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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 25, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERT^. MONDAY. MARCH 25. 1918 NUMBER 88 RETIRE: FIGHT EVERY INCH n*an Aayances At Terrible Cost of Men; Loss Said to be 150,000 r  ______. \ ^ trrr--- - ' - ..' . i Germans Are Now Occupying Line From Peronne To Chauny Which Means a Retirement for the British of an Average of About Ten Miles Over a Twenty Mile Front. FRENCH FORCES COME TO AID OF , BRITISH; ARE FIGHTING AT NDYON Confidence In Our Urmies y I � � v.- --rl , London, March 25.-King Oeerge totla/acnt the following rneitafle to Field Marshal Halg: "I can assure you that the fortitude, courage and sslf-sacrlflce vyith which the troops,under your command continue to heroically resist greatly euperior numbers are realized byVme and my people^' The empire stands calm and confident In Its soldier*. May Qod bleea them and Qlve them strength In this time of trial." ^ SAYS NOT ENOUGH A Toronto, Mar. 25.-Judging from German official statements the ~l Globo war summary states^this, aa tlio area taken by tlie~aer� mans: "The ground captured comprises i � stretch of 45 niilos la longtli, varying in width from about three miles at the northei;n end to 14Vj miles In the region west of St. Qnentln, Three pnrtle? of the cte-my have crossed the Sonimo canal' near Pargny, while to the south the width tapers oft rapidly following the lino of the Somme canal to the Oise. The territory overrun was held hy the British third and fifth armies, the cojilmanders of whicli are Sir Julian Byng and General Gough, respectively." LOSSES TERRIFIC � London, Mar. 25.-Commentlna on the results of the German offensive, theDaify Chronicle says: "Assuming that the German losses are at least 150,000 the enemy has suffered a reverse for he has not obtained a strategical success ^ directly''conducting to a decision .while he tias lost 8 or 10 per cent of his effectives without similarly lowering the efficiency of the al-lits.;- � "Thl�,matter Is of the greatest Jmportance* for Germany at present Iji lit th^efltical moment when . th� riian-liower. pendulum I* awUig^^ ing In favor of/the allies. No weakness at the Anglo-French Junction has yet' been disclosed' and the task before the enemy in the next days of'the battle is more formidable than that already accomplished." , � "The ultimate object of this rap-Id enemy advance "is clearly the great strategic point of Amiens," says The Times, "and though ft la still remote, the situation is sufficiently secured, to warrant a contemplation of this catastrophe. The iS IN FAVOR OF Great Danger Faces Nation in the Immense Number Germans Present in Siberia fall of Amiena with a three-fold consequence. It would bring the enemy to A point from which they threaten our northern lines, it would assist them to strike at the channel ports and it would endanger seriously the safety of Paris." .The Times advises the British people to take seriously the-long range gun which has bombarded Paris, and adds: "We may be quite certain that our own inviolate shores will soon iearn )vhat the new gun can do." FRENCH TO OUR AID Paris, Slarch 25.-The French on Saturday went to the as^st-ance of the British and to'oic over a sector of the battle front, the War Office announces. In the region of Noycn and on the,right bank of the Olse heavy fighting* wlih the Germans is In progress. > Paris, Mar. 25.-The statement follows: "French troops began to Intervene on March 2S In the battle now being fought on the Brlt-IsU frotit. They relieved certain of the allied forces and took up the fighting themselves on this sector of the front. _ "At the present time they ore engaged In,het^xyflKhtliigJii the i-6glon of-'Koyon anatney are dls-. .putlng the';helght8 tif the right "biiflfc of tlie Qlse with Important Qeriiiiiii forces. "Northwest of RheJnis there haa been a violent artillery action in the region of Courey and Lolvro. In the Champagne two German surprise attacks east of Sulppe resulted In failure. French troops took some prisoners near Tahure. "There has been miich airtUlery activity between AracpUrt and the Vosges. At daybreak German forces attacked^the French lines east 6e Bleneroy ond cast of Dadon-vllleres. The Germans were' repulsed with heavy losses." OF THE DEFENSE JADE BY BRITISH Said British Leaders Were Not Equal to the Onslaught, But Men Fought Bravely Teuions Are\Massing Men and ^Guns ioir ^Attack There- Aerial Activity Noticed Amsterdam, Mar. 25.