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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 24, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THf IETHBRIDGE HERAID Fridoy, March 24, 1972 Carl T. Ronvin Share the mortgage money lleccnlly a Montreal architect, Mel- vin Chavnav, in a report made to the Central Mo'rtgage and Housing Cor- poration, accused the corporation of abdicating its responsibililites to low- income groups and concentrating on construction oriented to market inter- ests. He pointed out that even projects designed to provide rent accom- modation for the poor have not worked out that way. He argues also that the corporation shows little in- terest in renovating old houses and notes that in large cities the balk of I he accommodation for the poor con- sists nf old. but si ill salvageable houses. On the same day Mr. Charney made his report. Urba'n Affairs Minister Ron Basford told tiie House of Com- mons that the government was plan- ning to create two new banks de- signed to attract more private money into the mortgage market. He stated one would be a publicly owned res- idential mortgage bank, which would encourage big investors such as in- surance companies ami pensions fmids to put more money into mort- gages. The other would be a type of savings association which ac- cept funds from small investors and make the money available for mort- gages. If these plans outlined by Mr. Basford go through and more money is released to the housing market how will it be directed? If the government follows Mr. Charney's criticisms it will avoid the mistakes of pouring all housing funds into highriscs and houses for the middle-class. At least 50 per cent of such funds should be directed to constructing and renova- ting decent housing for the lower- income families which would help a good deal in clearing up inner-city ghettos. More money is certainly needed for mortgage purposes and Mr. Basford's ideas are initially sound. But he would be wise to" think of the slum areas and those are forced into them before he finalizes his plans. Fluorldation Federal Health Minister John Munro is convinced that water fluor- idation is the best public health mea- sure currently available for safely reducing incidence of tooth decay. The World Health Organization con- siders it "the most effective means of preventing dental caries." Extensive investigation has proved that a fluoride level in drinking water to a concentration of one part per million is not harmful. After only five years of fluoridation. New York City reports a 50 per cent increase in caries-free children under five. Senator Edmund Muskie, a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the U.S. presidential contest, says S3 million spent on fluoridation can save S500 million in the dental bills of those 19 and under. The trend to fluoridation is siovr but irreversible. The American Den- tal Association reports increased fluoridation in the world, including the iron Curtain countries. One should only look at the fact that 27 years after Brantford. Ont., became the first Canadian community to fluoridate its water supply, one-third of Canadians are drinking fluoridated water today. Opponents to fluoridation have called it "poisoning" and of the democratic freedom of choice.'1 But. as the Quebec Dental Surgeons' Association points out, if fluoridation impinges on the civil rights of citi- zens, so do traffic lights. On the other hand, most of us lack the technical knowledge to cast an intelligent vote, in the case of a plebiscite, on sodium fluoride, sodium silicofluoride or hy- drofluosilicic add. The voter, chal- lenged to make a decision on a sub- ject he does not understand, tradi- tionally votes against change. Educa- tion of the public about the benefits of fluoridation should, therefore, be promoted in the interest of all. ART BUCH-WALD __ __ How politicians put on their pants One of the biggest cliches of American politics is that politicians are no different from anybody else. 'They put on their pants one leg si a time." Even-one has accepted this with- out question, and while I hate to destroy another myth I can now reveal after some very difficult research that politicians are different from other people, at least v.hen it comes to putting on their pants. The first due I had to this was v.ben I read a book about Lyndon Johnson and how he dressed when he was president, Mr. Johnson had t'.vo Secret Service men hold his pants as he sat on his bed, and he put both legs into them at the same lime. This certainly made him different from the rest of us and 1 decided to pursue the subject of other political leaders. President Nixon, for example, has his valet lay his pants on the bed, and then the valet leaves the room so the president make his decision in private. Hs keeps a yellow legal pad by his bedside where he writes out all the alternatives. Will it be better to put his right le? in'o hi: pants first, or will it be better to put his left leg? What will be the political re- percussions if Jack Anderson finds out how be puts his pants on? Will the electorate think less of him if he puts his pants on like everybody else? What would happen if he didn't put on his pants at all? Occasionally he might ask Henry Kiss- inger's opinion or call up John Mitchell wondering how ho should do it, but the final decision