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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 23, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta VOL. LXVI - No. 87 Lethbridge Herald LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 1973 PRICE: TEN CENTS THREE SECTIONS - 28 PAGES Wait a minute . . . Rev. Jacob Waldner makes a point with meeting chairman Gordon Campbell VULCAN REMAINS FIRM: 'Hutterites aren't welcome' By RIC SWIHART Herald Staff Writer Vulcan area residents remain fixed in their opposition to communal living and are afraid expansion of Hutterite colonies will lead to the downfall of their community. The message, delivered by David Mitchell, president of the Vulcan Chamberpot Commerce, to a public meeting Thursday night attended by Hutterite leaders and 200 observers, was clear: "At this time, we are not prepared to welcome this group into our midst and in fact will do whatever we can to prevent their establishment in this or any area of Alberta." MORE SESSIONS The meeting, at the University of Lethbridge, was a continuation of talks begun March 16 in Vulcan between chamber representatives and Hutterites designed to settle differences between the communal-living sect and their neighbors in small towns and villages throughout Southern Alberta. The talks are to continue at meetings yet to be scheduled. Many family farmers are afraid that with repeal of the Communal Properties Act March 1, Hutterites will buy up large tracts of prime farm land and threaten their existence. They also complain that �Hutterites do not contribute enough to the local economy. Hutterite leaders have said they want to start two new colonies in the Vulcan area - the Newdale Colony of 141 people, biggest colony in the province, wants to start a colony of 6,000 acres in the northern portion of the County of Vulcan, and the Watcrton Colony wants to start a colony northeast of the Town of Vulcan. ECONOMICS AIRED Wes Fulton, a Vulcan district farmer and insurance agent, started an hour-long discussion on economics at Thursday's meeting when he claimed Hutterite colonies didn't spend their money on a wide enough base rnd use only three or four of the CO businesses in Vulcan. Rev. Jacob Waldner of the OK Colony near Raymond and leader of the Lehreieut group, said his colony spent $251,255 in towns and cities north of Raymond during a recent one-year period. In addition, the colony paid about $24,000 in income tax and fed and clothed 22 families, all on 6,570 acres. Mr. Waldner asked if some of the money spent by the Hutterites in the few businesses didn't "rub off" on tins rest of toe population sooner or later? The Hutterites were asked why they don't allow their children freedom of choice in education. Mr. Waldner said he was "bewildered" by the concern about Hutterite education. He said Hutterite children receive a good education but added that academic education isn't everything. He praised on-the-job training programs on colonies and that much of the essential work, such as mechanics, is done by Hutterite workers. Rev. Mike Hoffer of the Sun-nyside Colony near Warner said it is a lack of religion in the public schools and the universities which is keeping the Hutterite youths out of public education. TIED TO COLONIES Mr. Mitchell, a Vulcan pharmacist, claimed that the Hutterite education system could be tied closely to the ever-expanding Hutterite land purchase program. He claimed that the education system tends to tie the Hutterite youth to the colony. Because of the thus constantly-increasing population, the need is for more farm land. He said this could lead eventually to a monopoly situation, with the Hutterites controlling most of the agricultural land in the province. Logan Tait, a Lethbridge chartered accountant, however pointed out that Hutterites own less than one half of one per cent of the cultivated land in Alberta. He said five corporate farms in the County of 40 Mile, east of Lethbridge, own more land than all the Hutterite colonies together in Alberta. "mmm Opposes expansion . David Mitchell, chamber president Inside 'Don't be Classified .... 18-22 Comics........24 Comment........4 District........3 Family ........ 15 Joan Waterfield 9 Local News .. 13, 14 Markets ...... 17 Sports........10,11 Theatres ...... 0 Travel........25 TV............ 5-9 Weather........2 Workshop '.. .. 27 be so picky, you could LOW TONIGHT 30, eating like them.' HIGH SAT. 50; SUNNY, MILD Crop insurance program extended By GREG McINTYRE - Herald Legislature Bureau EDMONTON - A federal-provincial crop insurance program in Alberta will be TURNER expanded to cover all crops on a voluntary basis and include a court of appeal for complaints under extensive modifications being implemented this year. A report of a special legislative committee on crop insurance and weather modification was tabled in the legislature Thursday by Gordon Stromberg (PC--Cam-- rose), chairman. WONT BUY Opposition rakes B.C. energy bill VICTORIA (CP) - Opposition parties have reacted win indignation to newly-introduced legislation setting up a British Columbia energy commission with wide powers to control prices of petroleum products and a large research capability. Attorney-General Alex Macdo-nald brought in the 47-page Energy Act Thursday, calling it "basically non-contentious" although he admitted the commission was given some "pretty drastic" powers. Social Credit Leader W. A. C. Bennett immediately branded the act the work of "an extreme socialist Waffle group" which was intended to bs used to take over everything in the province. The government will soon be "knocking at everyone's door." Liberal leader David Anderson said it was "probably a good thing to disband the Public Utilities