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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 25, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta � German Advances Made At Terrible Cost of Men Loss Said to be 150,000 i f -I X". r Confidence In Our Armies London, March 25.-King George today eent the following message to Field Marshal Haig: "I can assure you that the fortitude, courage and self-sacrifice with which the troops,under your command continue to heroically resist greatly superior numbers are realized by me and my people. The empire stands caJm and confident in its soldiers. May God bless them and give them strength in this time of trial." Germans Are Now Occupying Line From Peronne To Chauny Which Means a Retirement for the British of an Average of About Ten Miles Over a Twenty Mile Front. OF THE DEFENSE FRENCH FORCES COME TO AID OF BRITISH; ARE FIGHTING AT NOYON Toronto, Mar. 2o.-Judging from German official statements* the Globe war summary states this, ns I he area taken by the"" Get-m a n s: "The ground captured comprises a stretch of 4.r> miles m length, varying in width from about three miles at the northern end to 14^ miles in J ho region west of St. Qucntin. Three parties of the enemy have crossed the Somme canal near Pargny, while to the south the width tapers off rapidly following the line of the Somme canal to the Oise. The territory overrun was held by the British third and fifth armies, the commanders of which arc Sir Julian Byng and General dough, respectively." LOSSES TERRIFIC - London, Mar. 25.-Commenting on the results of the German offensive, the Daily Chronicle says: "Assuming that the German losses are at least 150,000 the enemy has suffered a reverse for he has not obtained a strategical success directly conducting to a decision . while he has lost 8 or 10 per cent of his effectives without similarly lowering the efficiency of the allies. "This matter is of the greatest ^Importance, for Germany at present Is at the Critical moment when the man power pendulum )e swinging In favor of the allies. No weakness at the Anglo-French Junction has yet been disclosed and the task before the enemy in the next days of'the battle ic more formidable than that already accomplished." "The ultimate object of this rap-Id enemy advance is clearly the great strategic point of Amiens," says The Times, "and though it is still remote, the situation is sufficiently secured to warrant a contemplation of this catastrophe. The I Great Danger Faces Nation in the Immense Number Germans Present in Siberia Toldo, March 25.-The interest- in America and in Europe in the possibility ot Japanese Interference in the war is duplicated in Japan, where, according to dispatches, an army to Siberia overshadows everything else hut has created a national problem not apprehended in appearance Bince 1hc Russo-Japanese war. The correspondent in this connection, is reliably informed Qiat Japan, after the frank exchange of views with the allies is .^till studying the question, and has not decided upon lta policy. Opinion among the Japanese regarding the situation is that it is fraught -.Avith possibilities of danger for Japan, as well as to the cause of the allies. Thn. chaos in Siberia, with battles between opposing factors on the border of Manchuria, is regarded as rendered more sinister by the presence of 140,-000 German and Austrian prlsonors who are virtually at. liberty and by recent accounts that German officers have been seen in ranks of tHo Bol- ehevlkl. It is announced that the Japanese navy is making careful preparations to meet the possibility of the Germans sending submarines to the Pacific. The Japanese warships at Vladivostok it is pointed out, f could la>1 marines in the event of danger to the lives and property of the Japanese. The fact that several Japanese are among the killed and wounded in recent Siberian^engagements has encouraged the press more vigorously to urge government action. Although the Siberian situation' is � serious, it is not deemed at present to be critical, hut the indications are that Japanese will remain In a state of fall of Amiens with a three-fold consequence. It would bring the enemy to a1 point from which they threaten our northern lines, It would assist them to strike at the channel ports and it would endanger seriously the safety of Paris." The Times advises the British poople to take seriously the long range gun which has bombarded Paris, and adds: "We may be quite certain that our own inviolate shores will soon learn what the new gun can do." FRENCH TO OUR AID Paris, March 25.-The French on Saturday went to the assistance of the British and took over a sector of the battle front, the "War Office announces. In the region of Noyon and on the right hank of the Oise heavy fighting* with the Germans is in progress. Paris, Alar. 25.-The statement follows: "French troops began to intervene on March 23 in the battle now being fought on the British front. They relieved certain of the allied forces and took up the fighting themselves on this sector of the front. "At the present time they are engaged in heavy fighting in the region of Noyon "and they are disputing the heights of the right bank of the Oise with important German forces. "Northwest of Rheims there lias been a violent artillery action in the region of Courcy and Loivre. In the Champagne two German surprise attacks east of Suippe resulted in failure. French troop3 took some prisoners near Tahure. "There has been much artillery activity between Aracourt and the Vosges. At daybreak German forces attacked^the French lines east of Bleneroy and cast of Badon-villeres. The Germans were repulsed with heavy losses." Said British Leaders Were Not Equal to the Onslaught, But Men Fought Bravely EXPECT A EE OFFENSIVE British Leaders Criticised Should Have Conscription In Ireland Further Advance Is Made y Germany, But British Offer Stubborn Resistance J T errific Battle is Continuing Along a 40-Mile Front-British Fight for Every Inch of the Way-Germans Paying a Terrible Price for the Gains They Are Making. AND IN ATTEMPT TO CROSS SOMME Amsterdam, Mar. 2~u-Describing the first day of the battle on the western front the correspondent of the Vos-sische Zcitung says that the British Teutons Are Massing Men and Guns for Attack There Aerial Activity Noticed "Washington, Mar. 2~>.