has to be Mr. Nixon's. It ia probably the loneliest decision that any president of the United Slates has to make. When it comes to putting on his pants, nn nne agonizes more about it than Sen. Edmund Muskie, Since be doesn't want to offend either the left or the right be usu- ally sticks his foot into the centre of his pants, this, of course, causes complications as it takes him over an hour to put them on and makes him late for his appoint- ments all day long. Sometimes Sen. Muv kie gets so angry when he tries to put on Very funny things get a little slack in the newsroom, toward the end of the day, there is a tendency for verbal ex- changes to replace the clatter of typewrit- ers. I don't find these periods particularly cor.ducive to editorial writing but ucca- sionally I am compensated by being pro- vided witli n subject JQC fiUcr, Blacks must reject politics of despair WASHINGTON for a few years now we have seen the nation -writhe under the politics of fear and divisive- ness, characterized by appeals to an emotional aberration call- ed "the white blacklash" and the ''law and order'1 syndrome, have just gone through a Florida primary dominated by the politics of demagoguery as practiced so skillfully by 'Ala- bama Gov. George Wallace in exploiting the busing issue. Now hundreds of blacks have met in Gary, Ind.f and giveu the nation a look at the poli- tics of frustration and despair. his panta that he is short-tempered ail day long. His staff has been working on this acd hopes to have a solution Eo the problem before the July convention. Sen. George Me Govern has a different problem. He has only one pair of pants and he has to be very careful when he puts them on so (hat he doesn't tear them, Before becoming a presidential candidate he always put on his shoes first, But when Frank Mankieuicz took over as campaign manager he persuaded McGovern to put on his pants first and then his shoes. This changed McGovern's Image overnight and he has lost his serious demeanor, and seems much more relaxed as a candidate, Gov. George Wallace, on the other hand, goes through three pairs of pants before he gets one on. What he does is jump out of bed in the morning and he is so ex- cited to get going that he rips the pants as he is trying to get into them. His people have tried to persuade him to take it easier when he's getting dressed, hut Wal- lace says "Nobody, not the Supreme Court, nor those Eastern Establishment press lords nor those Washington bureaucrats are going to tel! me how to put on my Sen. Hubert Humphrey had been identi- fied with President Johnson's hard-line panLs policy until late in the cam- paign and many people feel this cost him, the election. This year Humphrey no long- er has to worry about Johnson and he has let it be known (hat when it comes to putting on his pants he's his own man. He has told audiences, "at least now when 1 put on my pants T no longer have my foot in my Sen. Twlfly Kennedy t.o say how he puts on his pants in lha morning ss he was afraid that people would think he was a candidate for the presidency. But people close to him told me that if there was a deadlock in Miami at the Demo- cratic convention, Kennedy would be will- ing to put on his pants and accept a draft. 'Toronto Sun News Srrvicp) By Doug Walker One rlay there was a general exchange of tricks and jokes. Genial Joe Ma got off some good tricks but the joke he attempt- ed apparently fell flat. The gang didn't even have the grace to feign laughter. AftrT a brief silence a great guffaw came from D'Arc. "That was very funny, he said, "but not the Not ore of these braids of politics augurs well for (lie na- tion's future. It would be nice to play the ''black unity" charade and pre- tend that Gary was a roaring success, with 1-1 million black voters finally getting their thing together to the point where they are ready to shake the American political system to its foundations. But to play that game would be not only rank dishonesty, but also a dis- service to millions of young blacks who deserve wiser so- cial and political leadership than is embodied in some of (he resolutions emerging from that Gary meeting. A black political clambake that winds up opposing busing and opting for separate but equal schools with much the same stridency as Wallace can't be all good, That Gary meeting was no as some disen- chanted participants arc whis- pering. It did create a polrndnl for a more forceful use of black political power In future years. It was. as some partici- pants complain, less thsn rep- resent aiive, mostly because middle-class, relatively-secure blacks defaulted and left It to a coalition of embittered poor, angry separatists and a few political hustlers to dominate, Lei's look at realities of the situation. The conferenco was born ot a dual fnjslralion: the Republicans have written off the black vote and the Democrats tend to take it for granted. There is no chance whatever that Gary will fright- en or entice the Republicans to change their Southern-suburban, strategy. The hope, then, must be that the Democratic pvirly was shaken up to ttie point of granting significant conces- "A machinist, I think what did YOUR Dad used 1o Subsidizing books or publishers? By Tom Saunders, in The Winnipeg Free Press TVOW that Ottavra has de- cided to come to the aid of the book-publishing industry it is pertinent to