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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 24, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Snluidoy, March 24, 1973 The growth thing In aii article elsewhere on this page a question is raised as to the need for an oil and gas pipeline through the Mackenzie river val- ley. The question is valid and im- portant. But it is only a part of a much larger one Canadians and the whole world must grapple with sooner or later. That question is: Is growth a permanent condi- tion for Western man? Canada slill possesses an enor- mous store of natural resource." and a comparatively small population, so is not under any great pressure to find an answer or an alternative to resource depletion. There are still forests, farm lands, minerals, in quantities well beyond present needs. There is still abundant clean air and pure water. But these things are being used at home and sold abroad. And none of them is inexhaustible. In economic terms resources are said to be either renewable or non- renewable. A stand of timber, prop- erly managed, is a renewable re- source; as mature trees are cut down harvested, so to speak new trees are grown to replace them. Oil is non-renewable, as are the ore beds that produce the minerals Canada uses and sells, Wlicn the oil or the nickel, lead, zinc or what- ever has been taken from the ground and used, or sold, it is done. Permanently. Air and water cannot be used up. The atmosphere, for all practical purposes, has always existed and always will, while water moves in its perpetual cycle from land to sea to air and to land again. But air and water ean be so fouled that man cannot use them, and when that happens they may as well be used up, too. Some non-renewable resources ex- ist in such quantities that it is hard to foresee the time when they will be no more. Coal is an example; there are coal beds in this country that probably will slill be untouched when man has forgotten what he once used coal for. Oil and natural gas are different. Even now it is possible to foresee the day when there will be no more oil or gas re- serves. Canada isn't alone in the world. While twenty-odd million Canadians might manage vrtth their resources, perhaps for all time, there are three billion others on this globe, and all of them use resources in greater or lesser quantity. Those whose needs are small today won't always be con- tent with their present modest shares. This seems to argue that growth cannot be perpetual, that sooner or later an alternative will have to be found, because there won't be enough left to keep growing on. Alan will have to choose his alterna- tive before that time, because if he waits, until then the choice will be made1 for him if he's still around. French concessions France, the only country currently affronting world opinion by continuing to make nuclear tests in the atmo- sphere, has yielded somewhat to de- termined New Zealand opposition. An official invitation has been ex- tended to the New Zealand govern- ment to send a scientist to visit the test site to inspect safety measures before this year's scheduled explo- sions. This concession France has pre- viously ignored all protests against its testing program is not apt to satisfy New Zealand Prime Minister Norman Kirk. One of the planks on which he won his election was that his government would go to extra- ordinary lengths to stop the French nuclear tests. One proposal of the New Zealand government was to send a frigate to be stationed near Mururoa Atoll over which France is expecting to explode bombs next month. At least one cab- inet minister would be on board with Weekend Meditation a volunteer crew. Reluctance to cre- ate an international incident by hav- ing a dead New Zealand minister on its hands was hoped to be a deter- rent to France in proceeding with the testing. Talk ol dramatic intervention, how- ever, has subsided. There is a sus- picion that France has made another modest concession to its critics and plans an underground test which would render the stationing of. the frigate an irrelevance. It is possible that the results of the recent French election may be able to do what the protesters have been unable to do. President Georges Pomipidou may not feel quite so se- cure now in pursuing de Gaulle's grandiose dream of making France one of the superpowers. The growing objections to France's nuclear testing program may now gain concessions of greater significance than New Zealand has won. The growth of the corn Certain phases mark the growth of a life. These have been arbitrarily set down by some scholars according to psychologi- cal development, and nature has set them down through physiological changes. But a life can grow, must grow, if it is not to perish, because a seed either comes to final fruitation or shrivels and withers. Life is like that; it is either fulfilled or it is debased. Mocal failures, broken, de- feated lives, men and women who carry the mark of death, are all around us, as the Bible says, people who are "filled wiEh all corruption." But a personality can grow until it is "perfect in power, In love and purity." Jesus urged men to obtain life, to fulfil life, to realize life completely, to grow into adulthood. The question is not one of being good or bad, but one of fulfilment, of growth to self-realization. The growth should not be hurried any more than it should be retarded. The growth passes through the seasons until at last the time of harvest comes. Learning to accept the seasons and realize the possibilities of is an imperative part of life's education. The way of growth is the way of recep- tion. Corn grows by what it receives. Thus a person grows through the reception of grace, through meditation and prayer and worship, through openness and willingness. Here are the minerals, the vitamins, the sunshine, and the water of life, all part of God's grace. They are the secret ol growth; without them the soul dies. That is why love is so important: the heart that can love is on its way to heaven. As St. John said, it is the assurance that one has passed from death to life. Loving is living because it is openness. There are two types of people, closed and open, and [he closed