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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 25, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta t�AGE FOUH THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD MONDAY, MATtCH 25, 1918 Ictbbribjc t>eralfc DAILY AND WEEKLY Proprietors and Publishers (THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PRINT-ING COMPANY, LIMITED S23 6th Street South, Lethbrid(j� W. A. Bucha.--.an President ami Managing Director John Tonanco - � BuBintss Manager TELEPHONES Business Offico .............. 1252 Editorial Office .............. 1224 Subscription Rate.v. Dally, delivered, ptr week......10 Daily, delivered, per year .....15.00 Daily, by mail, par year ......$4.00 Weekly, by mail, por year .....$1.50 Weekly by mail, per year to U.S..$2.00 Dates of expiry of subscriptions appear daily on address label. Accept-nee of papers i.fle expiration nate Is cur authority to continue the subscription. THE PROGRESS OF THE WAR The situation on the British front now gives reason for the hope that the German drive at St. Quentln has been checked to some extent. The Germans according to their own claim, and the British have not yet denied it, ere occupying a line from Peronne, south-east through Ham to Chauny, all of which points they claim to have taken. Tins represents a retirement of the British forces of ten miles deep on. a twenty mile front. In other words the Germans have gained back half the territory they lost in the drives of 191T and 1916 by the British. The Germans claim to have taken 80,000 prisoners and11 600 gUD3, but their losses in killed and wounded, have beeu tremendous. THE SOLEMN DUTY OF THE CANADIAN FARMER. Mr. Farmer, there may be reasons �which discourage you from undertaking to plant the biggest acreage in the history of your farming operations this year, but to allow these reasons to prevail would be suicidal. Every fam-mer must do just that-plant the biggest acreage he has yet attempted. The Herald was talking to an officer who returned a few days ago from, England. "The hardest thing to get over there is a man's meal," he said by way of explaining the food situation. Let every farmer in North America keep that in mind and act accordingly. We do not want, the fanners to answer this by saying: "Oh, it's easy entugh for you newspapermen to sit In your offices and write about production. Just come out to the farm and see what we have to contend with. Where are we going to get the men to take off the crops? Look at the price of feed for our horses, the price oi seed and the price of implements. And then it might be a dry season." Don't let the possibility of such exigencies deter you. The allies must be fed. If they are not the Germans win. 6ow every acre available and urge your neighbor to do likewise. It Is likely that there will be some labor shortage, during harvest. If every businessman in Canada has to spend a week or two weeks in the harvest field the crop will be harvested. It is s duty that every Canadian owes the world that Canada produce more grain lor export than ever before. THE WAR'S LATE8T SENSATION. The biggest sensation of the war this year was the official announcement on Saturday that Paris had been bombarded by monster long range guns. Considering the fact that the Germans are mora than 60 miles from Paris at even the nearest point, this proved a surprise the world over. There had been no hint from any of the military experts that guns could be built to hurl projectiles such an enormous distance. However the bombardment of Paris from tills distance is unlikely to accomplish muoh other than to fire the ardor of the French and their allies to put forth a super-human effort to break the power of a brute people who can invent Buch engines of war. The effect will be somewhat similar to the bombardment of London from the air, and will react against the Germans in the end. "But what will happen if the Germans mount big guns like these on the battleships?" the pessimistic one asks. The answer is that no ship could be invented that will carry such a gun, and if it should be built the visibility would mike it useless in naval warfare. In the case of the land gun it is simply a case of setting It behind the German liiius in the west, getting the range by aerial observation and methodically firing it. Naval fighting is an entirely different matter-. However the employment of such a gun in land warfare leads one to think that the Phlladelphian who claims to have invented an aerial torpedo which Is capable of being hurled 500 miles plight not be dreaming. Super-warfare teems to have entered its latest and Host devastating phase. CANADA. SHOULD HONOR SUCH AS MARION BRUCE. Says the Toronto Globe: In a striking article on "The Education of the New Canadian," In the Saskatoon Star, J. T. M. Anderson, M.A., 1/L.B., D. Paed., tells how Marion Bruce, a young girl teacher, wrought a revolution in the lives of the Huthen-ian settlers, anions whom sho had lived for a time as a school teacher. She was a grocery clerk in a Western city, and, becoming impressed with the ignorance and illiteracy of the settlers from continental Europe with whom she camo in contact, applied for a place as a teacher. She was assigned to a remote and lonely G.illi'lan settlement, with sloughs and swamps on every hand-the haunt of the frog, the wild fowl, and the coyote. In the settlement there were score.