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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 23, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Saturday, March 23, 1974 EDITORIALS Keep the centre The past two weeks have seen a great deal of misinformation, often of an extreme and emotional nature, bandied about concerning the city's Birth Control and Information Centre. Such criticism is not uncommon when a sensitive area of human life becomes part of the public domain, but it also usually points out the need for the very service being crusaded against. What rational person can, for example, as did one critic, rail against birth control and abortion in the same breath? Surely good birth control information is the best means of preventing the latter situation. In any case the real issue at stake at least as far as the community services advisory committee and city council are concerned is the effectiveness of the centre. And here the centre's staff and board can justifiably say they have carried out to the best of their ability the seven original objectives for which the centre received its first year's funding. Workshops have been organized for junior high, senior high, college and university students, a system of medical referrals is working well, and more than individual services of one sort or another have been provided. Undoubtedly mistakes have been made as the centre got its feet wet in its first year of operation. One such mistake was probably the presentation of an outdated (by five months) evaluation to the community services committee, which led to the committee's recommendation to end funding. The centre has been working hard in the last two weeks to rectify this problem and the advisory committee is apparently now willing to tell council its recommendation was based on insufficient information. It should also be recognized that preventive services of any kind are difficult to measure because their chief aim is to eliminate the kinds of statistics by which human misery is measured. Termination of the birth control centre will cut off a project just reaching mid- stride at a time when no other clear alternatives are in sight. ThatPWA application Pacific Western Airlines is stretched to capacity by present demands, according to a recent interview with its president, Donald Watson. Its mainline operations increased last year by 32 per cent, instead of a predicted 18 per cent. According to Watson, PWA is looking for expansion in the Northwest Territories, where interest has been focused by oil exploration and possible road and pipeline construction in the Mackenzie Valley. The airline is also WEEKEND MEDITATION looking at northern British Columbia, where the provincial authorities plan to develop forestry and mining, and it expects to expand in central Alberta as the Syncrude operation gets underway. In the entire published interview in the Financial Post, which outlined PWA's present operations, including cargo and charter flights, there was no mention of expansion in Southern Alberta. The name of Lethbridge was noticeably absent. The law of self-sacrifice Self-sacrifice is the heart of Lent. Few ever learn the utter necessity of self-sacrifice if one is to live truly. It is the way to life and there is no other way. John Morley believed otherwise. He admired the Greeks who taught self-culture, but Jesus held that life only reached its fullness in self-sacrifice. "Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die it abideth alone, but if it die it bringeth forth much fruit." "Whosoever will save his life shall lose it, but whosoever loses his life for my sake, the same shall find it." How many men do you know who believe this? Yet it is obviously true when you reflect on it. The person who tries to hoard his life, cramps and crushes it. He draws in upon Himself, coddles his complaints, restricts the circle of his activities and his friends, cuts off beneficial exercise, stultifies the emotional life, and the muscles of the brain as well as of the body degenerate and decay. You must live the stretch life to be healthy and happy. Walking down a' street in Dublin, John Butler Yeats said to Padraic Colum, "Our liking for people is in inverse ratio to their sense of self- preservation." Export or die is true of human beings as well as of nations. Dowden pointed out this truth in his study of Romeo and Juliet. He points out that Shakespeare did not mean to convey the final impression at the end of the play of hopeless sorrow and tragic defeat. Dowden says, "They loved perfectly. Romeo had attained to manhood. Juliet had suddenly blossomed into heroic womanhood. Through her and through anguish and joy, her lover had emerged from the life of dream to the waking life of truth. Juliet had saved his soul." A story is told by Caroline Macdonald, "the White Angel of who in her own life illustrated the glory of self-sacrifice, in a booklet, A Gentleman in Prison. She found a criminal under sentence of death for an evil life. She gave him a copy of the Gospel of Luke and he read it for want of something else to do. Then he read with fascinated interest until he came to the story of the Cross and Jesus' prayer for his murderers. That broke