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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 23, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta it �l - it it I I 1: !. i _c 1^ "~t VOLUME XI. LETUBRIDGE. ALBERTA. SATCHDAY, MAHCH 23, 1918 NUMBER 8 ***** BRITISH HOLDING UP UNDER TERRIFIC GERMAN ermans Break Through British Line St. Quentin, Defenders Holding Them Bulletins Tonight The Herald leased wire will bo open from teven o'clock this evening to receive bulletins on the war situation. Bulletins on the Stanley cup hockey games will also be received. The**'will be posted at the Herald Office. "J D. Marshall Predicts Big Influx Farmers-Reviews Work of His Dept. WILL GIVE SILOS TO FARMERS OF THE PROVINCE AT COST Terrific German Onslaught Results in British Withdrawal to Stronger Positions-Germans Claim 16,000 Prisoners Germans Capture Village But are Later Ejected Huns Sacrifice Stupendous Number of Men. Huns Have Shelled STORM Paris (Rpoclnl To tTie TTcralil) Edmonton, .Mar. 2'.\.-Declaring that the fanning population of Alberta would increase at a tremendous rale after the war and that therefore the province should in every way lie prepared for the immigration which would come from the eastern province", and | the old country, IIou. Duncan Marshall, minister of - agriculture speaking Friday night in the legislature' in the de-hate on the budget reviewed tho activities of the department over which he presides. "It seems to me,1' he said, "that the proposition of settling tho men on the land will have to he settled in Western Canada, and the manufacturing problems seKied in Eastern Canada where they havo established industries. It. Is to my mind a mistaken policy of business to create industries before their time, and there must be some comprehensive policy by which we will got the railway lands, and have these men settled in every section alon^ tli� railway lines." 11. H. Crawford, of the opposition, beginning with the preface that ho did not want to criticize in any partisan Spirit said that the premier seemed to bo very sincere when ho fipokc of economy. Economy had also been urged, said tho provincial treasurer, and he agreed I in, view of tho war obligations, in order ' to provide for the men overseas that �nvery economy should be exercised. Bin a perusal of the public accounts showed that the government had not yet realized what economy meant. He contended that the increased production of the provinces did not mean that tho people were prepared for increased taxation, consequent on the extravagant inothods of tho government. In this connection he commented upon the fact that there was a deficit on Hie operation oi: 41 he demonstration farms during 1017 of $22,2+2, and asked if the ordinary farmer could carry on under such conditions. He urged that the farms should bo conducted and managed in hucU a way I hat the people of the province interested in agriculture would be able 10 havo a thorough knowledge of their condition from a financial standpoint. Discussing the question of increased | production he claimed that it was bo-1 cause of tho aid rendered the farmers by the Federal government four years ago that they were now in a position to answer the- patriotic cull. On the question of increased salaries lie said he was prepared to support increases because he believed many employed by the government at tho* present time were not. receiving a living wage. But the government was burdened with a number of other employees that could he well eliminated, employees who had time to tako part in election campaigns, and attend conventions. Admitting that borrowing would be e necessity ho insisted on the importance of having a sinking fund in connection with the telephone system. J. G. Turgeon said although economy �was tho cry of the opposition, be would remind thorn that tho premier announced economy as the watchword until tho war was finished in order to be prepared for the repatriation of the soldiers, and further that a million dollars loan had been floated for the people of the province at G per cent &>u\ thai, (he average rate of interest the administration was forced to pay was either CO or G.5 per cent in spite j of the fact lhat the Dominion govern-' mcnt with all the resources of Canada a', its back had to pay something like 7::4 on a Joan of 01m million floated in the V. S. How did that, support the charge of extravagance, and want of Jo Man's Land, after the infantry ha-d advanced, was nia*rked. He had in many places the advantage over us in positions and he was at all points largely superior in numbers." 1 50 GERMAN DIVISIONS FLOWING INTO STRUGGLE London, Mar. 22.-There is reason to believe fifty German divisions are flowing into tho struggle, Renter's correspondent states, and probably half as many more are in close reserve. Under the j tremendous onslaught the British troops are falling back very slowly and in excellent order. At many places they are withdrawing voluntarily so as to maintain an unbroken front. Tho scenes of activity behind the battlefront baffle description, but everywhere thero Is the same .well ordered organization and quiet confidence. The weather is wonderfully fine, although the visibility is handicapped by local mists. Mory is on the northern battle-front, fifteenvmiles below Arras. It is about four miles back of the lino held by tho British before the Germans began their offensive. A large party was surrounded and ] In Great Strength London. Afar. 22.