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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 24, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Weak spot develops on Horseshoe Falls ITHACA, N.Y. (CP) - A Cornell University geologist says the Horseshoe Falls on the Niagara River may accelerate its retreat up stream because a 110-foot notch or weak spot has developed on the lip of the falls. Shailer S. Philbrick, professor of geology in Cornell's department of geological sciences, says old surveys show that when notches show up on the lip, the faUs start retreat* ing at a faster rate. In the 11 years between 1875 and 1886, Philbrick said, a weak spot caused the falls to move up the river for a distance of 200 feet, an extremely fast pace, geologically speaking. Philbrick said the present notch is 110 feet wide across a portion of the lip on the Goat Island side of Horseshoe Falls and has been developing since 1927. "This notch could deepen and when it goes, the falls will retreat up the river until the side pressure on the notch is equalled by the strength of the rocks. It's anybody's guess when the retreat will start or bow far it will go-but it's already overdue." His remarks were released today by Cornell. Philbrick's research on the falls was reported in recent issues of the Geological Society of America bulletin and in Nature, British science journal. COMPARES SURVEYS He said comparison of surveys from 1842 to 1966 shows the retreat rates are faster when the Horseshoe has a well-defined horizontal notch in the crest and slower when the crest is in the form of a horizontal arch. The geologist said the rate of regression of the falls has puzzled geologists for some time. The Niagara River was an almost sediment-free river of almost uniform flow which fell over a crest of constant height. All this suggested that the rate of regression du� to natural erosion would have been constant during the 4,200 years that the falls has been retreaitng up the river and carving the Upper Great Gorge. Yet surveys made since 1842 showed the rate of regression to be variable. Philbrick sought the answer in the bottom profile along the Upper Great Gorge. Surveys by the Canadian government showed that the river bottom contained a series of basins or plunge pools developed when the falls stood for a long period of time in one spot with the arch configuration. By examining historical descriptions and sketches of Horseshoe Falls and comparing Niagara with waterfalls in New York, Philbrick concluded that the rate of retreat of the fall crest depends on the shape of the crest. A notch shape means a faster retreat and an arch shaped crest means a slower one. The publication Nature adds a social note to its report on the scientific findings. It says: "Philbrick's work is not only of academic interest, but is part of a very practical program to find ways of halting the erosion of the various falls in the Niagara area. "Which is a pity. It would be nice to think that the Horseshoe Falls will go on retreating from the brash commercialism which currently surrounds the otherwise beautiful natural phenomenon." Boyle's Column NEW YORK (AP) - Memory Land is the best place for bargains. No prices ever go up there, nothing is ever thrown away, and nothing ever wears out. You don't have any transportation costs getting there either. All you have to do is close your eyes and remember when- You could always get a laugh by asking an old-timer whether he slept with his beard under or over the bed-sheet. The family went up in the world when it could afford to move out to the suburbs and buy a new house with a pa- Government knew risk in Bandy OTTAWA (CP) - The federal government knew the risk it ran when it hired Alex Bandy to organize low-income groups in Vancouver, the Commons was told. Barney Danson, parliamentary assistant to Prime Minister Trudeau, said in an adjournment debate that the government took the rik in the hope it would create more contact be-ween the government and the poor. Mr. Bandy, he said, misunderstood the job he was hired to do and had "thrown the job in Ottawa's face." This was regrettable because the job was a daring, imaginative project conceived by the citizenship branch. It would have given the government an inside look at the poor, rather than hire an army of social workers. Mr. Danson was replying to Grace Maclnnis (NDP-Vancouver Kingsway) who referred to reports that Mr. Bandy was hired to spy on the poor people and that the project was a waste of money. Water safety-course for Easter week The Leijhbridge parks and recreation department and the Canadian Red Cross Society Water Safety Service will sponsor a Red Cross water safety leader course during Easter Week, April 12-16. The course will run between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. daily at the Civic Sports Centre and the Fritz Sick Pool. Further information and application forms are available from Tom Hudson at the parks and recreation office, 122 5th Ave. S. netted room in the basement to throw parties in. Naturally it had to be called "the rumpus room." The easiest way for a woman to show a dash of elegance was to smoke her cigarettes in a long holder. In the 1920s a fad for bobbed hair spread among the ladies, and for the first time in their memory men bad visual proof that women do have ears. As skirts shortened, too, men also found out that women have something even more interesting to see-knees. It was widely predicted that the new wonder drugs emerging from the laboratory would cure all disease and enable people to live practically forever. You could tell how extensive any crisis or emergency was by the number of women bystanders who swooned in the arms of their escorts. A doctor could win a reputation for excellence by the manner in which he pursed his lips and frowned judiciously while he felt, a patient's pulse. If there was nothing really exciting going on, a guy could walk a few blocks in any direction in most places in the country and manage to see an interesting dog fight. NICKEL TIP REWARDING You could park your hat in an expensive restaurant for a time, and if you left 15 cents the check girl would almost smile her face off in gratitude. A dude was any fellow who had more than two pairs of grey suede spats in his wardrobe. Saloonkeepers knew a customer had had enough when he insisted on walking an imaginary chalkline in the sawdust to prove he was sober. During the First World War, schoolboys did their bit to whip the kaiser by patriotically collecting tin foil from empty cigarette p a c k a g i s tossed into the streets. You could hardly listen to the radio for half an hour, without hearing a song written by Stephen Foster or Irving Berlin. If you shivered unexpectedly, someone was sure to say, "What happened-did a rabbit just run over your grave?" The height of entertainment for a farmer was to drive into town on a Saturday, make his purchases at the feed stole, and spend the rest of the afternoon on a bench outside the county courthouse making learned comments about the weather. A woman showed exasperation by stamping her foot prettily, and a fellow could go years without ever hearing one swear in public. Those were the days-remember? - Wtdntwhy, march 14, W| -THEIITHMIDM HHAIO - 4fl The RUG SHOPPE'S NEW AR CARPET SALE IP? 5% Of All Sales During Our Sale Will Be Donated To The New Arena Building Fund arc a life On The East End Of SALE CONDUCTED WESTMINSTER SHOPPING CENTRE (Cor. 13th St. and 5th Avo. N.) llil HIGH SIERRA SHAG CARPET 100% continuous filament, heat set nylon shag in 10 two tone colors, luxury look and feel at a low price. .99 Reg. 10.50 Sq. Yd. SALE PRICE, Sq. Yd. IND00R-0UTD00R CARPET In Plush Nylon Reg. 5.95 Sq. Yd. SALE PRICE, Sq. Yd. 2 DUP0NT CONTINUOUS FILAMENT NYLON CARPET Sculptured /I Reg 6 50 Sq Yd SALE PRICE, Sq Yd 3 " - - "^l*T SV*s*SnA 12 fair ton* ^JESTSr*??^* m * j Bank Interest Financing Easily Arranged ftjfliY.-'. ri'*v;;.*.�i-i/:-.iu - - --- �^��^�^ ^vlRV W ^���R^ Re^Ri RRRRRi ^RRRRfRR^ RRRRRi ��� pjpjpj k 4 < ;