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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 24, 1921, Lethbridge, Alberta FOUK Tiiii iilL THE LETHBHIOOe HERAtO PHINTINQ COMPANY. I lith sueel Stum, Lethsrldot, Alberts proprietors jnd W. A. BUCHANAN JTiShUnt mid MaimE.nt Director JOHN Ucmber Audit 61 Ol SubtcrlDtteit Rattc: Dmllr. per by mail, per by nmU for 6 monttii........ 4 Dtlly by iwul, 5 months........... Wttkly, by per l-W nwL per yenr to U.S... 2.04 THE CITY TAX PROBLEM Tiui search for new means ot ob- taining revenue is a quest in which the city oC together with other cities, is at tlw present time diligently engaeed. For this purpose application has been made to the Pro- vincial'Government for appointing a commission to into the matter taxation in cities, with the view of frttiaiiH a City Act. In aaWng !or this Act the principle laid down that the cities be given' complete control of the lovylns andVcollectioa of cur- rent taies. so that they may dlstri- bute the burden of taxation. Bo far as the principle of spreading the feurdan of taxation throughout the community goes, it is 3ust in it geeks to exact. It is only right that all those who benefit by the convenien- ces whici a modern city gives should pay their quota towards the expendi- ture lor taeas, always, however, bear- ing In mind that those ivho reap the molt benefit should pay most. Tile Idea of. obtaining the necessary license to ICTT taxes ig to overcome difficulty of reliance for taxes on aa mainstays, with the good ar- niiinftnt that In order to raise the ne- cessary revenues, as at present, with tho assessment remaining as it is, the mill rate has to go up, with the con- sequence that property keeps falling Into the the.clty, with a di- minishing of the sources of reveuue and the making the burden of all those who can hold on the heavier. WhUe the cities feel the need of new sources of revenue, to be left to their discretion to be put Into force, as tho asking for a City Act implies, there Is, it has to be admitted, a dan- ger in the proceeding should a city council ba of the kind Inclined to be extravagant In expenditure. There Is every reason to believe that there may follow tho eame evils with a lati- tude allowed for imposing taxes as there have been where the borrowing powers iiave been allowed to bo in- pressed. The matter has therefore to be approacned very warily. For the present at least trie wisest polrcy is to retrench, and to cut the coat of Uio city according to the cloth available. When it is the public mouey there, is the human Inclination to see U spent without reflecting that the burdea must eventually fall on the Individual. Councils which their existence to the popular vote would he iacUned to yield to the temptation of gaining popularity by acceding to the wishes of those who wish to see money spent, and which they fall to recognize that they will have, in the end, to pay. There is something of a safeguard, therefore, in the present policy of cities having to get thci permission of the Legisla- ture for introducing new forms of taxation. In their charters. This, likewise, tends to prevent anything in tha way of freak taxation. However the appointing of a com- mission to go into tha matter of tax- ation will do no harm, and will pos- sibly be of benefit, aud the proposal to appoint an expert may well be re- garded to be of value, provided the right man is available. The findings may be of use in preventing the whole burden of taxation falling on one portion of the community. Meanwhile, the principle laid down in the re-. quest of tho cities that those who have to find the money for other bodies should have a say In the ex- penditure carries considerable argu- ment. to Insurance against unomploymont, and to tho statement "an investi- gation is being conducted by tho Do- j payment of Labor into systems of Unemployment Insurance and Old Ago Mr. (Itlbert E. Jack- son, Assistant Professor of Political Economy Iu the University of To- ronto, contributes an article to the Monetary 'is to the possibilities of unemployment insurance in Can- ada. Ho cites the British system, with tho main principles carried in it, and asks the question "Can a system like' this be developed'in Canada? or (if we aro to have unemployment insur- ance) must we find a different me- thod of approach? Mr. Jackson is of the opinion that sli joars ago a system of unemploy- ment Insurance would have been out of the question, in that it would have been Impossible, in the absence of a network of employment exchanges, to make certain that the worker who was claiming unemployment benefit I was really entitled to it because no" work could be found for