-The Germans on Friday along almost all of Tho battle front, continued their attacks in great strength." At several points the enemy made gains against the British, but at others, he was'repulsed in counter at-| tucks, according to the British official communication issued tonight. The statement says the British losses ,inovitablyHhavc. been coasidenable, but not out of proportion to the magnitude of the battle. The enemy's losses eontinuev very heavy all his advances being made at great sacrifice. The gM�rtest courage is being shown by the British troops. Air Fighting BritWi Army Headquarters in France. Mar. 22.-British aircraft dur- along the front in aided materially the below, killing or Germans with their machine guns, according to a British official communication issued tonight deaMng with aviation. In addition British aircraft bombed important military positions behind the line, and aviators accounted for numerous German airmen in air-battles.' Berlin Claims 10,000 Prisoners Berlin, Mar. 22.-Sixteen thousand prisoners and 200 guns have'been captured, according to a Gorman official wilt-less communication received by wireless tonight, dealing with operations in the western theatre. Good News Paris, Mar. 23.-Premier Clemen-ceau appeared for a few minutes in lb** lobby of tho chamber of deputies and told the deputies that the news lie had received from British headquarters gave him a most satisfactory Impression. May Bend, But Not Break London, Mar. 23.-Confidence that (he allied line, though it may bend will not break, is expressed by the morning i'cwapapers who are unanimously hopeful of the outcome of thp desperate fighting between the British and German papers dwell on the accuracy of the British intelligence servico in divining the enemy's intentions and in foreseeing the points and time of attack. The battles on the western front are only beginning and the newspapers suiys the assault on the Cambrain front, which probably was chosen becauso the undulating land in this region usually recovers from the effect of weather conditions ilfltn others, may not represent the main and ultimate: feature of Iho'cnemy's offensive. It is felUthero may yet be a sudden attack elsewhere, but there is no doubt of ihe abili'y of the British troops to hold the enemy just as they barred the road to Ypres. Favorable Weather British headquarters in France, March 23.- (Via Router's Ottawa I Agency)-Last evening the threat German offensive was proceeding. Tho weather is glorious. Definite details are still unobtainable. Not Strategic pains Despite our giving ground under the unprecedented weight of men and guns the enemy gains are nowhere of strategic importance. Tho withdrawal everywhere was carried out in orderly manner after exacting a painful price of fhe enemy. Our airmen report the ground to the enemy's rear is strewn with grey corpses. Wasting Men It has been noted that all the attacking troops are clad in new uniforms and it will be remembered in this connection thatf Von Illhdenburg boasted he would be in Paris by April 1. Auy-j wav, he is certainly essaying to break iGoXTlFlJZD on Pa an 4^ London, March 2:!.-The artillery preparation of �ho Germans in the drive agaiusf ihe British lines which is now in progress is described by those who took part in it as the most violent they have endured, according to the. Daily Mail's correspondent on the British front. "The thing lhat stands out as characteristic of the fighting up to the present," says the correspondent, "is that we did so well under the impact. Continuing the correspondent says: "On one corps front there was a gun every few yards. The strength of the mortars which the enemy brought up in such great numbers, sent over such an overwhelming weight of iron and high explosives that in most parts of the front, wire ceased to be an obstacle aud trenches were obliterated. At the same time all of our known battery positions were drenched with gay, but their gas shells failed to rea.h all of our batteries. Nor did they succeed anywhere in breaking down our wire. At one point where tho Germans found our wire unbroken, they set to work with scissors until they .had made . way through, an Incident rentioiscont of the methods of fighting in dilated by Frederick the Groat. All of this was done under our machine gun fire. ALL DRESSED UP FOR PARIS "A curious fact reported by our airmen was thai the Germans composing the special assualt divisions wore new uniforms, "got on their best clothes for a visit to Paris" commented one of our generals. "Our flying corps did their best work despite adverse, winds. One of our men in the early morning spotted several thousand Germans moving westward south of Bell-court and another reported threo thousand of the enemy in a sunken road in this area, waiting to advance. '"Few enemy machines were seen and they mostly flew low, peppering our trenches with machine guns. This is the first battle where1 British gunners had to serve their guns In gas masks and it was a difficult task. Fortunately practices with gas masks have been taking place frequently for an hour daily. 