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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 23, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta nit UTHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, Maith 23, 1970 Westt' 'Canada Corporation' A Top Issue Again Knocking Kierans Knocking 1'oslimister-General Eric Kierans fur his handling of the post office seems lo be justified in view of the almost perpetual crisis that exists. But assigning him all the blame is surely unfair. It should be remembered that the consulting firm Kates, Peat, Mar- wick and Co., which was commis- sioned by the government to study the department, made criticisms which clearly indicate that -Mr. Kier- ans inherited many serious problems when he became Postmaster-General. They were problems which were al- lowed to develop through years of neglect. .Mr. Kierans may have exacerbat- ed some of the problems in his de- partment because of his hard-nosed approach to them. Yet such an ap- proach may be the only way of hop- ing to correct the things that are wrong. Dalliance would only allow matters to get into a worse state with even greater disruptions being inevitable. There have been calls for the res- ignation of Mr. Kierans. He might be more than willing to be relieved of his headaches although there are no outward signs that he wants to give up on the job; Unless it is deem- ed that he has done the necessary initial work that could be followed up by another man, there does not seem to bo much to be gained from reliev- ing Mr. Kierans of his post. One of the causes of the sickness in the post office as pointed out by the con- sultants is that there have been too many postmasters general in the last few years. Another change could make matters even worse I nan they are now. Saving Mr. Kierans, of course, is not the prime consideration. What is important is to have a good postal service. If there is someone who can bring this about belter than Mr. Kierans he should be speedily sub- stituted. ivn'AWA There will be grinding debates inside the cabir.ct and fee Liberal parly in the next two months as the government decides the final form of the Canada Develop- ment Corporation. Ihe basic issue to be settled is whether Ihe new corporation will be primarily a means of channeling capital to Canadism businessmen lo help them com- pete with foreigners, or an ac- tive instrument for directing national development. This raises ideological issues which are never far below the calm surface of the Liberal party and which can, in a politi- cal slorm, rip its unity to pieces. Tlic Pearson government ran full tilt onto Iliese rocks when it tried lo tackle the problem of foreign ownership, and was never fully seaworthy again. Prime Minister Pierre Klliott Trudeau lias managed' EO far lo navigate around Ihe rocks, but may now be forced to choose his'course lo Left or Hight. The development corporation was first conceived by former minislcr Walter Cordon as part of his IKi package of policies to counter the steady take-over of Canadian business and resources by U.S. capital. It was to mobilize Ca- nadian cap'ital as an alternative to the growing foreign invest- ment. But when "other policies in the package proved defeclive, and the government barely survived the ensuing crisis, Ibe corpor- ation was hastily hidden at the bottom of Ihe list of pending legislation. There it has lain for almost seven years, a grim reminder of the hitler divisions in the Pearson cabinet over economic nationalism. Now, willi the new national" concern over1 foreign invest- ment, the corporation has risen again lo a place high or the Trii'leau government's list of long lisl, true, hut all the legislation can be pre- sented to Parliament before the June adjournment, even if it cannot he passed into law. The trouble now is that the details of Ihe original corpora- tion plan have been largely for- gollen, and even' Liberal has his own idea on what is meant by a development corporation. Gordon proposed a billion enterprise, in which he expect- ed hundreds of thousands of Canadians to invest a few dol- lars, for profit and national pride. H was to be managed by businessmen to buy companies which, otherwise would be sold lo foreigners, buy back com- panies already owned by for- eigners, and launch new large scale developments. Difficult questions about this scheme have never been con- vincingly answered and they are now rising again to puzzle anoihcr cabinet. Could Ihe government lend its prestige by launching Ihe corporation and invilc Cana- dians lo buy shares without, in effect, guaranteeing the invest- ors against losses? If Ihe corporation wci'e caughl in a conflict between preserving Canadian ownersliip and turning a profit on invest- ed capital, which principle would prevail? ff, for example, the corporation owned a largo Frustrated Fedayeen Arab terrorist altacks against Is- rael in places far removed from Is- rael may be the result of their being foiled iii Israel. The fedayeon seem to be putting bombs in FAiropean planes carrying Israelis because they have not heen able to get at their enomy otherwise. Terrorism within Israel's borders lias virtually ceased astonishing as that may seem. There are :iOO.OOO or so Arabs who remained in the country after the 1948 war of inde- pendence and in the