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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 24, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Moreh Zf 1971 THE IE7HBIW5 Chris Brasher talks about the fcey factors What keeps a man alive and able to survive on mountain top 37 By CHRISTOPHER BRASHER London Observer Service CHRISTOPHER Olympic gold medallist in who turned to climb ing when his running days were talks about survi val factors in the Why did Rene Desmaison sur vive lor three days after his Serge died feet up the Grande Jorasses in the Alps recently The short answer is that he was favored by two out of three most important factors in sur vival age and He the wrong A mans stamina increases with age until he is well into his reach ed the ledge on which the dra ma was played out in better shape than his companion whose age is re ported variously as 24 and Gousseault died on the ledge after three days Desmaison was rescued alive after six They were fighting the same enemies cold and dehy of which in my experi ence cold is the These with downfilled lightweight it is pos sible to withstand extreme cold without indeed without provided that you are protected from the that you ore and that you have enough to The worst danger in the mountains is a combination of wind and wet once your clothes become wet their insu lation can be reduced by any thing up to 90 per cent once the wind penetrates than your previous heat is whipped SERIOUS MISTAKE One of Uw worst mistakes Desmaison and Gousseault made was to be sparing in the amount of fuel they This meant that for several days Desmaisons only liquid came from sucking icicles and is was thus using his own precious body heat to con vert them into water and he was not getting enough and so he was becoming in creasingly He suffered for that The severe frostbite and renal toxicity kidney trouble which put him in Chamonix hospital are both caused by When you become seriously de hydrated your blood becomes thicker and so less able to pen etrate to the extremities which in turn become But Ian an expert British climber ap proaching his 40th birthday and a man who enjoys good reckons that Desmaison had a vital millimetre or two of sub cutaneous fat reserves stored away from years of gracious This the not the gracious living is one of the reasons why women have Youth Column Hold dimension of education WINNIPEG CP The Winnipeg school boards youth reentry a second chance for young people who have given up on the regular secondary has tripled in size since its inception a year Thats an indication of how many people are caught in the limbo between conventional classrooms and adult educa tion with nothing except drugs to turn them The described as a bold dimension of education unlike any other in was set up to allow dropouts who are unable to function in conventional classrooms to continue From its original 15 students Child labor used PHILADELPHIA AP The American Friends Service Com mittee says the child labor situ ation in United States agricul ture compares with the sweat shop scene in In a report here based on a survey of farms in five the Quaker group called agricul ture the third most hazardous indijstry in this and declared children should not be slowed to work in At the very the Quak ers children in agricul tural work should be covered by the laws which pertain to all children who work in hazardous The survey of agriculture in Ohio and the state of Washington last summer found children as young as six years of age work ing on sometimes stooping and crawling in in tense heat for eight to 10 hours a the committees report RECRUITED BY TEACHERS Investigators said they found one county in Maine where chil dren harvest 35 per cent of the potato In Willamette Valley area In investigators school teachers recruited chil dren between the ages of eight and 15 for farm Among 229 children in a Cali fornia study 17 per cent worked more than eight hours a day and 19 per cent were under the report Quaker surveyors estimated 90 to 95 per cent of children be tween 12 and 15 in com and Yakima counties in Washington worked in ITALIANS AHEAD ROT IE AP Italys bal of payments ended 970 i a su pns of million 1 K rcversipc a heavy deficit in The final f lires fnr 1970 wore pub lic by lie Bank of Italy Mon and single teacher t has grown to three teachers and 45 vilh the prospect of doubling in a The school is Jerry its de scribed the reentry program in an article in a recent teach ers Of his stu the former high school English teacher said I am sure that every day there will be someone around who will be just that force who will make the day worth CHOOSE OWN COURSES The program operates in two locations under supervi sion of the Adult Education Centre and in its first year cost more than be spent on the tradi tional ways of dealing with youths it aids proba tion or Most of the students come from broken Almost all have at least experimented