1 found everyone I saw pretty confident. At first they did have a hard job to meet the masses of Germans who came on in denser formation than ever before, yet all reports show that they fought, magnificently." STATEMENTS The Hague, Mar. 23.-In addressing the Dutch parliament, Dr, Loudon declared that President Wilson's statement that Dutch vessels were idle in ports of the United States was "absolutely without foundation." � Dr. Loudon said that under the provisional agreement the greater part of them were already chartered and some of them already navigating. ---v London, March 23.-Instructions for the taking over of Dutch ships were sent only today to all ports of the United Kingdom. Between 20 and 25 ships, aggregating about 300,000 tons are in United Kingdom ports. REDMOND WINS Hours Must New Long-range Invention O > *> > ** v ? a V ? TROOPS reach ENGLAND V ��pip � �--j Ottawa, March 2:).~It is officially annonncpii through the chief press censor's office that, the following troops havo arrived safely in England: Lord Strathcona's 1 lor^e, cavalry draft; Thirty-fourth Fort Garry Horse, cavalry draft; Koyal , Canadian Dragoons, cavalry draft; Machine Gun corps draft; Engineers; Central Ontario regiment, infantry draft; Naval draff; Details. % A a V *T4 ? ? ? ? Paris, March 23.-The Germans have been firing on Paris with long range guns. Since eight o'clock this morning shells of 240 millimetres have been reaching the suburbs at intervals of a quarter of an hour, killing ten persons and injuring fifteen. The shortest distance from Paris to the front is over 100 kilometres (62 miles). The announcement that Paris was being shelled was made officially this afternoon. Measures for counter attacking the enemy's guns are under execution. Paris has been under bombardment for about eight hours at the time the foregoing* dispatch was filed, 4.15 p.m. Famous Railway Engineer Dies At Ottawa at Age Of 81 Ottawa,' Mar. 23. - Sir Col-Iingwood Sch-reiber, general consulting engineer for the' Dominion government, died this morning at the age of S7 years. Lady Schreiber and her two daughters, Mrs. Trav-ers i.ewls and ra Mrs. Lawrence Lamb of Ottawa, survive. Sir Collingwood Schreiber was born in" Essex. England, in 18;ii, and came to Canada in 28.72, talcing a position with tlie Toronto and Hamilton . railway. Following the completion of this road he was in practice as a consulting engineer for many years in Toronto. He was divisional engineer for the X. S. government on the Pictoti railway in 1863, and was subsequently connected with the Intercolonial until 1S73 when he was appointed chief engineer and goneral manager of government railways. He succeeded Sir Sanford Em-ing in 1SS0 as chief engineer of tho Canadian Pacific. In 1892 he was appointed deputy minister of railways and canals for the Dominion, which he held until 1005 when he was appointed consulting-engineer of the government end chief, engineer of the national transcontinental, western division. He was created a c. M. G. in 1893 and was knighted last year. Sir Collingwood was married twice, first to Miss McLean, daughter of Col. McLean of the Imperial forces, and secondly, to Miss Julia Maude Gwynne daughter of Hon. Mr. Justice Gwynne of the supreme court of Canada. The special announcement that Paris i3 being bombarded must remain unexplained until further details have been received. The statement in the dispatch that the shortest distance from Paris to the front is over 100 kilometres indicates that there has been no breach in the battle line above Paris such as would permit the bringing of guns to within what has been previously regarded as the extreme range of heavy pieces. Unless the Germans have some new invention no such range as sixty miles is conceivable. The most powerful guns in action' heretofore have been able to hurl their projectiles only twenty miles or thereabouts. The calibre of the shells reaching Paris, 240 millimetres, is equivalent to about 9J/2 inches. The heavy German siege pieces fire 17 inch shells. GERMAN CAVALRY British Army Headquarters in France. Mar. 2:1.-It was reported this morning that enemy infantry had pushed down across the canal De La Sommc, aud had driven forward against the positions to whieh the British had retired. German cavalry was seen advancing behind the infantrv. ARE NEAR HAM There was small doubt; that the attacking forces intended to make u sunryme effort to rupture the British lino in this sector. The Germans this afternoon were pressing the attack hard on the British right flank near Ham, while on the northern end of the battle field there has been desperate fighting sinoe yester>tay* about Mod-, which changed hands several time*;. Certainly tho Germans are putting all Iheir available strength HUN RAIDERS FAILED TO REACH PARIS Paris. Mar. 22.-At nine o'clock tonight a group of enemy airplanes crossed tho linos and a certain number 1 of bombs were dropped on Oompeigne and different towns in that region. Several machines advanced further to the south, but' were forced to turn back by the five of our alarm was immediately and half an hour'later signal was sounded. Apparently the Germans had intended a raid upon Paris itself but French airmen rose to meet the invaders and not. one enemy machine succeeded in reaching the capital. artillery. The given in Paris the "all clear" London, March 23.