people are dead al- ready. Their eternal wnnter has set in. Tlw open people are eager for trutii and beauty, in love with life, part of the zest of Spring filled with the promise of fruit and a good harvest. Perhaps this receptiveness is what theologians mean by faith. It is more than expectation, a confidence in God's grace; it is a co-operation, a commitment of life, an affirmative "Yes, Lord" in all weathers and conditions. There is a wholeness in the encounter with God's grace. Grace is imparted to the whole of man, not merely his intellect or his heart. The encounter is it goes down to the roots of life. You see this in the sahits; they are Spirit-possess- ed. But the most amazing fact about them is that sorrow and suffering come to them. The world abuses them. They are reviled and hated. Yet their lives are curiously un- changed. me part of the Spring- time, 0 God raise me from repining, doubt, and fear and make me part of the growth of the soil, the eagerness of all nature. F. S. M. Perfect description By Doug Walker One of the minor disturbances in the even tenor qf our family life occurs on TV hockey nig'lis. Our evening meal seldom seems to be over before the game starts. Elspeth sometimes with her voice just a wee bit edgy tells me to lake my din- ner and go inlo the living room. But I'm not fond of eating off my knee so I sit at the table and give my attention to the TV audio. This has a tendency to sharpen Elspeth's irritation a little more. She frequently says she might as well have served me boiled cardboard, implying that with my mind on the game I don't have any aware- ness of what I'm eating. One night recently we had jello for dessert. When Elspeth noticed my concen- tration on the TV audio she said resigned- ly, "It might as well he glue." I said, surprised that she would be so honest, Do we need the Mackenzie pipeline? By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star staff writer OTTAWA In the rising na- tional debate over whether to build a gas pipeline along the Mackenzie Valley, three princi- pal threads of argument are in- tertwined. The first is about the extent of energy reserves in Canada and if there is a surplus avail- able to be sold to the United States. The second concerns the en- vironment and whether con- struction of a pipeline will do unacceptable damage in the North. The third is about the rights of native people to share in the wealth to be extracted from the lands they occupy and per- haps to choose it in fact they want the white man to come in under any circumstances to impose a new way of life. The real question, the answer to which will determine the answer to all the. others, seems to me to be largely undefined and undebatsd. It is, quite sim- ply, what sort of society we want to see develop in Canada. If we continue to place the highest value on the twin ethics of work and growth, we shall necessarily develop the sort of economy which requires ener- gy and eventually Arctic en- ergy. If we can conceive of a different sort of society with different values, we can per- haps design a different type of economy which may not require exploitation of the Arctic. An economy based upon the growing production of goods consumes more and more en- ergy. Even if w? now decide to export no more gas to the Unit- ed States, we shall need Arctic reserves for our own use in 10 or 20 or 30 years time. The Mackenzie pipeline will be built to serve our own needs, in al] probability. So the arguments about na- tive rights and preservation of the ecology are not really ar- guments about national policy or principle. They are argu- ments about timing. Should we impose our culture on the North now or later? Should we en- croach upon the Arctic environ- ment next year or in the next decade? If we are going to exploit the Arctic at some time, then 1 am not much moved by today's de- fenders of native rights and ec- ology. Nor am I much impressed by he argument about reserves and exports. In 1859, Parliament set up the National Energy Board as an independent and expert body to make precisely that judgment. The board holds hearings from time to time to listen to all points of view before deciding whether to authorize exports of gas. It is probably a testimonial to the fairness of the board that it is attacked from both sides. The energy producers are upset because the board has refused to allow an increase in gas ex- ports; assorted radical, na- tionalists and opponents of the Mackenzie pipeline project of- ten accuse the hoard of being a tool of the U.S.-owned energy companies. But even if the critics sue-, ceed in discrediting the board, some other authority will still have to study the facts about reserves and needs and decide whether or not to permit ex- ports, And even if the decision is not to allow more exports, the Mackenzie pipeline will still have to be built within a few years to serve the needs of the growing Canadian economy. The only real alternative to the pipeline, therefore the only way to protect the culture and environment of the north against eventual invasion is to begin to think in terms of a society wliich will not depend Letters Supporting useless people Just send our money to the Banff Springs Hotel. The hard- earned dollars of the weary taxpayer, the bit we are able to save until this time of year when the politicians make their big grab, when they confiscate the interest of social jus- tice whatever we have to show for our year's work. Send our money to the lazy opportunists who now form the backbone of our society, if we are to judge by the priorities set by our government. Unem- ployment is a problem of a ma- jor proportion, and anyone with the brains of a chipmunk can see that there is absolutely no sense in anyone bothering to be employed. Not a lot of working people have ever seen the Banff Springs Hotel, to say nothing of spending the winter there. How long has it been since some brainless socialist zealot envisaged a complete munici- pal society, with everybody working for wages under the supervision of countless govern- ment agencies? How many bil- lions have been piddled away in myriads of h a 1 f-baked schemes that were without a doubt going to solve the dilem- ma of the jobless? It should