- of entirely illiterate adults, and over eighty little childron "rapidly settling down to live the expressionless lives of their elders.'' Marion Bruce woke t It em up. She made them come to school with clean bodies and neat, if patched, clothes. She gained their respect by hor industry in teaching them, and their affection by her kindness and helpfulness. She was forced to discard the English text-book in use because many of the terms used In it-"pug dogs," "clam shells," "birch trees"-dealt with conditions entirely beyond the experience of the children, who had to be taught through stories and incidents that could be related to their own daily experiences. 1 I The school "plant" she acquired to i that end Included pictures of birds' � nests, farm implements, men and wo-: men about whom stories could be i weaved, especially of incidents in Canadian history, collections of grains and ! seeds, miniature sets of dishes, sam-I pies of tools, locks, keys and the flt-1 tlng3 likely to be found around a farm : house. Speedily the children acquired ! n cnbu!ary which could use daily in their own homes. In arithmetic the ' yjouieais set had to do with buying and selling eggs, butter, poultry, or cattle. Useful English began to make a place for Itself in the settlement. The parents became greatly interested, when one day during a geography lesson "De Miss Teacher" told the children that the country from which their parents came was eighteen times smaller in area than Canada. This was a surprise to the pupils. "Beeg country, Canada!" exclaimed one little fellow, and the next day ht� Ruthenian father came to the school to find out if what his little boy had reported regarding the size of this new country was true. The whole district was interested, so the teacher invited the parents to come to the schoolhouse and she would tell them something about their new home. They all came.. The building was crowded, and much surprise was shown as the teacher explained iu simple English about Canada and i'.a great resources, and one of the trustees acted as interpreter for the many who spoke no English. A night school was conducted during the winter months, and over t'urty men and women came three or four evenings a week to learn to speak, read and write English. They made rapid progress, and today theio are but few men in that district who cannot at least WTite their own names. On Saturday afternoons a score of the mothers gathered at the school-house and the young teacher taught them to sew and to cook. Latsr the trustees provided a sewing macnine, and for a time the teacher taught dressmaking. Today thor.i are many sewing machines in the district, and most of the mothers ca:i run them without assistance. Before IllnesB forced "De Miss Teacher" to give up her work there was a school lunch-room, a school workshop, a school garden, and a school bookcase in that remote settlement Today there are five hundred trees growing around the school: a lasting memorial to the i?acber who planted hope In the hoarts of the Ruthenians of Jarodnofski. One reads the above and wonders whether the magnificent work done by this splendid young Canadian girl who is making good Canadians out of these Ruthenians, la not more deserving of honors than is Sir J. W. Fla-velle, Bart, and many other Canadians whose chief claim for recognition in the way of titles was the money they had amassed during the war. If! there are honors going, Marlon Brace should be counted in. There is just one other thing the Herald would like to mention in connection with the above, and that is the fact that Marion Bruca helped brighten the lives of her Ituthenlan flock by having 600 trees planted around the school house. The Leth bridge board of trade has been urgins more tree planting for a Ions time now, and President Marnoch in his last annual report said: The bleak and uninviting appearance of the country school houses could be entirely changed by the cooperative effort of a few public spirited farmers, who might very readily arrange among themselves to summer, fallow, a atrip of land In the sclurl grounds, get the tress heeled in the fall and set them out, In the following spring. The teacherB and scholars would be glad to look after the work of keeping the grounds cultivated to conserve the moisture tor the growth of the trees afterwards. Surely it a young girl like Marion Bruce could produce such wonderful results in such a backward community our wide-awake school boards in Southern Alberta can produce a great deal finer results. The trial would be well worth the trouble. DUTCH SHIP RELEASED. A Pacific Port, March 23.-The Oranje, one of the two Dutoh steainers seized on Presidential order yeBterday, was released by port officials today. The reason for the release, presumably was to allow a party of Dutch officials on board to reach their posts of duty at Batavia. ( The steamer Opir was still being I held. BRITISH OFFER E (COVTIVUED FKOJI F*OHT PA*!) CANADIANS ATTACK London, March 24.