formerly Jordanian land who might seem logi- cally to pose a serious threat to the internal security of the country. Undoubtedly the Israeli Arabs are sympathetic to the Palestinian com- mandos. They would seem to pose a subversive threat of considerable magnitude since they often speak He- brew, know the country, and are able to move about freely. But they refuse to co-operate with tiie fedayeen. Reporters in'Amman used to hear the guerrillas boast of how they would cross the river and disappear, like fish swimming to the sea among their "mother Arabs in Israel. This has not transpired because the first West Bankers who provided shelter were immediately punished their houses were blown up. These were tlraconian measures hul obviously Ihey were effective. In Le- banon and Jordan the Palestinian commandos are a grave menace while in Israeli territories they have been reduced to a manageable head- ache. The fedayeen, foiled in Israel, are creating more trouble for other Arabs and lately for Europeans than for the enemy against whom they are ostensibly organized. This is irony of immense and tragic proportions. Revolution Brewing Revolution may be brewing in Ethiopia. Tins may sound incredible in view of that country's long history of stability. It is Africa's oldest in- dependent state; its capital is the seat of the Organization of African Unity, the UN Economic Commis- sion for Africa, and the African International Labor Organization; and its Emperor Haile Selassie is the grand old man of African poli- tics. Yet Ethiopia's stability is really the cause of revolutionary stirrings because that stability is stagnation. In effect, Ethiopia is a medieval country in which fiO per cent of the cultivable land is owned in nearly equal parts by the emperor, the feudal lords and the Coptic church. The poverty in Ethiopia is just about the worst on the whole poverty- stricken continent. Should the stirrings throughout the rest of the continent bypass Ethiopia it would be strange indeed. Discon- tent with a low estate, virulent else- where, is bound lo he infecting at least some sections of the populace in Ethiopia. As elsewhere throughout (lie world it is the students who are expressing most of the revolutionary sentiment to be found in the country. They are on strike at Ihe moment and one of their demands is for a change of government. Revolution is mostly talk at present because the students have no popular hacking. But they might, foment something perhaps in the army where many coups in Africa originate. Ethiopia's army is very large for a small and poor country. .Second only to Nigeria's army, it absorbs half the nation's budget. A force so securely ensconced in a privileged position may not appear likely to engage in revolutionary activity. But there have been attempted coups in the past so nothing is unthinkable. Tiie students may eventually suc- ceed in arousing people from apathy. If they do not wish to do it the slow way they could join the army and follow the lead given by officers in other countries in their part of the world. Even without resorting to such a tactic, observers are not counting out the possibility of stu- dent led revolution in Ethiopia. The enemy is not the vulgar bigot. Instead, it is the gcnlle white person who speaks the rhetoric of equality but has not the slightest idea what the words mean We must help the while man realize that the black man's rights are not something lo be arc already C. Berry, executive director of the Chicago Urban League. Ladies9 By Atmljn Anderson, Herald Family Page Editor I ADIES page arc two words to send shivers Hie spine of any modern ncwshcn. Ladies pages go back a decade or so before my lime ar.d the designa- tion lasted even through the rr.orc common title of "women's page1'. I like lo think of (he change in terms as a firmer grip wilh the realities of life. Wo- men are just women, and do not alwuys act in accordance wilh what our grand- mothers thought to be ladylike. My maternal grandmother, lor in.slar.t-e, sure thai I would come lo no good end while I was still at Ihe lender age of live because I loved to whistle. Whistling, you see. wasn't considered to be a lady- like occupation. deflecting back upon my grarcimolhcr's Erudite opinions, it's clear she would disapproved of the circumstances of news- paper life ar.d thus consider her decree 03 whistling to be correct. With Ihe women in pro- fessional, business labor liclds, even the title of women's p.'igc is a misnomer. A woman's page includes social notes, meeting no'.iccs, weddings, engagement, uho's in town, out of lov.n, ar.d all Ihe ptrlincnl, ar.d not so pertinent, details Ino latest lea. plus the three fashion, and furnishings. readers were no longer salisfied uith the W page. They wanted informa- tion and in depth reading in law, medi- cine, business practice. As the pages open- ed up, so did the readership. Men were reading about women, and taking in hints on food and their emu peacock fashion.1. After remarking that he never read wo- men's pages, one acquaintance (tuned lo comment on a picture he had noted in the paper. With as much tact and lack of "I told yoj so" he was informed thai it seem- ed IK did, a! least onrc, read the women's page. Th'j.s evolved from the reeds of the read- er Ihe fnmily living page with ample space (or youth news and aclivilies from the ele- mentary schools. The Family Living mast- head has replaced the For and About Wo- men, and women's editors (olded their v.hite gloves put away Ibcir adjectives and quietly but thankfully edged o'.U of scene. The forrr.a] ball, the leas, the weddings are still part of a newspaper's public ser- vice, hul hard news abortion, and lack of, drugs, birth conlrol, rights arc ,-in obligation any newspaper is anxious l'i fulfill. 