Commission and a case could be made for having such an energy board." "It seams fairly realistic," Mr. Anderson said. . Pat McGeer (L-Vancouver-Point Grey), the Liberal party spokesman on energy policy, called the legislation "another form of dictatorship" so pervading no citizen can escape it. COMPLETE CONTROL It provides "total and complete control over all energy sources, including the telephone company." Dr. McGeer said. "It's bound to affect every individual who picks up a phone, switches on a light or fills the gas tank of his car." "It's unbelievable. There's never been an act as odious as this one in the history of B.C. It makes the land (commission) act by comparison look trivial and it makes Tommy Douglas look like a free enterprise buccaneer." Dr. Scott Wallace (PC-Oak Bay), house leader for the Conservatives, said the legislation provides "tremendous state control over a large segment of industry" which shouldn't be concentrated in the hands of a cabinet appointed-commission. The commission will have up to seven members and will replace the existing, more limited three-man public utilities commission, which controlled telephone rate increase applications, oil and gas pipeline construction applications, cemeteries and crematoria and water utilities. A related Tel c-communications Utilities Act adds to the new commission the authority to control all transmissions by cable, telephone or telegraph by companies which operate within the boundaries of the province. These powers will be largely unused because Okanagan Te'.er phone Co., a wholly-owned B.C. Telephone Co. subsidiary, is about the only company to which they will apply. However, Mr. Macdonald said the powers are intended to pave the way for possible entry by the province into the cable television field, should Ottawa relax its view that it is solely a federal field. The commission will perform research in this area, he said. Another major duty of the commission will be to undertake, at the request of the government, "major research" on energy resources and potential. It will be responsible for "the management, conservation and prudent utilization of energy resources of the province," , according to explanatory notes accompanying the bill. A large part of the bill is devoted to controls on the petroleum industry. The commission will have the powers to hold hearings on oil company price increases, set minimum and maximum levels, and even to order a rollback of price increases. A refinery may be temporarily seized and operated by the .commission if the oil company refuses to furnish an adequate supply of any pstroleum product at the price set by the commission, for as long as necessary to ensure an ample supply reaches the market. iggmg case mastermind sentenced WASHINGTON (AP) - G. Gordon Liddy, 42, described as the mastermind of the Watergate bugging, was sentenced today to serve up to 20 years in prison and pay a $40,000 fine. Liddy was the first of the seven defendants in the bugging case to be sentenced. Another, James W. McCord, 53, told the trial judge in a letter read today that "there was political pressure applied to the defendants to plead guilty and remain silent." S�en and heard About town JPISH and Wildlife stenographers Jean Johnson, Jean Bolokoski, and Betty O'DoanPll scrambling to be the first to sell the new 1973 fishing licence . . . Will Bowns, manager of the Lethbridge Chamber of Commerce for four and one - half years, confessing the reason he was resigning is "because I can't record notes." U.S. frets over Canada trade By PAUL WII1TELAW Herald Washington Bureau WAS II INGTON -President Nixon told Congress Thursday that American dependence on oil and othor raw materials is eclipsing the U.S.-Canadian automobile agreement as a cause of the deteriorating trade balance with Canada. In his International Economic Report, the President noted the U.S. has "had a deteriorating' trade balance with Canada since 1965, in part because of the U.S.-Canadian automobile agreement, but more importantly because we are growing more dependent on Cana- dian oil and other raw materials." Another cause of the current 1.8 billion dollar trade deficit in Canada's favor, the documents notes, has been Canadian pressing "on somo U.S. firms to move (heir production facilities to Canada." In pointing out the growmg effect of oil and other raw material purchases from Canada on the American trade deficit, the president's report shifts the focus of U.S. concern over its trade relations with Canada. Previously, the Nixon administration had stressed that the three main causes of its trade deficit were: the Autopact, spending by American tourists in Canada, and what it sees as an insufficient level of defence purchasing by Canada in ihe United States. The International Economic Report, prepared by White House aide Peter M. Klanigan, also stresses (hat new "ground rules for future investment will have to be worked out between the investing and host countries." It notes that "Canada has submitted legislation to establish a reviewing authority to screen new foreign direct investment in Canada, starting with takeovers of Canadian enterprises." Dr. Hugh Horner, minister of agriculture, told The Herald that 20 of the 23 recommendations in the report will be implemented and most of them have already been acted on. Starting this year the federal government is expected to pay 50 per cent of premiums and the provincial government cover 100 per cent of administrative costs. Currently the federal government pays 25 per cent of .premiums and the provincial government pays 50 per cent of administrative costs. Mr. Stromberg said in an interview that in the last few years more and more farmers were withdrawing from the program because