--Tho Canadian war correspondent's dispatch from tho Franco-Belgian front today says that while the English were battling with the Germans further south, the Canadians on Friday night launched the greatest gas bombardment in the world's history between Lens and Hill 70. HUGE NUMBERS ENEMY British Army Headquarters in Fiance, March 25.-The main thrust on tho British right, flank by the Germans Thursday morning was south of St. Quentin and the enemy used a division for every two thousand yards of the front, there being approximately one German division against every British battalion. The purpose of the attack here was to capture Urvillers and Essigny Le Grand and thereby ucqulre high ground for a further advance. It is now possible to give more details of the earlv stages of this and other fights. CROSS THE OISE On the extreme right of the British army the enemy crossed the River Oise at two places. One body of troops came out of Latere and swung north, while another army crossed at Mory and turned south to form a junction with the Lafere group. Throughout the day the battle raged in the town and about Oise. At Vendhuil a group of British held out until four o'clock Friday afternoon. A little further north the Germans sioruieu Urvillers and Essigny. �Just west of St. Quentln, the British were forced to fall back, but throughout the day they clung to the Holnon Wood, a little northwest of the city. GALLANT DEFENSE South of St. Quentin a number of strong British redoubts made a gallant defence and it was nightfall before the.last of them, wlth-their machine gunners had been reduced. The end of the first day found the British behind the St. Quentin canal. Friday morning the enemy renewed his assaults with increasing vigor and after desperate fighting in the region of Lafere, succeeded in getting across to the British side. Further north the British also withdrew from the Holnon Wood. The Germans then drove at Ham, whffh had been cleared of civilians and Saturday morning, after-obtaining a crossing of the canal, drove southward into the British positions. In the other main theatre of operations-between Arras and Ba-paume-the Germans made their first drive against the high ground between Cojeul and Sensee rivers. The German preliminary bombardment was terrific and their infantry outnumbered the British eight to one in some cases. Early the Germans were attacking southward into Bullecourt and the British withdrew to a lino covering ' Vaulx-Vrancourt-Morch-ies and Baumotz Le Cambrai, where the hottest and most disputed point was Mory, which the Germans occupied only yesterday. BRING UP ARTILLERY During Friday the Germans overran St. Leger, Vaulx-Vran-court and Henine. One company of machine gunners on Henin Hill held up the German advance for a long time, delivering deadly execution in the densely formed ranks. The Germans have been bringing up artillery In the most able manner behind their shock troops and have been making full use of this arm as the advance continued. UREAL DYNAMITE CASE * PICKED UP IN-* PASSING ,0K tHS BVSY MAM Montreal, March 23.-The jury trying the nine men charged, with complicity in the attempted destruction ef Lord Atholstan's residence at Car-tierville last summer have disagreed. They returned to the court this afternoon and announced while they were satisfied Goyer, Cyr, Bolduc, Chagnon, Romeo, Wisentalner and Pacquet Bhould be given their liberty they were unable to reach a verdict regarding Eugene Tremblay, the member of the gang turning king's evidence. Elle Lalumiere, one of the three leaders and Charles Desjardlns, the former federal police officer, who having been consigned to the work of collecting evidence against anti-conacrlptionist propagandists was later arrested on the charge of inciting them to acts of violence. Accordingly, bail was fixed at $30,000 each for Desjardlns and Lalumiere, and Tremblay was returned to jail without bail as a material witness for the re-trlal which will open on April 2. The remaining six defendants were allowed their liberty and it is said that they will not be called upon again to answer the charge on which they have been held. In addition to the nine involved in today's proceedings Arthur Blackwell and Louis Wlsentainer were released upon the recommendation of Mr. Justice Polletier at tho opening of the trial and one, Monette, the leader of the gang, 13 serving a life sentence for the killing of a chauffeur. The Canadian Express Company announced today that no more liquor would be carried on tho Temiskaming & Northern Ontario Railway by order of the Ontario Government. Yorkton, Sask., is after an experimental farm. St. Patrick's Day was appropriately observed at the Vatican. It. was announced at Paris that trench fever is transmitted by lice. W. H. Kinney was elected president of the Sarnla board of trade. P. Burns & Co. are opening a branch store at Yorkton. Capt. St. Clair Dunn, formerly practicing medicine at Gimli, Man., was killed in action. Lieut. Kenneth Somerville, son of Mayor C. R. Somerville of London, Ont., was killed in action. Alex. McGarr, proprietor of tho Windsor hotel cab stand at -Montreal for 20 years, died suddenly. An iron pot, containing $115,000 in gold coins, was unearthed in an abandoned well near Hlllsville, Peun. Archibald F. Graham, a pioneer of Hawthorne, Out., is