him. The development of -a Dominion-wide Em UNEMPLOYMENT .INSURANCE As is well known Great Britain 13 the only country in the world which lias a national system of unemploy- ment insurance. The British system embodies four main principles: (1) The" .worker contributes, as welt as his employer and the thp fund which insures him; only by in- sisting that the worker shall himself havo paid a minimum number of is'it possible to eliminate "had, work-shy and tha claims to receive unemployment benefit are' ad- mitted, bermnt- is paid only to workers who are register- ed employment exchange, and Bo long as it is unable to find em- ployment for them at the current rate of wages; (3) in any cage unemploy- ment benefit Ig paid only for a limit- ed period, after which the worker can sgaln become eligible for benefit oaly by remaining at work until he has lualified ooce more under section 1; jDo Y I workers who aro already Insured unemployment, fur oxttnipl" in certain (ratio unions, may vontvat't mu. of the schema, nnd tiu-ir j unions may be- credited by tho Stnto with tho sums ihie on account of all I members insured them-, industries may also euntrucf nut of the .scheme. anil administer their own Insurance. In view of tho fact Iltat a reference was made in the Speech from tho Throne at the opening of Parliament 1. TODAY'S QUESTIONS "What aro tho ihree of g.ilns to seasssn? 2. What does the word "wife" como from? 3. What are tho doK watches, and why wore they introduced? 4. lu what reigns did the- "Vicar of Bray." in the well known song live? 5. Who was tho author of the say- ins "Nature abhors a 6. Where did Kuropeans first act- ually settle iu Canada? Hop. Walter Hollo WEDENESDAY'S QUESTIONS 1. How did bank notes originate? 2. What was the largest bell 3. it ever in actual use? 4. Why was the Bay of Chalour, on tho tiulf of St. Lawrence, called? 5. Where is the. largest storage dam in the world situated? 6. What is thd aggregate capacity ot the grain elevators of Canada? ANSWERS 1. They originated in tho practice of goldsmiths receiving deposits of money, for winch they gave notes or receipts payable on demand. 2. Tho first bell of Moscow, called thu Great Bell, weighing ISO tons, which, according to the inscription on it.was cast in 1733. was in the earth 103 years and was raised'by tho em- peror Nicholas in 1S36. 3. The. bell seems never to been actually hung, haying h: been ploymeat Service has, however, pro-! or_ Tided the necessary machinery for niver in cracked in the furnace, and it stands on a raised platform in the middle of a square, and is used as a chapel. heat, and named it the Uay of Chal- COSTOFUlGKTOm (ANTS REDUCED 25 PER CENT. Who introduced a Fair Rents bill in the Ontario Legislature, wilch per- mits landlord to increase -his rent only 10% over the amount he receiy. ed prior to January 1st, 1919. this purpose. of the St. Maurice and known as the Gouin dam. 6. Over 220 million bushels. In the matter of information, says Mr. Jackson, we are not so fortunate. One advantage at least was enjoyed] hy the pioneers of. the British system, over all advocates of unemployment insurance elsewhere. Their scheme from the outset rested on a sti actuarial basis. Just as much as insurance, it was founded on calcu- lable risks. Data had been collected by the great trade unions, over a period of sixty years. Their records were at the disposal of the Govern- ment. "With tliese, the determination of rates of contribution and of benefit was possible; and it was reasonably certain from the beginning, that the system was sound financially. In this country we have no such records. 1C organized labor in Canada had paid the same attention as organ- ized lahor in England to the problem of unemployment, it would he pos- sible to calculate from trade union ex- perience a scale ot benefits and pay- ments. But our, trade unions have not as-a rule provided unemployment benefit. Indeed their of initiative in this respect weakens considerably the claim of the spokesmen of labor, that government should adopt insur- ance against unemployment. Their position "would be very much, stronger, if the trade unionist had already been protected in this way, and if they were calling on government merely to develop a system, which labor itseU bad shown to be perfectly feasible. It seems, concludes Mr. Jackson, that there are two constructive possi- bilities to choose between. Eitfeer we must wait for several years, for the completion of our data or we must make plans on a non-actuarial basis. In other words, we ars to have "un- employment insurance" liere and now, we must be prepared for something that, iu the strict sonse of the word, is not insurance