him. "When I read that prayer Father forgive them, for they know not what they do my heart was pierced as with a five-inch nail." He knew others who had died for their country, but they had cursed their executioners. This was something he had never known. That prayer on the cross for his enemies changed the man's whole nature. In proportion to your losing your life you find it. In proportion to your dying to self you live eternally. Prayer: O Lord, "I lay in dust life's glory dead, and from the ground there blossoms red, Life that shall endless be." F. S. M. Faulty connections By Doug Walker ON THE HILL By R. D. Gruenwald MLA Lethbridge-West "If it's grain or lumber, we don't want it. If it's bigger than a bread box we don't want it, if it can be used about the house, leave it there, if Marchand's responsibility By W. A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator OTTAWA If the Trudeau government had taken office only a few months ago, Jean Marchand's sudden discovery that there is no transportation policy and that the whole sys- tem is in an awful mess would be a reasonable ministerial position. The Trudeau government, however, has been there for six years and Mr. Marchand himself has been minister of transport since soon after the 1972 election. If the whole thing is a mess it is entirely the fault of Mr. Marchand and his colleagues. The messiness of the trans- port system seems to be a re- cent Marchand discovery. There are references to trans-' port in the speech from the throne that opened this session of Parliament less than a month ago but they do not portend the total overhaul of the system that Mr. Marchand's current denunciations call for. The references seem to suggest a tertain number of changes and innovations rather than any total overhaul. Since then, Mr. Marchand has made much of his claim that he lacks authority over the railways. He may well have intended this as a reference to the supervisory powers which the National Transport Act of 1967 transferred from his department to the Canadian Transport Commission. This certainly troubled his predecessor, Don Jamieson. If this is a real problem, how- ever, the Trudeau government has had years in which to cor- rect it and Mr.Marchand has had enough time himself to get on with the job. It simply is not true that the Federal Government lacks the power to control the transport system. It has the basic power to regulate every aspect of inter-provincial transport. For a minister to come along now and say that the government can do nothing about the railways' al- leged reluctance to haul grain, and make provision for hauling it, is an absurdity. Canada is no longer primarily an agricultural country but grain still constitutes one of our most important exports, making a vital contribution not only to the welfare of the Western re- gion but to the nation's balance of payments and ability to finance its imports. The statutory freight rates under which grain is hauled to seaboard have been unpopular with the railways all of our lives. Since they are below economic levels, it is obvious that they must be subsidized, either through cross- subdization from other traffic or directly by government. This in fact has been done. These rates exist. It is out of the question to abolish them if we do not want a real separa- tist movement in Western Canada and so the country and the railways must live with them. It is the government's job to see that they are lived with successfully yet Mr. Marchand professes to be powerless at the same time that he accuses the railways of making no provision to move the increased freight that inevitably came with the great economic growth that has gone on in the last year. If his charges are true, then far from claiming to be pow- erless Mr.Marchand should be using all the Federal Govern- ment's great leverage to ensure that the Canadian Pacific meets its obligations to this country. He should also be using the power of ownership to ensure that the Canadian National does the same thing. His charges constitute a serious indictment of the management of both rail- ways. "it is fair to say that Mr.Marchand's admissions of government failures are getting him an enthusiastic response. He is a man of charm and he possesses great parliamentary skills. There is little doubt that he is one of the three best Par- liamentarians in the present house of Commons, matched only by John Diefenbaker and David Lewis. But charm and ministerial competence are not identical characteristics. If the transport system is the mess Mr.Marchand says it is, a large part of the responsibility lies on his shoulders. All of the rest of the responsibility lies on" the collective shoulders of the Trudeau government. That, and not the personal charm, is the point to remember about a minister. The world hasn't changed By Carl Rowan, syndicated commentator I would be less than honest if I were to say that the demise of the throne speech debate on March 11, 1974 was planned, either by the government or the loyal opposition. However, it was an accident that, in my opinion, is being turned real advantage for all concerned. Before I go further though, I should make it very clear that it was in fact the voting strength of the