ask on what basis it intends to distribute its largesse. In the eyes of Cana- dian-owned companies there is no doubt as to who should be the recipients: Tney have form- ed the lobby which has pressed for government assistance and they assume that they should receive it. But Canadian-owned compa- nies are not the only ones which publish Canadian books. Some Canadian-owned compa- nies have not much more to commend them than the fact that they are Canadian fa du- bious basis on which to become eligible for a wliilo some foreign -owned subsi- diaries have brought us the works of many of our best au- trnrs. for example, has brought us Bruce Hutchison, Arthur Ixjwer, Norman Ward, Hugh Hood, Adele Wiseman. Ox- ford has given in Northrop Fryc, Robert Fulford, John Glassco, George Woodcock, and .some of our more distinguished poets, including Frank Scott, A. .1. M. Smith, May Macpherson and Margaret Atwood. Double- day's Canadian list includes Marshall McLuhan, Brie Nicol, Harry Boyle, Blair Frasor, Alan Fry, Fred RrxKworth and Robert Thomas Allen, wnn the Lfiacock award hr humor last year. And what of Macmillan? Its list of Canadian titles is even more impressive than the most productive of Canadian houses, McClelland and Stewart. Next to the University of Toronto J'ress. which is in ;.pecial ca- tegory, it has more Canadian titles in print than other publisher. Its authors include Hugh Motley Cal- laghan, W. 0. Mitchell, Robert- son Davics, Donald Creighton, James Gray and, from an earlier era, E. J. Pratt, Mazo rte la Roche, Grey Owl and Hemon, .Surely such contributions to Canadian letters should count for something. It may be that Ilicse branch plants, financed by outside money, hnve some advantages tbat Cauaiiian-ovm- ed companies Jack. But, as far as Canadian books are concern- ed, they have to make it on their own a condition that makes their effort all the more commendable. Where does this leave the govern tnent and i is policy of providing assistance in the pub- lishing of Canadian books? If it takes tlic narrow view of offer- ing help onJy to Canadian-own- ed publishing houses, it could end up subsidizing some of the worst claptrap that has been foisted on the public ar.d refus- ing help to established houses which have given us many of our best Canadian books. If the S1.7 million so far allocated is to be spent to the best purpose, there must be a more equitable and more beneficial pol- icy. Tlw view of companies that they a lone should be the beneficiaries of the government's largesse is an oversimplification. For the gov- ernment to accede to their de- mands would be to penalize companies which have contri- buted more to Canadian cul- ture than tbey. To spend public funds on toe book industry to the best advantage Canadian rwxiks, not just Canadian-owned companies, should be the gov- ernments concern; and Cana- dian books involve all not just a segment of the pub- lishing trade. Acknowledging that the plight of Canadian-owned com- panies may be a special case, there is no reason why the wealth should not be shared with foreign-owned subsidiaries Publishing Canadian books. The principle of government help for Canadian content is already established in the commu- nications field. Why not. apply i' bore? Make the main basis Water for desert By Don Oaktey, service A minor mystery solved i n Vermont and a plastic de- veloped in Arizona could make the world's deserts bloom. Scientists have long noted the ability of plant foliage to con- dense water from fog. A botan- ist named H. W. Vonclman with tl'c Kvperi ment Station at 'be rnivprsi'y of Vermont, has duplicated na- ture's trick "Fog-combing" screens, con- sisting of aluminum mesh strung on posts, produced near- ly 70 per cent more water than registered in regular rain gauges during en eight-week test. With financial help from the Conservation and Research Foundation of New London, Conn., an experiment was then conducted on a desert plateau in the Sierra Madres near Veracruz, Mexico, where fog and low clouds aro frequent. Again the results were dra- matic. One Mexican station showed a 29 per cent moisture increase, another 22 per cent. It's believed that in similar arid regions, rows of screens erected at low cost could col- lect water from the air and di- rect it to newly planted trtts. In time, the trees would act as their o'-vn "moisture combs.11 Parts of the recovered arca.i could also be used to produm (roils, grsins anrl vegetables fo support livestock. Meanwhile, experiments v.ilh n ne-.v polymer gel the Uni- versity of Arizona's Environ- mental Research Laboratory may enable farmers to get more mileage out of moisture everywhere. The gel, developed by chem- ist I'aul A. King during a search for a material that would separate salt from seawatcr, has the ability to grab water in soil and hold it for plants to use as they need it. With an absorbent capacity 25 to an times its own weight, the bio- degradable gel nearly elimi- nates water loss through eva- poration or soil dissipation. The researchers have pro- duced, for instance, bigger to- mato plants faster using less water, aw! incomplete tests indicate (hat other plants, including flowers, will respond just as well. of grants the publication of Ca- nadian books, regardless of who publishes them, All pub- lishers will benefit and so will Canadian readers. This may still leave some