dead. Rev. D. J. Graham of Fort Saskatchewan is a son. Montreal city realized $160,000 from an amusement tax and distributed it amongst hospitals and charitable institutions. Lieut. Holland Newell Bate, M.C., son of the late Newell Bate, of Ottawa, has been killed in action in France. Roald Amundsen will try to reach the North Pole by the joint use of a specially constructed ship and an airplane. So serious is the war to France that Major Duncan, a returned Canadian officer, says the children have stopped play. E. H. Burton, of Dauphin, may succeed J. A. Campbell, now M. P. for Nelson, Man., as commissioner for Northern Manitoba. A Moose Jaw dairyman, on his own admission of guilt, was fined $50 each on two charges of adulterating milk offered for sale with water. Toronto cky council decided to increase v/ater rates twenty-five per cent., and to place Firemen's Benefit Fund on an actuarial basis. Cadet Samuel Walker Arnheim, whose home is in New York City, was instantly killed in an aeroplane accident at Camp HickB, Fort Worth, Texas. Stratford Public Ttfllities Commission has an electric thawing machine which brought water through pipes in three minutes that had been frozen since Christmas. An increase of nearly three thousand auto license plates in the first two months of this year over the same twp months of last year Is reported by the auto license branch of Saskatchewan. Mr. Justice Duff, Central Appeal Judge, has decided that theological students in missionary work or probationers in the Methodist, Presbyterian and Baptist churches, are not entitled to exemption, even for a limited period, owing to military necessity. F, LAND AT MACLEOD Macleod, March 23.-Bright sunshine and soft, breezes' the past week prepared the land for the Beed drill, and many will be in use during the coming week, the last week of March, 1918. Many have been discing and are now ready to sow the seed that will give Alberta the largest crop 6f grain yet produced. Several changes in land owners during the past week, several who were ready to sow large acreages, have sold to others who will cultivate the soil and give as great an area of seeded land as the previous ownerB. Feed and seed grain are in great demand at good prices. Several of the men who went in the flrBt call to the front returned last week. Among them was Sergt. Masters of the Army Medical Corps. He enlisted and went overseas with Major Niblett, being one of tho first to leave Macleod. He was turned down at Winnipeg, hut managed to get. to Val-cartier, where he was again marked out, being bound to go, he was finally passed and reached England, a.nd was attached to headquarters staff at Shorncllffe, where he has been doing duty until invalided home. He was in the Imperial army tor several years. He owns a farm a few miles out of Macleod. A movement, is on foot to take over the property of the old Curling Club, build a new rink with four sheets of ice, and make the present curling rink into a skating rink. Auction sales the past week at the farms whose previous owners have sold out, have been well attended and good prices realized for almost all articles offered for .sale. The terms ware all cash. In one of the pool rooms the A. P. P. summoned a man for using profane language, he was up and paid ins fine. McNeill and Gan who owned several quarters of land northwest of Macleod, sold their interests and will locate further west in the hills. Implement dealers are very busy these days, supplying the farmers and all report difficulties in getting cars I of machinery delivered. Jas. Stillman, noted American banker, is dead at New York. There Is talk of closing tho Elkhorn Industrial School for Indians. H. E. Bodnrdd, leading genoroi merchant at Richmond, Que., Is dead. Woodstock druggists will close at 8 p.m. every evening except Saturdays. Jas. Bloomer, a native of Peterboro, Ont., and a pioneer of Minnedosa, Man., Is dead. ' Cobalt Town Council asked Chief of Police Burke for his resignation, and deposed George Ross, town solicitor. Philip Smith of Sarnia, employed by the Read Wrecking Co. on the steamer Saranac at Halifax, fell overboard and was drowned. The Belleville High School Production club Jjas decided to farm a seven-acre plot oi ground in this city during tho coming season. 1 Tho 25,000 employees of the International Harvester company will roceive an increase in pay amounting to approximately ten per cent, qn April 1. .Alex Vicior, a native of Manitoba, has just celebrated his 101st birthday. He was a Hudson Bay Co. voyageur and dog driver. Bishop Bldwell. at St. Thomas church, Belleville, dedicated an honor roll of twenty members, who have given their lives in defence of the Empire. F. W. Anderson, M.P.P., Kamloops, will ask the British Columbia legislature to request the Dominion parliament to put an end to the practice of hereditary titles being given in Canada Fifty thousand dollars is to be expended immediately on the erection of sufficient buildings at the Regina exhibition grounds to take care of the requirements of the summer fair for this year. Miss Margaret McDonnell, who had been a waitress continually for fifty-five years at the Norman hotel, Og-densburg, N. Y., died recently. In her trunk was discovered $6,393 la bills, quarters and dimes. William Patrick InneB, founder of the Dominion Canners, died at his home "Strathlynn" Slmcoe, Ont., about T2 hours after his wife had passed away, and without knowing of her death. He was In his eighty-sixth year. Capt. C. L. Bath, a stepson of Lt.