at all. H mjght, never- theless, be perfectly Bound financially, and at the same time avoid much of the waafc} and expense involved in our present method of dealing with unemployment. In this case, as in thai of the provincial Workmen's Compen- sation Act, a definite scale of pay- ments might he contrived with a vary- ing assessm-ent; or conceivably, ths State might make a fixed assessment both on workers and employees, .ing into the funds as its own contribu- tion a -varying sum sufficient to meet current charges. The same result would be secured, whatever the me- thod adopted, and few practical men would waute- time in argument about a name. Mr. Jackson gives the Interesting information that in spite o! certain press despatches, there can be no doubt that the proportfnn of workers, who have been out of employment this winter, baa been very much higher in Canada, than in tho British Isles. Thus, in December, 1020, British trade unions reported that 6.1 per per. cent, of their members were out of work. 'Phe reports of Canadian trade unions slinv.-crl that of their members, 13.4 por cent, were unom- ployed. ts from British employ- ers Bhovvfid a contraction iu tho num- ber of workers on '.heir payroll, be- tween. November 20th and Doep.mber ISth of 2.7 per cent. Reports from Canadian employers, far the same period, showed a shrink-ago in the volume of employment in this coun- try, of 7.5 per cetit. Of J British workers enrolled under tha Unemployment Insurance Act of J'jiiO only 5.8 per cent, were unemployed. Quietus On Beer Clause in B. C. Act No One But Vendor Allowed to Sell Beer or Near-Beer Publicly VICTORIA, Mar. a vote of 32 to 12, the legislature this after- noon put the quietus on the now famous beer clause when, in addition to refusing to accept the MacKenzie amendment, designed to raise the lim- it for non-intoxicating liquors from one per cent, alcohol hy weight to two per cent., it dealt near beer its death blow by adopting an amend- ment presented by M. B. Jackson to the effect that no one, other than a government vendor, shall sell or deal in any liquid known described as beer, near beer or hy any nanio what- Will Demonstrate Alberta Cattle To People of Britain Hon. Duncan Marshall Says Al- berta Will Send 50 Head Best Steers Across EDMONTON, Mar. Alberta department of agriculture will make a spectacular demonstration of the mertit of the beet of Alberta right be- fore the British farmers, breeders, butchers and .newspapers in the old country. Next month, or some time in May, the department -will send about fifty of the best steers in the province to 'Britain.. This lot will in- clude University steers which met with so much success in Chicago and at Toronto livestock shows. The lot will oq placed on exhibition in various efft 'tire ways. The announce- ment was in the legislature yes- terday by Kon. Duncan Marshall, minister of ajriculture. The shipment of cattle will he land- ed at Birkenhead. and according to the embargo law may be held 10 dara before slaughter. Their arrival willj be met by newspaper representatives and many interested in the meat sit- uation in Britain. The aim is to da- stroy or counteract the unfair'and dit- lionest propaganda spread abroad in Britain against the value and worth of Canadian cattle. The government will also get a dozen of the best available shorthorn dairy cattle, which they will bring back to the half section owned by the Made in House by Premier Meigheii OTTAWA, Mar. boll to amend tho phraieology of I the railway act In 'certain minor re- was Introduced by II. H. (Stevens, Vancouver Centre, when the house opened this afternoon. H was tlven first reading. Premier Meteh'en also announced (that the government had decided. In of Increased -salaries resulting from re-claesificatict and reductions in the cost of living, to reduce the clrll service bonus for the coming fis- cal year twenty-firs cent. Mr. Molgnen explained that the bonus had been given to meet the ab- normal increase in living costs. Last year it aggregated twelve and a half millions, bringing the total apppropria- tlon for civil service up to Fair Grants J. E. Archanibault, Cnamoly-Ver- cheres, brought up the question of grants by the department ot atrlcul- ture to autumn thows of domestic an- imals and poultry. Present regulations, he said, provided that agricultural so- cieties which have spent a minimum amount of of their own money in the preceding show for the granting of prizes, to a minimum grant ot Mr. Archambault moved that the minimum be reduced to 1500 and that fairs be entitled to two-thirds of the amount expended in the previous year, the two-thirds being given as a grant provided that the