problems. A subsidy based on the publi cation of Can adi an books may lead to the publica- tion of more bad Canadian books than before. Cut the same would obf ain however the grants were decided. The gov- ernment can scarcely be ex- pected to act as a policeman, or judge who will decide the merits of every book published. It is the inevitable outcome and the accompanying bugbear of granting subsidies in the first place. Having committed itself on the mailer of subsidies, how- ever, the government like ton taxpayer wiJi have to Irve wiiJi jt. How it lives with it is now the matter of issue. No one can foretell wfoal the govci-nnicjil's decision will be. Bui a subsidy based on the publication of Canadian books, rather than on the mere fact that a company is ov.Ticd, would seem to have more to comment! it than rniy alternative. sions to one of its most power- ful and consistently-supportive Heyond that, the black voter's dilemma is tlie same after Gary as it was before: in anger and despair he can sny "to licll with tho Republi- cans anil the Democrats" and launch a black third or fourth parly. Hut the result of that is just as obvious after Gary as it was before: Hie automatic re- election of Richard M. Nixon. The politics of despair was manifest in its most destructive form, however, when Roy In- nis of Die Committee on Rac- ial Equality (CORE) and the rabid separatists maneuvered tho assemblage into taking an anti-busing, anti-school integra- tion posture. They made, it a lot easier for people like Wal- lace to rush headlong with claims of righteousness not only to wipe away tlw Su- preme Court decision of 13M vs. Board of Educa- tion) but to push for a Consti- tutional amendment tbat would in effect repeal the Mth amend- ment. Hew could black political leaders fall into this trap? Well, there was a phony ap- peal to racial pride. S'otneone somewhere began to justify busing with the argu- ment that blacks learn belter around white children. Under- standably, blacks resent this as n condescending claim of while intellectual superiority. What should be said is that deprived youngsters from underprivi- leged environments, whatever Ilieir race, achieve more, faster wiien put in a privileged en- vironment among youngsters who arc well-motivated. Then we can justify some busing on the valid grounds that justice does not permit us to continue to fence off poor, deprived youngsters in dilapi- dated schools of poor environ- ment where virtually all ttte children have bad notions of wbrthlessness and expectations of failure drilled into them. But too many blacks are being suckered into accepting Jim Crow out of a silly notion that ''black pride" prohibits them from insisting on sharing schools, clubs, pools or what- ever with whites. Most of the separatists preaching this line don't know what pride really is. Pride is being man enough to insist on your American birthright even when (he white man puts lip all-out resistance. Stu'e we have seen, since that J9M decision, that millions of whites don't want a truly inte- grated society. They don't want blacks to have a fair share of the goodies of American life. But since when is it black pride to capitulate and say, "Okay, boss, you win. Just give us poor old black people a little money and a little local control and we'll go back to our places in our own schools and neigh- Some of that anti-busing at Gary is even intoxi- cated with the notion tbat Americans arc to turn over several states so 23 mil- lion blacks can create a sep- arate republic. You can bet that any land handed over to blacks will be barren desert or forbidding mountain, and once blacks occupy it someone will want to build a barbed-wire fence around it. There never has been a Just future for black'people In seg- regation, and there is no sane future in isolation any more than thsre has liccn or is for lire isolated American Indian. The black man in America b never going to have more than be can win or wrest away in the mainstream of competition, whether it be politics or econo- mics. The separatists and self- scgregators who dominated at Gary don't seem In be able to see that they are blind- ed by frustration and despair. Cl-'ield Enterprises, Inc.) Looking backward Tiroiigh Thr. Hrralil I9M rf present plans are carried out, work on the. street railway system construc- tion program will begin at the corner of 6th Aye. and 5th Street, 6nc week from today 1D22 Advertisement: Spe- cial Machine Sliced Bacon, Ib. cents, I3il2 Tonight at the Capitol Theatre William Powell in "High Pressure." 1012 _ One hundred veterans from Alberta shot, against, a similar number from Manitoba in a rifle competition. Alberta bad a fotal of 9929 out. of 10.000. C. R. Matthews and G. A. Holi- day represented the Lcthbridge unit of WR. and both had per- feet scores. The Nazarcne Church in Picture Buttc celebrated its twentieth anniversary. The Lethbridge Herald 5W 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETIIBRIDGE HERALD TO, LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second crass Mall No. 0013 Member of TJie Canadian Press The Canadian Daily Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOfAAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PII.UNG VJILUAM HAY Editor DOUGLAS K WALKFR tising Manager Stfilorial Page Ed i for "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;