-Describing the first day of the battle on the' western front the correspondent of the Vos-slache Zcltung says that tlio British artillery was held with "uncanny precision" and its counter efforts became even fainter and less systemotic. "The British strewed their shots \ythout system over the wide zone of attack," he adds. "Gin- guns,' supported by cannons and howitzers of our Austrfr'Hungarian aJlles had cleared the way for the Intifntry. Tlie German storming troops swung over the top, punctual to ^tho minute which had been fixed weeks ago and made a great rush Into tlio, enemy territory on the same grov^nd over which th�- Von Hlndenburij retreat tool: place a year ago. . . "The attack westward now went fotfwaud with the old elan and often-slte spirit ot li)M. Our"" battalions stormed over the ground and broke the eiiemy resistance along the entire line. It Is declared unanimously that the British fought bravely but their leadership was not Gfiunl to the mighty blow, By ovonins the British' front had'bieen pu.siied back on the whole, broad battle field. . ,'1 ' "A thick mist during the morning hours considerably disturbed our operations. Curtains of mist gathered so thickly that the .men serving tho' artillery which advanced Immediately behind the Infantry- could hardly see their horses. The batteries had to take their new objectives under fire without direct observation ^nd tho Infantry laboriously had to win positions and sectors In the fog and without any methodical artillery prepara tlou." �WftBhlngton, Mar. 2.'.--A formidable Oerman-Austriari,'ofrensive in Italy as soon as conditions permit is tho fore cast of official'desputche.s from Roinc today, which say Austrian divlslcfls continue to arrive without Interruption and are taking/iip jiosltlons on the front. AUBtro-Glermnn artillery Is receiving relnforcfenicnts dally, it Is said, while aviation camps and additional ammunitiou deposits are observed to be uh^er construction. Tho opinion^pyovalis in military circles at Rome''that ihe German offensive is to be delivered with extreme violence in.two great actions, namely, on, the Franco-firltI>alrplaneB bombed' railway lines owthe.Italian froiit, the War Office announced today. '-JSl^ht enemy machines were brought 'down. There has been a lively artillery battle at ^various pltices between lUake Garda Hand the.Brenta. / Italian airplanes bombed railway llijes In the Lagarlna valley and the aviation grounds on the Llvenza. AIR RAID ALARM IN PARIS C -XT- > Paris, March 25.-Another > ulr raid alarm was sounded shortly after one o'clock this ? morning. After, three quarters .'. of un hour firemen's bugles and { church bells announced that > all was clear and t;he Parisians d marines In tfio event ot danger to the Uvea and property ot the Jaiutnese. The fact that several Japanesi are among.tbo killed and .wounded in recent Siberian.^ongagomontB has encouraged the PV03B more vigorously to urge/government action. \ Although the Siberian situation' Ib aeriouB, it Is not deemed at present to be critical, but the indications are that Japanese fvlll vemain vln a atato of alortnoBB and preparedness. Should tn-tevvenilon beVleuiddd upon, it is under-  litood, the powera will not rniso the .qmiaUoh of ueceasitx ot Joint military '.'kclion- 'and tliiit tlto" Japntieso arniy London, Mar. 25.-The inhabitants ot Cairo, �igypt, were Informed officially last Thursday, according to a Renter despatch, that a hostile fairehip had been observed over; tlie .coast. The public was warned of the posBibillty of air raid.s and ordered to observe tho necessaryN lighting regulations.