amount ex- pended is at least Dr. J. W. Edwards, Prontenac, said country fairs received grants from the respective provincial governments. He argued that the Dominion government should grant dollar for dollar with the provincial government. ever commonly used to describe malt government in Oleiciien. In this way or brewed liquor. I British breeders will see that AI- As a result of a two-hour discussion berta can produce the best beef cat- on the moderation bill, the measure tie, and is a good market for British was got through with and the com- mittee rose reporting1- the bill com- plete with amendments. The next move on the part of those who seek to have beer sold in clubs and hotels will be an amendment pre- sented when the bill eomeE up for ap- proval on report. Then, it is stated, a move will be made to insert a clause permitting beer of a standard strength to be sold, one to tlireo per cent, by weight, or about eight per cent, proof spirits. TABER FORGER DID SOME SLICK WORK (From Our Own Correspondent) TABER, Mar. infdrm- ation concerning Yohn, the man charged with forgery was elicited to. day hy the Herald correspondent, in an interview with Feldt, the Taber farmer whoso signature was imifat- CASE HAS SEQUEL Acquittal of Accused Man is Signal for Community Trouble ST. JOHX, M. B., March comes from Edmundston that tie peo- ple of the town have become divided over the results of the trial there when a jury acquitted William St. Pierre, -who was charged with the ed by Yohn. According to Mr. mlirie'T Stev6n3 on tne nlght he was frequently absent during the 0[ October 11 last. It la. not only the EnglisH-speaking people who are un- able to reconcile their views with the Jury's finding hut many of the French people as well. Friends of the ac- four days Yohn was him and after Yohn's employed by departure a trunk, in which" Hr. Feldt' kept a lot of old cancelled checks was found opened, tho contents overturned, some of the checks torn up and others j quitted man hare carried on a program t J" i ot intimidation since the trial and en out and he believes that m his ab.jhare trlcd t scare th wh evidence against the accused. practice copying the signature. Yohu stated to Peldt one day that his peo- ple lived in Ohio, between the cities of Cleveland and Sandusky. STAPLES WILL LIKELY ACCEPT MEMBERSHIP ON GRAIN PHOBE BOARD WINNIPEG. March D. Staples, reported from Ottawa to be selected for a position on tbe pro- posed commission to inquire into the grain business, said this afternoon that he was not yet In a position to announce his acceptance of the post. He intimated, however, that lie view- ed favorably the proposal. Jamrjs Htewart; chairman of the Canadian wheat boarrl, declined to- day to comment on It haa caused a division in home and shop and in one or two.instances boy- cotts of business firms have resulted. A business man from there says it is no secret that some ven- turing out evenings go armed, prepar- ed to protect themselves if occasion should require it. The man who was freed by the jury has not been guiHy of snaking any talk or threats. The intimidation has come from friends. CAPT. ADAMS OF NAVY DIDN'T MAKE SPEECH ATTRIBUTED TO HIM OTTAWA, Tho March prime (Canadian minister in the his citizenship, brought back hie lost power of ports which j yesterday referred to the state- connect his name with the probable mcnt attributed at Vancouver to Cap- personnel of the proposed commis- 1 tain Adams of the Canadian naval sion to Inquire into tbo train trade, j squadron, that it was time Canada He said lin luid no statement of any stepped Into the breach and assumed kind to make in the matter. her fair share of the naval burden. Col." J- A. Currio, North Sirncoe, asked If, Administration of elhor to Ernest seeing that Captain Adams bad no.t Young, former British rvvintor, detain- made the statement, the gOTernroent ed at Ilostnn pending investigation would see that he was publicly exoner- ated from the rtiluctlons made upon his discretion. Mr. Melgheii remarked that the gov- ernment had been previously asked in the house if it was aware that Cap- tain Adams bad made the alleged statement and reply had been made that the government not aware of the statement having been made. It now appeared from Col. Currle'n question that Captain Adams had not made the statement attributed to him, out there did not-appnar to have any aspersion cast on Captain Adama bj1 the reply previously on ba> government, _., ___ Incidentally the statement of Mr. Jackson upsets the theory held by protectionists that free trade con- tributes to unemployment. A com- parison between free trade Britain and protectionist Canada at least shows that the