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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 _ THE UtHBRIOGE HERALD Tliunday, Morch 33, 1'7J 'A special c No smiling matter Judging lJV the mucxl of accord which appears to have followed from the summit mooting between Pivsi- dent Cii'oryi's Pompidou of France am! Prime'jUinister Kclwanl Heath nt .Britain, tlie surprise announcement of a French referendum on Britain's eiitrv into the European Common Market is not a sign of renewed coolness between the two nations. There is not much danger of a negative vote on the referendum. In- dications are that the French people overwhelmingly approve of Britain's entry into the Common Market. Pres- ident Pompidou wants to exploit the referendum as a general vote of con- fidence in his government, which has come into some disfavor recently. Politically innocent as this may be, it is capable of causing quite a bit of mischief for the British govern- ment. Already there is a renewed cry by opponents of entry to have a ref- erendum in Britain. Although it has repeatedly been stated that the mat- ter is to be settled in Parliament, there have been those who have nagged to have it taken to the coun- try. There is enough bad feeling in Britain now without giving people further cause for contending they are being treated arrogantly as the justifiable refusal of a referen- dum will be interpreted by the cri- tics. Although the French referendum is essentially insignificant, it is an ir- ritant. The implication is unavoid- able to any proud Briton: admittance to the European Common Market will be by the grace of France. That is enough to cause some MPs to vote against entry in sheer defiance poor reason for casting such a vole, without doubt, but that's the way human beings too often func- tion. Mr. Pompidou lias obviously made Mr. Heath's job tougher, smiles at the end of the weekend conference notwithstanding. The spectre of controls Politicians are pressing for a fed- eral election. Why they are anxious to seek responsibility for governing the country at this time when there arc so many troubles is mystifying. Nothing but headaches can possibly be in store for those who arc elected on the winning team. Management of tlie economy is un- doubtedly the biggest problem be- cause under it can be subsumed so many other concerns what to do about unemployment; how to cope with the issues raised by automa- tion and technological advance; when to dampen growth to avoid the doom threatened by pollution; why nothing seems to work in the attempt to cure inflation. In the last fewT days both Louis Rasminsky, governor of the Bank of Canada and John Young, chairman of the federal prices and incomes commission, have warned thai infla- tion is still something to be feared. The Trudeau government is being accused of mismanagement of the economy but it is not clear which of its several policies in the past is con- sidered to be at fault. About the only thing that hasn't been tried is the ap- proach of U.S. President Richard Nixon in freezing prices and wages. No party in Canada has yet come ovtt in advocacy of controls. That is understandable in view of (he dif- ficulties that would be encountered in trying to implement controls and the displeasure that would arise on all sides. But it becomes increasing- ly more questionable if direct con- trols can be avoided. Back where it started With Prime Minister Trndeau's an- nouncement that Quebec will be al- lowed to set its own priorities in the payment of family allowances an im- provement in relations between Ot- tawa and Quebec is foreseen. It may even set the tone for a new constitu- tion acceptable to all provinces. Since last September, a group o( Ottawa and Quebec civil servants have argued over these issues which halted last June's constitutional con- ference in Victoria. Quebec wanted to handle family allowances, man- power ccnlres and the upgrading and retraining programs. Following the breakdown of talks due to Quebec's conditions Mr. Hour- assa was made out to be the villain in holding out on these three points. Actually, however, under provision of the BNA Act, welfare is clearly a matter of provincial jurisdiction, and Ottawa has recognized the import- ance of this for decades. That is why the federal government sought the consent of all the provincial govern- ments before entering the old age pension field. The same applies to unemployment insurance benefits. It wasn't until following the vSecond World War that the federal govern- ment began to usurp the provincial welfare field. The climate was fav- orable then to tax rental agree- ments, and growing welfarism forced by unemployment was new in many provinces. Ottawa's explanation for moving into provincial welfare areas was based on the theory that it would ensure minimum uniform national standards. The implication was that the federal government knew belter than local authorities the regional needs and was more able to deal with them than provincial authorities. But Quebec maintains, (and other provinces will likely agree) that con- ditions and needs are not the same in all regions of Canada, and local authorities are more sensitive to local needs than is the administration in distant Ottawa. This doubtless oc- curred to the Fathers of Confedera- tion when they placed responsibility for welfare under provincial control in the first place. In