be evident now to almost everyone that proliferat- ing government will never solve the problem of unemployment. As governments get bigger and bigger they become less cap- able of solving anything. Three of four governments in Canada today will do well to keep them- selves employed, and that is al- ways the primary considera- tion. It should also be clear to all but the most obtuse that these huge and extravagant, free spending, wasteful and blunder- ing governments have about destroyed the initiative and in- centive of many of the people who might have been inclined to work. There is nothing to say that every person has to be "employed." There are any number of opportunities ioday for the establishment of little businesses and the climate for small ventures could be as good as it ever was. But income tax will take from 50 to 75 per cent of each year's profit. Sell-employment wasn't such a bad idea. It built a more re- warding society than indolence ever has. People with the abil- ity to make successes of their own endeavors may be almost as wise as officials, if a little more money were left in pri- vate hands. Risk capital is the basis for meaningful expansion and healthy productive employ- ment when our profits are grab- bed and given away to utterly useless people, nobody has any- thing. This is the time of year for reflection. As each taxpayer reaches for the pen to sign that income lax cheque, he can ask himself what he is working for. Maybe it's time to lay down the pen. Send the cheques to the Banff Springs Hotel, but let Da- vid Lewis sign them, or one of his assistants Trudeau, Sch- reyer, Blakeny, Barrett, L. K, WALKER Milk River upon Arctic energy. The very idea may be a foolish dream, but it is surely a dream worth considering before we commit ourselves, now or later, to the Mackenzie project and all that it entails. Is it the Canadian ideal, for example, that every citizen shall go to work every day to produce more wealth, earn a larger income and spend it on glossier consumer goods? If it is, then build the pipeline and be done with it. Or is it possible that we can put more emphasis on liesure as a culture and less on work for production? The person who chooses to go fishing or to a university in- stead of clocking in at the fac- tory does not earn income or produce material wealth, but neither does he consume much energy. If Canadians consider it hu- miliating to live on the pro- ceeds of bountiful and accessible resources and insist upon earn- ing a living by manufacturing, then huild the pipeline because the energy will be needed. Or could we perhaps main- lain a respectable standard of living by giving more rather than less attention to our natur- al assests the products of forests, oceans, larms, mines, BERRY'S WORLD wells, rivers and Jakes, the val- ue of our tourist potential in an overcrowded world? If Canadians want to emulate the example of the United States by encouraging immi- gration, building vast industrial empires, constructing huge cit- ies and becoming a world pow- er, then we shall certainly need all the energy we ean find. Or can we possibly aim for achievement on a different scale of values? We might consciously control the size of population. We might try to leap over full-scale industrialization into a post-in- dustrial age in which we would sell to the world, the quality of our science, imagination, enter- prise and culture, instead of the quantity of our mass pro- duction. We could make a start on a new system of national values by deciding that, as the Arctic is one of the last great unde- veloped areas on this contin- ent, it is more important to conserve it than to exploit it. We could do that, but what we shall do, I expect, is to build the Mackenzie pipeline, and whether we do it now or in 10 years time, whether the gas is used here or a few miles south, seems to me of second- ary importance. Hunt exchange ends I had intended to write Iwo lines in response to Pamela Goddard's letter and now that John McKenzie has been stir- red into analysing me, I shall incorporate my first intention here in this letter, let me say that I re- gret that some of my comments on Pamela Goddard's article were uncharitable, but felt it necessary to chide her gross misreading an'd misrepre- sentation of my views. And on one point I did misconstrue her meaning. She need fear no pro- vocation as it is the undercover work of secular humanists I was aiming my shafts at not persons, If John McKenzie would read some of my pieces again they would reveal to him that, far from being in favor of elitism, I am, and always have been, fighting for the small man, the family and the rights of ordin- ary people. The mass-man is as much the enemy of these as is the big operator. It's preten- sions to knowledge and manipu- lation of people that I attack; and I share that tendency with many thoughtful critics of mod- ern, industrial society I'm all for the small farm, the small business, the rights of the family, the opportunity for all to improve their lives, and against compulsory school- ing (but not against parental I support a decen- tralist way of life and oppose the subjugation of local initia- tive and local culture by tech- nocrats and fat monopolists. The mediocrity I attack is that of those who exploit the peo- ple: the big businessmen, tha educational quacks, the con- spiratorial atheists and the ad- vertisers, But thank you John McKenzie for an honest letter. PETER HUNT Lclhbridge Editor's note: The exchange of letters over Peter Hunt's ar- ticle on evolutionism is being terminated with the publication of ibis Idler, 'Thtn gats MOTHtR mMle-ageJ guy cashing in trmJa't performance in 'Tangt'l" The Lethbrfdge Herald _____ 504 7th St S., Lethbridge, Alberta UTTHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and PublUtafi Published 1905-1951, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of TIM Canadian Press tfce Canadian Da Ik- Newipapar PuWWwrj' Association aM tin Audit Bureau of Circulation CLIO W MOWERS, Editor and PuWlstwr THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gamrat Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY f. MILES DOUSLAt K. WALKER Mwtlslng AAanagv Editorial Pasa Editor THE HERALD SERVES THE ;