcnl lo the splintering poinl, then snap back, flicking snow from brandies after Ihe grating mass passes. Slides would do greater damage were il nol for trees. They are so important in diverting avalanches thai al one lime anyone convicted of destroying a Irec in the valley of Andermalt, Switzerland, was executed. Snowslidcs annual killets of man around the world. Aval- anche disasters ran.ee from the one lhal bcomcd down Peru's Sloiinl lluascaran Jan. 10, 1902. killing 4.WO persons and IQ.OCKJ animals, lo Ihc Iwo snowslidcs (hal swooped into (he liny Aus- Irian village of lilons ,Ian. II. killing oac of every six inhabilants 57 dead, includ- ing two never found. Kvcry year on Ihe anniversary of the disaster, Ihc peonle of the Al- pine hamlet gather in Ihe vil- lage church for a memorial service, the choir singing, Death Blows Over the Peaceful 1-ar.d.'' One of the worst avalanche calamities in Ihe Unilcd Slates involved two snowbound. Great Northern trains in the Cascade Mounlains 60 miles northwest of Seallle, Wash.. March 1.1910. Ninety six persons died; 23 survived. A passenger Irain and a four car mail Irain were (rapped in a storm lhal piled 30 foot drills at an elevation of feel the lasl week of February The trains were parked on a narrow siding on the flank of a ravine. Above, Ihere was an ominous 2.000-fool snowfield. Frightened passengers asked that Ihc [rains be backed into Uie wcsl pnrlal of the Iwo atid onc-haU mile Cascade lunncl. The. rail- road's division said Ilicrc never had been .1 Miowslidc from tJie slope and the trains in Ihe lunncl would ml work IK-C.IIISO smoke from Ihe engines, kepi running to warm the coaches, would suffocate those aboard. Later, al a cosl of ?23.00.000, the firoal Northern relocated 40 miles of track and conslniclcd rn eiqbl mile tunnel Hie mountains at a lower ele- vation. Warnings Not Enough From Hit Christian Science .Monitor I AST MONTH a 12 year-old Bronx lad, 1 Ralph de Jesus, testified in a public hearing on drug use. He he had become addicted to heroin, ho'.v lie bad picked up the habit from oilier youths, how lie had stolen lo keep the habil going. It was a heartrending story, more so because the yonlh was scarcely of Ihe age of self-governance and full responsibility. No doubl it and the mounting loll of school-aged-youth deaths from heroin use prompted President Nixon to announce several moves on the drug front. called for a crash drug education program vhich would Irain teachers and 000 other youlh leaders in launching an of- fensive in tire schools by fall. Also a Na- tional Clearinghouse for Drug Abuse Infor- mation and an expanded advertising cam- paign would be crealed. And a new "tech- nical assistance" agreement wilh Mexico, meant lo slow Ihe How of drugs from that country, was announced. While we support the administration's steps to inform young folk and stem the flow of drugs, we hope there will be r.o overselling of Ihe likely effectiveness of there measures. The worldwide traffic in dings is deeply enlrcnchcd. The chief sources of hemp for heroin arc in Ix'banon and Turkey, and lire laboratories for re- fining it are in France, West Germany, and Britain. These parts of Ihc drug ma- chine opcra'.e cither clandestinely or un- der political pressure. Tire profit siaies fan'astically high. Likewise, Die administration sliould not mislead Americans into thinking thai a mere "education program" in the schools will do Ihe whole job of inoculating thinking of youngsters against Ihc tempta- tions of drug use. Tliis would be simplistic and lliercfore dangerous. Obviously, as in Ihe case o.' the Bronx lad, the breakdown in Ite constructive fiber of home and r.eighborliood and schools is as much al fault as the avail- abilily of the drug itself. True, youngsters must be warned against the dangers of ding asc. Tlw appeal to intelligence and reason is a useful one. But resort to fcar- picturings or empty admonitions would likely have little effect excepl to divert effort from meaningful protective mea- sures. What is r.ccded is a new offensive, not only lo expose (he delusive appeal o( drugs, but to demonstrate (lie superiority and fullness of normal or drugless life. This is no small challenge. But cxptrier.ce in working with drugs users has shown lhal only those efforts which concentrate on rebuilding in the individual an aware- ness of his world and of UK adventure in life thai lie.s before him, only such nice; wilh success. Hypocrisy On South Africa From The Toronto Daily Star 'I'D HIS credil, Prime Minister Pierre Ti-udcau is "not very proud'' of Can- ada's policy toward Souih Africa. It is a policy which tries to get Ihc hest of two worlds, moral and financial. Canada con- demns South African apartheid at every voting opportunity in the Tjnited Nations while carrying on mutually profitable com- mercial relalions with thai country. Mr. Trude'au may have more caase for embarrassment than lie realizes. Is hs aware that Canada's publicly owned syn- thetic rubber producer, Polymer Corpora- lion, owns a 20 per cent interest in Ihe Synthetic Jiubber Company of Soulh To own industry in South Africa is lo lake advantage of sweated black labor, which is restricted by law lo certain occu- palions al a fraction of wtiile wages. We canr.ol believe Uiat either Ihe Prime Minister or (he Canadian people wanl a Canadian crown company to engage in, or profit from, such exploitation. So we urge that Ihc first step towards a more honcsl policy on South Africa should bo a govern- ment order lo Polymer .to get rid o! its Soulh African