any event, now that Ottawa has handed back provincial responsibility to Quebec in the area of family allow- ances, other provinces may want to follow suit. If this happens it could lead to a broad federal provincial agreement on constitutional matters and pave the way to more provincial autonomy for those who wish it. The open. area lly Wanda Williams f AM thankful that parents do feel they have the right to question open area schools. As a parent I feel T have the right to question them too. As a teacher in Flee t don open area 1 feel t have the right to defend them as well. Since I started to teach in 1032 T have participated in four different types of tra- ditional education as well as the open area instruction. No traditional type proved any hotter than any other although the pendulum swung from a very dictatorial method to a laissez-faire objective; back again to a tightening of stricter control; and then to the other side again to pupil oriented de- velopment. The open area instruction is a special form of pupil oriented development. We don't our children the same as we used to, and we expect them to have spe- cial treatment and that is what we are trying to give them. As far as a study is concerned, Leth- bridge did not go into open area instruc- tion until a comprehensive research in open area was undertaken. If f remember correctly, we were taken to task then, by a non-teaching citixen because we weren't jumping on the new band-wagon along with Calgary, I'M mem ton and Medicine Hat. One criteria that we gave consideration was that of Dr. Hunter, a foremost edu- Premier W.A.C. Bennett cries havoc yiCTOKIA, B.C. The last survivor uf a pol i t i c a I generation is now preparing for what mny be his last elec- tion. After nearly 20 years of power, Uritish Columbia's in- ilestmctiblc Premier W. A. C. Bcimctt takes another term for granted ;uui assumes that the "Good Life" of his province will bo secure so long ns ho manages it. fint be is deeply worried about Ihc Future of the nation, as mismanaged, in his opinion, by Prime Minister Pi- erre Trudeau. To rescue Canada from tlie clutches of its Liberal govern- ment Mr. IlraneU will play a vigorous but unusual pail in (his year's federal election, and liis own. He intends to support "any candidate that lias the best" cliance of beating the Tru- tleau regardless of party labels, anywhere in tlw nation. cator in California. She gave statistics to prove that while the grade score averages were no greater in the open than in the traditional school, the pupils in the open area were far better equipped to meet the obligations of growing up. Again, we have run the gamut of teach- ing reading many different ways and the last word on the superiority of reading in- struction is that no method is depends entirely on the enthusiasm of the teacher. Similarly I am definitely of the opinion that if you have a strong group of en- thusiastic teachers in any method of teach- ing, you'll have a happy group of students working towards definite goals. As far as objectives are concerned I'll bet a good many of our questioning par- ents haven't heard of the present drive for objectives by our central office staff. My suggestion would be to let one school in the city stay strictly traditional and par- ents who feel that that is the method for any one or all of their children, should send them to that school (using their own transportation, of With a choice of cither (ami I am anticipating no particu- lar rush back to the traditional type even though it may be a better choice for some fitudentsf parents could satisfy themselves lhat they were doing the hest by their children. Heal Caouctt o's Cred HJstcs in Quebec already Iiavo re- ceived Mr. Bennett's paternal blessing. He has also endorsed a candidate of Paid Hellycr's Action Canada i n V ancou vcr and looks around for others worthy of his imprimatur. As a former Conservative himself, lie is expected to back some of Robert Stanfield's candidates, if they have any chance of suc- cess, Convinced that no party can win a majority in the next Par- li a mcnt, Mr. Benn ett hopes that the Literals will be unable even to maintain a minority government. What sort of gov- ernment will emerge from such a state of political chaos he does not predict. It will be sufficient, for the time being, if Ir. Trudc au is destroyed. After that, apparently, the pie ces can be put together somehow, with Mr. Bennett's disinterested help. A religious man of strict liv- ing habits, he is a good hater, too, and his hatred of Mr. Tm- denu, as a public figure, has become something of an obses- sion, though be would say that there is nothing iiersonal in it. lie attacks the federal govern- ment for its favoritism to Que- bec, its neglect of the western provinces and cs pecial ly i t s mean treatment of British Co- lumbia, "a goblet to bo drain- ed." He feels no antipathy to- ward the French Canadian people, lie says, but blames them for their own economic troubles, argues that Quebec is a naturally "have" prov- ince and proposes to challenge the legality of tlie present fed- eral equalization grants in ttie courts. While he has never been a Social Creditor, except in name, Mr. Bennett believes that the federal government has damaged the whole nation- al economy by discouraging in- vestment in places like British Columbia where it can suc- ceed. He recently advised Mr. Trudeau, by