- lAn official stiitoment iisugd in Athens on Saturday say's that oh Thurs-day-SSoppelins .passed over the Island ot Crete, goltt'g In a northerly direction, Cairo, the capital and most populous city of Egypt, has Ijeen in no danger irom air raldp" since the Turks were drtven backtrom the Suez Canal. The Tu/kiah llnes' in Palestine are the nearest enemy points to Cairo and they are 320 milea northeast, An enemy airship might also come ac'ro'sa \ the Mediterranean Sea from the |outl)ern coast of Asia-Minor. Tho distance by that route would'bo iCO liilleB ono way, A Oerraan alrsnip recently attacked .Naples, Italy! after a trip'of three hun-I dred miles fr'Qm the Austrian coast along,the Adriatic- .,  .' -   \,- � ,.- � ...... i Amsterdam, March 25.-Emper. or William at a general Matlhy headquarters on Sunday, accord-' Ing to an official statement at Berlin^ conferred the Iron Croaa with gold rays on Field Marsh'al Von Hindenburg^ and the grand cross ofvthe Or.der of tile Iron Cross on General Von Ludeii-' do'rff. The emperor also gave various decorations to department chlefi, along with a aigoed photograph with the date of the' battle, March 21-23. THANKS ARMY �\ London, March 24.-A dispatch to the Central Niews f rom Amiter-, dam Bays at the closing of the yserman relchstag session the vice president of the chamber expreta-^ ed-the thanks of the h(;ijse to the army. All the members'of tho German chamber''rose. , The vipe-prealdent said the German people were - fully conacldua of thejgravlty of this, decisive' hour, but that'they Had the fullest ^ confidence in th'e'army and its commanders. I 4> ^.o ^ SUNK BY A SUB London, Mar. 25.-The admiralty an nouncoB that the. American steamship Chattahoochee,.5088 tons net, has been sunk by a Geri^an submarine off ^he ISngllsh coast. Her crew ot 78 was landed sa:fely.. The master states that the submarine fired a number ot torpedoes, ot which,four struck the vessel. Old German Liner ' New York, NJV., Mar. 25. - The steamer Chattahoochee torpedoed off the Kngllsh coast, was formerly the Hamburg American liner Sachsen, and was one of'the vessels used by the United StiiteB when this country entered the war. Big Gun Which Bdmbards Paris Is Located 76 Miles Away; Aeros After It Now Paris, Mar. 25.-The long r^ge bom- two years ago trom'''a distance ot twen-bardment of Paris was resujiled ot 6,30 ty-five.mileg was located by our alr-o^clock this morning but was ihtei-. " London, March 2S.-The': Du^tch cablnst Is said to have deeldfd' Sunday to send the allied pdWer* a formnr refusal of their offer of grain In return for Dut^h^thlpt; a dispatch from The Hague to the Dally Mall says. ' t* The original ' compact for the, use of Dutch ships by Great Britain and the United States* called for the picioiog at the disposal of, Holland of one hundred thouaapd tons of foodstuffs. Dutch ahiM ware to oarrjt/ thia food, rupted after tho second *ihot, : After a brief Interval two more shots were^-flred. The' bonibardment was again suspended ut O.'IO o'clock. : As was the case yoaterday, the people didn't talte to slielter. Cellars which were filled on Saturday remained empty tills morninR,.,,Little Interest was shown'In the bombardment. ! Soon after they were awakened hy the first shot, the pisople were'brought to their windows by the rattling of drums. Policemen cir(;ulated through tho streets of the city introducing the now.Aystom ot alarm which israistln-guisliod from the alarnii i(i the caeo of air! raids. The pollcio come in for a great jtmount ot chattins, the people belng"*groatly amused at their lack of pj'ofloiency with the drum-sticltB. This appeared to mark, their limit ot interest in the bombardment, ,Work was 'resumed under normal conditions,' All the trauap/jrtatlon iiuea were: run-nine,^ The stleets were full ot people wt\ose sole topic pt oonversatlon was battle of the gomms,,which is gonorally compared withVeiMlun, Will 8oon,8top It; ;:- . Paris, .Mar, 25,-It is to be hoped that tho gun which ahelled Paris ^wlll shortly be silenooa, aays tlie.E'lgBro, which givus tho'foliowitig fludtation of a man wholB said to'be in r position to Uno\y; f. '^JJio gun which borabaraea'DunJilrJt planea and soon put oiit of action. The same methods ^111 be adopted witli regard to this gun which has been bom bavding Parifi (or tho last two days. Since Saturday, our airplanes have been looking tor it and tho tact that it stopped firing is duo.