holdings. Mr. Trudeau seemed to imply that a coming change in policy may be much more drastic than that. He said: "We should cither slop trading or stop con- demning." Since it is unihinkable (to The Slar, at least) lhat Canada should either openly or lacilly condone Ihe most thorough vicious system of racial discrimination the world has seen since fvajidom, that indi- cates a boycott of trade with Soulh Africa. External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp has now explained that the Prime Minister didn't mean it Lhat way, and we doubt lhal Canada should go as far as a trade boy- cott. But we do believe Ottawa should abol- ish Ihe Commonwealth preferential tariff that still applies .lo our trade with Soufh Africa even Iho-jgh Ihe latter quit the Com- monwealth nine years ago. There is r.o moral justification for main- taining ihis preference; Ihe motive is pure- ly financial. Its abolition wouldn't bring dov.n the Nationalist regime in Pretoria (neither would a lotal trade boycott by Can- ada, (or thai matter.) But it would be a significant symbolic acl, at some cost in trade, affirming that Canada's sympathies b'e with South Africa's black helots against their while oppressors. II is net only hypocritical bul absurd lhat South African goods should be entering Canada at an advantage over Ihe prod- ucls of many counlrics with whom we have no quarrel whatever. And it's nothing short of disgraceful that a company own- ed by Uie Canadian public should be in a position to profit from the economic injus- tice which Soulh Africa imposes on ils blade people. Junior Colleges Popular In U.S. From The Rtgina l.eadcr-l'osl li'DUCATORS in the UrJIcd States have recently commented o.i [tin incixvising liinr.bcr of Iwo-y car community colleges. In one stale Ihis year Michigan nearly one of every- Iwo firri-limc college students is enrolled in a tvro-ycar com- munity college. Michigan now has 29 such colleges. This is an indicalion of whal may be- come a national trend, says the American Association of Junior Colleges. More and more young people arc beginning their col- lege careers in two-year instilutions and later transferring to four-year colleges and universities, going from occupational Irsin- ing programs lo semi-professional nn'J technical jcbs. A preliminary count o! junior enrolment in Ihe fall of I9C9 four.d a lolal approach- ing students, compared lo J1C lasl school year. The big increase is accounlctt for in part by Ihe opening of about 40 new institutions, plus the fact lhal some 60 colleges which opened in 1963 now have second-year classes for Ihe firsl time. Illinois, as another example, opened three new campuses in the. fall of I9W, bringing its total lo 45. Florida registered sludenls lasl [all, compared wilh 112.653 Ihe previous year. H will complete a masler plan for junior college devclopir.enl in W70 wilh [ho eslablishmenl of ils 2Sih college. California, a pioneer in junior colleges, now has 90 public two-year collegs cam- puses. Enrolment Ihis year jumped from lo wilh aboul three of ev- ery four sludcnls entering college doing so in junior colleges. The junior college concept goes back fo 1850, when Ihe first private junior colleges were csldblished in Ihe United Stales, us- ually churctvaffiliafcd. Public junior col- leges were instilulcd around 1900 and were generally extensions ef cxislirg high schools, often sharing nigh school (adliUucj and leaching slaff. Vocational courses were added during the period !920 lo 1W5. a movement spu.-- rcd by Ihc widespread unemployment of the Depression. Wilh the formation o! Ihe American Association of Junior Colleges, Ihe modern community college began to emerge, wilh emphasis on vocational-tech- nical slurUcs, guidance and community ser- vices. In terms of enrolment, however, Iwo- ycar colleges experienced their rr.osl in- tensive growlli only (luring the last dec- From 1061 lo 1908, the number of two-year institutions increased by per cent while enrolment rose by 161 per rail. Th; greatest expansion lias taken place in public community colleges, which ac- counted for 7t per cent of the number of two-year colleges and 93 per cent of Iheir cnrohiicnl in 1933. Both Ihe number of private junior colleges and ths number of tiieir students have declined in recent years. ''Open door" admission policies have con- tributed in large measure to the public communily college surge. Low luition cost and heavy financial support by stale and local governments are other faclors. The association forecasts that by 1930 (here will be more lhan 1.200 junior col- leges in operation in (he U.S. wilh an esli- inalcd enrolment of three million students, Sonic cducalors go further and predict thai eventually comir.unily colleges will absorb ll-e firsl Iwo years of all post-high school fliuly, leaving Ihe univorsilics lo concen- Irate on iippcrclass and graduate work. Clearly, the community college is not just here lo slay. 11 is here to go, a very im- pressive diflaiuc. What Does Ue Want? Walkrr By Doug JUST AS I readied UM lower level of Tlse Herald building enroulc for hoir.c or.e evening recently a fine appearing rep- resentative cf the local constabulary put in an appearance al Ihc dcor of Ihc cir- culalion department. The hubbub abruptly subsided into au uneasy Mlence. Everylwdy present was doubtless won- (In ing wfio was going to bo served a summons. It lurr.cd out that llw policeman didn't want anyone he jitst asked for a ncuspapcr! One would have thought Ihe circulation manager Mould simply have expected thai inblcad of looking so (his- Icred.