government members that actually passed the motion that brought the debate on the throne speech to a halt. If I were a committee of one, I am inclined to think that only at the first session of Legislature following a provincial election would we consider spending the better part of two weeks on a debate that had no specific goal or objective. Newly elected MLAs can use this first big chance to "shine" in the Legislature by giving their maiden speech in the Legislature at the time of the first throne speech. Because the government was not prepared to bring in the budget the day after the throne speech debate ended, we proceeded with second reading of bills. Since I have been in the Legislature I have not heard as much good debate on actual legislation as there has been this session. The reason is obvious there was time to study bills, and of course debate them. In the past bills in general have received too 'little attention because most MLAs had pretty well run out of steam by the time the throne speech debate was over, and also after having spent several weeks on budget debate and the estimates. It is important too, to runember that no MLA will be deprived of an opportunity to speak on matters of interest to his constituents because the budget debate allows much latitude for consideration. It would be my recommendation that eventually the government of the day would consider having the throne speech on the day the Legislature opens as at present and possibly have the budget address the following Monday, then proceed with debate on the budget speech only, which would allow a wide range of discussion. Naturally, if this were done it would take considerable planning by the government so as to be prepared for such a procedure. It was fortunate that the government did in fact have several bills ready for introduction very early in the session. No less than 25 bills have received second reading at the time of this writing. To have a throne speech debate for the sake of tradition is insufficient reason for doing so. Letters Welfare no answer When I suggested that those who were going to the shopping centre could get out of the car and walk the rest of the way, Elspeth objected: "The wind is blowing and I just took off my housecoat I mean my kerchief." There was a boot of laughter from the young people in the back. "She's been doing that all Judi said to me, "she even called Keith Dad." "I guess your neural connections are getting a little I remarked sympathetically to Elspeth. she retorted, "it comes from associating with people I could name if need be." said Judi, "if remember the names." she could only "Oi well, tt wasn't loaded anyway. WASHINGTON Maybe we kid ourselves into believing that out of a millenium of human tragedies we finally have learned to cast off the greeds and hatreds which have for so long threatened to blow up this overpeopled, overpolluted planet. Perhaps we are too much a part of the turbulent river of time to be any judge of whether we have learned anything from the mistakes of dead generations. We are so busy thrashing around for survival for food, gasoline, social status that we are the worst possible judges of whether we have gathered a bit of the driftwood of wisdom from the deluge of history. And that is why we all might do well to look at ourselves and our societies through the eyes and the mind of Lt. Hiroo Onoda, who just straggled oat of a Philippine jungle after three decades of waging a war he never admitted had ended. We hear politicians boast about "a generation of and we want to believe that someone has learned something about "the. futility of war." But won't Lt. Onoda be a bit shocked to learn that while he was righting phantoms in the Philippine wilds, people who consider him a colossal dummy were fighting a Korean war, a Vietnam war, a Nigerian civil war, an India Pakistan-Bangladesh war, a Northern Ireland Protestant- Catholic war, assorted wars between the Arabs and Israelis Was experience our best teacher, Lt. Onoda? hapless Japanese soldier just might remember that the attack on Pearl Harbor and Japan's role in his great war were largely inspired by Japan's feelings of economic discrimination, oppression. Well, won't he be amazed to learn that, with the help of the hated enemy, the United States. Japan staged an economic invasion of the automotive capitals of America, the economic centres of Latin America, the whole of Southeast thus did Japan become the third-ranking economic power in the world. Then poor, doubly-confused Hiiro will note that they've been rioting in Indonesia, cursing his Emperor, accusing Japan of grievous economic imperialism. And in Detroit the cries go up, mostly from liberal union leaders, that Uncle Sam must build a moat wide enough or a wall high enough to keep out those Datsuns, Toyotas and other little cars which are the new symbols of "the yellow peril." Speaking of yellow, even after 30 years of jangle equality, Lt. Onoda may recall that racism was rampant in the years leading op to the Second World War. It ondergirded the colonialism that held most of Asia in Europe's grip. And only a fool would deny that racial hostility hastened conflict between Japan and (he United States. Lt. Onoda may