^perhaps, to their arrival. 'It will not be long before the gun is definitely placed; then its career will soon be over." Is;Loeatad76 Miles Away Paris,-?, Marcji 2'l.T-The German "monster cannon'I' which has been bumbardtnrP^ris, has been located in the fprest of St: Qobaln, west ut Laon, and exactly'' 122 kilometres (approxi mately 76 miles) from the Paris city hall. " :,,�''. . \t' vsoma Ouri" ' Paris, March 25. - Twentyftour sheila reached Paris on Saturday and twenty-seven yesterday. The intervals between shots was reducfed trom IS to 29 minut^B on Saturday to an average ot nine minutes yesterday. On two occasiona there were Intervals ot only ono or two .minutes,, fdll at 9.15 and 9.16 o'clock' and 9.45 aiid 0.47. This was accepted aa confirming the; theory that at. least two guns were living. ' The time of flight of the shells is estimated at 10 minutes, at the. least; (the curve;�ed,viat 120 miles and' th^ niailmui^ Height attained at 16 nuilos. ! British Army Headquarters, Mar. 25.-A further advaoco late yesterday by the Oermana at some points along the battle front is recorded. CAPTURE TOWNS London; March 26,-Tho capture by the Germans of tho tow;n8 of Nesle and Ouiscard, announced by Berlin today, is confirmed in thlH evening's British offlolol Btatcmgnt: COULD NOT BREAK THIS Lgndon, Mar. 25.-The British this morning were counter attacking between Ham and Nesle, Router's correspondent at IJrltlah boadqnnrters reports. The French al,'3o were In action. North ot Bapaume ho stated, tho Germans were attacking In considerable force at dawn but did not get through the British, barrage. SIGNIFICANT FEATURE lyondon, .^Iar, 25,-The .Afanches-ter Guardian says a significant feature of tho situation on the battle-front Is that after three days' tillit- ^ Ing the enemy clalma only, flye thousand prisoners more thefts after the second day,'which'means that tli^ Bvltlsh with'drdwal after the rupture ot the'f^put west of St. Quentln was made in excel lent order." The newspaper rejgards. tIVs as a good omeMfprtfio future. � RESISTANCE feFFECTiyfe  Washington, i;.Mar. 24.-Violent fighting between tlie British and Germans was continutni;: at 2.30 o'clock this morning frem Crolsil-les to Tergpler, the official despatch from Paris announced. Tho Germans are using 97 divisions of troops and their losses are heavy. The British resistance is effoctrvo. The despatch says: , ' "The German offensive'is continuing between Groisllle an'd Tergnier, in which the Germans are said to have used 97 divisions. The British resistance, is efficient L. in everything and the German losses are very heavy. .The fighting line Is brought back six or seven . kilometres behind the third line. Confidence remains complete." ^ , The despatch from Paris constituted the only information which has come to the capital, officially, until this afternoon aside from the Associated Press despdtches. 50 AEROS DOWNED I^ndon, Mar, 24,--Aniofticial r,e? port on the aerial operations says that fifty-four enemy | airplaueii have been brought do^vn. HUNS CLAIM 30,000 . Loudon, Mar. 24.-^VhSB number ot prisoners captured by; the Ger- , mans now number thirty tiipiis- , and and the number ot gtins oy^r six hundred, the German ottlclal statement aays today.] \Frei^ch, English and American Tegiments which.' were ' brought 'from � the southwest for a counter: attack were thrown back on Chauny, the official statement adds.. i - Ham and Peronne have ^ been leapturedr the Gemikn official Btatonient says, which was'receiV" ed by wireless. STUBBORN DEFENSE London, March 2!).-The British in their /i^treat defended every hill, ridge and fortltioatloh with groat BtubbornnesB, messages from German war cqrrespondenta , on' the western front. Bay,'according to a Central News despatch'from ^ Amsterdam. The Dritieh'^artillery, it Is said, sacrificed itself:in ,;>'--� AWFUL SLAUOHTER ,,7 I London,,March 25,-iThie' .Germans swarmed ovor^^I^p ,Mim> Lund In such great number* in ' their first attacks,.that it was int-possible for the'British' guoBora to miss them, telegrapb8'.tlie'cor> respondent at' Brittih. headqiiart* ers in France ot tthe.i.Daily^^s^Biv press. Two batteries at'^pfhy|lr� 'fld.'with open sights ipt;"tOur,.'