with faced the and practically without exception they receive welfare assist They arrive at the school by various by referral from the city welfare depart the Peoples Opportu nity Juvenile Proba tion the Committee Representing Youth Problems and on their own ac At they plan their own courses of set thrir own rules and strictly enforce The school has found most have interests which are either academic or involve social and emphasis at the school is on relating to each Here the intangibles are more important than the tangible said David one of the teachers TAUGHT TO DECIDE What Im concerned about doing the students is get ting them so thevre capable of making individual and group decisions and realizing that there are decisions to be If youve been on welfare for a long you get the attitude that someone else is running your You get The school feels growing he but expansion has two When the group had a lost with But expansion has allowed students more options in their class work and has provided a larger resource pool of ideas and Reentry is Ihe schools original Already eight students have gone on to the Grade 12 preparatory course at the Adult E ducat ion one has joined the adult reentry program and two more plan to enrol at Red Diver Community College in Most of the agencies In volved with the youth reentry program have expressed en thusiasm with its As the cily welfare depart ment puls Ihe program is an exciling alternative lo a desperate cyclical greater capacity for survival than An outstanding example of this sexual inequality occurred in Scotland in December when a party of five experi enced mountaineers four men and one woman were caught in a very high wind and deep snow in a corrie to the west of Ben Alder moun After an epic struggle to reach shelter which was nev er more than three miles away four men The wo man although she stayed for an extra hour or two using her body to try to warm two of the men who bad It is easy to say that women survive longer in such condi tions on they have a thicker layer of subcu taneous but in the moun tains the fat layer is only a small proportion of your in Of course it is impor tant in water as any study of Arctic animals will show the sea animals with their blubber and the land animals with their A more important factor in womens survival was highlight ed by British doctor who for many years treated survival cases among He wrote I believe women from birth to old a more tenacious hold on oth er things being they can better resist cold That could have been writ ten about Over many years in the mountains he has proved how tenacious his hold is on and how well he Is able to withstand He does not have the the personality of the great French climbers of the 1950s and early 1960s Re Lachenal and I spent two or three days in his company in Paris in He left no lasting im yet perhaps it was this quiet withdrawn ity that helped him to The one factor I believe to be crucial in Desmaisons survival nas his Griffith a physiologist who works for the British Medical Research was the physiologist on the 1953 Everest and the man behind much of the research into the altitude problem at the Mexico Olym pic H e is a leading authority on survival and al and says The crux of the matter is exhaustion We know that Gousseault arrived on the ledge far more exhaust ed than We know from case after case that once you get exhausted you are fin We also know that a man in the 40s is liable to have con siderably more stamina and therefore will become less ex hausted than a man in his but we cannot prove it It is the prime unsolved physiolo gical problem in this In July 1961 there was a ter rible bUzzard in the Mont Blanc massif of which the Grandes Jorasses is Two parties of expert three Ital ians and four were caught on a ledge just below the summit of Mont Af ter three nights on a ledge just below the summit of Mont Blanc they decided that their only hope was to descend the dangerous and cated route that it had taken three days to Only three of the seven I do not know the ages o the but I know the ages of the F r e n c h this is the order in which thev died Antoine aped 22 then Robert aged 26 then Pierre aged Of the French only Pi erre Mazeaud He was Now Pierre a member of the French Cham her of is en route for Everest a member of the ex pedition that plans to attack the worlds highest peak by tlia southwest i GIGANTIC SAVIN ON FIRST QUALITY WASH AND WEAR SYNTHETIC NAME BRAND WIGS 3 DAYS ONLY MARQUIS HOTEL I 4th and 7th ROOM 209 MARCH 25ih MARCH 2ifh MARCH 27th 9 to 9 DAILY SPECIAL OFFER 100 Modacrilic Fibre 1000 Assorted 8 100 DYNEL DUTCH BOY With SnapIn Dome For Added Height 100 DYNEL SHAGGY BABY Deluxe Shag With Extra Long Nape 100 DYNEL DELUXE COMBACK Styles Away From Forehead Or CombDown In Wispy Bangs 100 DYNEL WIG FALL HandTied Part Save Now Only 100 DYNEL MICHELLE With Simulated Side Part 26 16 Paramount Wi MARQUIS HOTEL 4th and 7th Room 209 ;