telegram, to re- duce interest rates, not only to encourage sound, durable in- vestment but to discourage an excessive inflow of speculative foreign capital which keeps the Canadian dollar overpriced and thus retards exports from British Columbia's great forest and mineral industries. What Mr. Benne tt re al ly thinks about a much larger problem, the future relations between tlie two Canadian cul- tures, has never been clear to tiie British Columbia people but Mr. Trudeau has inter- preted H, in a moment of an- ger, as bigotry against Que- bec. Mr. Bennett's prompt re- Nero fuddle-Huddles while the opposition burns ply was lo demand Mr. Tnj- dean's resignation for using profanity in Parliament. Beliind this ugly feud some- thing deeper is detected by Allan Folhcringham, tlie wide- ly-read columnist oE the Van- couver Sun, who knows Mr. Bennett well. According to Mr. Fotheringham, the premier ex- pects Quebec lo withdraw from Conf cdcrat ion one of these days and therefore regards iho cultural clash as a temporary problem. The premier has not bother- ed lo deny this startling re- port. With two elections on his hands, he can spare little time for iiis critics. Which election will come first, the federal or the provincial, is his secret. The opposition New Democrat- ic Party in the provincial leg- islature suspects that he may dissolve it at any moment and po to the country' in advance of the Trudeau government, once lis knows the date of the fed- eral poll. But if he anticipates a Liberal defeat, he may prefer to delay his own election until his arch-enemy in Ottawa has en d c s Iroyed and a com- pletely new political situation created. Then, perhaps, he would have some real leverage in national affairs. For the present Mr. Bennett Js not discussing these pos- sibilities. Smiling, as always, between his bitter attacks on Mr. Trudeau, he says only that his eighth election will come at the proper season but its prep- arations are visibly under way. He expects to win it as he won the seventh, in August 19G9, though it may not be so easy this year the Social Credit government faces grave difficulties in the approaching summer of industrial strife. Last time Mr. Bennelt won an increased majority by claiming that he alone coidd save Brit- ish Columbia from the "Marx- Ian socialism1' of (lie NDP and ho seems likely to repeat his familiar slrategy. In fedoraI poiitics, however, his strategy has changed. Tak- ing office here in 1952, he at- tempted to make Social Credit a national party and carried its message from coast to coast, with total failure. Now he will be satisfied if his friend, Mr. Caouettc, does well in Quebec and his enemy, Mr. Trudeau, does badly everywhere. But all these calculations, and Mr. Bennett's cry of havoc, are short-run because he is mortal and old, his government lives almost entirely on his peculiar genius; and when he leaves who can hope to fill the- vac- uum? (Herald Special Service) Dave Humphreys Commonwealth aid being planned for Bangladesh 1 ONDON Commonwealth aid to help its newest member, struggling young Bangladesh build itself up from the ravages of war is now being planned on an im- mediate and long-term basis. The Canadian managing direc- tor of the Commonwealth Fund i or Technical Co-operation, George Kidd, has returned from a week in Dacca where he surveyed conditions and dis- cussed aid possibilities with of- ficials. Specific projects are being considered at the Common- wealth's London headquarters. One is a study of (ratio diversi- fication for the country dan- gerously dependent on jute ex- ports. A second is a transporta- tion planning project which may form part of the massive national rehabilitation effort. The third area is manpower retraining for war victims. Mr. Kidd was reluctant to comment on reports in British newspapers that tlie present international a i d effort, par- ticularly of private charity, is a mess. These are to the effect lhat the one thing desperately needs is cash. In- stead, blankets and drugs, al- ready in adequate supply, have been pouring in Foreigners, Mr. Kidd said, are indeed everywhere. And the country i.s, somewhat dis- concertingly, still in a state of euphoria. Soon this will have to give way to a solid campaign of reconstruction, As it happens, the Common- wealth, although even nmv a late starter in the internation- al effort, has every reason lo emerge as one of the quiet but most effective contributors. By the nature of things, Com- monwealth aid will include ft major sfmre of Canadian mon- ey and, quite likely, personnel. The fund is completing only its first year of operation under Mr. Kidfl. Tt was established at the Singapore Commonwealth conference on a Onnncium ini- tiative. Prime Minister Trii- tlcau pledged a year, or 40 per cent of tlie total fund if contributions fell below In its first year contribu- tions totalled about million which will he doubled, it is hoped, in the second year. This is peanuts in the aid field. Hut the impact of projects is far ahead of cash spent. Already 100 projects are in some stage of development. "In our first year the whole program was just exploded" said an enthusiastic Mr. Kidd, looking ahead to the possibil- ity of 200 projects, The entire staff is about 20, including four specialists who may actually carry out projects in the field. They are an economist, a stat- istician, a lawyer and a tax accountant. These four