-The Bolsheviki government, according to a neuter dispatch from Petrograd, has been informed by the soviet of Simfero of the constitution of an independent Taur-idi^n republic including the whole of Crimea. SAILED ' U. S. REGISTRY 1 Formerly Owned .by University California-Was" Captured By Americans * I Stockholm, March 22.-Another German transport has been blown up by a mine near the Aland Islands at the same point where the transport Hindenburg was sunk, the Dagblad reports. Shortly af-ward the transport Frankland came up and rescued the men on the transport, but was damaged severely by another explosion. WONT INTERFERE WITH THE LOWS DAY ACT London, March ^.-Captain William Redmond succeeds his father, John Redmond, the Nationalist leader, in parliament. Returns from tho election for the seat of Waterford show that Captain Redmond received-142:5 votes as against 764 for his opponent, Dr. White, a Sinn Feiner. A Pacific Port, Mar. 23.-The auxiliary schooner Alexander Agassiz, which, fitted out as a German raider, j was seized off Marratlan last Tuesday i by an American warship, will arrive in port some time within the next forty-eight hours. The Agassiz, a ves-> sel of thirty-two tons net was flying tiie German flag when seized and German flags, rifles and pistols were found on the vessel.. There were no ship's papers and several articles were seen to be thrown overboard when the American warship sent a three-inch shell whiay-Ing across the ship's bow. A crew of four Germans, said to be sailors from an interned German ship at Gunymas and one said to be a Mexican engineer, were taken off the vessel and are being brought to this port. Although the Agassiz was not large enough 10 be used as a raider, federal officials ru>y the crew hoped to capture a Pacific mail vessel running to Panama, outfit her with neavy guns cashed near Salina Cruz and proceed* to >vork havoc among Pacific coast vessels. The Agassiz was formerly Ottawa, March 22.-From the number of letters and telegrams reaching the prime minister, it would appear that an impression has gone abroad j owned by the University of California that it is the intention of the govern-land was purchased by tho Pacific mem to amend the Lord's DayjAct in the interest of greater production. It is authoritatively stated that there is no intention on (lie part of tho government to either amend the act or to interfere with its operation. As a matter of fact. uii(\pr the*.provision:* fcf th:i net, its enforcement is largely a matter of provincial adm'nlstraUou Const Trading and Shipping company of Los An^elos and .eventually came intr^ tho possession of a man at Ma-! zatlan said to be a draft evader, who ! is backed by wealthy Germans in thr.t ; ci;y. The Agassis sailed for'Mazatlan Mate in 1!)17 under American registry ' r.nd in some- u.iknowu manner was j clu-.nscd to Mvxilau registry. into the assault and fresh troops arc constantly appearing. The fighting yesterday was of the sanguinary character and tho enemy continued to lose groat, numbers of men. That does not mean that the British have suffered no casualties. They necessarily have, but Uieir losses are much smaller than those of their opponents. Tho visibility became excellent late yesterday and the whole battlefront was turned into a veritable hell with the artillery action and unprecedented fire of guns. (Additional news of German offensive on Pages 12 and 13), IMS Amazed That They Should Oppose Supplying Men For Trenches When Needed NATION IS AT MOST CRITICAL STAGE, IN VIEW OF HUN DRIVE London, George in speech to federation result of Mar. 22.-Premier Lloyd an exceedingly outspoken a deputation of the miners' yesterday concerning the the miners' ballot on th�i combing out of men for military service, declared that to avoid defeat in the field it is absolutely essential to have more men. "I am utterly at a loss." he said, "to know where the men are to be found, if first the engineers and then the miners say we will not, find the men. Would Mean Anarchy "Other trades will uutckly take the same course. That would mean an* archy, not government. "I havo just had news that the Germans have attacked us on a front of nearly sixty mlloa with overwhelming fierceness. I am amazed that it should be considered debatable whether the miners arc to make their cou� trihution to tho defense of the country." Orders Must Be Obeyed Premier Lloyd George declared It would be far better that the government should go out of office than to have its decisions disobeyed, adding. "If the sanction of the community is going to decide whether a law should be obeyed then, believe me, you will have a condition of things where the people who will suffer are not the people at the top, who are generally able to take care of themselves, hut the poor devils at the bottom. "It has always been so in the history of the world. "It is better to talk plainly and 1 am speaking with a great deal of feeling because I have just heard of ,the overwhelming attack brought about by the failure of the Russian democracy to have its orders obeyed. "If the attack succeeds, the Germans might be at Calais aud the only answer we can'give is a vq�e of the Miners' Federation saying tfcey are not prepared to fight. You cannot give that answer." The executive of the federation later passed a resolution advising the men not to resist the combing out of 50,000 men from the zniueg. 4 t 4 ;