policy of protection has not alleviated unemployment In tho ratio the open market policy hat In Great DrI-.aS. DRY SQUAD FINDS UTTLE IN CLARESHOLM (Prom Our Own Correspondent) CLARESHOLM, Mar. holm received a call for the first tlmo in history from the Attorney-General's department in tbe shape of four li- quor detectives. The keys of the town were turned over to the visitors but the wet goods that were found after a careful search consisted of about sU dozen ot what was considered'too good beer for the natives of this burg. This is a very poor place for the Attorney-General's men to visit for lard stuff as there is probably less 'iquor handled, even in a legitimate way in Claresholm, than most places of its size in the province. A bootleg- ger is an man that i8 not known here might happen to drift through, and aa for selling liquor over a two per cent bar there never has been such, a, thing. Levl Thompson. thought the principle of tht resolution was good. The rural (airs shouM be aadst- ed In every way Then however, tbonnandi of these throuca- out tbe country aidjt would take a million dollars te provide graata tor all of them, This money net trail- able at tbe present time. J. P. Johnston, Last Mountain, alao opposed the resolution on-the ground of economy. Dr. S. F. Tolmie explained that tbe agriculture department confined its grants largely to later-provincial and j national shows. Tbe small show ap- peared to be more the responsibility of the provincial authority. He did not wish to minimise tbe value of the small show, which waft very largo. He detailed what the department waa doing to aid tbe livestock industry. Mr. Archambault, in closing the de- he thought the ministry would have accepted hte resolution. In withdrawing Ms motion be said he hoped they would be in a better frame of mind when he came back with it next year. Full Supply Dr. Michael Steele, South Perth, moved tbat a special committee of tbe house be appointed to Inquire into the future fuel supply of Canada. Tbe fuel situation, Dr. Steele said, was on< of tbe most important to be faced. Coal was a necessity both in tbe home and in industries. Canada had im- I mense, coal reserves. I Seventy-one per cent of all the coal 'deposits in the British Empire were within the Dominion._ 57 Per Cent Impartid In 1920 Canada had produced tons of bituminous coal and had exported tons, leaving for home consumption. The average cost of production Canada in 1920 bad been 14.65 a ton. In same year we bad Imported 542 tons from the United States. Fif- ty-seven per cent of tbe coal consum- ed in Canada during 1920 was ed. The increase in our coal consum- ed in Canada during 1930 was import- ed. The increase in our coal bill over 1919 was NATIONALISTS TRY TO WRECK SOCIALIST NEWSPAPER IN MILAN MILAN, Mnrch reprisal for tbe explosion of a bomb in the Diana theatre here last night which cansed the death ot 20 persons, the Nation- alist elements attempted to attack the offices of the newspaper Avantl, Soc- ialist organ, but were.repulsed. Tbey succeeded, however, in wrecking and setting fire to two Socialist balls. PICKED UP IN PASSING TOR TBS HOST WAN Toronto nUbM fnn4i to ilfht imaad tin 44-honf Oliver Wright .In a St. Catharines office just tttat Natflan KUpitrlck wu fatally to Jured telling a tree OB a tan la Huntingdon townablp, Members of the British Home o want talltrlM ed to ladlee. England reporti gmeral im proveraent in business and labor con ditlons. Twin boyt, born in GwnTilU, S.C. on March 4, namtd Wilson ani Warran A Wisconsin woman bouuM husband a whiskey still to keep him at Kbme ii now in Jail foi using It. A TJ. S. Chtmint bu psrteeUd ai lndoahen blue dye Bald to wwtoi to German pre-war dyes of tie MBU general tone. harrowing In Acid an Illinois farmer found JSO.MW in notes and securities stolen (Torn I neighboring bank. Maine Hackers are overstocked with and of the free-lunch counter incidental to the closing ot Mrs. Nina was in thi party with Mark Twain, on the tout on which wii based, is dead at Portland, Ore. A Chicago juvenile court offlcei that a boy who to htvlnj neck washed IB criminally inclin- ed, Automobile thefts in Tori State in 1920 totalled valued at Ot these 3.99S were recov- ered. EASTER FOOTWEAR The footwear styles for Spring and Easter showing are numerous and also very most anything that is desired can be found. STRAP SLIPPERS ot various deiigm, iu Suede, Kid, and Patent LaMhtri, are OXFORDS AND BROGUES In Brown The prlcei are more nasoiable than {or lome tltat-and From to pair. WE CARRY THEM IN WIDTHS TO INSURE PROPER FITTING. ASK TO HE FITTED SHOES FOR ALL AOIS W.J. NELSON CO. SHERLOCK BUILDING...... BOWLER NIL1BUK Rat tfSO fir ;