|^un4;: ' rod yards for four, hour*'.' Telling ot the thrilling exploit of jLeicestv tershire troops, the po^rr'ei ' " '' '--aays: preialng themnbacl; however, and one/company, i:w;i(� completely cut off. Instead of retiring, tl^y held to the village -until only a few men 'were left. / Then, the surviving officer led thnm in a charge through two lines of Germans and they fought ' their way back to our main body." HEAVY FIRING London. March 25.-Extremely heavy firing from, tho direction of Flanders was heard all last night, along, the Kentish coast, according to the, Central News. The heavy concussions shook the ; houses. The firing appeared to bo , at different points over a wide area, guns of all callbrcB apparently being In action. There were also violent explosions. GAIN HALF OLD TERRITORY Toronto, March 25.-A special cabl^ to the Mall and Empire dated London, Sunday night, says ^ that the situation, on the battle-' front In France at tho time ot ' writing is that one halt of the ter- > rltory wrested from or given up by the Germans since July, 1916, Is now again in their hands as a re- ^ ' . suit ot the tour days' fighting. In . the terrific struggle for Bapaume/ ' on, the Trnnsloy-Cpmbles-Maura-' pas ilna they arc at'the last named town'within .four miles ot the . battle frpntv'ot 1916, Tho.BrltiaU , , ^ in failihg back now are travers-, ing the old battlefield. ' / ' HUNS'rtEPULSED .^^ . London, March 24.-"North, of"". , Peronne," says the offIclal, stote-ment tonight from headquartera of the British army in fYance, "enemy attacks were directed with > the greatest violence against the line ot the River Tortllle (a tributary, of the Somme.) Our troops ^. on this portion of the battle front have been wlthdra,wn and ar� fighting on new positions. "Further north .repeated as-.saults by large bodies ot German Infantry have been repulsed with ' heayy losses to tha enemy. "In this fighting the 17th and. , 40th dlvlsionr greatly distinguished themselves, beating oft many hostile attacks. "Fresh hostile attacks developed this, morning In great strength on the whole battlefront and they have continued throughout . the . . day. South of Peronne tho enemy r eucceeded, after heavy fighting, in crossing the River Somme.-at , certain points. These are helnii ^ dealt with." ' ; ' DROVE THEM BACK London, March 25.-Fresh attacks by the Germans have developed northward and. southward of. Bapaume, the War Office announc- *  ed. The British repulsed power- > ful. attacks yesterday attomuon northward ot Bapaume. v ' The British drove, back to'the' eastern bank of the.Somme hod-- ; ' ies of Qerman troops which had, ] crossed the river hetween Llcourt'* . i and Brie, south of Peronno. London, Mar. 25.-The statement follows: "The battla contln- . lies with great violence , on. the whoIMront. Powerful attacks de- 'J the,enemy yestarday at' ternoon and evening north ot Ba- t paume were heavily repulsed. On- ^ ly at one point did the German in- , fant^y'reach our. trenches, whenca-o, % they were immediately thrown out. ��.!,':: Elsewhere' the enemy's attacks ' J .were stopped bn rifle, machine i pawne. � j , ,>_| "South of Peronne/ bodiea ot ^ .German troops had crossed the river'between rLicourt. and Brjle, were drivenback to the east bank by our counter attacks," > ' NOT 80 BAD r /London, March 24.~"Nothlng i' we have heard up to the present V &i would lead me, to' think that?any-thing has - happened which could not have been expected; There'ta .' no reason, to come to the conclua-ion that, things ara looidng'bad.^^?^ aen,.SIr>HQrace Lockwood GMttlth* k Dortlen aaya.'in an interview .with -the ,Weekly, Dlapatch, x.V^y/^ (CoNTiNUKD oy Taob 4)- "Perzleri^s was hpld foi a time ^ '~, wv Ari^ircn ^1 by two .coinpanlea , of aele^sfei'- , - WJJow .,.......r.\'D.\rj^3S /.l,..,..�rk..K.^/r,u____________tkhMi 5415184?19 8674?558 ;