13 bf i cad by, wome.i. and the interested and informed youth o( today. Canadian company which was losing money and then re- ceived a good offer lo buy from ;i foreigner, where would the duty of Ihe directors lie? As president of the Montreal Stock Exchange in ISM, Eric Kierans played a leading part in destroying G o r d o n' s pro- gram. Tcday he is communica- tions minister and belieres it would be a great mistake for the corporation to sell shares to Ihe public or to become own- er and controller of any Cana- dian business. Kierans suggests Ihal Uie cor- poration should use govern- ment funds lo buy secured lionds in Canadian enterprises needing capital. The private owners would put up the risk capital, conlrol Ihe company and take the profits. But should government lax Canadians, including corpora- tions, to raise money for the coifxjralion lo lentl to other Ca- nadians for business purposes, with no degree of conlrol or slrirc in the profils? In the era of giant corpora- linns, drawing on vast finan- cial and managerial resources and opcraling across national borders, some Liberal Hunkers see Ihe corporation as Canada's best chance lo compete wilh U.S. companies. They would like to sec the government pro- vide I lie framewoik and the in- ilial finances to mobilize money and talent to give Canada a chance in the big league ot world business. This would mean direct state intervention in business, and w o 111 d nol Ije acceptable to more conservative Liberals who still put Ihc-ir failh in free en- terprise. The New Democratic Parly, meanwhile, lias appropriated Ihe corporation idea, and writ- ten a radical version into its own program. It would require all financial institutions and corporations to put part of llieir resources into Canada Develop- ment Corporation bonds, and the development corporation would be an agent of govern- ment, directing investment, ex- panding public ownersliip, aid- ing regional development, or- ganizing mergers of small busi- ness into large, efficient units, and providing scientific, techno- logical and managerial exper- tise lo privale industry. As the Liberal party often re- sponds to pressure from the Left by taking over some of Hie N'DP's ideas, it is reason- able (hat some Liberals will as- sociate themselves with this concept of the Canada Develop- ment Corporation. When Gordon first proposed his corporation seven years ago, it was considered dangerously radical and wa; bitterly attack- ed by p r i v a t-e business inter- ests. Today, the Got'don blue- print looks mild in comparison with some alternatives. (Toronlo Slar Syndicate) Colin Cross Could Washington Liberals Defeat The ABM? WASHINGTON1 If it works properly, an anti-ballistic missile can streak up into Ihe stratosphere ar.d destroy any incoming enemy missile wilh a nuclear explosion. Aiming and timing must be exact the op- eration is more complicated than getting a m a n on the moon and the cost is astron- omical. Estimates for even a limiled program run from 000 million upwards. This remarkable weapon is the object of a lensc political battle in Washington which could well in the first-over major defeat of Ihc American "military-industrial the name given by President Eisenhower lo the combination of Ihe Penlagon generals wilh the arms manufacturers which, since 1345, has been a dominant lorco in American politics. President Nixon, inter- estingly, is lending lo keep cut of this battle as far as he can. Approval of the first stage of the missile squeezed through the Senate by a majority of only one last August after 26 days of debate, the longest on any defence subject since 1915. Now at least two mem- bers who then voted [or it, Sen- ators John Pastor? and Henry Jackson, have made kr.own their opposition to Ihe limited second stage (he de- partment is now proposing. Torrents c( propaganda pour out from both sides. According to Ihe Pentagon, Russian production of missiles is so profuse lhat by the mid- 1070s the Soviet Union could completely outclass Ihe United States in nuclear power. One quick Itussinn slrike could wipe out America's land-based mis- siles. Thus, the first stage of the ABM program as approved last year was to provide pro- tection for American missile "itcs in remote areas in Mon- tana and North Dakota, The sec- The Ice Age Cometh 1 roin 'fhr Milwaukee Journal (JETTING through a IF Wisconsin winter weren't enough to worry abo'.il, some rneierologisls are now saying lhat we're on Ihe threshold of a new ice age. In the last M jears, (he world's average tem- perature has dropped by ncaily a degree. t( (he trend continues the ice age will slarl in Ihe year 2210. The Itst or.e ended about 000 years ago. v.ilh Ihe glaciers finally retreating from this part of (he world and making our climalc habitable, except dur- ing December, January, Fein riiary, -March and sometimes April and May. Murray Mitchell,