-A formidable German-Austrian offensive in Italy as soon a3 conditions permit is the forecast of official despatches from Home today, which say Austrian divisions artillery was held with "uncanny l>re- j continue to arrive without interruption cision" and its counter efforts became ann are taking up positions on the t v ?  o > AIR RAID ALARM IN PARIS Paris, March 25.-Another air raid alarm was sounded shortly after one o'clock this morning. After three quarters of an hour firemen's bugles and church bells announced that all was clear and the Parisians were able to return to their beds. ? v * ? V V ? even fainter and less systematic "The British strewed their shots wjthoui system over Uio wide zano of attack," he adds. "Our guns, supported by cannons and howitzers of our Austro-TIungarlan allies had cleared the way for the infantry. The German storming troops swung over the top, punctual loathe minute which had been fixed weeks ago and made a great rush into the enemy territory on the same ground over which the- Von Hlndenburg retreat took place a year ago. "The attack westward now went forwar-d with the old elan and offen- J sire spirit of 1914, Our* battalions stormed over the ground and broke the enemy resistance along the entire line. It is declared unanimously that the British fought bravely hut their leadership was not equal to the mighty blow. By evening the British front had been pushed back on the whole broad battle field. "A thick mist during the morning hours considerably disturbed our operations. Curtains ot" mist gathered so thickly that the,men serving the artillery which advanced immediately behind the infantry" could hardly see their horses. The batteries had to take their new objectives under fire without direct observation and the infantry laboriously had to win posi- tions and sectors in the^ f og and with- k^d tne j$rema. front. Austro-Gennan artillery is receiving reinforcements daily, it is said, while new aviation camps and additional ammunition deposits are ob-served to be under construction. The opinion prevails in military circles at Rome that the German, offensive is to be delivered with extreme violence in two great actions, namely, on the Franco-British front followed by an immediate Austro-German offensive ou'the Italian front. Germany has sent fresh contingents of machine, gunners to the Kalian front together with several aerial squadrons. Reports from* Inncsbruck, Austria, say Generals- Boroevic and Conrad have just returned to the headquarters of the supreme command after an inspection of the Trentino positions. Aerial Activity .Rome, Mar. 25.-There has-been re-auu-kahie.fleciuru^Jvity over the.lines on the Italian front, the war office announced today. Eight enemy machines were brought down. There has been a lively arLilieiy battle at various places between Lake Garda and the Bren-ta. Italian airplanes bombed railway lines on the.Italian front, the War Office announced today. 'Eight enemy machines were brought down. There has been a lively artillery battle at various places between Lake Garda London. Mar. 2".-That Great Britain failed to make a greater concentration of mm on ihe western front �r*e.fnia/ '^rimion'be pCfinTocl-1 GERMANS ARE REPULSED AT BAPAUME feet in Ireland Jo fill the gaps. "This great battle," it says, "touches us all the vital nature of the western front, it. 5s here that the war is being decided. What would we give j now for all those glorious legions we have sent to the ends ot the earth at the behest of our amateurs in strategy? Even the dazzling glories of Jerusalem failed to Insignificance In the light of this conflict on the Somme. "We have all along urged that the western is the decisive front. The skill of our generals and the steadiness of our men are, now- barely enabling our armies to hold their own against this tremendous' assault which our commanders had foreseen. The most urgent need is for men upon the western front. They must be got it our army and our country are to be saved. - And to get them, one measure above all others is needful. "We must apply the National Service Act to Ireland. When we do that, our government will rest its further claims upon this country upon a rock of Justice as well as of necessity." out any methodical artillery prepara-tion." Italian airplanes bombed railway lines in the Lagarina valley and the aviation grounds on the Livenza. Elferrot, Spain, Mar. 25.-A four hundred ton German submarine has sought refuge in this port. The captain made an urgent request for admittance, declaring that his craft had been damaged severely in a fight with three ships. The submarine carries two 11 centimetre guns and crew of 30. A Spanish warship has been sent out to guard her. 6 o o * c I* C� � O *> *> O *> A > *> > > > > � London, Mar. 25.