the farmers in Southern Alberta were tending to subsidize farmers in the north where there has been a series of crop losses. MORE ATTRACTIVE "But with some of the new recommendations already in ' effect, the number of contracts were way up last year," he said. About 10,000 farmers currently subscribe to the program and more are expected to join, said Mr. Stromberg as it becomes more attractive. A major new attraction is that regulations have been relaxed making it easier to. collect for hail damage, he said. amend federal parts of the' program is currently before the House of Commons and Dr. Horner said he will introduce a bill in the coming weeks to legislature the remaining provincial responsibilities to put the changes into effect. Provincial changes are likely to be proclaimed by May - and a new seven-member board - under chairman Gordon Sterling, a civil servant-appointed by fall. Air. Sterling is to take up quarters at Three Hills where the crop insurance corporation headquarters will be located- in line with the government's policy to decentralize services. COVERS ALL CROPS Changes will include expanding the insurance program to all areas of Alberta and cover all crops. Currently some areas are excluded because regulations required that a certain percentage of farmers in an area subscribed before the program was offered. In the past crops like hay and corn were excluded. A three-man "adjusting tribunal" is to be created to hear appeals on crop and hail insurance and wildlife damage and to license and inspect insurance adjusters. At present the board of the corporation is the last court of appeal in many instances, said Mr. Stromberg. Regulations covering damage will be relaxed making it easier to collect claims, he said. More attractive crop insurance is required to encourage production - such as the increase in corn that will be required by the new distillery at Lethbridge, said the Camrose MLA. HAIL PROJECT A five-year hail suppression project - estimated to cost about $1 million annually - is to be started which, if successful, will be presented to the farmers of Alberta, said Mr. Stromberg. Farmers will be asked to vote in a plebiscite to establish a hail suppression plan financed 60 per cent by the provincial government and 40 per cent by the farmers. Tlie experimental program will be paid for entirely by government and is expected to show that $20 million annually -represent'^ 10 to 20 per cent of crop loss from hail - can be saved. Changes will also allow special insurance contracts to be designed for irrigated fanning -a more expensive and different kind of farming than dryland production. TAX PLAN By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA - Finance Minister John Turner will'bring his corporate tax cut measure before parliament, without the one-year limitation that the Progressive Conservative party is demanding to ensure its support. Mr. Turner is not happy with the suggestion that has corporate tax cuts for manufacturing and processing industries, expire at the end of 1973, according to sources in the finance department. They say that such a restriction in the length of operation of the tax cuts would render the budgetary measure ineffectual. In the regular cabinet meet* Ing Thursday, it is understood, some ministers suggested that the compromise proposal put forward by Progressive Con-servative Leader Robert Stanfield might be worthy of adoption by the minority government to ensure its survival. However it is very doubtful that the finance minister will go along with any one-year restriction on his corporate tax cut measure. Mr Turner when he introduces his corporate tax cut proposal into parliament will have no one-year restriction on its life. Presumably the official opposition will move an amendment. Mr. Stanfield announced Wednesday that the official opposition will vote in favor of the corporate tax reductions if there is a provision that they expire at the end of this year. The New Democratic Party is not expected to support the Conservative one-year amendment. If the Liberals join with the NDP in voting against the proposed Progressive Conservative amendment the house would then have the budgetary measure before it in the form in which it was spelled out in the budget. Mi*. Turner made it clear in his budget in May, 1972 and again in February, 1973 that there would be no time limit on the suggested reduction from 49 to 40 per cent in the corporate tax rate for firms that qualify. Mr. Turner is known to be thinking in terms of at least five years for the length of time the corporate tax cut would be in effect. It would require much more than just one year to make its beneficial effects felt within the economy, a finance department spokesman said today. Ceasefire marred by charges SAIGON (CP-AP) - The Vietnam ceasefire was marred today by a charge that North Vietnam has established a new missile site in the northwest corner of South Vietnam. There was also a report that 24 refugees were killed and 40 wounded today when Communist forces fired a rocket into a resettlement camp in Chau Loc province, 95 southwest of Saigon. The U.S. made the.missile-site charge and threatened retaliatory action. IRA turns down British plan BELFAST (Reuter) - The Provisional wing of the Irish Repubucan Army rejected Britain's proposals for Northern Ireland today and said it will continue to fight. A statement issued from the headquarters of the Provisional IRA in Dubla aid the IRA cannot accept the British government's white paper which proposed to give Catholics a share in governing Northern Ireland. The statement accused the British Army of continuing to harass the Catholic community in Ulster and of keeping Catholics in prison without trial ;