are Mr. KtdcTs brigade" experts who fly out to assess an urgent re- quest for assistance. Whopping headaches .T re encountered here hy Mr. Kidd and his staff, assessing the merits of re- quests rind deciding on deploy- ment of limited resources. Just in time to meet the im- pact of the European Common Market on developing mem- bers, the fund's scope was ex- panded last autumn. To its existing roles in technical assistance and education was added export market develop- ment. Small countries with op- tions to take up associate ar- rangements with the Common Market are facing decisions of national historical importance, not always with the expertise at hand. Under the export-assistance umbrella, the fund has been going lo the rescue. A study has been completed for Gam- bia, One for Fiji is under way and several others are in the pipeline. They will help the country decide which of sev- eral options to take towards the Common Market. A trade seminar is being arranged for Caribbean members, with a Canadian university providing administration and expertise. This means of using existing members' institutions is some- times favored for efficiency reasons. The Bangladesh projects will follow the usual pattern identification of a specific need, expert study, and finally a report to the government. Apart from its strong Cana- dian support there are two sig- nificant aspects to this fund. It is multilateral, A number of countries (there are 29 sup- porters now, with Canada, Brit- ain and New Zealand, the big spenders) chip in to chan- nel aid through an agency. This has been less popular than bi- lateral aid, where one country simply aids another directly. Commonwealth-style aid has the virtue of builcling up the developing countries and their institutions. Therein lies a problem. What. Ghanaian stu- dent would prefer to attend university in Ghana under multilateral aid, for instance, rather than Oxford, or, for that matter the University of Man- itoba, under a bilateral scheme Looking Tlirnugli The Herald Lease on life for lice by Oakley AN unexpected guest has joined the back-to-natiire or do-your-own-thing or com- mune movement. According to the American ft hi scum of Natural History in New York, human lice, almost eradicated hy DDT powders de- veloped during The Second World War, are now staging a comeback as a result of com- munal living among young peo- ple with low standards of hy- giene. The museum even built an "Exhibit of the Month" around n wax model of Pechculus hu- manus corporus, the common body louse. And as it does with other primitive tribal groups, the museum has recreated a communal living scene, com- plete with used dirty blankets and community hair- brush. By no means are all commu- nal groups lice-prone, the mu- seum hastens to assure. If members maintain ordinary standards of personal groom- ing and hygiene, lice are not likely lo appear. But when these standards are allowed to lapse. Mr. Louse and all his relatives join the group, bring- ing along a number of unplea- sant diseases. Aquarius, the Water Bearer, needs a bath. So They Say One of the strange things of life in the modern world, you must remember, is lhat (hero arc some people who like to be colonies of Great Britain. Alec Douglas-Home, British foreign .secretary, following talks with Spain on the future of Gibraltar, IQI2 Postmaster Iliginboth- am of Lclhbridgc Is always looking for means of improving the service and his latest addi- tion to the facilities for serving the public is a number of par- cel boxes to be placed on street corners, 1922 On Friday evening the students of grade XI of the Lethhridge High School will pre- sent "La Poudrc Aux Yens'1 in English at the Central School between Ghana and Britain or Canada? Mr. KEdil said the commis- sion on international aid head- ed by former Prime Minister Pearson "has brought multi- lateral aid into good order and has helped considerably." Can- ada has raised the proportion of its aid going from about 15 to 25 per cent, the Pearson recommendation. Mr. Kidd also places impor- tance on the participation of developing countries. "If only the developed countries contri- buted it would be not nearly so important.'' The fund is taking shape as a significant partner- ship between the rich and poor. In the aid field it is about as far from doling out money as you can get, Rather, a litlle money is spent where a spe- cific lack of expertise dcmon- strably exists. (Her.ihl London Bureau) backward lfl.12 Under a new re- placing Die gasoline tax, every purchaser of fuel oil alias gaso- line, for lus own use is re- quired to pay a tax of 5 cents per gallon, 1912 For the first time since the street railway system w as es t abl i shed here and that.'s gcing back more than 30 the municipally own- ed utilities went on a paying basis last month. 1932 This year's style iu wedding gowns is ballet length, with short veils. Tlie Letlibridge Herald 503 7th St, S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBIUDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A, BUCHANAN Second Clans Matt Registration No, 0013 Member cf The Canadian and me Canadian Daily Newscawr Publishers' Association and fhe Audif of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Wanting ETeMor Edilor ROY H 'AILFS DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager fidilorial Parfo Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;