-The admiralty an-1* nounces that the American steamship Chattahoochee, 5088 tons net, has been sunk by a German submarine off the English coast. Her crew of 78 was landed safely. The master states that the submarine fired a number of torpedoes, of which four struck the vessel. Old German Liner New York, N.Y., Mar. 25. - The steamer Chattahoochee torpedoed off the English coast, was formerly the Hamburg American liner Sachsen, and was one of the vessels used by the United States when thi3 country entered the war. Big Gun Which Bombards Paris Is Located 76 Miles Away; Aeros After It Now I'arla, Mar. 2.").-The long r^nge bom- two years ago from a distance of twen-bardment of Paris was resumed at 6.30 ty-five miles was located by our air-o'clock this morning but was inter- planes and soon put out of action. The rupted after the second .shot. same methods will be adopted with After a brief interval two more shols regard to this sun which has been bom-were fired. The bombardment was harding Paris for the last two days. ! alone^ would be entrusted with the task. ^Denies a Menace London, March 25.-Count Terauehi the premier, informed the house of pecrd that tho Japanese government was r.ot studying the question of in* toj-veniion in Siberia,.-according to a Tohio dispatch to the liaily Mail edited alertness and preparedness. Should in- Wednesday. The premier sale1, that tsrvention be decided upon, it; is under- the government did' not consider Si-htood, the powers will not raise the berhi menaced by the ;pre:jeiice of question of necessity of joint military I lar^e ^umbers of prisoners of war, action and that the Japanese army | whose power was negligible. London, March 25.-The Dutch cabinet is said to hava decided Sunday to send the allied povvers a formal refusal of their offer of {jrain in return for Dutch''ships; a dispatch from The Hague to the Daily Mail says. The original compact for the use of Dutch ships by Great Britain and the United States* called for the plucing at the disposal of Holland of one hundred thousand tons of foodstuffs. Dutch ships vjsre to earrv thin food. again suspended at 9.10 o'clock. j As was tho case yesterday, the people didn't take to shelter. Cellars which were filled on Saturday remained empty this morning. Little interest was shown in the bombardment. Soon after they were awakened by the first shot, the people were brought to their windows by the rattling of drums. Policemen circulated through the streets of the city introducing the new /System of alarm which is distinguished from the alarm in tho case of air raids. The police come in for a great amount of chaffing, the people being 'greatly amused at their lack of proficiency with the drum-sticks. This appeared to marl: their limit of interest in the bombardment. Work waja resumed under normal conditions. All the transportation lines were run Since Saturday our airplanes have been looking for it and tho fact that it stopped firing is due, perhaps, to their arrival. It will not be long before the gun is definitely placed; then its career will soon be over." Is Located 76 Miles Away Paris,J March 21.-The German "monster cannon" which has been bombarding Paris, has been located in the forest of St. Gobaln, west of Laon, and exactly 122 kilometres (approximately 76 miles) from the Paris city hall. s "Some Oun" Paris, March 25. - Twenty-four shells reached Paris on Saturday and twenty-seven yesterday. The intervals between shots was reduced from 15 to 20 minutes on Saturday to an 1 ning". "The streets were full of people [average of nine minutes yesterday, whose sole topic of conversation was tho new battle of tho Somme, which is generally compared with Venlun. Wilt Soon Stop It Paris, Mar. U5.-It is to be hoped that the gun which shelled Paris will shortly be silenced, says the Figaro, which gives the following quotation of a man who is said to be in a position to know: "The gun which bombarded Dunkirk On two occasions there were intervals of only one or two minutes, fell at 9.15 and 0.16 o'clock and 9.45 and 9.47. This was accepted as confirming the theory that at least two guns were firing. The time of flight of the shells is estimated at 10 minutes, at the least; the curve transversed at 120 miles and the maximum- height attained at 15 miles. British Army Headquarters, Mar. 2r�.-A further advance late yesterday by the Germans at some points along the battle front is recorded. CAPTURE TOWNS London, March 25.-The capture by the Germans of the towns of Nesle and Guiscard, announced by Berlin today, is confirmed in this evening's British offlolal statement. COULD NOT BREAK THIS London. Mar. 25.-The British this morning were counter attacking between Ham and Nesle, Renter's correspondent at British headquarters reports. The French also were in action. >.*orth ot Bapaume he stated, the Germans were attacking in considerable force at dawn but did nor. get through the British barrage. SIGNIFICANT FEATURE London, Mar. 25.-The Manchester Guardian says a significant feature of tho situation on the battle-front is that after three days' fighting the enemy claims only fiye thousand prisoners more than after the second day, which means that the British withdrawal after the rupture of the fcput west of St. Quentin was made in excellent order. The newspaper regards this as a good omen fpr the future. RESISTANCE EFFECTIVE Washington, Mar. 24.-Violent fighting between the British and Germans was continuing at 2.30 o'clock thi3 morning from Crolsil-les to Tergnier, the official despatch from Paris announced. The Germans are using 97 divisions of troops and their losses are heavy. The British resistance is effective. The despatch says: "The German offensive is con* turning between Groisille an'd Tergnier, in which the Germans are said to have used 97 divisions. The British resistance is efficient in everything pnd the German losses are very heavy. The fighting line is brought back six or seven kilometres behind the third line. Confidence remains complete." The despatch from Paris constituted the only Information which has come to the capital, officially, until this afternoon aside from the Associated Press despatches. 