-Col. H. C Osborne, Military Secretary to the Minister of Militia, is again reported wounded. Captain Bath went overseas with the Eatou Machine Gun Battery and was transferred to the R.F.C. in England. He Is a flight commander. In a copyrighted despatch in the Chicago Daily News Lewis Edgar Browne, cabling from Petrograd under date of March 18, said that Russian troops arriving at Theodosla, on the Black Sea, from the Caucasus, brought with them a number of women slaves whom they had purchased. Some of these were offered for sale. At first they brought as high as $100 each, but with the Increased supply the price dropped at $12.50*. Does farming pay? Well, here is what a well known Dauphin farmer told a press man the other day. About four years ago he bought a quarter section for some $2,400. At the time of purchase the land was unimproved. Recently he sold the farm for $8,50Q. In the tour years he realised, including the sale, between $16,000 and I17.000.' Lighting a fire in a range where the hot water connections were trosen In Brampton, Ont., blew it to pieces, and the fragments were hurled through a partition lntt) the next room. Mrs.' Ellison and infant wore badly cut. about the head and face, the baby roquiring fifteen stUchos. At tho last session of tho Saskatchewan legislature, It was decided to change tho present system of collecting fees for the inspection of portable and traction engine boilers. Owners of those boilers are required to regU-fcor them with the department and to pay an annual license fee of $5.00 for each boiler. On receipt of the above fee the department will Issue a numbered Uoense plate whtoh must be attached to the boiler, and after Jan. 1, 1918, no portable or traction engine may be used or operated which does not display thereon the cumbored lis-censo plate. The death occurred on the 5th lnst. at Battleford of Mrs. Todd, wife of John Todd, a well known Dominion land guide, at the age of 75 years. She was tho oldest resident of Battleford. She was born at Lesser Slave lake and when a child removed with her parents to Manitoba, subsequently marrying Alexandre Beaurain, who died many years ago, leaving her with a family of four children. Forty-five years ago she went to Battleford to live, and five years later she married John Todd, who survives her, as well a3 three daughters, seven grandchildren and 14 great-grandchildren. Lieut. Jack Munro, of Cobalt, Ont,, author of the book soon to be published on the story of the famous Princess Pats' Regiment, has been asked toy the finance department of  the United States to undertake a speaking campaign in that country on behalf of the coming new Liberty loan. Mr. Monro t� asking permission from Ottawa, and If granted will leave immediately for Washington. George Bernard Shaw has handed over to the town of Carlow, England, his property In it, known as the Assembly Kooms, to be used for the purpose of technical education. In making this free grant, he writea to the Catholic Bishop: "The immediate holder Is a Socialist, whom you, ss a Catholic, can challenge to act up to his principles by municipalizing the building. I want nothing for my interest In It except the discharge of my conscience In seeing that some good publio use 1b mado of It." Major John C. P. Bartholf, commander of the Rockwell Field aviation school at North Island, Cal., posted, an order that all goggles made by a certain eastern firm with a German name bo turned in to the officers or destroyed at once. The glasses have been in use at North Island, Kelley Field, Texas, and at other training camps for aviators. The bulletin posted by Maj. Bartholf's order, says that Dr. A. L. Day, head of the geophysical laboratory of tho Carnegte Institute at Washington, made a thorough investigation of the goggles and declared that thoy reduced^ the power of vision more than 18 per cent. Dr. Day re-reported his findings to the chief signal officer at Washington and that officer had warning sent immediately to the aviation camps. IpiMMIIIIMIIlflllim Sunlight Soap There is pleasure at every stage in the use of Sunlight. In the washing-for the work is greatly lightened. In the ironing-for the clothes have such a fresh* 6weet air of newness. In the wearing -for the clothes have inherited the exquisite purity of Sunlight itself - and are clean indeed. A $5\000 guarantee attests the purity of Sunlight Soap. All grocers sell It. 13 Auction Sale OP Horses & Cattle Having Sold My Farm, There Will Be Offered for Sale at the Ranch, Four Miles South West of Magrath, on Tuesday, March 26th 40-HEAD OF HORSES-40 PROM 3 TO 8 YEARS OLD, M08TLY ALL BROKE AND A GOOD, HEAVY CLASS OF STOCK. 50-HEAD OF CATTLE-50 IS Head of Yearling Steers. 20 Head of 2-year old Steers. 15 Head of 3-year old steers. SALE STARTS AT 12.30 SHARP. FREE LUNCH AT NOON TERMS-HORSES-ONE-HALF CASH, BALANCE DUE NOVEMBER 1ST, 1918. CATTLE-CASH, WITH DI8COUNT. m 1 L. I. NICHOLSON, Auctioneer G. W. HEATHER3HAW Cle rk BENNION & PETERSON BROS. Owners ;