say that people have "wised up" when someone tells him that most of Asia and Africa are now out from under the yoke of the British, the French, the Dutch. But he'll soon learn that much of Eastern Europe is still a' colony of the Soviet Union: that the United States remains guilty of grievous colonialism where the Panama Canal is concerned; that the Portuguese cling stupidly to portions of Africa, and that the colonial mentality is still the proudest possession of millions of Colonel Blimps whose hearts belong to the glorious days of empire. Onoda may dimly recall that before war swallowed him up for the better part of his life, people were saying that somehow, if man was not to destroy the human race, the gap between the haves and the have-nots had to be closed. Someone ought to tell Hiroo there was a time during his exile when "foreign aid" was a big deal especially in the United Slates. But it took 15 or 20 years for the politicians to decide that "aid" didn't buy many friends or influence many people. So we're back to the old hard-nosed, dog-eat- dog world where the US. is snarling at (he French and the Germans, both of whom are out to screw the British, of whom are oat to shaft the Jap- anese. And they all say to hell with the poor countries. One really wonders if, from his unique vantage point, Lt. Onoda would conclude that we are a lot smarter than we used to be. I, for one, applaud the efforts of those concerned citizens who have so diligently worked to develop proposals for low-cost, publicly funded day care in Lethbridge. They are responding to a real need in our community. To my knowledge there are over 400 single mothers on welfare in our city. A great many of these have small children, and are unable to work or continue their career training because of the total absence of affordable, accessible day care. Private programs are definitely not meeting the need. These families cannot afford the private fees. Welfare does give them the opportunity to stay home with their children, but it is not sound social policy to force them to do when these mothers decide to work or go to school, they are then forced to secure second or third-rate child care, which is disgraceful. For these and other reasons, over 85 per cent of Albertans indicated strong support for public-funded day care in a recent survey done by the department of health and social development. However, I am ashamed of some people's reaction to this in Lethbridge. First, we have no such centre; second, it appears that the private day care operators are trying to block funding at the city council level. They say that the public programs will compete with them, but surely this is not the case. The public programs are aimed at a large group of families who cannot use private programs. The private operators are suggesting that welfare be asked to subsidize children from low-income families to attend their programs. This is not an answer to the problem, namely that these families are trying to get OFF welfare, welfare. Facts say that: children from families on welfare do worse in school than children from families who have the same income but are not on welfare; children from families on welfare have greater psychiatric impairment; children in day care show increases in I.Q.; children in day care demonstrate much better school adjustment than those who are cared for by sitters; inadequate child care is the biggest reason for single parents having to drop out of career training programs; the welfare cycle is repetitive within families. All these facts point to day care being a preventive service, so we really can't spend too much. If we don't spend dollars on prevention, we'll spend more dollars later on treatment and public support. It costs to support one person on welfare for 40 years. If day care prevents just one ease each year, there is enough money to finance that centre's operation tor three years.... I certainly hope that Lethbridge city council won't be blinded to the needs of its children. J. ANNE BUKOWSKI Lethbridge Citizens should refuse If the garbage charge is to be increased due to the extra bags or barrels of garbage because papers cannot be burned, then I feel the citizens of Lethbridge should refuse to pay it. I have only barrel of paper ashes to be dumped every spring clean-up, as I burn nothing bat papers in it, but I won't be able to keep my garbage down to two cans if I have to also put the bags, cardboard boxes, papers etc., in it. Who is going to keep the model city going, when the little guy can no longer afford to live here because of the repeated tax increases and higher food prices and all the new buildings, like million dollar libraries, fancy complexes, elaborate swimming pools, etc. How about doing one or two things at a time? A FURIOUS TAXPAYER Lethbridge. The Lethbridge Herald SMTihSi S LeibbrJdge. Alberta LETH8RI0GE HEftALO CO. I TO and Second dm Man Registration No. 0012 O.EO MOWERS. Editor and Pubtlfher OONH PJtUWO DONALD R DORAM Managing Editor General Manager BOY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER i Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Manager KENNETH E, BAHWEU Business Manager THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;