50 AEROS DOWNED London, Mar. 24.-An official report on the aerial operations says that fifty-four enemy % airplanes have been brought down. HUNS CLAIM 30,000 London, Mar. U4.-The number of prisoners captured by the Germans now number thirty thousand and the number of guns over six hundred, the German official statement says today. French, English and American regiments which were brought from the southwest for a counter attack were thrown back on Chauny, the official statement adds. Ham and Peronne have been captured, the German official statement says, which was received by wireless. STUBBORN DEFENSE London, March 25.-The British in their fetreut defended every hill, ridge and fortification with groat stubbornness, messages from German war correspondents on the western front, say, according to a Central News despatch from Amsterdam. The British artillery, it is said, sacrificed itself in covering the retrea* the batteries only breaking up when the German storming troops arrived within a few hundred yards of the positions. The British gunners then fired their last ammunition and retired. AWFUL SLAUGHTER Loudon, March 25.-The Germans swarmed over No Man's Land in such great numbers in their first attacks, that it was impossible for the British gunners to miss them, telegraphs the correspondent at British headquarters in France of the Daily Express. Two batteries at Epehy tired with open sights at four hundred yards for four hours; Telling of (he thrilling exploit, of Leicest-tershire troops, the correspondent snys: "Perzieres was held for a time by two companies of Leicester-shires, assisted by two tanks. The enemy kept pressing � them back, however, and one company was completely cut off. Instead of retiring, tl^ey held to the village until only a few men were left. Then, the surviving officer led thom In a charge through two lines of Germans and they fought their way back to our main body." HEAVY FIRING London, March 25.-Extremely heavy firing from the direction of Flanders was heard all last night along th,e Kentish coast, according to the Central News. The heavy concussions shook the houses. The firing appeared to be at different points over a wide area, guns^ of all calibres apparently being in action. There were also violent explosions. GAIN HALF OLD TERRITORY Toronto, March 25.-A special cable* to the Mail and Empire dated London, Sunday nfght, says that the situation on the battle-front in France at the time of writing is that one half of the territory wrested from or given up bv the Germans since J'tfy, 1916, is nuw again in their hands as a result of the four days' fighting. In the terrific struggle for Bapaume on the Transloy-Combles-Maura-pas Una they are at the last named town within four miles of the battle .front,ot 1916. The British in falling back now are traversing the old battlefield. HUNS REPULSED London, March 24.-"North of" Peronne," says the official statement tonight from headquarters of the British army in France, "enemy attacks were directed with the greatest violence against the line of the River Tortille (a tributary of the Somme.) Our troops ^ on this portion of the battle front have been withdrawn and are fighting on new positions. "Further north repeated assaults by large bodies of German infantry have been repulsed with heavy losses to the enemy, "In this fighting the 17th and 40th divisions" greatly distinguished themselves, beating off many hostile attacks. "Fresh hostile attacks developed this morning in great strength on the whole battlefront and they have continued throughout the day. South of Peronne the enemy succeeded, after heavy fighting, in crossing the River Somme at certain points. These are being dealt with." DROVE THEM BACK London, March 25.-Fresh attacks by the Germans have developed northwrard and southward of Bapaume, the War Office announced. The British repulsed powerful attacks yesterday afternoon northward of Bapaume. The British drove back to the eastern bank of the Somme bodies of German troops which had crossed tho river between Licourt' and Brie, south of Peronne. London, Mar. 25.-The statement follows: "The battle continues with great violence on the whble.front. Powerful attacks delivered by the enemy yesterday afternoon and evening north of Bapaume were heavily repulsed. Only at one point did the German infantry reach our trenches, whence they were immediately thrown out. Elsewhere the enemy's attacks were stopped by; rifle, machine gun and artillery fire in front ot our positions, and his troops wer� driven back with great losses. "During the night and thit morning fresh hostile attacks have again developed In this neighborhood and also to the south of Bapaume. "South of Peronne/ bodies of German troops had crossed the river between Licourt^ and Brje, were driven back to the' east bank by our counter attacks." NOT SO BAD London, March 24.-"Nothing we have heard up to the present would lead me.to think that anything has happened which could not have been expected. There is no reason to come to the conclusion that things are looking bad," Gen. Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Borrlen says In an interview with the Weekly Dispatch. (Continued on Fags 4) J WEATHER High ____...\............. Low...................... .-Forecast; Fair and mild. 67 33 ;